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Jany inclination in my friend 10 be serious with such THE DUNCIAD, accusers, or if they had only meddled with his

writings; since whoever publishes, puts himself on IN FOUR BOOKS;

his trial by his country :--but when his moral charWith the Prolegomena of Scriblerus, the Hypercritics acter was attacked, and in a manner from which of Aristarchus, and Notes Variorum. neither truth nor virtue can secure the most innocent;

in a manner, which, though it annihilates the credit

of the accusation with the just and impartial, yet ag A LETTER TO THE PUBLISHER,

gravates very much the guilt of the accusers: I mean

by authors without names: then I thought, since the Occasioned by the first correct Edition of the

danger was common to all, the concern ought to be Dunciad.

so; and that it was an act of justice to detect the au. It is with pleasure I hear that you have procured a thors, not only on this account, but as many of them correct copy of the Dunciad, which the many sur are the same who for several years past have made septitious ones have rendered so necessary; and it is free with the greatest naines in church and stałe, er. yer with more, that I am informed it will be attended posed to the world the private misfortunes of fami. with a Commentary: a work so requisite, that I can- lies, abused all, even to women, and whose prostitii not think the author himself could have omitted it, ted papers (for one or other party, in the unhappy had he approved of the first appearance of this poem. division of their country) have insulted the fallen,

Such notes as have occurred to me I herewith send the friendless, the esiled, and the dead. you : you will oblige me by inserting them amongst Besides this, which I take to be a public concern, ] those which are, or will be, transmitted to you by have already confessed I had a private one. I am others; since not only the author's friends, but even one of that number who have long loved and esstrangers, appear engaged by humanity, to take some teemed Mr. Pepe ; and had often declared it was care of an orphan of so much genius and spirit, which not his capacity or writings (which we ever thought its parent seems to have abandoned from the very the least valuable part of his character,) but the honbeginning, and suffered to step into the world naked, sest, open, and beneficent man, that we most esteem. unguarded, and unattended.

ed and loved in him. Now, if what these people It was upon reading some of the abusive papers say were believed, I must appear to all my friends lately published, that my great regard to a person, either a fool or a knave; either imposed on myself, whose friendship I esteem as one of the chief honours or imposing on them : so that I am as much interested of my life, and a much greater respect to truth than in the confutation of these calumnies as he is himself. to him or any man living, engaged me in inquiries, of I am no author, and consequently not to be suswhich the inclosed notes are the fruit.

pected cither of jealousy or resentment against any I perceive that most of these authors had been of the men, of whom scarce one is known to me by (doubtless very wisely) the first aggressors. They sight; and as for their writings, I have sought them had tried, till they were weary, what was to be got (on this one occasion) in vain, in the closets and libraby railing at each other: nobody was either con- ries of all my acquaintance. I had still been in the cerned or surprised, if this or that scribbler was dark, if a gentleman had not procured me (I suppose proved a dunce. But every one was curious to read from some of themselves, for they are generally much what could be said to prove Mr Pope one, and was more dangerous friends than enemies) the passages I ready to pay something for such a discovery: a send you. I solemnly protest I have added nothing stratagem which, would they fairly own it, might not to the malice or absurdity of them; which it behoves only reconcile them to me, but screen them from the me to declare, since the vouchers themselves will be resentment of their lawful superiors, whom they so soon and irrecoverably lost. You may in some daily abuse, only (as I charitably hope, to get that by measure prevent it, by preserving at least their titles, then, which they cannot get from them.

and discovering (as far as you can depend on the I found this was not all: ill success in that had truth of your information) the names of the conceal. transported them to personal abuse, either of himself, ed authors. or (what I think he could less forgive of his friends. 'The first objection I have heard made to the They had called men of virtue and honour bad men, poem is, that the persons are too obscure for satire. long before he had either leisure or inclination to call The persons themselves, rather than allow the objecthem bad writers; and some had been such old of- tion, would forgive the satire ; and if one could be senders, that he had quite forgotten their persons as tempted to afford it a serious answer, were not all aswell as their slanders, till they were pleased to re-sassinates, popular insurrections, the insolence of the vive them.

rabble without doors, and of domesties within, most Now what had Mr. Pope done before, to incense wrongfully chastised, if the meanness of offenders inthem ? He had published those works which are in demnified them from punishment? On the contrary, the hands of every body, in which not the least med- obscurity renders them more dangerous, as less tion is inade of any of them. And what tias he done thought of: law can pronounce judgment only on since ? He has laughed, and written the Dunciad. open facts : morality alone can pass censure on inWhat has that said of them? A very serious truth, tentions of mischief; so that for secret calumny, or which the public had said before, that they were dull; the arrow flying in the dark, there is no public punish and what it had no sooner said, but they themselves ment left, but what a good writer intlícis. were at great pains to procure, or even purchase, The next objection is, that these sort of authors room in the prints, to testify under their hands the are poor. That might be pleaded as an excuse at tho truth of it.

