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cepting a work which is to receive the premium and sanction of the society, will suggest the alteration of any word, phrase or figure, which is not strictly pure and correct, according to the best usage of the English Language.
"By order of the Academy,
Recording Secretary." It is believed that the concluding condition of this advertisement, which reserves the right of suggesting to the author any alteration that the Committee of the Academy may think important, is one wbicb would not be exacted of a work intended for general readers. But it is of the highest importance, that productions which are to receive the sanction of the Academy for the use of schools, and are to give the first impressions to the rising generation, should be scrupulously exact in their statements, correct in grammar, and pure in language.
Premiums for several other works bave been proposed ; but, with a view to the best choice, there is a necessary delay for collecting the opinions of distant members.
ART. 8.—WRITING BY CIPher-Rees' Cyclopedia.
The following exposition of plate III. (in vol. VI. part II.) of Rees' Cyclopedia, may be acceptable to some of the subscribers to that work. The plate represents “an example of ready and undecipherable writing by dots, of the author's own invention”-and the author of the Article · Cipher' (vol. VIII. part II.) “ defies “ any of his readers to explain the principle by which it [the ex“ ample) is composed, or to give him a similar piece of writing.”
The writing consists of dots, placed in different positions over, under, and upon a line. The dot above the line signifies 1-on the line, 2-and under it, 3. Each letter is represented by four dots, or figures, and by arranging the figures 11, 12, 13-21, 22, 23–31, 32, 33, above the key, opposite to the letters in the upper Jine, and the same figures in the same order at the left side of the key, beginning at the top, the plate will be deciphered with ease by drawing lines perpendicularly and horizontally from the figures denoted by the dots. Thus, the four first dots represent 31. 31, which in the key direct to the letter T: The next four, 12. 23, which answer to h: Then 11. 32, answering to e:-which gives the word The.
In the article CIPHER,' in the Cyclopedia, are four paragraphs, to be deciphered by the same key, but in a different manner. The 2d is in figures, and can be easily read by taking two figures for each letter, thus 1,5 the 1st line and 5th letter T; 2,6 the 2d line and 6th letter h; 1,8 the 1st line and 8th letter e;then 0 for the end of a word : 3,5 the third line and 5th letter, &c. The next paragraph is in letters, and must be deciphered by taking two letters, for two figures, which direct to the letter in the key represented by them; thus, b, a :--b is the 1st letter in the column, and therefore represents 1, and a is the 5th letter in the column, in which it is found in the key, and therefore represents 5,the 1st line and 5th letter, as before, representing T:—w, m, are the next two letters: w is the 7th letter of the column in which it is found in the key, and m, the 2d—the 7th line and 2d letter h; &c.
The first and third paragraphs have not been deciphered.
ART. 9.-INSCRIPTION UPON THE TOMBSTONE OF DOOTOR SAM
UEL JOHNSON-AT STRATFORD, Con.
Obiit 6to. Jan. 1772.
The cheerful heart, and countenance serene;
ART. 10.–LINES ON THE LATE Doctor JOSEPH R. DRAKE.
The following stanzas, for beauty and exquisite finish, are infinitely superior to the verses generally afforded on similar occasions. They were written by a friend of the late Dr. J.R. Drake, of this city.
To commemorate the virtues and the talents of a departed friend, or to weigh with impartiality his claims to public attention, is indeed no easy task; but the subject of these lines was worthy of all the commendation and all the sorrow kere so beautifully expressed. A devotion to the muses marked his early life ; and many of his unpublished productions would not discredit (we speak it confidently) ihe pen of a Moore, or a Campbell.
He fell an early victim to the Consumption,-a disease, which seems peculiarly to select for the objects of its attack, the amiable, the intelligent and the virtuous.
Green be the turf above thee,
Friend of my better days!
Nor named thee, but to praise.
From eyes unused to weep;
Will tears thy cold turf steep.
Like thine, are laid in earth,
To tell the world their worth :
To clasp thy hand in mine,
Whose weal and wo were thine;
Around thy faded brow:
And feel, I cannot now.
Nor thoughts nor words are free,
That mourns a man like thee.
(copy.) “Queries to the Reviewer of General Wilkinson's Memoirs.
1st Why was General Hampton permitted to escape, without a trial and without arrestation?
2d Why was General Wilkinson's private letter to General Lewis, opened and read at the war office ?
