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9, 10.

0! pass more innocent, in infant state,

| Ilow index-learning turns no student pale, To the mild limbo of our father Tate:

Yet holds the eel of science by the tail : 280 Or peaceably forgot, at once be bless'd

How, with less reading than makes felons 'scape, In Shadwell's bosom with eternal rest! 240 Less human genius than God gives an ape, Soon to that mass of nonsense to return,

Small thanks to France, and none to Rome or Greece, Where things destroy'd are swept to things unborn. A past, vamp'd, future, old, revived, new piece,

With that, a tear (portentous sign of grace !) "Twixt Plautus, Fletcher, Shakspeare, and Corneille,
Stole from the master of the seven-fold face: Can make a Cibber, Tibbald, or Ozell.
And thrice he lifted high the birth-day brand, The goddess then, o'er his anointed head,
And thrice he dropp'd it from his quivering band : With mystic words the sacred opium shed;
Then lights the structure, with averted eyes : And lo! her bird (a monster of a fowl,
The rolling smoke involves the sacrifice.

Something betwixt a heidegger and owl) 290
The opening clouds disclose each work by turns, Perch'd on his crown. 'All hail! and hail again,
Now flames the Cid, and now Perolla burns ; 250 My son! the promised land expects thy reign.
Great Cæsar roars, and hisses in the fires ; Know, Eusden thirsts no more for sack or praise;
King John in silence modestly expires :

He sleeps among the dull of ancient days; No merit now the dear Nonjuror claims,

Safe, where no critics damn, nor duns molest,
Moliere's old stubble in a moment flames. Where wretched Withers, Ward, and Gildon rest,
Tears gush'd again, as from pale Priam's eyes, And high-born Howard, more majestic sire,
When the last blaze sent llion to the skies. With Fool of Quality completes the quire.

Roused by the light, old Dulness heaved the head,
Then snatch'd a sheet of Thule from her bed;
Sudden she flies, and whelms it o'er the pyre;

RSMARKS.
Dowa sink the flames, and with a hiss espire. 260 Ver. 286. Tibbald.] Lewis Tibbald (as pronounced) or
Her ample presence fills up all the place;

Theobald ( 28 written) was bred anatomy, and son to an

attorney, says Mr. Jacob, os sites burn, in Bint. He was the A veil of fogs dilates her awful face:

author of some forgotten plays, ruslations, and other pieres. Great in her charms! as when on shrieves and mayors Ho was concerned in a paper called the Censor, and a She looks, and breathes herself into their airs.

translation of Ovid. "There is a notorious idiot, one light

Wachum, who froin an under-spur-leather to the law, is beShe bid him wait her to her sacred dome :

come an understripper to the playhouse, who has lately Well pleased he enter'd, and confess'd his home. burlesqued the Metanjorphours of Ovid by a vile transla

Lion, &c. This fellow is concerned in an impertinent paper So spirits, ending their terrestrial race,

called the Censor.'— Dennis, Rem. ou Pope's Homer, p. Ascend, and recognize their native place. This the great mother dearer held than all

Thid. Ozell.). Mr. John Ozell, if we credit Mr. Jacob,

did go to school in Leicestershire, where somebody leti him The club of quidnuncs, or her own Guildhall : 270 something to live on, when he shall rotire from business. Here stood her opium, here she nursed her owls, He was designed to be sent to Cambridge, in order for And here she plann'd the imperial seat of fools.

priesthood; but he chose rather to be placed in an office of

accounts, in the city, being qualified for the same by his Here to her chosen all her works she shows;

skill in arithmetic, and writing the necessary hands. He Prose swell’d to verse, verse loitering into prose : bas obliged the world with many translalions of French How random thoughts now meaning chance to find, plays:' --Jacob, Lives of Dram. Poets, p. 198.

Mr. Jacıb's characier of Mr. Ozell seems vastly short of Now leave all memory of sense behind :

his merits, and he ought to have further justice dove him, How prologues into prefaces decay,

having since confused all sarcasms on his learning and And these to notes are fritter'd quite away :

genius, by an advertisement of Sept. 20, 1729, in a paper called the Weekly Medley, &c. "As to my learning, this Pnvious wretch knew, and every body knows, that the

whole bench of bishops, not long ago, were pleased to give REMARKS.

me a purse of guineas, for discovering the erroneous translaVer. 238. 240. Tate-Shadwell.] Two of his predecessors tions of the Common-prayer in Portuguese, Spanish, French,