Old Bailey, for lesser crimes than defamation, (for it I should still have been silent, if either I had scen is the case of almost all who are tried there, but

х

sure it can be none here ; for who will pretend that claim this as a justice, it lies not on him, but entirely the robbing another of his reputation, supplies the on the public, to defend its own judgment. want of it in himself? I question not but such authors There remains what, in my opinion, might seem a are poor, and heartily wish the objection were re- better plea for these people, than any they have made moved by any honest livelihood. But poverty is use of. If obscurity or poverty were lo exempt a here the accident, not the subject : he who describes man from satire, much more should folly or dulness, malice and villany to be pale and meagre, expresses which are still more involuntary ; nay, as much so as not the least anger against paleness or leanness, but personal deformity. But even this will not help against malice and villany. The Apothecary in Ro- them: deformity becomes an object of ridicule when meo and Juliet is poor; but is he therefore justified a man sets up for being handsome; and so must dulin vending poison ? Not but poverty itself becomes a ness, when he sets up for a wit. They are not ridi. just subject of satire, when it is the consequence of culed, because ridicule in itself is, or ought to be, a vice, prodigality, or neglect of one's lawful callings; pleasure; but because it is just to undeceive and vinfor then it increases the public burthen, fills the streets dicate the honest and unpretending part of mankind and highways with robbers, and the garrets with clip- from imposition, because particular interest ought to pers, coiners, and weekly journalists.

yield to general, and a great number who are not But admitting that two or three of these offend naturally fools, ought never to be made so, in comless in their morals than in their writings: must po- plaisance to a few who are. Accordingly we find, verty make nonsense sacred? If so, the fame of bad that, in all ages, all vain pretenders, were they ever authors would be much better consulted than that of so poor, or ever so dull, have been constantly the all the good ones in the world; and not one of a hun- topics of the most candid satirists, from the Codrus dred had ever been called by his right name. of Juvenal to the Damon of Boileau.

They mistake the whole matter : it is not charity Having mentioned Boileau, the greatest poet and to encourage them in the way they follow, but to get most judicious critic of his age and country, admirathem out of it; for men are not bunglers because they ble for his talents, and yet perhaps more admirable are poor, but they are poor because they are bun- for his judgment in the proper application of them, I glers.

cannot help remarking the resemblance betwixt him Is it not pleasant enough to hear our authors cry- and our author, in qualities, fame, and fortune: in the ing out on the one hand, as if their persons and cha- distinction shown them by their superiors, in the geracters were too sacred for satire; and the public neral estcem of their equals, and in their extended objecting on the other, that they are too mean even reputation amongst foreigners; in the latter of which for ridicule? But whether bread or fame be their ours has met with a better fate, as he has had for his end, it must be allowed, our author, by and in this translators persons of the most eminent rank and poem, has mercifully given them a little of both. abilities in their respective nations. But the re

There are two or three, who by their rank and for- semblance holds in nothing more, than in their being tune have no benefit from the former objections, sup- equally abused by the ignorant pretenders to poetry posing them good; and these I was sorry to see in of their times, of which not the least memory will such company. But if, without any provocation, two remain but in their own writings, and in the notes or three gentlemen will fall upon one, in an affair made upon them. What Boileau has done in almost wherein his interest and reputation are equally em- all his poems, our author has only in this : I dare anbarked; they cannot certainly, after they have been swer for him he will do it no more; and on this princontent to print themselves his enemies, complain of ciple, of attacking few but who had slandered him, he being put into the number of them.

could not have done it at all, had he been confined Others, I am told, pretend to have been once his from censuring obscure and worthless persons, for friends. Surely, they are their enemies who say so; scarce any other were his enemies. However, as the since nothing can be more odious than to treat a parity is so remarkable, I hope it will continue to the friend as they have done. But of this I cannot per- last; and if ever he should give us an edition of this suade myself, when I consider the constant and eter- poem himself, I may see some of them treated as nal aversion of all bad writers to a good one. gently, on their repentance or better merit, as Per

