« السابقةمتابعة »
thoughtrong alithoftains of right: boy:
K. John. From whom hast thou this great commil
fion, France, To draw my answer to thy articles ? K. Phil. From that supernal judge, that stirs good
K. John. Alack, thou dost usurp authority.
Eli. Out, insolent! thy bastard shall be king; That thou may'st be a queen, and check the world!
Gorft. My bed was ever to thy son as true, As thine was to thy husband : and this boy, Liker in feature to his father Geffrey, Than thou and John, in manners ; being as like, As rain to water, or devil to his dain. My boy a bastard ! By my soul, I think, His father never was so true begot; It cannot be, an if thou wert his mother. Eli. There's a good mother, boy, that blots thy fa
ther. Const. There's a good grandam, boy, that would blot
thee. Auft. Peace! Faulc. Hear the crier.
8 To lock into the blots and stains of right.] Mr. Theobald reads, with the first folio, blots, which being to early authoriz: 1, and so much better understood, needed not to have been changed by Dr. Warburton to bolis, tho' folis might be used in that time for jpots : fo Shakespeare calls Banquo Sported with blod, the blood-belter'd Banquo. The verb to blot is used figuratively or to disgrace a few lines lower. And perhaps, altcr ali, bolts was only a typographical mistake. JOHNSON.
Auft. What the devil art thou ?
Faulo. One that will play the devil, Sir, with you, An a' may catch your hide and you alone. You are the hare, of whom the proverb goes, . Whose valour plucks dead lions by the beard : I'll smoak your skin-coat, an I catch you right; Sirrah, look to't; i'faith, I will, i'faith.
Blanch. O, well did he become that lion's robe,
Faulc. It lies as fightly on the back of him %,
Aut. What cracker is this sarpe, that deafs our ears
9 It lies as fightly on the back of him,
As great Alcides' fhoes upon an a/s :] But why his shoes, in the name of propriety? For let Hercu es and his poes have been really as big as they were erer supposed to be, yet they (I mean the poes) would not have been an overload for an ass. I am persuadell, I have retrieved the true reading; and let us obfirve the juitness of the compariion now. Faulconbridge in his resentment would say this to Austria, « That licn's ikin, which my .“ great father king Richard once wore, looks as uncouthly ou “ ihy back, as that other noble hide, which was borne by Her“ culos, would look on the back of an afs.” A doubie allufion was intended ; firfi, to the fable of the ass in the lion's kin; then Richard I. is fnely set in competition with Alcides, as Auftria is farirically coupled with the ass. THEOBALD.
Mr. Theobald had the art of making the most of his discoverics. JOHNSON.
I believe Theobald is right, yet the fees of Hercules are more than once introduced in the old comeuies on much such another 'occafion. So in The Idle of Gulls, by J. Day, 1606. - “ are as fit, as Hercules's shoe for the foot of a pigmy."
STEEVENS. ? King Lewis, Thus the folio. The modern editors read -Philip, which appears to be right. It is however observable, that the answer is given in the old copy to Lewis, as if the dauphin, who was aficrwarus Lewis Vili. was ineant to have been
K. Philip. Women and fools, break off your con
K. John. My life as soon. I do defy thee, France.
Eli. Come to thy grandam, child.
Artb. Good my mother, peace !
Eli. His mother shames him so, poor boy, he weeps.
Conft. Thou monstrous injurer of heaven and earth! Call me not Nanderer ; thou, and thine, usurp The domination, royalties, and rights Of this oppressed boy. This is thy eldest son's son, Infortunate in nothing but in thee ; Thy fins are visited on this poor child; The canon of the law is laid on him,
the speaker. The foeech itself, however, feems appropriated to the king, and nothing can be inferred from the folio with any fertainty, but that the editors of it were careless and ignorant.
Being but the second generation
K. John. Bedlam, have done.
Conft. I have but this to say,
Eli. Thou unadvised scold, I can produce
will; A woman's will; a cankred grandam's will!
K. Phil. Peace, lady; pause, or be more temperate :
2. I have but this to say,
But, &c.—] This passage appears to me very obscure. The chief difficulty arises from this, that Constance having told Elinor of her fin-conceiving womb, pursues the thought, and uses fin through the next lines in an ambiguous sense, sometimes for crime, and sometimes for offspring
He's not only plagued for her fin, &c. He is not only made miserable by vengeance for her fin or crime ; but her fin, her offspring, and she, are made the instruments of that vengeance, on this de. scendant; who, though of the second generation, is plagued for her and with her; to whom she is not only the cause but the in, ftrument of evil, The next clause is more perplexed. All the editions read,
plagu'd for her,
All punish'd in the person of this child.
- plagu'd for her
Her injury, the beadle to her pia. That is; inflead of infli&ing vengeance on this innocent and remote descendant, punish her son, her immediate offspring : then the afriiction will fall where it is deserved; his injury will
3 It ill beseems this presence to cry aim
K. Joka. singland, for itself: You neil t Anziers, and my loving subjects K. ibi'. You loving men of Angiers, Arthur's sub
jects, Our tritt call'd you to this gentle parle. K pr. For our advantage; - therefore hear us
be le “, ;, and the misery of her fin; her son will be a beadle, ore,.ii.telier crimes, which are now all punished in the person of Inisi . JOHNSON. Mr. rick reads,
- “ plaçu'd for her “ Al with her placu'd; her fin, his injury. Steevens. 3 It iii lejenis this prezence to cry aim
Totice il recirciens.) Dr. Warburton has well observed on 0:e oi ine tom prys, that to cry aim is to encourage.. I once tha: uni it a borrowed from archery; and that aim! having been te werd of command, as we now say present! to cry aim bu been to incite notice, or raise attention. But I rather think, that the old word of applause was J'aime, love it, and that to appud was to cry J'aime, which the English, not easily pronouncing Je, funk into aime or aim. Our exclamations of applause are itill borrowed, as bravo and encore.
JOHNSON. Dr. Johnson's first thought, I believe is best. So in Beaumont and Fletcher's Love's Cure, or The Martial Maid,
- " Can I cry aim " To this against myself?” So in our author's Merry Wives, &c. Ford says, “ and " to these violent proceedings all my neighbours shall cry aim.”
STEEVENS. * For our advantage; - therefore hear us firft. -] If we read " for your advantage” it would be a more specious reason for interrupting Lewis. T, T.