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I have some naked thoughts that rove about,
That to the next I may resign my room. Then Exs is represented as father of the Predicaments, his two sons, whereof the eldest stood for Substance with his canons, which Ess, tbus speaking, explains:
Good luck befriend thee, son; for, at thy birth,
29. Yt I had rather, &c. It appears, 37. Unshorn Apollo, an epithet by which by this address of Milton to his native he is distinguished in the Greek and language, that even in these green years | Latin poets. he had the ambition to think of writing 18. Demodocus, the famous bard of the an epic poem: and it is worth the curious Odyssey, who, according to the fashion reader's attention to observe how much of the heroic ages, delighted the guests the - Paradise Lost" corresponds in its of Alcinous, during their repast, hy singcircunstances to the prophetic wish he ing about the feats of the Greeks at the now formed.- THYER.
siege of Troy, the woouen horse, &c. See Here are strong indications of a young od. viii. 44. mind anticipating the subject of the 59. Good luck, &c. Here the metaphy. “ Paradise Lost," if we substitute Chris sical or logical Eus is introduced as a pertian for pagan ideas. He was now deep 800, and addressing his eldest son Sub in the Greek poets.-T. WARTOX.
stance; afterwards the logical Quantity, Quality, and Relation, are personified, dicaments are his brethren; of or to and speak. This a 'Tertation will appear which he is the Swjoelum, although first more excusable in Milton, if we recoileet in excellence or order. that every thing, in the masks of this 78. Ungratefully, &c. They cannot exege, appeared in a bodily shape. “Airy ist but as inherent in Subslunce. Nothing" had not only a "local habitat 81. From others, &c. He is still sub tion and a name," but a visible figure.- stince, with or without Accident. T. WARTOV.
Thy drowsy nurse hath sworn she did them spie
The next, Quantity and Quality, spake in prose; then Relation was
called by his name.
82. Yel on his brothers: By whom he is 61. Fuery ladies, &c. This is the first clothed, superinduced, modified, &c. But and last time that the system of the he is still the same.-T. WARTON, fairies was ever intro luced to illustrate | 88. Those that are at enmity. His Accithe doctrine of Aristotle's ten categries dents. It may be remarked that they both were 91. Rirers, arise, &c. Milton is sun in fasbion, and both exploded, at the posed, in the invocation and assemblage same time.-T. WARTOY.
of these rivers, to have had an eye on 62. Come tripping, &c. So barren, un-Spenser's Episole of the Yuutials of poetical, and abstructed a subject could Thaines and Melway, " Faerie Queene," not have been worned with finer touchos iv. xi. I rather think he consulted Drayof fancy.-T. WARTOY,
ton's " Polyolbion." It is hard to say, in 74. To many an Accident. A pun on what sense, or in what manner, this inthe logical Accidens.-T. WARTON.
troduction of the rivers was to be applied 76. O'er all his brethren, &c. The Pre-' to the subject. -T. WARTON.
Or Trent, who, like some Earth-born giant, spreads
[The rest was prose.]
AN EPITAPH ON THE ADMIRABLE DRAMA
TICK POET WILLIAM SHAKSPEARE.*
What needs my Shakspeare, for his honour'd bones,
* As to the “Epitaph on Shakspeare," Hurd despices it too much. It is true that it is neither equal to the grand cast of Milton's poems, nor worthy of the subject; but still it would honour most poets, except the last four lines, which are a poor conceit.- BRYDOES.
There first appeared among other recommendatory verses, prefixed to the folio edition of Shakspeare's plays in 1632; but without Milton's name or initials.
It is therefore the first of Milton's pieces that was published. I may here remark that it was with great difficulty and reluctance that Milton first appeared as an author le could not be prevailed upon to put his name to " Comus," his first performance of any length that was printed, notwithstanding the singular approbation with whi h it had been previously received in a long and extensive course of private cirrulation. “ Lycidas," in the Cambridge collection, is only subscribed with his initial, while most of the other contributors have left their names at full length.-T. WARTOX.
