صور الصفحة
النشر الإلكتروني

seller proposed the book by subscription, and raised hand to Mr. Addison himself, and never made public, some thousands of pounds for the same: I believe till after their own Journals, and Curll had printed the gentleman did not share in the profits of this ex- the same. One name alone, which I am here autravagant subscription.'

thorized to declare, will sufficiently evince this truth, • After the Iliad, he undertook (saith

that of the right honourable the earl of Burlington.

Next is he taxed with a crime (in the opinion of Mist's Journal, June 8, 1728,)

some authors, I doubt, more heinous than any in mothe sequel of that work, the Odyssey; and having se- rality,) to wit, plagiarism, from the inventive and cured the success by a numerous subscription, he em- quaint-conceited ployed some underlings to perform what, according to his proposals, should come from his own hands.'

James Moore Smith, Gent. To which heavy charge we can in truth oppose "Upon reading the third volume of Pope's Miscelnothing but the words of

lanies, I found five lines which I thought excellent;

and happening to praise them, a gentleman produced Mr. Pope's Proposal for the Odyssey, (printed by J. a modern comedy (the Rival Modes) published last Watts, Jan. 10, 1724 :)

year, where were the same verses to a tittle. "I take this occasion to declare that the subscrip- * These gentlemen are undoubtedly the first plagia. tion for Shakspeare belongs wholly to Mr. Tonson : ries, that pretend to make a reputation by stealing and that the benefit of this proposal is not solely for from a man's works in his own life-time, and out of a my own use, but for that of two of my friends, who public print." Let us join to this what is written by have assisted me in this work.' But these very gen- the author of the Rival Modes, the said Mr. James tlemen are extolled above our poet himself in another Moore Smith, in a letter to our author himself, who of Mist's Journals, March 30, 1728, saying, “That he had informed him a month before that play was would not advise Mr. Pope to try the experiment acted, Jan. 27, 1726-7, that, “These verses, which he again of getting a great part of a book done by as- had before given him leave to insert in it, would be sistants, lest those extraneous parts should unhappily known for his, some copies being got abroad. He ascend to the sublime, and retard the declension of desires, nevertheless, that since the lines had been the whole. Behold! these underlings are become read in his comedy to several, Mr. P. would not degood writers!

prive it of them,' &c. Surely, if we add the testimo. If any say, that before the said Proposals were nies of the lord Bolingbroke, of the lady to whom printed, the subscription was begun without declara- the said verses were originally addressed, of Hugh tion of such assistance; verily those who set it on Bethel, esq. and others, who knew them as our aufoot, or (as the term is) secured it, to wit, the right thor's long before the said gentleman composed his honourable the lord viscount llarcourt, were he living, play, it is hoped, the ingenuous, that affect not error, would testify, and the right honourable the lord Ba- will rectify their opinion by the suffrage of so hothurst, now living, doth testify, the same is a falsehood. nourable personages.

Sorry I am, that persons professing to be learned, And yet followeth another charge, insinuating no or of whatever rank of authors, should either falsely less than his enmity both to church and state, which tax, or be falsely taxed. Yet let us, who are only re- could come from no other informer than the said porters, be impartial in our citations, and proceed.

Mr. James Moore Smith.
Mist's Journal, June 8, 1728.

“The Memoirs of a Parish Clerk was a very dull 'Mr. Addison raised this author from obscurity, ob- and unjust abuse of a person who wrote in defence tained him the acquaintance and friendship of the of our religion and constitution, and who has been whole body of our nobility, and transferred his pow. dead many years. This seemeth also most untrue; erful interests with those great men to this rising it being known to divers that these memoirs were bard, who frequently levied by that means unusual written at the seat of the lord Harcourt, in Oxford. contributions on the public. Which surely cannot shire, before that excellent person (bishop Burnet's) be, if, as the author of the Dunciad Dissected report- death, and many years before the appearance of that eth, Mr. Wycherley had before 'introduced him into history, of which they are pretended to be an abuse. a familiar acquaintance with the greatest peers and Most true it is, that Mr. Moore had such a design, brightest wits then living.