Italian, &c. As for my genius, ler Mr. Cleland show better Ver. 230. Now flames the Cid, &c.] In the first notes verses in all Pope's works, than Ozell's version of Boilenu's on the Dunciad it was said, that this author was particular- Lutrin, which ihe late lord Halifax was so pleased with, that ly excellent at tragedy. "'This,' says he, 'is as unjust as to he complimented him with leave to dedicate it to him, &c. say I could not dance on a rope.' But certain it is, that he Let him show better and truer poetry in the Rape of the had attempted to dance on this rope, and fell most shame Lock, than in Oze!l's Rape of the Bucket, (18 Srechia fully, having produced no less than four tragedies (the rapita.) And Mr. Toland and Mr. Gildon publicly declared names of which the poet preserves in these few lines :) the Ozeli's translaion of Homer to be, as it was prior, so likethree first of them were fairly printed, acted, and damned; wise surerior 10 Pope's.-Surely, surely, every man is free the fourth suppressed in fear of the like troatment. to deserve well of his country!- John Ozell.

Ver. 253, 254. The dear Nonjuros--Moliere's old stubble.) We cannot but subscribe to such reverend testimonies, as A comedy thrashed out of Moliere's Tartuffe, and so much those of the bench of bishope, Mr. Toland, and Mr. Gildon. the translator's favourite, that he assures us all our author's

Ver. 290. A beidegger) A strange bird from Switzerdislike to it could only arise from disaffection to the govern Inod, and not, as some have supposed, the name of an emi: ment. He assures us, that when he had the bonour to nent person who was a man of paris, and, as was said of 8 159 bis majesty's hand, upon presenting his dedication of it, Petronius, arbiter drgantiorum. he was graciously pleased out of his royal bounty, to order Ver. 296. Withers.). See on ver. 146. him two hundred pounds for it. And this, he doubts not, Ibid. Gildon) Charles Gilion, a writer of criticisms and grieved Mr. P.

libels in the last age, bred at St. Omer's with the Jesuits; Ver. 258. Thule) An unfinished poem of that name, of but renouncing popery, he published Blount's books against Phillips, a northern author. It is an usual method of putting lized himvoll as a critic, having writte, some very bad plays; out a fire, to cast wet sheets upon it. Some critics have abused Mr. P. veru scandalously in an anonginous pamphlet been of opinion that this sheet was of the nature of the of he life of Mr. Wycherley, printed by Curll; in another, asheston, which cannot be consumed by fire; but I rather called lle New Rehearsal, printed in 1744 ; in a third, entithink it an allegorical allusion to the coldness and heavinestled the Complete Art of English Poetry, in two volunies:

and others. Ver. 269. Great mother) Magna mater here applied to Ver. 297. Howard) Hon. Edward Howard, author of Dalness. The quidnuncs, a name given to the ancient the British Princes, and a great number of wonderful pieces, members of several political clubs, who were constantly in- celebra'ed by the late carls of Durset and Rochester, duke quring quid nunc ? 'What news ?

lof Buckingham, Mr. Waller, &c.

in the laurel

of the writing,

Thou Cibber! thou, his laurel shall support,
Folly, my son, has still a friend at court. 300

BOOK THE SECOND.
Lift up your gates, ye princes, sec him come!

ARGUMENT. Sound, sound ye viols, be the cat-call dumb !

The king being proclaimed, the solemnity is graced with Bring, bring the madding bay, the drunken vine; public games and sports of various kinds; not insti. The creeping, dirty, courtly ivy join.

tuted by the hero, as by Æneas in Virgil, but, for And thou! his aid-de-camp, lead on my sons,

greater honour, by the goddess in person, (in like man. Light-arm'd with points, antitheses, and puns.

ner as the games of Pythia, Isibinia, &c. were an. Let Bawdry Billingsgate, my daughters dear,

ciently said to be ordained by the gods, and as Thetis Support his front, and oaths bring up the rear:

herself appearing, according to lomer, Odyss. xxiv.

proposed the prizes in honour of her son Achilles.) And under his, and under Archer's wing,

Hither flock the poets and critics, attended, as is bat Gaming and Grub-street skulk behind the king. 310

just, with their patrons and booksellers. The goddess O! when shall rise a monarch all our own, is first pleased, for her disport, to propose games to the And I, a nursing-mother, rock the throne;

booksellers, and setteth up the phantom of a poi, "Twixt prince and people close the curtain draw, which they contend to overtake. The races described, Shade him from light, and cover him from law;

with their divers accidents. Next the game for'a Fatten the courtier, starve the learned band,

poetess. Then follow the exercises for the pocis, of

tickling, vociferating, diving. The first holds forth And suckle armies, and dry-nurse the land:

the arts and practices of dedicators, the second of dis. Till senates nod to lullabies divine,

putants and fustian poets, the third of profound, dark, And all be sleep, as at an ode of thine!'

and dirty party.writers. Lastly, for the critics, the She ceased. Then swells the chapel-royal throat : goddess proposes, (with great propriety) an exercise, God save king Cibber! mounts in every note.

