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With singed top their stately growth, though bare,
Stands on the blasted heath. lie now prepared 01. '
To speak; whereat their doubled ranks they bend
From wing to wing, and half inelose him round
With all his peers: attention held them mute.
Thriee he assay'd, and thriee, in spite of seorn,
Tears, sueh as angels weep, burst forth; at last 02»
Words interwove with sighs found out their way.

0 myriads of immortal spirits! 0 powers
Matehless, but with the Almighty; and that strife
Was not inglorious, though the event was dire,
As this plaee testifies, and this dire ehange 025
Hateful to utter: but what power of mind,
Foreseeing or presaging, from the depth
Of knowledge past or present, eould nave fear'd
How sueh united foree of gods, how sueh
As stood like these, eould ever know repulse? eao
For who ean yet believe, though after loss,
That all these puissant legions, whose exile
Hath emptied heaven, shall fail to reaseend
Self-raised, and repossess their native seat?
For me, be wituess all the host of heaven, 035
If eounsels different or dangers shuun'd
By me have lost our hopes: but he, who reigns
Monareh in heaven, till then as one seeure
Sat on his throne, upheld by old repute,
Consent, or eustom; and his regal state 040
Put forth at full; but still his strength eoneeal'd,
Whieh tempted our attempt, and wrought our fall,
Heneeforth his might we know, and know our own;
So as not either to provoke, or dread

New war, provoked: our better part remains Ma

To work-in elose design, by fraud or guile,

What foree effeeted not; that he no less

At length from us may find, Who overeomes

By foree, hath overeome but half his foe.

Spare may produee new worlds, whereof so rife 050

There went a fame in heaven, that he ere long

Intended to ereate, and therein plant

A generation, whom his ehoiee regard

Should favour equal to the sons ol heaven.

Thither, if but to pry, shall be perhaps 005

Our first eruption; thither or elsewhere:

For this infernal pit shall never hold

Celestial spirits in bondage, nor the abyss

Long under darkness eover, But these thoughts

Full eounsel must mature: peaee is despair'd; 0t)o

For who ean think submission? war then, war,

Open or understood, must be resolved.

033. Hatk emptied heaven. "II is eon- xii. 4; but 8atan here talks big, ana eeived that a third part of the ungrls magnifies their numbev."—NaWtoN. fell with 8atan, aeeording /o Revelations

He spake; and, to eonfirm his words, outflew
Millions of flaming swords, drawn from the thighs
Of mighty eherubim; the sudden blaze 005
Far round illumined hell: highly they raged
Against the Highest, and fieree with grasped arms
Clash'd on their sounding shields the din of war,
Hurling defianee toward the vault of heaven.

There stood a hill not far, whose gTisly top 070
Beleh'd fire and rolling smoke; the rest entire
Shone with a glossy seurf; undoubted sign
That in his womb was hid metallie ore,
The work of sulphur, Thither, wing'd with speed,
A numerous brigad hasten'd; as when bands 070
Of pioneers, with spade and piekaxe arm'd,
Forerun the royal eamp, to treneh a field,
Or east a rampart. Mammon led them on;
Mammon, the least ereeted spirit that fell
From heaven; for ev'n in heaven his looks and thoughts
Were always downward bent; admiring more 081
The riehes of heaven's pavement, trodden gold,
Than aught divine or holy else eujoy'd
In vision beatifie: by him first

Men also, and by his suggestion taught, 085

Ilansaek'd the eentre, and with impious hands

Kifled the bowels of their mother earth

For treasures better hid. Soon had his erew

Open'd into the hill a spaeious wound,

And digg'd out ribs of gold. Let none admire ooo

That riehes grow in hell; that soil may best

Deserve the preeious bane. And here let those

Who boast in mortal things, and wondering tell

Of Babel, and the works of Memphian kings,

Learn how their greatest monuments of fame, 005

And strength, and art, are easily outdone

By spirits reprobate; and in an hour

What in an age they with ineessant toil

And hands iunumerable searee perform.