and was himself the man who pressed Dr. Arbuthnot No sooner (saith the same journalist) was his body and Mr. Pope to assist him therein; and that he bor. lifeless, but this author, reviving his resentment, libel- rowed those memoirs of our author, when that history led the memory of his departed friend; and what was came forth, with intent to turn them to such abuse. still more heinous, made the scandal public.' Griev. But being able to obtain from our author but one sinous the accusation! unknown the accuser! the per-gle hint, and either changing his mind, or having more son accused no witness in his own cause; the person, mind than ability, he contented himself to keep the in whose regard accused, dead! But if there be liv- said memoirs, and read them as his own to all his ac. ing any one nobleman whose friendship, yea any one quaintance. A noble person there is, into whose gentleman whose subscription Mr. Addison procured company Mr. Pope once chanced to introduce him, to our author, let him stand forth, that truth may ap- who well remembereth the conversation of Mr. pear! Amicus Plato, amicus Socrates, sed magis Moore to have turned upon the contempt he had for amica veritas. In verity, the whole story of the libel the work of that reverend prelate, and how full he is a lie; witness those persons of integrity, who se was of a design he declared himself to have, of exveral years before Mr. Addison's decease, did see and approve of the said verses, in no wise a libel, but

1 Daily Journal, March 18. 1798. a friendly rebuke sent privately in our author's own 2 Daily Journal, April 3, 1723.

posing it.' This noble person is the earl of Peter- Now fired by Pope and virtue, leave the age borough.

In low pursuit of self-undoing wrong, Here in truth should we crave pardon of all the And trace the author through his moral page, foresaid right honourable and worthy personages, for Whose blameless life still answers to his song' having mentioned them in the same page with such weekly riti-raff railers and rhymers; but that we had

Mr. Thomson, their ever-honoured commands for the same; and in his elegant and philosophical poem the Seasons : that they are introduced not as witnesses in the con- * Although not sweeter his own Homer sings, troversy, but as witnesses that cannot be controvert. Yet is his life the more endearing song.' ed; not to dispute, but to decide.

To the same tune also singeth that learned clerk, of Certain it is, that dividing our writers into two Suffolk, classes, of such who were acquaintance, and of such

Mr. William Broome: who were strangers to our author; the former are

"Thus, nobly rising in fair virtue's cause, those who speak well, and the other those who speak evil of him. Of the first class, the most noble

From thy own life transcribe the unerring laws.'!

And, to close all, hear the reverend dean of St. John Duke of Buckingham

Patrick's : sums up his character in these lines :

• A soul with every virtue fraughs,

By patriots, priests, and poets taught : * And yet so wondrous, so sublime a thing,

Whose filial piety excels As the great Iliad, scarce could make me sing,

Whatever Grecian story tells. Unless I justly could at once commend

A genius for each business fit;
A good companion, and as firm a friend;

Whose meanest talent is his wit,' &c.
One moral, or a mere well-natured deed,
Can all desert in sciences exceed.'!

Let us now recreate thee by turning to the other

side, and showing his character drawn by those with So also is he deciphered by

whom he never conversed, and whose countenances The Hon. Simon Harcourt.

he could not know, though turned against him: First "Say, wondrous youth, what column wilt thou choose, enough quoted

again commencing with the high-voiced and neverWhat laurell'd arch, for thy triumphant muse? Though each great ancient court thee to his shrine,

Mr. John Dennis, Though every laurel through the dome be thine,

who, in his Reflections on the Essay on Criticism, Go to the good and just, an awful train!

thus describeth him: 'A little affected hypocrite, who Thy soul's delight'?