320

not of their parts, but their patience, in hearing the Familiar White's, God save king Colley! cries;

works of two voluminous authors, one in verse, and God save king Colley! Drury-lane replies :

the other in prose, deliberately read, without sleeping: To Needham's quick the voice triumphal rode,

the various effects of which, with the sereral degrees

and manners of their operation, are bere set forth; till But pious Needham dropp'd the name of God;

the whole number, not of critics only, but of späta. Back to the Devil the last echoes roll,

lors, actors, and all present, fall asleep; which nata. And Coll! each butcher roars at Hockley-hole.

rally and necessarily ends the games.
So when Jove's block descended from on high,
(As sings thy great forefather Ogilby)

BOOK II.
Loud thunder to the bottom shook the bog, 330
And the hoarse nation croak’d, “God save king Log.' HIGH on a gorgeous seat, that far out-shone

Henley's gilt tub, or Fleckno's Irish throne,
REMARKS.
Ver. 309, 310. Under Archer's wing --Gaming, &c.]

REMARKS.
When the statute against gaming was drawn up, it was re-

But how much all indulgence is lost upon these people presented, that the king, by ancient custom, plays at hazard one night in the year; and therefore a clause was inserted, conduct and constant iutc, in the following epigram:

may appear from the just reflection made on their constant with an exemption as to that particular. Under this pretence, the groom-porter had a room appropriated to gaming

"Ye little wits, that gleam'd awhile, all the summer the court was at Kensington, which his When Pope vouchsafed a ray; majesty accidentally being acquainted with, with a just in- Alas! deprived of his kind smile, diynation prohibited. It is reported the same practice is yet How soon ye fade away! continued wherever the court resides, and the hazard table

"To compass Phæbus' car about, there open to all the professed gamesters in town.

Thus empty vapours rise, "Greatest and justest sovereign! know you this?

Each lends his cloud to put him out,
Alas! no more than Thames' calm head can know,

That reard him to the skies.
Whose meads his arms drown, or whose corn o'erflow.' 'Alas! those skies are not your sphere;

Donne to Queen Eliz.
Ver. 319. Chapel-royal.] The voices and instruments

There he shall ever burn: used in the service of the chapel-royal being also employed

Weep, weep, and fall! for earth ye were, in the performance of the birth-day and new-year odes.

And must to earth return.' Ver. 324. But pious Necdhain.] A matron of great fame,

Two things there are, upon the supposition of wbich the and very religious in her way; whose constant prayer it was very basis of ali verbal criticism is founded and supported: that she might get enough by her profession to leave it off | The first, that an author could never fail 10 use the best in time, and make lier peace with God.' But her fate was worn on every occasion: the second, that a cric cannul not so happy; for being convicted, and set in the pillory, she choose hui know which that is. This being granted, where was, (to the lasting shume of all her great friends and vota- ever any word doth not fully content us, we take upon us to Tics) so illised by the popoluce, that ii put on end to her days. concludo, first, that the author conll never have used it;

Ver. 325. Pick 10 ile Devil.] The Devil Tavern in ani, secondly, that he must have used that very one, which Fleet-street, where these odes are usually rehearsed before we conjecture, in its stead. they are performed at court. Upon which a wit of those We cannot, therefore, enough admire the learned Scrib times makes this epigram:

lerus, for his alteration of the text in the last two rerses of "When laureatas make odes, do you ask of what sort ?

the preceding book, which in all the former editious stood Do you ask if they're good, or are evil?

thus: You may judge--from the Devil they come to the court, Hoarse thunder to its bottom shook the beg, And go from the court to the devil.'

And the loud nation crouk'd, 'God save king Log!" Ver. 328.-Ogilby--God save king Log!) See Ogilby's Ile bas, with great judgment, iranspos.d these two opi Asop's Fables, where, in the story of the Frogs and their thets; puiting hoarse to the nation, and loud to the thunder; King, this excellent hemistich is to be found.

and this being evidently the true reading, he yourtished oot Our author manifests here, and elsewhere, a prodigious so much as to mention the former: for whirb &**ftio of tenderness for the bad writers. We see he selects the only the just right of a crilic he merits the acknun letzuncat of good passóige, perhaps, in all that ever Ogilby writ! which all sound cominentators. shows how candid and patient a render he must have been. Ver. 2. Henley's gilt tub,] The pulpit of a disserter is What can be more kind and affectionate than the words in usually called a tub; but that of Mr. 'Orator llenly was cothe preface to his poeins, where he labours to call upon all vered with velvet, and adorned with gold. He had also a our humaniry and forgiveness towards these uolucky men, fair altar, and over it this extraordinary inscription: The by the most moderate representation of their case that hus primitive eucharist. See the history of this person, book ni. ever been giveu by any author ?