93. Or Ty nt. It is said that there were thirty sorts of fish in this river, and tlurty relirious houses on its banks. These traditions on which Milton has raised a poble imare, are a rebus on the name of Trent.-T. WARTON.
96. Maiden's death. The maid is Sabrina. See “ ('omus," 827.
93. Humber loud. Humber, a Scythian king, landed in Britain three hundred years before the Roman invasion, and was drownell in this river by Locrine, after conquering king Albanaci.-T. WAR
je &c. At Winter Vole TON... Royal love
95. Or sullen Mole, &c. At Mickleham. near Dorking in Surrey, the river Mole during the summer, except in heavy rains, sinks through its sandy bell into & subterraneous and invisible channel. In winter it constantly keeps its current.-T. WARTOM.
100. Royal Lover'd Thame, alluling to the royal towers of Windsor Castle upon its banks.
5. Dear Son of Memory. He honours his favourite Shakspeare with the same relation as the Muses themselves, who “Mr. Tobias Hobson, from whom we are called by the old poets the daugh have the expression, was a very honourters of Memory,"-NEWTOX.
ON THE UNIVERSITY CARRIER, OLD HOBSON,*
by reason of the plague.
ANOTHER ON THE SAME.*
* The two strange “Epitaphs on Hobson the Carrier," are unworthy of the author.-BRYDGES.
able man, for I shall ever call the man 11, Unvalued, invaluable,
so who gets an estate honestly. Mr. To 8. Hobson's inn at London was the bias Hobson was a carrier; and, being a “Bull” in Bishop-kate street, where his man of great abilities and invention, and figure in fresco, with an inscription, was one that saw where there might good lately to be seen.-T. WARTON. The fol profit arise, though the dulier men overlowing account of the origin of the looked it. this ingenious man was the pbrase " IIobson's choire," is to be found first in this island wlio let out hackney. in No. 509 of the Spectator:-“I shall horses. Ile lived in Cambridge: and, conclude this discourse with an explana-observing that the cholars rid hard, his tion of a proverb, which by vulgar manner was to keep a large stable of error is taken and used when a man is borses, with boots, bridles, and whips, to reduced to an extreunity, whereas the furnish the gentlemen at once, without propriety of the maxim is to use it when going from college to college to borrow, you would say there is plenty, but you as they have done since the death of this Diust make such a choice as not to hurt worthy man. I say, Mr. Hobsou kept 9nother who is to come after you. la table of forty good cattle always ready and fit for travelling: hut, when, which every man is to be his own priest. a man came for a horse, he was led into When these verses were written, which the stable, where there was great choice; form an irregular sondet, presbyterian. but he oblizei bim to take the horse ism was triumphant, and the independwhich stcod next to the stable door; pnts and the churchmen joined in one so that every customer was alike well common complaint against a want of Servei according to his chance, and every toleration. The church of Calvin had horse ridden with the same justice; from now its heretics, Milton's haughty trmwhence it became a proverb. when what per brooked no human control: even the ought to be your election was forced parliamentary hierarchy was too coercive upon you, to say, “Hobson's choice." for one who acknowledged only King
And, like an engine moved with wheel and weight,
ON THE NEW FORCERS OF CONSCIENCE
UNDER THE LONG PARLIAMENT.
To force our consciences that Christ set free,
1. Because, &c. In railing at establish Jesus. His frowarl and refining philo ments. Milton condemned not episcopacy | sophy was contented with no species of only: he thought even the simple insti. carnal policy: conformity of all sorts tutions of the new Reformation too rigid was slavery. He was persualed that the and arbitrary for the natural freedom modern presbyter was as much calcu. of conscience: he contended for that sort | lated for persecution and oppression as of individual or personal religion, by the ancient bislop.-T WARTON.