Nigh on the plain, in many eells prepared, 700

That underneath had veins of liquid fire

Sluieed from the lake, a seeond multitude

With wondrous art founded the massy ore,

Severing eaeh kind, and seumm'd the bullion dross:

A third as soon had form'd within the ground 708

A various mould, and from the boiling eells

By strange eonveyanee fill'd eaeh hollow nook:

As in an organ, from one blast of wind,

To many a row of pipes the sound-board breathes.

Anon out of the earth a fabrie huge 710

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Rose, like an exhalation, with the sound
Of duleet symphonies and voiees sweet;
Built like a temple, where pilasters round
Were set, and Dorie pillars overlaid

With golden arehitrave: nor did there want 710

Corniee or frieze with bossy seulptures graven;

The roof was fretted gold. Not Babylon,

Nor great Aleairo sueh magnifieenee

Equal'd in all their glories, to inshrine

Belus or Serapis, their gods; or seat 720

Their kings, when iEgypt with Assyria strove

In wealth and luxury. The aseending pile

Stood fix'd her stately highth: and straight the doors,

Opening their brazen folds, diseover wide

Within, her ample spaees o'er the smooth 720

And level pavement: from the arehed roof,

Pendent by subtle magie, many a row

Of starry lamps and blazing eressets, fed

With naphtha and asphaltus, yielded light

As from a sky. The hasty multitude 730

Admiring enter'd, and the work some praise,

And some the arehiteet: his hand was known

In heaven by many a tower'd strueture high,

Where seeptred angels held their residenee,

And sat as prinees; whom the supreme King 738

Exalted to sueh power, and gave to rule,

Eaeh in his hierarehy, the orders bright.

Nor was his name unheard or unadored

In aneient Greeee; and in Ausonian land

Men eall'd him Muleiber; and how he fell 740

From heaven they fabled, thrown by angry Jove

Sheer o'er the erystal battlements: from morn

To noon he fell, from noon to dewy eve,

A summer's day; and with the setting sun

Dropp'd from the zenith like a falling star, 74s

On Lemnos, the .Egean isle: thus they relate,

Erring; for he with this rebellious rout

Fell long before; nor aught avail'd him now

To have built in heaven high towers; nor did he 'seape

By all his engines; but was headlong sent 740

With his industrious erew to build in hell,

Meanwhile the winged heralds, by eommand
Of sovran power, with awful eeremony
And trumpet's sound, throughout the host proelaim
A solemn eouneil forthwith to be hold 750

711. This sndden rising of Pandemol to be taken

, is supposed to be taken from of the moving stage-seenes in the time of Charle,. the t int. V£&. Cressets, beaeon iigbts, whieh had their top, and henee ealled

740. And how he feli. Olnwrvo how Miiton lengthens out the time of Vulean's fali. II wax not only all day long, but we are led throngh the parts of the day,—from morn to noon, then from noon to dewy eve; and, to add to the effeet, it was a summer't day.

At Pandsemoninm, the high eapital

Of Satan aud his peers: their summons eall'd

From every band and squared regiment

By plaee or ehoiee the worthiest; they anon

Avith hundreds and with thousands trooping eame 700

Attended: all aeeess was throng'd; the gates

And porehes wide, but ehief the spaeious hall,

(Though like a eover'd field, where ehampions bold

Wont ride in arm'd, and at the soldan's ehair

Defied the best of Panim ehivalry tes

To mortal eombat, or eareer with lanee,)

Thiek swarm'd, both on the ground and in the air,

Brush'd with the hiss of rustling wings. As bees

In spring time, when the sun with Taurus rides,

Pour forth their populous youth about the hive 770

In elusters: they among fresh dews and flowers

Fly to and fro, or on the smoothed plank,

The suburb of their straw-built eitadel,

New rubb'd with balm, expatiate, and eonfer

Their state affairs: so thiek the aery erowd 770

Swarm'd and were straiten'd; till, the signal given,

Behold a wonder! they, but now who seem'd

In bigness to surpass Earth's giant sons,

Now less than smallest dwarfs, in narrow room

Throng numberless, like that Pygmean raee 780

Beyond the Indian mount; or faery elves,

Whose midnight revels, by a forest side,

Or fountain, some belated peasant sees,

Or dreams he sees, while over-head the moon

Sits arbitress, aud nearer to the earth 780

Wheels her pale eourse: they, on their mirth and danee

Intent, with joeund musie eharm his ear:

At onee with joy and fear his heart rebounds.