Ver. 2. or Fleckno's Irish throne, Richard Fleckno vas

pert flat

Or that where on her Curlls the public pours, With authors, stationers obey'd the call:
All bounteous, fragrant grains and golden showers, The field of glory is a field for all.
Great Cibber sat : the proud Parnassian sneer, Glory and pain the industrious tribe provoke;
The conscious simper, and the jealous leer, And gentle Dulness ever loves a joke.
Mix on his look : all eyes direct their rays

A poet's form she placed before their eyes,
On him, and crowds turn coxcombs as they gaze.

And bade the ninblest racer seize the prize ;. His peers shine round him with reflected grace, No meagre, muse-rid mope, adust and thin, New edge their dulness, and new bronze their face. In a dun night-gown of his own loose skin, So from the sun's broad beam, in shallow urns, 10 But such a bulk as no twelve bards could raise, Heaven's twinkling sparks draw light, and point their Twelve starving bards of these degenerate days. 40 horns

All as a partridge plump, full-led and fair, Not with more glee, by hands pontific crown'd, She form’d this image of well-bodied air; With scarlet hats wide waving circled round, With

eyes

she window'd well its head; Rome in her Capitol saw Querno sit,

A brain of feathers, and a heart of lead: Throned on seven hills, the Antichrist of wit. And empty words she gave, and sounding strain,

And now the queen, to glad her sons, proclaims But senseless, lifeless! idol void and vain!
By herald hawkers, high heroic games.

Never was dash'd out, at one lucky bit,
They summon all her race: an endless band A fool, so just a copy of a wit;
Pours forth, and leaves unpeopled half the land. 20 So like, that critics said, and courtiers swore,
A modey mixture! in long wigs, in bags,

A wit it was, and call'd the phantom More. 50
In silks, in crapes, in garters, and in rags,
From drawing-rooms, from colleges, from garrets,

REMARKS. On horse, on foot, in hacks, and gilded chariots : joy. * He was ever after a constant frequenter of the pope': All who true Dunces in her cause appear'd,

table, drank abundantly, and poured forth verres without

number, Paulus Jovius, Elog. Vir. Dort. chup. Ixxxn. And all who knew those Dunces to reward.

Some idea of his poetry is given by Fam. Strada in his Pro. Amid that area wide they took their stand,

lusions.

Ver. 34. Where the tall may-pole once o'erlook'd the Strand, species of mirih, called a joke, arising from a mal-entendu

And gentle Dulness ever loves a joke.) This But now (so Anne and piety ordain)

may be well supposed to be the delight of Dulness. A church collects the saints of Drury-lane. 30 Ver. 47. Never was dush'd out, at one lucky bit.] Our

author here seems willing to give some accouni of the possibility of Dulness making a wit (which could be done no

other way than loy chance.) The fiction is the more recunREMARKS.

ciled to probability by the known story of Ap!es, who, an Irish priest, but had laid aside (as himself expressed it) being at a loss to express the foam of Alexander's hoise, the mechanic part of priesthood. He printed some plays, washed his pencil in despair at the picture, and happened to poems, leiters, and trave I doubt not, our author took do it by that fortunate stroke. occasion to mention bim in respect to the poem of Mr. Dry. Ver. 50. And call d the phantom More] Curll, in his dea, to which this bears some resemblance, though of a chu-Key to the Duncind, athirmed this to be James Moore ractor more different from it than that of the Æacid from the Smith, Esq. and it is probable (considering what is said of lied, or the Lutrin of Boileau from the Defait de Bouts Ri- him in the testimonies) that some might fancy our author mees of Sarazin.

obliged to represent this gentleman as a plagiary, or to pass It may be just worth mentioning, that the eminence from for one himselt. His case, indeed, was like that of a man I whence the ancient sophists entertained their auditors, was have heard of, who, as he was sitting in company, perceiro cailed by the poinpous name of a throne. Themistius, ed his next neighbour had stolen his landkorchiet: 'Sir, Orat, i.