Such as claim merit from being his admirers, Irault and Quinault were at last by Boileau. would gladly ask if it lays him under a personal obli- In one point I must be allowed to think the charac. gation?. At that rate he would be the most obliged ter of our English poet the more amiable. He has humble servant in the world. I dare swear for these not been a follower of fortune or success; he has in particular, he never desired them to be his ad- lived with the great without flattery; been a friend to mirers, nor promised in return to be theirs : that had men in power without pensions, from whom, as he truly been a sign he was of their acquaintance: but asked, so he received, no favour, but what was done would not the malicious world have suspected such an approbation of some motive worse than ignorance in the author of the Essay on Criticism? Be it as it 1 Essay on Criticism, in French verse, hy General will, the reasons of their admiration and of his con- Hamilton; the same, in verse also, by Monsieur Robo: tempt are equally subsisting; for his works and theirs; after by the abbe Reynel, in verse, with notes. Rape of

ton, counsellor and privy secretary to King George I. are the very same that they were.

the Lock, in French, by the princess of Conti, Paris, One, therefore, of their assertions I believe may be 1728: and in Italian verse by the ahbe Conti, a noble

Venetian; and by the marquis Rangoni, envoy extra. true, “That he has a contempt for their writings.' ordiary froin Modena to king George II. Others of his And there is another which would probably be sooner works by Saivini of Florence, &c. His Essay and Dis. allowed by himself than by any good judge beside, sertations on Homer, several times transiated into That his own have found too much success with the by Monsieur silhoute, in prose, 1737, and since by ouers

French. Essay on Man, by the abbe Reynel, in vers: public. But as it cannot consist with his modesty to lin French, Italian and Latin.

him in his friends. As his satires were the more just

Character of Mr. P. 1716. for being delayed, so were his panegyries; bestow- The persons whom Boilean has attacked in his ed only on such persons as he had famliarly known, writings have been for the most part authors, and most only for such virtues as he had long observed in them, of those authors, poets: and the censures he hath and only at such times as others cease to praise, if passed upon them have been confirmed by all Europe. not begin to calumniate them; I mean when out of power or out of fashion. A satire, therefore, on Gildon, Preface to his New Rehearsal. writers so notorious for the contrary practice, became It is the common cry of the poetasters of the town, ‘no mın so well as himself; as none, it is plain, was and their fautors, that it is an ill-natured thing to exso little in their friendships, or so much in that of pose the pretenders to wit and poetry. The judges those whom they had most abused, namely, the great- and magistrates may with full as good reason be re est and best of all parties. Let me add a further rea- proached with ill-nature for putting the laws in exeson, that, though engaged in their friendships, he cution against a thief or impostor. The same will DeFer espoused their animosities; and can almost hold in the republic of letters, if the cuties and judges singly challenge this honour, not to have written a will let every ignorant pretender to scribbling pass on line of any man, which, through guilt, through shame, the world. or through fear, through variety of fortune, or change of interests, he was ever unwilling to own.

Theobald, Letter to Mist, June 22, 1728. I shall conclude with remarking, what a pleasure

Attacks may be levelled, either against failures in it must be to every reader of humanity, to see all genius, or against the pretensions of writing without along, that our author, in his very laughter, is not in- one. dulging his own ill-nature, but only punishing that of others. As to his poemn, those alone are capable of Concanen, Dedication to the Author of the Dunciad. doing it justice, who, to use the words of a great

A satire upon dulness is a thing that has been used writer, know how hard it is (with regard both to his and allowed in all ages. subject and his manner) vetustis dare noritatem, ob

Out of thine own mouth will I judge thee, wicked soletis nitorem, obscuris lucem fastiditis gratiam.

scribbler! I am your most humble servant,

WILLIAM CLELAND.2 St. James's, Dec. 222, 1728.

TESTIMONIES OF ALTHORS,

Concerning our Poel and his works.
MARTINUS SCRIBLERUS.