has nothing in his mouth but candour, truth, friend. Recorded in like manner for his virtuous disposi- ship, good-nature, humanity, and magnanimity. He tion, and gentle bearing, by the ingenious

is so great a lover of falsehood, that whenever he

has a mind to calumniate his contemporaries, he J. Walter Hart,

brands them with some defect which was just con. in this apostrophe:

trary to some good quality for which all their friends "Oh! ever worthy, ever crown'd with praise ! and acquaintance commend them. He seems to Bless'd in thy life, and bless'd in all thy lays, have a particular pique to people of quality, and auAdd, that the Sisters every thought refine, thors of that rank.--lle must derive his religion from And e'en thy life be faultless as thy line,

St. Omer's.-But in the character of Mr. P. and his Yet envy still with fiercer rage pursues,

writings (printed by S. Popping, 1716) he saith, Obscures the virtue, and defames the muse. “Though he is a professor of the worst religion, yet A soul like thine, in pain, in grief, resign'd, he laughs at it;' but that 'nevertheless he is a viru

Views with jusi scorn the malice of mankind.'3 lent papist; and yet a pillar of the church of EngThe witty and moral satirist,


Of both which opinions Dr. Edward Young, wishing some check to the corruption and evil man

Mr. Luis Theobald ners of the times, calleth out upon our poet to under- seems also to be ; declaring in Mist's Journal of June take a task so worthy of his virtue :

22, 1718, “That if he is not shrewdly abused, he made “Why slumbers Pope, who leads the Muses' train,

it his practice to cackle to both parties in their own Nor bears that virtue, which he loves, complain ?:4

sentiments.' But as to his pique against people of

quality, the same journalist doth not agree, but saith Mr. Malle,

(May 8, 1728,) 'He had by some means or other, the in his epistle on Verbal Criticism:

acquaintance and friendship of the whole body of our

nobility.' "Whose life, severely scann'd, transcenas his lays;

However contradictory this may appear, Mr. DenFor wit supreme, is but his second praise.'

nis and Gildon, in the character last cited, make it Mr. Hammond,

all plain, by assuring us, “That he is a creature that

reconciles all contradictions: he is a beast, and a that delicate and correct imitator of Tibullus, in his

man; a Whig and a Tory; a writer (at one and the Lore Elegies, Elegy xiv.

same time) of Guardians and Examiners;2 an asser

tor of liberty, and of the dispensing power of kings; a 1 Verzes to Mr. P. on his translation of Homer. 2 Porin proixed to his works. 3 In his poenis printed for B. Lintot.

1 In his poems at the end of the Onlyssey. 4 Carregal l'assion sat. 1.

2 The names of two weekly papers.

Jesuitical professor of truth; a base and foul pre

Mr. Oldmiron tender to candour.' So that, upon the whole account, calls hinn a great master of our tongue ; declares the we must conclude him either to have been a great purity and perfection of the English language to be hypocrite, or a very honest man; a terrible impostor found in his Homer; and, saying there are more good upon both parties, or very moderate to either.

verses in Dryden's Virgil than in any other work, erBe it as to the judicious reader shall seem good. cept this of our author only.'' Sure it is, he is little favoured of certain authors, whose wrath is perilous ; for one declares he ought The Author of a Letter to Vr. Cihber to have a price set on his head, and to be hunted says: 'Pope was so good a versifier (once] that, his down as a wild beast.' Another protests that he predecessor vir. Dryden, and his contemporary Mr. does not know what may happen ; advises him to Prior excepted, the harmony of his numbers is equal insure his person ; says he has bitter enemies, and to any body's. And, that he had all the merit that a expressly declares it will be well if he escapes with man can have that way.'? And his life. One desires he would cut his own throat,