said the thiet, tinding himself detected, do not expose me, I Ver. 3. Or that whereon her Curlls the public pours.] did it for mere want; be so good but to take it privately out Edmund Curllstood in the pillory at Charing-cross, in March of my pocket again, and may nothing.' The honest man did 1727-8. This,' saith Edmund Curll, 'is a false assertion-so, but the other cried oui, Sue, gentlemen, what a thief I had, indeed, the corporal punishment of what the gentle we have among us! look, he is stealing my handkerchier! men of the long robe are pleased jocosely to call mounting Some time before, he had borrowed of Dr. Arbuthnota the rostrum for one hour: but that scene of action was not paper called a llistorico-phavsical account of the Souih Sea; in the month of March, but in February.' (Curliad, 12o. and of Mr. Pope the memoirs of a Parish Clark, which for p. 19,) And of the history of his being tossed in a blanket, two years he kept, and read to the Rvv. Dr. Young, F. Bilbe saith, Here, Scriblerus! thou leesest in what thou as- lers, Esq. and many others, as his own. Being applied 10 bertest concerning the blanket: it was not a blanket but a foriheni, he pretended they were lost; but there happening rug,' p. 2.5. Much in the same manner Mr. Cibber remon- to be another copy of the latter, it came out in Switis and strated, that his brothers, at Bedlam, mentioned Book i. Pope's Miscellanics. L'pon this, it seems, he was so far were not brazen, but blocks; yet our author let it pass un mialaken as to confess bis proceding by an endeavour to altered, as a trifle that no way altered the relationship. hide it: unguardedly printing (in the Daily Joumal of April

We shou'd think, gentle reader, that we but ill performed 3, 1723,) "That the contempt which he and others ball for ont part, if we corrected nnt as well our owir errors now, as thoro pieces, (which only himsell bad shown, and handed formerly those of the printur; since what moved us to this about as his own,) occasioned their being losi, and for that work, was solely the love of truth, not in the least any vain cause only not returned.' A face, of which as none but he glory, or desire to contend with great authors. And fur- could be conscious, none but he could be the publisher of it. inct, our mistakes, we conreive, will the rather be pardoned, The plagiarisms of this person gave occasion to the followas scarce possible to be avoided in writing of such persons ing epigram: and work as do ever shun the light. However, that we

"Moore always smiles whenever be recites; may not any how soften or extendate the same, we give He smiles (vou think) approving what he writes. then thee in the very words of our antagonists; not defend

And yet in this no vanity is shown; ing, but retracting them from our heart, and craving excuse A modest man may like what's not his own.' of the parties offended: for surly in this work, it hath been above all thing: our desire to provoke no man. Scribd

This young gentleman's whole misfortune was too inorVer. 15. Rome in her l'apitol sa w Querno sit.] Camillo

dinale a passion to be thought a wit. Here is a very strong Qupeo was of Apulia, who hearing the great encourage-who having shown some verses of his in manuscript to Mr.

instance attested by Mr. Savage, son of the late Earl Rivers ; punt which Leo X gave to ports, travelled to Rome with a Moore, wherein Mr. Pope was called first of the luneful harp in hie hand, and sung to it twenty thousand veres of a train, Mr. Moore the next morning sent to Mr. Savage to poan called Alerias. He was introduced as a buffoon to Leo, and promoted to the honour of the laurel;n jest which desire bim to give those verres another turn, to wit, " That the court of Rome and the pope himself entered into so far, Pope might now be the first, because Moore had lefi bim as to cause him to ride on an elephant to the Capitol, and unrivalled, in turning his style to comedy.' This was during to hold a folemn festival on his coronation : at which it is

the rehearsal of the Rival Nodes, his first and only work; recorded the poet himself was so transported as to weep for!

* See Life of C. C. chap. vi. p. 149.

All gaze

with ardour: some a poet's name, The race by vigour, not by vaunts is won : Others a sword-knot and laced suit inflame. So take the hindmost, Hell!' he said, and run. But lofty Lintot in the circle rose :

Swift as a bard the bailiff leaves behind, “This prize is mine; who 'tempt it are my foes : He left huge Lintot, and out-stripp'd the wind. With me began this genius, and shall end.'

As when a dab-chick waddles through the copse He spoke; and who with Lintot shall contend? On feet and wings, and flies, and wades, and hups:

Fear held them mute. Alone, untaught to fear, So labouring on, with shoulder, hands, and head, Stood dauntless Curll : ‘Behold that rival here ! Wide as a wind-mill all his figure spread,

With arms expanded Bernard rows his state,

And left-legg'd Jacob seems to emulate.
REMARKS.

Full in the middle way there stood a lake the town condemned it in the action, but be printed it in which Curll's Corinna chanced that morn to make; 1726-7, with this modest motto: * Hic cæstus, artemque repono.'