Thus ineorporeal spirits to smallest forms

Redueed their shapes immenso, and were at large, 780

Though without number still, amidst the hall

Of that infernal eourt. But far within,

And in their own dimensions, like themselves,

The great seraphie lords and eherubim

In elose reeess and seerot eonelave sat; 705

A thousand demi-gods on golden seats,

Frequent and full, After short silenee then,

And summons read, the great eonsult began.

704. .Udan's ehaiv. "8oldan is an old B.mrlLsh word for 8ultan. He here allndes to those aeeonnts of the single oe)ihats botwoen the 8anwens and Cbristians in 8pain and Palestine, of whieh the old romanees are fuli. l\mim, another word found in aneient poetry, for Bzgany—Toon.

771. "II is not nerossory to enlarge

upon the poetry of this beautiful passage."—Brvooks.

774. Expatiate used in its Latin sense, "to walk abroad."

785. Arbitrate: wiIness, speetatress. Tiearer to the earth, is said in allusion to the populur superstition that witehes and fairies have great power over the moon.

V.t1. Freqoent, in the Latin sense of erowded.


Ix traeing the progress of this poem by deliberate and minnte steps, oar wonder and admiration inerease. The inexhaustible invention eontinnes to grow upon us: eaeh page, eaeh line, is pregnant with something new, pieturesqne, and great: the eondensity of the matter is withont any parallel: the imagination often eontained in a single parage is more than eqnal to all that seeondary Iwets have produeed: the fable of the voyage throngh Chaos is alone a sublime poem. MiitonV deserii'tions of materiality have always tonehes of the spiritnal, the lofty, and the empyreai.

Miiton has too mueh eondensation to be flnent: a line or two often eonveys a world of images and ideas: he expatiates over all time, all spaee, all possibiiities: he unites earth with heaven, with hell, with all intermediate existenees, animate and inanimate; and his iilustrations are drawn from all learning, historieal, natural, and speeulative. In him, almost always, ''more is meant than meets the eav." An image, an epithet, eonveys a rieh pieture.

What is the subjeet of observation may be told without genins; but the wonder and the greatuess lie in invention, if the invention be noble, and aeeording to the prineiples of possibiiity.

Who eonld have eoneeived,—or, if eoneeived, who eould have expressed.—the voyage of 8atan through Chaos, but Miiton? Who eould have invented so many distinet and grand obstaeles in his way? and all pieturesqne, all poetieal, and all the topies of intelleetnal meditation and refleetion, or of spiritnal sentiment?

All the faeulties of the mind are exereised, stretehed, and elevated at onee by every page of " Paradise Lost."

Invention is the Iirst and most indispensable essential of trne poetry; but not the only one: the invention must have eertain high, moral, sound, wise qnalities: and, in addition to these, sueh as nre pieturesqne or spiritnai. It is easy to invent what is improhable or uunaturai. Nothing will do whieh eaunot eommand our belief.

Inventions either of eharaeter, imagery, or sentiment, taken separately in small fragments, may still have foree and merit; but when they form an integral and appropriate part of a long whole, how infinitely their power, depth, and bearings, are inerensed!

In poetry, we must eonsider both the original eoneeptions and the illustrations: eaeh derives interest and strength from the other: u mere eopy of an image drawn from nature may have some beauty; bnt the invention and the essential poetry lie in their eomplex use, when applied as an embodiment to something intelleetnai. Imagery is almost always so used by Miiton; and so it was used by Homer and Virgii. This gives a new light to the mind of the reader, and ereates eombinations whieh perhaps did not before exist: the poet thus spiritnalises matter, and materialises spirit. When what is presented is merely sueh seenery of nature as the painter ean give by lines and eolours, it falls far short of the poet's power and eharm. Poetry, purely deseriptive, is not of the first ordev.

There are lines in the "Paradise Lost," whieh would seem to be mere abstraet opinions; bnt they are not so; inset as they are into the eourse of a sublime, dense-wove narrative, they derive eolour and eharaeter

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