Mr. Thomas Cooke, or hang himself. But Pasquin seemed rather inclined it should be done by the government, representing after much blerjishing our author's Homer, crieth him engaged in grievous designs with a lord of par- out : liament then under prosecution. Mr. Dennis himself • But in his other works what beauties shine, hath written to a minister, that he is one of the most While sweetest music dwells in every line! dangerous persons in this kingdom ;; and assureth These he admired, on these he stamp'd his praise, the public, that he is an open and mortal enemy to And bade them live to brighten future days.'3 his country; a monster that will one day show as So also one who takes the name of daring a soul as a mad Indian, who runs a-muck to kill the first Christian he meets. Another gives in

II. Stanhope, formation of treason discovered in his poem. Mr.(the maker of certain verses to Duncan Campbell, in Curll boldly supplies an imperfect verse with kings that poem, which is wholly a satire upon Mr. Pope, and princesses :s and one Matthew Concanen, yet confesseth, more impudent, publishes at length the two most sac

"Tis true, if finest notes alone could show red names in this nation, as members of the Dunciad !

(Tuned justly high, or regularly low) This is prodigious ! yet it is almost as strange, that

That we should fame to these mere vocals give; in the midst of these invectives his greatest enemies

Pope more than we can offer should receive : have (I know not how) borne testimony to some merit

For when some gliding river is his theme, in him.

His lines run smoother than the smoothest stream, Mr. Theobald,

&c. in censuring his Shakspeare, declares, “He has so

Mist's Journal, June 8, 1723. great an esteem for Mr. Pope, and so high an opinion Although he says, “ The smooth numbers of the Dunof his genius and excellences, that, notwithstanding ciad are all that recommend it, nor has it any other he prosesses a veneration almost rising to idolatry for merit ;' yet that same paper hath these words : The the writings of this inestimable poet, he would be author is allowed to be a perfect master of an easy very loath even to do him justice, at the expence of and elegant versification. In all his works we find that other gentleman's character.'10

the most happy turns, and natural similes, wonderfulMr. Charles Gildon,

ly short and thick sown.'

The Essay on the Dunciad also owns, p. 25, it is after having violently attacked him in many pieces, very full of beautiful images. But the panegyrie at last came to wish from his heart, “That Mr. Pope which crowns all that can be said on this poem, is would be prevailed upon to give us Ovid's Epistles bestowed by our laureate, by his hand; for it is certain we see the original of Sappho to Phaon with much more life and likeness

Mr. Colley Cilier, in his version, than in that of sir Car Scrope. And who "grants it to be a better poern of its kind than this (he adds) is the more to be wished, because in ever was writ;' but adds, “it was a victory over a the English tongue we have scarcely any thing truly parcel of poor wretches, whom it was almost cow. and naturally written upon love." He also, in taxing ardice to conquer.-- A man might as well triumph for sir Richard Blackmore for his heterodox opinions of having killed so many silly flies that offended him. Homer, challengeth him to answer what Mr. Pope Could he have let them alone, by this time, poor souls! hath said in his preface to that poet.

they had all been buried in oblivion. Here we see

our excellent laureate allows the justice of the satire 1 Theobald, Letter in Mist's Journal, June 22, 1728. on every man in it, but himself; as the great Mr. 2 Smedley, pref. to Gulliveriana, p. 14, 16.

Dennis did before him. 3 Gulliveriana, p. 332, 4 Anno 173. 5 Anno 1729

6 Preface to Rem. on the Rape of the Lock, p. 12; and The said in the last page of that treatise. 7 Page 6, 7, of the Preface, by Concanen, to a book

Mr. Dennis and Mr. Gildon, called, A Collection of all the Letters, Essays, Verses: liv the most furious of all their words (the forecited and Allvertisements, occasioned by Pope and Swift's Miscellanies. Printed for A. Moore, 6vo. 1712 8 Key to the Dunciad, 311 edit. p. 18.

1 In his prose Essay on Criticism. 9 A list of Persons, &c, at the end of the foremen. 2 l'rinted by J. Roberts. 17-12, p. 11. tioned Collection of all the letters, Essays, &c.