(Such was her wont, at early dawn to drop 71 The smaller pieces which we have heard attributed to Her evening cates before his neighbour's shop) this author are, An Epigram on the Bridge at Blenheim, by Here fortuned Curll to slide ; loudl shout the band, Dr. Evans: Cosmelia, by Mr. Pit, Me. Jones, &c. The And Bernard ! Bernard ! rings through all the Strand Mock Marriage of a mud Divine, with a Cl. for a Parson, by Dr. W. The Saw pit, a Simile, by a Friend. Certain

Obscene with filth the miscreant lies bewray'd, Physical Works on Sir James Baker; and some unowned Fall’n in the plash his wickedness had laid : Letters, Advertisements, and Epigrams against our author Then first (if poets aught of truth declare) in the Daily Journal.

Notwithstanding what is here collected of the person ima- The caitiff vaticide conceived a prayer: gined by Curll to be ineant in this place, we cannot be of * Hear, Jove! whose name my bards and I adore, ihat opinion; since our poet had certainly no need of vio- As much at least as any gods or more ;

So dicating half a dozen verses to himsell, which every reader had done for him; since the name itself is not spelled Moore, And him and his if more devotion warms, but More; and, lastly, since the learned Scriblerus has eo Down with the Bible, up with the pope's arms. well proved the contrary. Ver. 50. The phantom More.] It appears from hence,

A place there is, betwixt earth, air, and seas, that this is not the paine of a real person, but fictitious! Where, from ambrosia, Jove retires for ease. More from uwpos stultus, ftupom, stultitia, to represent the There in his seat two spacious vents appear, folly of a plagiary. Thus Erasmus: Admonuit me Mori eng. On this he sits, to that he leans his ear, nomen tibi, quod tam ad Moriæ vocabulum accedit quam es ipse a re ulienus. Dedication of Morie Encomium to And hears the various vows of fond mankind; sir Thomas More; the farewell of which may be our au- Some beg an eastern, some a western wind; thor's to his plagiary, Vale, More! et morian tuam gnaviter defende. Adiei More! and be sure strongly to defend All vain petitions mounting to the sky, thy own folly, Scribl. With reams abundant this abode supply ;

90 Ver. 53. "But lofty Lintot.) We enter here upon the Amused he reads, and then returns the bills episode of the booksellers; persons, whose names being more known and famous in the learned world than those of the Sign'd with that ichor which from gods distills, authors in this poem, do therefore nced less explanation. In office here fair Cloacina stands, The action of Mr. Lintol here imitates that of Dares in Vir- And ministers to Jove with purest hands. gil, rising just in this manner to lay bold of a bull. This eminent bookseller printed the Rival Modes before meo- Forth from the beap she pick'd her votary's prayer, tioned.

And placed it next him, a distinction rare ! Ver. 58. Stood dauntless Curl:) We come now to a Oft had the goddess heard her servant's call, character of much respect, that of Mr. Edmund Curll. As a plain repetition of great actions is the best praise of them, From her black grottos near the Temple-wall, we shall only say of this eminent man, that he carried the Listening delighted to the jest unclean trade many longids beyond what it over before arrived at:of link-boys vile, and waterman obscene;

100 sion. He possessed himself of a command over all authors Where, as he fish'd her nether realms for wit, whatever: he caused them to write what he pleased; they she oft had favour'd him, and favours yet. could not call their very names their own. He was not only Renew'd by ordure's sympathetic force, famous among these; he was taken notice of by the state, the church, and the law, and received particular marks of As oil'd with magic juices for the course, distinction from each. It will be owned that he is here introduced with all possi- Imbibes new life, and scours and stinks along:

Vigorous he rises; from the effluvia strong, ble dignity. He speaks like the intrepid Diomede; be runs like the swill fooled Achilles : if he falls, 'tis like the beloved Re-passes Lintot, vindicates the race, Nisus; and (what Homer makes to be the chief of all praises) Nor heeds the brown dishonours of his face. he is favoured of the gods: he says but three words, and his

And now the victor stretch'd his eager hand prayer is heard; a goddess conveys it to the seat of Jupiter : though he loses the prize, he gains the victory; the great Where the tall nothing stood or seem'd to stand : 110 mother herself comforts him, she inspires him with expe- A shapeless shade, it melted from his sight, dients, she honours him with an immortal present (such as Like forms in clouds, or visions of the night. Achilles receives from Thetis, and Æneas from Venus,) at once instructive and prophetical: after this he is unrivalled, and triumphant. Tho tribute our author here pays him is a gratorul retum

REMARKS. for several unmerited obligations ; many weighty animadversions on the public affairs, and many excellent and divert