3d Why is the history given by General Wilkinson, of the causes of the capture of Washington, passed over in silence ? Was it because his story is unanswerable ?
“D. F. An inquirer after truth." Though the shape in which our correspondent D. F. presents himself, is somewhat questionable, still as he may be a mere inquirer after truth, we will speak to him in our next number. (Ed.)
ART. 1.-From Tilloch's Philosophical Magazine London, Sep.
A REVIEW OF SOME LEADING POINTS IN THE OFFICIAL CHARAC
TER AND PROCEEDINGS OF THE LATE PRESIDENT OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY. BY A CORRESPONDENT.
The Royal Society of London, as Chamberlayne remarks, “ chose for its motto Nullius in verba, to testify their resolution pot to be enslaved by any of the greatest authority in their inquiries after nature :" and so long as their Presidents were changed with moderate frequency, and no one acquired any more authority or influence than was due to his talents and his virtues, independently of his rank (whatever that might be,) all continued to go on well. The arts and sciences, in their numerous departments, were promoted by the labours and inquiries of the different members of the Society ; each brought from his own stock to deposit in the general storebouse; all was harmony; and bickering and usurpation were alike unknown. The distinctions which prevail in human society were not forgotten ; but they were not permitted io operate injuriously in a society where all were, by its original constitution, Fellows. An authorized list of the members of the Royal Society circulated in 1693, only thirty years after its incorporation by charter, terminates thus :-" The reader may perceive by this list, how many sober, learned, solid, ingenious persons, of different degrees, religions, countries, professions, trades and fortunes, have united and conspired, laying aside all names of distinction, amicably to promote experimental knowledge.”
Indeed, it is only by determining thus to 6 lay aside all distinctions,” except those which talents and genius confer, that a Society formed for the purpose of augmenting the sphere of natural knowledge in all its branches can be adequately efficient: for if it be " with wise intent" that
· The Hand of Nature on peculiar minds
Imprints a different bias, and to each
Decrees its province in the common toil,” it is surely wise for such an institution to collect, arrange, and classify, the results of the individual energies of its members, however diversified their several pursuits, or however varied the stations in political society which they occupy. Thus has the Royal (society proceeded in different periods of its history. It did not expel Isaac Newton at a time when he was too poor to defray the weekly charges of the Society; nor did it refuse to admit Edmund Stone or Thomas Simpson, or James Ferguson, although one had been a gardener's son, the other a weaver, and the third a shepherd.
These, and other important benefits, likely to accrue from the voluntary association of men of science, may undoubtedly be preserved, although any one of their number chosen to be their President should continue such for a series of years, or although he be a man of elevated or noble rank. The history of the Royal Society presents instances of this kind; as will be evident from the subjoined list of Presidents from the commencement of the Society to the present time. But, in order that benefits like these may continue to result, be it recollected, as has always been observed and will doubtless in future be found, that the Presidents of the Royal Society who most successfully promote its interests, are men ardently attached to some one branch of science, yet not depreciators of other departments of human research, men of candour, men free from the love of political intrigue, and free from its usual associate the love of domination.
It will appear evident, then, without further preliminary observation, that the character, disposition, and talents, of a President of a literary or a scientific society, will have an influence upon its members, its proceedings, and its utility, bearing some natural proportion to the interval during which he presides over it. Consequently, since the late Sir Joseph Banks occupied the chair of the President in the Royal Society for more than forty years, at an age of the world when science in almost every department and in every country of Europe was making the most rapid advances, it will become the duty of the impartial historian of British science to ascertain what were the qualifications of this gentleman to preside for so many years over that illustrious body, what were the topics of inquiry which he most encouraged, what were those which he. uniformly repressed, and what have been the consequences with regard to certain sciences of Britain, in comparison with the cultivation and augmentation of the same in other parts of the world.
Several of the eulogists of the late President have fancied that they could render his merits more prominent by placing them in contrast with those of his immediate predecessor, Sir John PRINGLE. I shall therefore be the more readily pardoned for adopting a like proceeding in this review.
Sir John Pringle was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in the year 1745, and had even then a high reputation for medical knowledge and skill. Afterwards he wrote pretty copiously upon many subjects connected with his profession, and communicated several interesting papers to the Transactions of the Royal Society; in this manner, as well as in consequence of an extensive