3 Battle of the Poets, folio, p. 15. 10 Introduction to his Shakspeare Restored, in 4to.p 3. 4 Printed under the title of the Progress of Dulness,

11 Commentary on the Duke of Buckingham's Essay, 12mo, 17:8. Evo, 1721, p. 97, 92

5 Cibber's Letter to Mr. Pope, p. 9. 12

Character, p. 5,) do in concerti confess, 'that some Otway, and others) have received from this country, men of good understanding value him for his rhymes.' for these last hundred years, I should shift the scene, And (p. 17) 'that he has got, like Mr. Bayes in the and show all that penury changed at once to riot Rehearsal, (that is, like Mr. Dryden,) a notable knack and profuseness; and more squandered away upon at rhyming, and writing smooth verse.'

one object, than would have satisfied the greater part On his Essay on Man, numerous were the praises of those extraordinary men; the reader to whom this bestowed by his avowed enemies, in the imagination one creature should be unknown, would fancy him a that the same was not written by him, as it was print- prodigy of art and nature, would believe that all the ed anonymously.

great qualities of these persons were centered in him Thus sang of it even

alone. But if I should venture to assure him, that

the people of England had made such a choice--the Bezaleel Morris :

reader would either believe me a malicious enemy, * Auspicious bard! while all admire thy strain, and slanderer, or that the reign of the last (Queen All but the seltish, ignorant, and vain ;

Anne's) ministry was designed by fate to encourage I, whom no bribe to servile flattery drew, fools.'' Must pay the tribute to thy merit due:

But it happens that this our poet never had any Thy muse sublime, significant, and clear, place, pension, or gratuity, in any shape, from the Alike informs the soul, and charms the ear,' &c. said glorious queen, or any of her ministers. All he

owed, in the whole course of his life, to any court, And

was a subscription for his Homer, of L200, from King Mr. Leonard Welstead

George I. and £100 from the prince and princess. thus wrote to the unknown author, on the first pub- However, lest we imagine our author's success lication of the said Essay; ‘I must own, after the re- was constant and universal, they acquaint us of cerception which the vilest and most immoral ribaldry tain works in a less degree of repute, whereof, alhath lately met with, I was surprised to see what I though owned by others, yet do they assure us he is bau long despaired, a performance deserving the name the writer. Of this sort Mr. Dennis? ascribes to him of a poet. Such, sir, is your work. It is, indeed, two farces, whose names he does not tell, but assures above all commendation, and ought to have been pub- us that there is not one jest in them; and an imitation lished in an age and country more worthy of it. If of Horace, whose title he does not mention, but asmy testimony be of weight any where, you are sure sures us it is much more execrable than all his works.3 to have it in the amplest manner,' &c. &c. &c. The Daily Journal, May 11, 1728, assures us, “He is

below Tom Durfey in the drama, because (as that Thus we see every one of his works hath been ex- writer thinks) the Marriage-Water Matched, and the tolled by one or other of his most inveterate enemies ; Boarding School, are better than the What-d'ye-calland to the success of them all they do unanimously it ;' which is not Mr. P.'s, but Mr. Gay’s. Mr. Gilgive testimony. But it is sufficient instar omnium, to

don assures us,

in his New Rehearsal, p. 48, 'That behold the great critic, Mr. Dennis, sorely lamenting he was writing a play of the Lady Jane Grey:' but it I, even from the Essay on Criticism to this day of the afterwards proved to be Mr. Rowe's

. We are assurDunciad! • A most notorious instance (quoth he) of

ed by another, “ He wrote a pamphlet called Dr. Anthe depravity of genius and taste, the approbation this Essay meets with.3-I can safely affirm, that I never Mr. Theobald assures us, in Mist of the 27th of April,

drew Tripe;'4 which proved to be one Dr. Wagstaff's. attacked any of these writings, unless they had suc- " That the treatise of the Profound is very dull, and cess infinitely beyond their merit. This, though an that Mr. Pope is the author of it.' The writer of empty, has been a popular scribbler. The epidemie Gulliveriana is of another opinion; and says, “The madness of the times has given him reputation.!—If