M. Scriblcrus Lectori S.
HIS PROLEGOJIENA AND ILLUSTRATIONS

BEFORE we present thee with our exercitations on TO THE DUNCIAD:

this most delectable poem (drawn from the many

volumes of our adversaria on modern authors) we With the Hypercritics of Aristarchus.

shall here, according to the laudable usage of editors,

collect the various judgments of the learned concernDennis's Remarks on Prince Arthur. ing our poet; various indeed, not only of different I CANNOT but think it the most reasonable thing in authors, but of the same author at ditierent saisons. the world, to distinguish good writers, by discouraging Nor shall we gather only the testimonies of suchem. the bad. Nor is it an ill-natured thing, in relation nent wits as would of course descend to posterity, even to the very persons upon whom the reflections and consequently be read without our collection; but are made. It is true, it may deprive them a little the we shall likewise, with incredible labour, spek en sooner of a short profit and a transitory reputation; for divers others, which, but for this o'r diligence, but then it may have a good effect, and oblige them could never at the distance of a few month; appear (before it be too late) to decline that for which they to the eye of the most curious. llerehy thou mayest are so very unfit, and to have recourse to something not only receive the delectation of variety, but also in which they may be more successful.

arrive at a more certain judgment by a grave and

circumspect comparison of the witnesses with each 1 As Mr. Wycherley, at the time the town declaimed Other, or of each with himself. Hence also thou wilt against his book of poems; Mr. Walsh, after his death; be enabled to draw reflections, not only of a critical, Sir William Trumball, when he had resigned the office but a moral nature, by being let into many particulars of scretary of state; lori Bolingbroke, at his leaving England, after the queen's death; lord Oxford, in his last of the person as well as genius, and of fortune as well decline of life; Mr. Secretary Craggs, at the end of the as merit of our author: in which, if I relate some Sunith-sea year, and after his death: others only in epi- things of little concern peradventure to thee, and some taphs.

2 This gentleman was of Scotland, and bred at the uni- of as little even to him, I entreat thee to consider versity of Utrecht, with the earl of Mar. Ile served in how minutely all true critics and commentators are ons of the commissioners of the customs in Scotkind, wont to insist upon such, and how material trey seem aru then of taxes in England; in which, having shown to themselves, if to none other. Forgive me, gentle higie-if for twenty years diligent, punctual, and incor. reader, if (following learned example) Iever and anon riptible (though without any other assistance of for. tune, he was suddenly displaced by the minister, in the become tedious : allow me to take the same pains to şiity eighth year of his age, and died iwo months after, find whether my author were good or bad, well or illin 1141. He was a person of universal learning, and an natured, modest or arrogant; as another, whether his for his friend, or a sincerer attachment to the constitu. author was fair or brown, short or tall, or whether he tion of his country.

wore a coat or a cassock.

We proposed to begin with his life, parentage, and

Mr. Oldmiron. education : but as to these, even his contemporaries I dare not say any thing on the Essay on Criticism do exceedingly differ. One saith,' he was educated in verse; but if any more curious reader has discoverat home; another,2 that he was bred at St. Omer’s by ed in it something new which is not in Dryden's preJesuits; a third, not at St. Omer's, but at Oxford! a faces, dedications, and his essay on dramatic poetry, fourth, that he had no university education at all. not to mention the French critics, I should be very Those who allow him to be bred at home, differ as glad to have the benefit of the discovery.'' much concerning his tutor. One saith, he was kept He is followed (as in fame, so in judgment) by the by his father on purpose; a second, that he was an modest and simple-minded itinerant priest ; a third, that he was a parson ; ones calleth him a secular clergyman of the church of

Mr. Leonard Wested; Rome; another," a monk. As little do they agree who, out of great respect to our poet, not naming about his father, whom one suppose:h, like the father of Hesiod, a tradesman or merchant; another,ll a

him, doth yet glance at his Essay, together with the husbandman; another,12 a hatter, &c. Nor has an and of Horace, which he more openly taxeth :2As

duke of Buckingham's, and the criticisms of Dryden author been wanting to give our poet such a father as Apuleius hath to Plato, Jamblichus to Pythagoras,

to the numerous treatises, essays, arts, &c., both in and divers to Homer, viz. a demon: for thus Mr. verse and prose, that have been written by the moGildon :--13

derns on this ground-work, they do but hackney the Certain it is, that his original is not from Adam,

same thoughts over again, making them sull more but the devil; and that he wanteth nothing but horns trite. Most of their pieces are nothing but a peri, inand tail to be the exact resemblance of his infernal sipid heap of common-place. Horace has, even in father.' Finding, therefore, such contrariety of opin

his Art of Poetry, thrown out several things which ions, and (whatever be ours of this sort of generation) plainly show, he thought an art of poetry was of no not being fond to enter into controversy, we shall use, even while he was writing one.' defer writing the life of our poet, till authors can de

