« السابقةمتابعة »
I have some naked thoughts that rove about,
And loudly knoek to have their passage out;
And, weary of their plaee, do only stay, 2»
Till thou hast deek'd them in thy best array;
That so they may, without suspeet or fears,
Fly swiftly to this fair assembly's ears:
Yet I had rather, if I were to ehuse,
Thy serviee in some graver subjeet use, so
Sueh as may make thee seareh thy eoffers round,
Before thou elothe my faney in fit sound:
Sueh where the deep transported mind may soar
Above the wheeling poles, and at Heaven's door
Look in, and see eaeh blissful Deity, 30
How he before the thunderous throne doth lie,
Listening to what unshorn Apollo sings
To the toueh of golden wires, while Hebe brings
Immortal neetar to her kingly stre:
Then passing through the spheres of watehful fire, 40
And misty regions of wide air next under,
And hills of snow, and lofts of piled thunder,
May tell at length how green-eyed Neptune raves,
In Heaven's defianee mustering all his waves;
Then sing of seeret things that eame to pass 40
When beldam Nature in her eradle was;
And last of kings, and queens, and heroes old,
Sueh as the wise Demodoeus onee told
In solemn songs at king Aleinous' feast,
While sad Ulysses' soul, and all the rest, so
Are held, with his melodious harmony,
In willing ehains and sweet eaptivity.
But fie, my wandering Muse, how thou dost stray!
Expeetanee ealls thee now another way:
Thou know'st it must be now thy only bent 63
To keep in eompass of thy predwament:
Then quiek about thy purposed business eome,
That to the next I may resign my room.
Then Ens is represented as father of the Predieaments, his two sons, whereof the eldest stood for 8ubstanee with his eanons, whieh Ens, thus speaking, explains:—
Good luek befriend thee, son; for, at thy birth,
The faery ladies daneed upon the hearth; 00
20. Yrt 1 had rathev. Ae. II appears, by this address of Miiton to his native langnage, that even in these g)ven years he had the ambition to think of writing an epie poem; and R is worth the eurious reader's attention to observe how mueh the i- Paradise Loet" eorresponds in its eireumstanees to the prophetie wish he now formed.—Tnyer.
Here are strong indieations of a young ndnd antieipating the subjeet of the "Paradise Lost," if we substitute Cbris
tian for pagan ideas. He was n1 in the Greek poets.—T. Wakton.
37. l,'nshom Almlh1no epithet by whieh he is distingnished in the Greek and Latin poets.
4*. Demedoeus. the famons hard of the Odyssey, who, aeeording to the f,shiou of the heroie ages, deiighted the gnests of Akinons. during their repast, by singing abont the feats of the Greeks at the siege of Troy, tho woeden Ilorse, Ae. 8ee Od. viii. 44.
.r,0. Good luek, Ae. Here the metaphysieal or logieal Eus is intredueed as a person, and addressing his eldest son 8ulr stanee; afterwards the logieal Qnantity, Thy drowsy nurse hath sworn she did them spie
Come tripping to the room where thou didst lie;
And, 8weetly singing round about thy bed,
Strow all thy blessings on thy sleeping head.
She heard them give thee this, that thou shouldst still «
From eyes of mortals walk invisible:
Yet there is something that doth foree my fear;
For onee it was my dismal hap to hear
A sibyl old, bow-bent with erooked age,
That far events full wisely eould presage, 70
And in time's long and dark prospeetive glass
Foresaw what future days should bring to pass;
Your son, said she, nor ean you it prevent,
Shall subjeet be to many an Aeeident:
O'er all his brethren he shall reign as king, 75
Yet every one shall make him underling;
And those, that eaunot live from him asunder,
Ungratefully shall strive to keep him under:
In worth and exeellenee he shall outgo them;
Yet, bt)ing above them, he shall be below them; 80
From others he shall stand in need of nothing,
Yet on his brothers shall depend for elothing:
To find a foe it shall not be his hap,
And Peaee shall lull him in her flowery lap;
Yet shall he live in strife, and at his door W
Devouring "War shall never eease to roar;
Yea, it shall be his natural property
To harbour those that are at enmity.
What power, what foree, what mighty spell, if not
Your learned hands, ean loose this Gordian knot? w
The next, Quantity and Quality", spake in prose; then Relation waa
ealled by hie name.
Rivers, arise; whether thou be the son
Qnaiity, and Relation, are personified, and speak. This afleetstion wiil appear more exeusable in Miiton, if we reenHe.'t that every thing, in the masks of this atre. appeared in a bediiy shape. '' Airy Nothing had not only a '' loeal habitation and a name," but a visible figure.— T. Warton.