, whole, or greatest part, of the merit of this treatise ailer the cruel treatment so many extraordinary men

must and can only be ascribed to Gulliver.5 (Here, (Spenser, lord Bacon, Ben Jonson, Milton, Butler,

gentle reader! cannot I but smile at the strange blindI In concert] Hear how Mr. Dennis hath proved our

ness and positiveness of men ? knowing the said mistake in this case: As to my writing in concert with treatise to appertain to none other but to me, MarMr. Gildon, I declare on the honour and word of a Linus Scriblerus.) gentlman, that I never wrote so much as one line in URGIE sith any one man whatsoever. And these two

We are assured, in Mist of June 8th, “That his own letters from Ginion will plainly show, that we are not plays and farces would better have adorned the Dunwritte in concert with each other.

ciad, than those of Mr. Theobald ; for he had neither The bright of my ambition is to please men of the genius for tragedy nor comedy.' Which whether hest ja lyment; and, finding that I have entertained my true or not, it is not easy to judge; in as much as he master agreeably, I have the extent of the reward of my had attempted neither. Unless we will take it for labour."

granted, with Mr. Cibber, that his being once very had not the opportunity of hearing of your excellent angry at hearing a friend's play abused, was an infal. pamphlet till this day. I am infinitely satisfied and lible proof the play was his own; the said Mr. Cibu pirased with it, and hope you will meet with that en ber thinking it impossible for a man to be much concouragement your admirable performance deserves, &c.


cerned for any but himself: Now let any man judge Row is it not plain, that any one who sends such (saith he) by his concern, who was the true mother of compliments to another, has not been used to write in the child.' partnership with him to whom he sends them? Dennis, Remarks on the Dunciad, p. 50.

But from all that has been said, the discerning

Mr. Deunis is there. fure uricone to take this piece to himself. 2 In a letter in ler his own hand, dated March 12, 1733. 3 Dennis, Preface to his Reflections on the Essay on 1 Rem. on Homer, p. 8, 9.



2 Ib. p. 8.

3 Character of Mr. Pope, p. 7. 4 Ib. p. 6. 4 Preface to his Remarks on Homer.

5 Gulliv. p. 336. 6 Cibber's Letters to Mr. P. p. 19 Y


reader will collect, that it little availed our author to of our poem. Margites was the name of this person. have any candour, since, when he declared he did age, whom antiquity recordeth to have been Dunce not write for others, it was not credited; as little to the first ; and surely from what we hear of him, pot have any modesty, since, when he declined writing in unworthy to be the root of so spreading a tree, and any way himself, the presumption of others was im- so numerous a posterity. The poem, therefore, cele puted to him. If he singly enterprised one great brating him was properly and absolutely a Dunciad; work, he was taxed of boldness and madness to a which, though now unhappily lost, yet is its nature prodigy:! if he took assistants in another, it was com- sufficiently known by the intallible tokens aforesaid. plained of, and represented as a great injury to the and thus it doth appear, that the first Dunciad was public.? The loftiest heroics, the lowest ballads, the first epic poem, writien by Homer himself, and treatises against the state or church, satires on lords anterior even to the bliad or Odyssey. and ladies, raillery on wits and authors, squabbles Now, fora much as our poet hath translated those with booksellers, or even full and true accounts of two famous works of Homer which are yet left, he monsters, poisons, and murders; of any hereof was did conceive it in some sort his duty to imita'e that there nothing so good, nothing so bad, which hath not also which was lost: and was therefore induced ir at one or other season been to him ascribed. If it bestow on it the same form which Homer's is repe. bore no author's name, then lay he concealed; if it ed to have had, namely, that of epic poem; with a did, he fathered it upon that author to be yet better title also framed after the ancient Greek manner, 10 concealed: if it resembled any of his styles, then was wit, that of Dunciad. it evident; if it did not, then disguised he it on set Wonderful it is, that so few of the moderns have purpose. Yea, even direct oppositions in religion, been stimulated to attempt some Dunciad! since in principles, and politics, have equally been supposed the opinion of the multitude, it might cost less prin in him inherent. Surely a most rare and singular and toil than an imitation of the greater epic. But character : of which let the reader make what he can. possible it is also, that, on due retlection, the maker