Ver. 70. Curll's Corinna.] This name, it seems, a ing pieces on private persons, has he given to his name. If taken one Mrs. Thomas, who procured some private ever he owed two verses to any other, he owed Mr. Curll letters of Mr. Pope, while almost a boy, to Mr. Crowell, some thousands. He was every day extending his fame, and sold them without the consent of riiher of those gentle. and enlarging his writings: witness innumerable instances: men, to Curll, who printed them in 12.no, 1797. He disbut it shall suflice only to mention the Court Poems, which covered her to be the publisher, in his key, j. II. We only he meant to publish as the work of the true writer, a lady take this opportunity of nuentioning the manner in which of quality; but being threatened first, and afterwards pun- those letters go: abroad, which the author was ashamed of ished for it by Mr. Pope, he generously transferred it from as very trivial things, full not only of levities, but of wrong her to him, and ever since printed it in his name. The single judgments of men and books, and only excusable from the time that ever he spoke to Mr. C. was on that affair, and youth and inexperience of the writer. to that happy incident he owed all the favour since received Ver. 2. Down with the Bible, up with the pope's arms.) from him: ko true is the saying of Dr. Sydenham, that The Bible, Coril's sign; the Cross keys, Lintui's. any one shall be, at some time or other, the better or the Ver. 101. Where, as he fish'd, &c.] See the preface to worse, for having but seen or spoken to a good or bad man.'! Swili's and Pope's Miscellanies.

To seize his papers, Curll, was next thy care;

So shall each hostile name become our own His papers light, fly diverse, toss'd in air :

And we too boast our Garth and Addison.' 140 Songs, sonnets, epigrams, the winds uplift,

With that she gave him (piteous of his case,
And whisk them back to Evans, Young, and Swift. Yet smiling at his rueful length of face,)
The embroider'd suit at least he deem'd his prey,
That suit an unpaid tailor snatch'd away.
No

REMARKS. rag, no scrap, of all the beau or wit, That once so flutter'd, and that once so writ. 120 routed. He also published some malevolent things in the

British, London, and Daily Journals; and at the same time Heaven rings with laughter: of the langhter vain, wrote letters to Mr. Pope, protesting his innocence. His Dulness, good queen, repeats the jest again.

chief work was a translation of Hesiod, in which Theobald Three wicked imps, of her own Grub-street choir,

writ notes and half notes, which he carefully owned.

Ver. 138. And Concanen, Switt:] In the first edition She deck'd like Congreve, Addison and Prior;

of this poem there were only asterisks in this place, but the Mears, Warner, Wilkins, run! delusive thought! names were since inserted, merely to fill up thu verse, and Breval, Bond, Besaleel, the varlets caught.

give ease to the ear of the reader. Curll stretches after Gay, but Gay is gone,

Ver. 140. And we too boast our Garth and Addison.]

Nothing is more remarkable than our author's love of praisHe grasps an empty Joseph for a John :

ing good writers. He has in this very poein celebrated Mr. So Proteus, hunted in a nobler shape,

Locke, Sir Isaac Newton, Dr. Barrow, Dr. Alterbury, Mr.

Dryden, Mr. Congreve, Dr. Garth, Mr. Addison; in a word, Became, when seized, a puppy or an ape. 130 almost every man of his time that deserved it; even Cibber

To him the goddess : 'Son! thy grief lay down, himself, (presuming him to be the author of the Careless And torn this whole illusion on the town:

Husband.) It was very ditlicult to have that pleasure in a

poem on this subject, yet he has found means to insert their As the sage dame, experienced in her trade,

panegyric, and has made even Dulness out of her own By names of toasts retails each batter'd jade mouth pronounce it. It must have been particularly agreea(Whence hapless Monsieur much complains at Paris Briend, and as he was his predecessor in this kind of satire.

ble to him to celebrate Dr. Garth; both as his constant Of wrongs from duchesses and lady Maries ;) The Dispensary attacked the whole body of apothecaries, a Be thine, my stationer! this magic gift ;

much more useful one undoubtedly than that of the bad Cook shall be Prior: and Concanen,

poets; if in truth this can be a body, of which no two memSwift :

bers ever agreed. It also did, what Mr. Theobald says is unpardonable, draw in parts of private character, and introduce persons independent of his subject. Much more would

Boileau bave incurred his censure, who left all subjects REMARKS.

whatever, on all occasions, to fall upon the bad poris Ver. 116. Evans, Young, and Swift.) Some of those (which, it is to be feared, would have been more immediperaons, whose writings, epigrams, or jests he had owned.ately his concern.) But certainly next to commending good Ste note on ver. 50.