To all which great authorities, we can only oppose

that of termine among themselves what parents or education he had, or whether he had any education or parents

Mr. Addison, at all, Proceed we to what is more certain, his Works,

"The Essay on Criticism,' saith he, which was though not less uncertain the judgınents concerning kind. The observations follow one another like those

published some months since, is a master-piece in its them; beginning with his Essay on Criticism, of which hear first the most ancient of critics,

in Horace's Art of Poetry, without that methodical

regularity which would have been requisite in a prose Mr. John Dennis.

writer. They are some of them uncommon, but such 'Ilis precepts are false or trivial, or both; bis as the reader must assent to, when he sees them er. thoughts are crude and abortive, his expressions ab. plained with that case and perspicuity in which they surd, his numbers harsh and unmusical, his rhymes

are delivered. As for those which are the most trivial and common ;-instead of majesty, we have known and the most received, they are placed in so something that is very mean; instead of gravity,

beautiful a light, and illustrated with such apt allusomething that is very boyish; and instead of perspi

sions, that they have in them all the graces of novel. cuity and lucid order, we have but too ofien obscurity ty; and make the reader, who was before acquainted and confusion.' And in another place --- What rare

with them, still more convinced of their truth and numbers are here! Would not one swear that this solidity. And here give me leave to mention what youngster had espoused some antiquated muse, who Monsieur Boileau has so well enlarged upon in the had sued out a divorce from some superannuated sin preface to his works: that wit and tine writing do:h ner, upon account of impotence, and who, being not consist so much in advancing things that are new pused by the former spouse, has got the gout in her

as in giving things that are known an agreeable turn. decrepid age, which makes her hobble so dam

It is impossible for us, who live in the latter ages of nably.'.

the world, to make observations in criticism, morality, No less peremptory is the censure of our hyper

or any art or science, which have not been touched critical historian

upon by others; we bave little else left us, but to represent the common sense of mankind in more

strong, more beautiful, or more uncommon lights. If I Ciles Jacob's Lives of the Poets, vol. ii, in his Life.

a reader examines Ilorace's Art of Poetry, he will 2:nnie's Refertions on the Essay on Criticism, find but few precepts in it which he may not mort 3 Danica Diskreted, p. 4. 4 Guardian, No. 40. with in Aristotle, and which were not commonly 5 Jacob Lives, &c. Vol.ii. 6 Duncia Dissected. p. 4. Furnis un Ulissin.

Dunciad Dissected known by all the poets of the Augustan age. His 9 Characters of the Times, p. 45

way of expressing, and applying them, not his inven. 10 Temalı Danciad, p. ult. 11 Duncia) Dissected, tion of them, is what we are chietly to admire.

12 kuume, Paraphrase on the 4th of Genesis, printed 17

"Longinus, in his Reflections, has given us the same 13 Character of Mr. P. and his Writings, in a Letter kind of sublime, which he observes in the several to a friend, printeri dire l'opping, 1716, p. 10. Curll, Do his her to the Danciad, first"rdition, said to be passages that occasioned them: I cannot but take print! for A. Dalil, in the 20th page, declared Gildon notice that our English author has, afier the same to be the author of that libel; though in the subsequent manner, exemplified several of the prccepis in the editions of los Key hız leti out this assertion, and aitirmel in the furiai, p. 4 and 8) that it was written by D:nais only.

1 Essay on Criticism in prose, octaro, 1723, by the 14 Rettertions critical and satiricalon a rhapsody, call. author of the Critiral llistory of England. ed, un Essay on Crit.cisin, printed for Bernard Lintoi, svo. 2 Preface to his l'oeins, p. 18, 53

Fery precepts themselves." He then produces some should most admire the justness to the original, or instances of a particular beauty in the numbers, and the force and beauty of the language, or the sounding concindes with saying, that there are three poems in variety of the numbers: but when I find all these our tongue of the same nature, and each a master- meet, it puts me in mind of what the port says of piece in its kind! the Essay on Translated Verse; the one of his heroes, “That he alone raised and Aung Essay on the Art of Poetry; and the Essay on Criti- with ease a weighty stone, that two common men cism.'

could not lift from the ground ; just so, one single Of Windsor Forest, positive is the judgment of the person has performed in this translation, what I once affirmative.