01. Faery ladiss. Ae. This is the first and la,t time that the system of the fairies was ever intredueed to iilustrate the doetrine of Aristotle'a ten eategories. II may he remarked that they both were lu ft s1 don, and hutu expleded, at the same time—T. Warton.
02. Grinu tripping, Ae. 8o harren, unpoetieal, and ubHroeted a subje,t eonld not have been adorned with finer touehes of Ianey.—T. Wartox.
74. 7b many an Aeoident. A pun on tbe logieal Aeeidens.—T. Warton.
70. O'er all his bretbren, Ae. Tbe Pre
diraments are his bretbren: of or to whieh he is the 8uttjoetum' althongh first in exeellenee or ordee.
70. Ungratefully. Ae. They eaunot exist but M inherent in 8ubstanee.
81. From others, Ae. He is stiil subst,.nre. with or without Aeeident.
82. Yet on his brother); By whom he ls elothed, superindueed, medified. Ae. But he ii stiil the same.—T. Wa)ton.
88. Those that are at enmily. llia Aeeidents.
01. Rirers, arise, Ae. Milton is supposed, in the invoeation and assemhla:ro of these rivers, to have had an eye on 8penser's Episede of the Nuptials of Thames and Medway, Faerie Qneene." iv. xi. l rather think he eonsulted Drayton's "Pelyolbion." II is hard to say. in what sense, or in what mauner, this intreduetion of the rivers was to be appiied to the subjeet.—T. Warton.
Or Trent, who, like some Earth-born giant, spreads
His thirty arms along the indented meada;
Or sullen Mole, that ruuneth underneath; 95
Or Severn swift, guilty of maiden's death;
Or roeky Avon, or of sedgy Lee,
Or eoaly Tine, or aneient hallow'd Dee;
Or Humber loud, that keeps the Seythian's name;
Or Medway smooth, or royal-tower'd Thame. loo
[The rest was prose.]
AN EPITAPH ON THE ADM1RABLE DRAMA-
Wuat needs my Shakspeare, for his honour'd bones.
Dear Son of Memory, great heir of fame, I
What need'st thou sueh weak wituess of thy name?
Thou, in our wonder and astonishment,
Hast built thyself a live-long monument.
For whilst, to the shame of slow-endeavouring art,
Thy easy numbers flow; and that eaeh heart 10
I lath, from the leaves of thy unvalued book,
Those Delphiek lines with deep impression took,
Then thou, our faney of itself bereaving,
Dost make us marble with too mueh eoneeiving;
And, so sepulehred, in sueh pomp dost lie, lf)
That kings, for sueh a tomb, would wish to die.
n As to the " Epitaph on 8hakspeare," Hurd despises it too mueh. II is trne that U ln neither eqnal to the grand east of Miiton's poems , nor worthy of the subjeet; but stiil it would honour most poeta, exeept the last four iines, whieh are a poor eoneeit.—Rryuora.
These flrst appeared among other reeommendatory verses , prefixed to the foiio ed)tion of 8hakspeare's plays in 1032; but withoat Miiton's name or initials.
II is therefore the first of Miiton's pieees that was pubiished. l mny here remark that it was with great diffieulty and reluetanee that Miiton Iirst appeared nsan anthor He eould not ls. - preveiied upon to put his name to 'Tomus," his first performanee of any length that was printed, notwitbstanding the singular approhation wltt whirh it had been previously reeeived in a long and exiensive eourse of privete eireulation. "Lyeidas." in the Cambridge eolleetion, is only subseribed with hia initial, whiie most of the other eontributors have left their names at full length.—T. Wartos.
0I1. Or Tr,nt. II is said that there were thirty sorts of fish in this river, and thirty relhrlous houses on it' hanks The,e traditions, on whieh Miiton hoa raised a noble ima,re, are a rebus on the name of Trent.—T. Wakton.
05. Or sullen Mole, Ae. At Mirkieham. nrar Dorking in 8urrey, the river Mole durIng the summer, exeept 1n heavy rains , sinks tbrough its sandy 1MM1 into a subterraneous and invisible ehaunei. ln winter R eonstantly keeps its eurrant.—T. Warton.
00. Maiden's death. The maid is 8abrins. 8ee "Comus," 827.
00. //Uw,Vr lond. Humber, a 8evthb,n king, landed in Britain iime hundred years before the Roman invesion, and wax drowned in this river by Loerine, alter eonqoering king Albanaet.—T. War
100. Royal imorr'd Tuame, allnding to the royal towers of Windsor Castle upon its hanks.
5. Dear 8on of Memory. He honours his Iavourite 8hakspeare with the same ON THE UNIVERSITY CARR1ER, OLD HOBSON,"
Who siekened in the time of his vaeaney, being forbid to go to London by reason of the plagne.