Doubtless most commentators would hence take might find it easier to paint a Charlemagne, a Brute, occasion to turn all to their author's advantage, and or a Godfrey with just pomp and dignity heroic, than from the testimony of his very enemies would affirm, a Margites, a Codrus, or a Fleckno. that his capacity was boundless, as well as his imagi- We shall next declare the occasion and the cause nation; that he was a perfect master of all styles, and which moved our poet to this particular work. He all arguments; and that there was in those times, no lived in those days, when after providence had para other writer, in any kind, of any degree of excellence, mitted the invention of printing as a scourge for the save he himself. But as this is not our own senti- sins of the learned) paper also became so cheap, and inert, we shall determine on nothing; but leave thee, printers so numerous, that a deluge of authors covergentle reader, to steer thy judgment equally between ed the land; whereby not only the peace of the hovarious opinions, and to choose whether thou wilt nest unwriting subject was daily molested, but unmer. incline to the testimony of authors avowed, or of au- (ciful demands were made of his applause, jea, of his thors concealed; of those who knew him, or of those money, by such as would neither earn the one nor who knew him not.

P. deserve the other. At the same time, the licence of

the press was such, that it grew dangerous to refuse

them either: for they would forthwith publish slanMARTINUS SCRIBLERUS

ders unpunished, the authors being anonymous, and

skulking under the wings of publishers, a set of mea OF THE POEMI.

who neither scrupled to vend either calumny or blasphemy, as long as the town would call for it.

I Now our author, living in those times, did conThis poem, as it celebrateth the most grave and ceive it an endeavour well worthy an honest satirist, ancient of things, Chaos, Night, and Dulness: so is it!

to dissuade the dull, and punish the wicked, the only of the most grave and ancient kind Homer (saith

way that was left. In that public-spirited view he Aristotle) was the first who gave the form, and (saith laid the plan of this poem, as the greatest service he Horace) who adapted the measure to heroic poesy. was capable (without much hurt, or being slain) to But even before this, may be rationally presumed, render his dear country. First, taking things from from what the ancients have left written, was a piece their original, he considereth the causes creative of by Homer, composed of like nature and matter with

such anthors, namely, dulness and poverty; the one this of our poet. For of epic sort it appeareth to have born with them, the other contracted by neglect of been, vet of matter surely not unpleasant, witness their proper talents, through self-conceit of greater what is reported of it by the learned archbishop abilities. This truth he wrappeth in an allegory? (as Eustathius, in Odyss. x. And accordingly Aristotle, the construction of epic poesy requireth,) and feigns in his Poetics, chap. iv doth further set forth, that as that one of these goddesses had taken up her abode the liad and Odyssey gave example to tragedy, so did with the other, and that they jointly inspired all such this poem to comedy its first idea.

writers and such works. Ile proceedeth to show From these authors also it should seem, that the the qualities they bestow on these authors, and the hero, orchief personage of it was no less obscure, and effects they produce :1 then the materials or stock, his understanding and sentiments no less quajut and

with which they furnish them; and, above all, that strange (it indeed no more so) than any of the actors

self-opinions which causeth it to seem to themselves

Burnet's Homcrides, p. 1, of his translation of the Iliad.

2 T London and Mist's Journals, on his undertaking the Odyssey.

1 Vide Bossu, Du Poeme Lpique, chap. viii,
2 Bossi, chap vii

3 Book 1. ver. 30. &c.
4 Ver. 45 to 31. 5 Ver 57 to 77. 6 Ver. 00.

« السابقةمتابعة »