despaired to have seen done by the force of several Mr. John Dennis,

masterly hands.' Indeed the same gentleman appears That it is a wretched rhapsody, impudently writ in to have changed his sentiment in his Essay on the Art emulation of the Cooper's Hill of sir John Denham : of Sinking in Reputation, (printed in Mist's Journal, the anthor of it is obscure, is ambiguous, is affected, March 30, 1718,) where he says thus: 'In order to is temerarious, is barbarous !?

sink in reputation, let him take it into his head to de. But the author of the Dispensary,3

scend into Ilomer (let the world wonder, as it will,

how the devil he got there,) and pretend to do him Dr. Garth,

into English, so his version denote his neglect of the in the preface to his poem of Claremont, differs from manner how.' Strange variation! We are told in this opinion: “Those who have seen these two excellent poems of Cooper's Hill, and Windsor Forest,

Mixt's Journal, (June 8, the one written by sir John Denham, the other by “That this translation of the Iliad was not in all reMr. Pope, will show a great deal of candour if they spects conformable to the tine taste of his friend Mr. approve of this,

Addison; insomuch that he employed a younger muse Of the Epistle of Eloïsa, we are told by the obscure in an undertaking of this kind, which he supervised writer of a poem called Sawney, “That because himself.' Whether Mr. Addison did find it conformPriors Henry and Emma charmed the finest tastes, able to his taste, or not, best appears from his own our author writ his Eloisa in opposition to it; but for- testimony the year following its publication, in these got innocence and virtue. If you take away her ten- words : der thoughts, and her fierce desires, all the rest is of no value.' In which, methinks, his judgment resem

Dir. Alldison's Frecholder, No. 40. bleth that of a French tailor on a villa and garden by

"When I consider myself a British freeholder, I the 'Thames : * All this is very fine ; but take away the am in a particular manner pleased with the labours river, and it is good for nothing.'

of those who have improved our language with But very contrary hereunto was the opinion of

the translations of old Greek and Latin authors.-

We have already most of their historians in our own Mr. Prior,

tongue, and, what is more for the honour of our lanhimself, saying in his Alma.4

guage, it has been taught to express with elegance O Abelard ! ill-fated youth,

the greatest of their poets in each nation. The ilThy tale will justify this truth :

literate arnong our own countrymen may learn to But well I weet, thy cruel wrong

judge from Dryden's Virgil, of the most perfect epic Adorns a nobler poet's song:

performance. And those parts of Homer which Dan Pope, for thy misfortune grieved,

have been published already by Mr. Pope, gives us With kind concern and skill has weaved

reason to think that the Iliad will appear in English A silken web; and ne'er shall fade

with as little disadvantage to that immortal poem.' Its colours; gently has he laid

As to the rest, there is a slight mistake; for this The mantle o'er thy sad distress,

younger muse was an elder; nor was the gentleman And Venus shall the texture bless,' &c.

(who is a friend of our author) employed by Mr. Ad

dison to translate it after him, since he saith himself Come we now to his translation of the Iliad, cele that he did it before. Contrariwise, that Mr. Adbrated by numerous pens; yet shall it suffice to men- dison engaged our author in this work appeareth by tion the indefatigable

declaration thereof in the preface to the Iliad, printed

some time before his death, and by his own letters of Sir Richard Blackmore, Knt.

October 26, and November 2, 1713, where he declares who though otherwise a severe censurer of our au- it is his opinion that no other person was equal to it. thor) yet styleth this a 'laudable translation's That Next comes his Shakspeare on the stage: ‘Let him ready writer

(quoth one, whom I take to be Mr. Oldmixon,

VIr. Theobald, Mist's Journal, June 8, 1729,) in his forementioned Essay, frequently commends the publish such an author as he has least studied, and fame. And the painful

forget to discharge even the dull duty of an editor. In

this project let hm lend the bookseller his name (for Mr. Lewis Theobald

a competent sum of money) to promote the credit of thus extols it, “The spirit of Homer breathes all an exorbitant subscription. Gentle reader, be pleased through this translation.-I am in doubt, whether 1 to cast thine eye on the proposal below quoted, and 1 Spectator, No. 953.

on what follows (some months after the former as. Pletter to B B. at the end of the Remarks, on Pope's sertion) in the same Journalist of June 8: “The book. Homer. 1717. 3 Printed 17, p. 12. 4 Alma, Cani. 2. 3 In his tea; vol. i, printed for E. Curll.

1 Vid. Pref. to Mr. Tirkell's translation of the first 6 Censor, vol. ii. n. 33.

I book of the liau, itu.

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