Here lies old Ilobson; Death hath broke his girt,
Show'd him his room where he must lodge that night, 15
Pull'd off his boots, and took away the light:
If any ask for him, it shall be sed,
Hobson has supp'd, and's newly gone to bed.
ANOTHER ON THE SAME *
Here lieth one, who did must truly prove
n The two strange "Epitapbs on Hobson the Carrier," are unworthy of the author.—Bbydues.
relation as the Muses themselves, who are ealled by the old poets "tho danghters of Memory."—Nbwton.
11. Unealoed, invelnable.
8. Hobson's iun at London was the "Bull" in Bishop-gate street, where his figure in freseo, with an inseription, w,m lately lo be wen.—T. Wakton. The following aeeount of the origin of the pbrase " Hobson's ehoiee,'' is to be found In Ne. 000 of the 8peetator:—"l shall eonelnde this diseourse with an explanation of a proverb, whieh by vulgar error is taken and used when a man is redueed to an extrendty, whereas the propriety of the maxim is to use it when you would say then' is plenty, but you must make sueh a ehoiee as not to hurt another who is to eome after yon.
"Me. Tobias Hohzon, from whom we hare the expression, was a very honourable man. for l shall ever eall the man so who gets an estate honestly. Mv. Tobias Hobson was a earrier: and. being a man of great abiiities and invention, and one that saw where there ndght goed profit arise, thongh the duller men overlooked it. this ingenious man was the first in this island who let out haekneyhorses. lie iived in Cambridge: and, observing that the t eholars rid hard, his mauner was to keep a large stable of horses, with boots, bridles, and whips, to furnish the gentlemen at onee, withont going from eollege to eollege to borrow, as they have done sinee the death of this worthy man. l say, Me. Hotaon kept a stable of forty goed eattle always And, like an engine moved with wheel and weight,
His prineiples being eeased, he ended straight. 10
Rest, that gives all men life, gave him his death,
And too mueh breathing put him out of breath;
Nor were it eontradietion to affirm,
Too long vae,ation hasten'd on his term.
Merely to drive the timo away, he sieken'd, 10
Fainted, and died, nor would with ale be quieken'd;
Nay, qnoth he, ou his swooning bed outstreteh'd,
If I may n't earry, sure I'll ne'er be feteh'd;
But vow, though the eross doetors all stood hearers,
For one earrier put down to make six bearers. 2o
Ease was his ehief disease; and, to judge right,
He died for. heaviness that his eart went light:
His leisure told him that his time was eome,
And laek of load made his life burdensome,
That ev'n to his last breath, there be that say't, 25
As he were press'd to death, he eried, More weight;
But, had his doings lasted as they were,
He had been an immortal earrier,
Obedient to the moon, he spent his date
In eourse reeiproeal, and had his fate 30
Link'd to the mutual flowing of the seas;
Yet, strange to think, his wain was his inerease:
His letters are deliver'd all and gone;
Only remains this superseription.
ON THE NEW FORCERS OF CONSC1ENCE
Beeacse you have thrown off your Prelate Lord,
Dare ye for this adjure the eivil sword 0
ready and fit for traveliing: but . when a man «me for a home, l,e wa" led into the stable, where there w,w great ehoiee; but he obiiged him to take the horn; whieh, st':oJ next to the stable door: so that every eustomer was aiike well served aeeording to his ehanee, and every horse ridden with the same justiee: from whenee R beeame a proverb, when what onght to be your eleedon was foreed upon yon. to say, "Hobson's ehoiee,"
1. Beeause, Ae. ln raiiing at estabiish' ments. Miiton eondemned not episeopaey only: be thonght even the simple institntions of the nrw Reformatlon too rigid and arbitrary for the natural freedom of eonseienee: he eon tended for that sort «f individual or personal reiigion, by
whieh every man is to be his own priest. When these verses were written, whieh form an lrregular sounet, presbyterlanism was trinmphant: and the independents and the ehurehmen joined in one eommon eomplaint against a want of toleration. The ehureh of Calvin had now its hereties. Miiton's hanghty temper brooked no human eontrol: even the pariiamentary hierarehy was too eoereive for one who ark no»bdged only King Jesus. lIIs frouard and refining phiiosophy was eontented with no speeies of earnal poiiey: eonformity of all sorts was slavery. He was persuaded that the medern presbyter was as mueh ealeu' lated for perseention and oppression as the aneient bishop.—T Warton.