writers, the greatest service to learning is to expose the bad, Ver. 118. An unpaid tailor] This line has been loudly who can only that way be made of any use to it. This complained of in Mist, June 8, Dedicated to Sawney, and truth is very well set forth in these lines, addressed to our others, as a most inhuman satire on the poverty of poets; author: but it is thought our author will be acquitted by a jury of tailors. To me this instance seems unluckily chosen ; if it

"The craven rook, and pert jackdaw De a satire on any body, it must be on a bad pay-master,

(Though neither birds of moral kind, since the person to whom they have here applied it, was a

Yet serve if hang’d, or stuff'd with straw, man of fortune. Not but poets may well be jealous of so

To show us which way blows the wind. great a prerogative as non-payment; which Mr. Dennis so

"Thus dirty knaves, or chattering fools, fat asserte, as boidly to pronounce, that, 'if Homer himselt

Strung up by dozens in thy lay, was not in debt, it was because nobody would trust him.'

Teach more by half than Dennis' rules, Pref. to Rem. on the Rape of the Lock, p. 15.

And point instruction every way. Ver. 121. Like Congreve, Addison, and Prior;) These authors being such whose names will reach posterity, we With Egypt's art thy pen may strive: skal not give any account of them, but proceed to those of

One potent drop let this but shed, whom it is necessary.-Besaleel Morris was author of some And every rogue that stunk alive, satires on the translators of Homer, with many other things Becomes a precious mummy dead.' prater in newspaperr--' Bond writ a satire against Mr. PCapt. Breval was author of the Confederates, an ingenious Ver. 142. Rueful length of face.] 'The decrepit person dramatic performance, lo expose Mr. P., Mr. Gay, Dr. or figure of a man are no reflections upon his genius. An Arbuthnot, and some ladies or quality,' says Curll, Key, honest mind will love and esteem a man of worth, though Pll.

he be deformed or poor. Yet the author of the Dunciad Ver. 125. Mears, Warner, Wilkins] Booksellers and hath libelled a person for his rueful length of face! Mist's Printers of much anonymous stuff.

Journal, June 8. This genius and man of worth, whom an Per 12%. Breval, Bond, Besaleel,) I foresee it will be honest mind should love, is Mr. Curll. True it is, he stood objected from this line, that we were in an error in our as in the pillory, an incident which will lengthen the face of sertion on ver. 50 of this book, thut More was a fictitious any man, though it were ever so comely, therefore is no re Dame, since those persons are equally represented by the tection on the nalural beauty of Mr. Curll. But as to repoetae phantoms. So at first sight it may be seen; but be flections on any man's face or figure, Mr. Dennis saith Dot deceived, reader; these also are not real persons. ""T'is excellently; ‘Natural deformity comes not by our fault; it true, Curll declares Breval a captain, author of a piece call is often occasioned by calamities and discares, which a man ed The Confederates; but the same Curll first said it was can no more help than a monster can his deformity. There Written by Joseph Gay. Is his second assertion to be credit is no one misfortune, and no one disease, but what all the

any more than his first? He likewise affirmy Bond to be rest of mankind are subject to.-But the deformity of this one who writ a satire on our poet: but where is such a author is visible, present, lasting, unalterable, and peculiar Batire to be found? where was such a writer ever heard of? to himself. "Tis the mark of God and nature upon him, to As for Besaleel, it carries forgery in the very name; nor is give us warning that we should hold no society with him, I, as the others are, a surname. Thou mayest depend upon as a crenture not of our original, nor of our species and thev it no such authors ever lived: all phantoms. Scribl. who have refused to take this warning which God and na

Ver. 128. Joseph Gay, a fictitious name put by Curlllture has given ther, and have, in spite of it, by a senseless before several pamplilets, which made them pass with many presumption ventured to be familiar with him, have severoly for Mr. Gar's. --The ambiguity of the word Joseph, which suffered, &c. "Tis certain his original is not from Adam, likewise signifies a loose upper coat, gives much pleasantry but from the devil,' &c.—Dennis, Character of Mr. P.

octavo, 1716. Ver. 132. And turn this whole illusion on the own:) It Admirably it is observed by Mr. Dennis against Mr. Law, *s a common practice of this bookseller to publish' vile n. 33. That the language of Billing gato can never be the pieces of bacure bands under the names of eminent authors. langunge of charity, nor consequently of christianity.' I Ver. 13. Cook shall be Prior:] The man here specified should else be tempted to use the language of a critic; for Writ a thing called The Battle of the Poets, in which Phillips what is more provoking to a commentator, than to behold and Welsted were the heroes, and Swift and Pope utterly I his author thus portrayed? Yet I consider it really hurts

to the idea.

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