« السابقةمتابعة »
Boyer the state, and Law the stage gave o'er, known to the king himself, till they are explained to Morgan and Mandevil could prate no more ;
be the wonders of his own reign now commencing. Norton, from Daniel and Ostræa sprung,
On this subject Settle breaks into a congratulation, Bless'd with his father's front, and mother's tongue,
yet not unmixed with concern, that his own times
were but the types of these. He prophesies how first Hung silent down his never-blushing head;
the nation shall be overrun with farces, operas, and And all was hush'd, as folly's self lay dead.
shows; the throne of Dulness shall be advanced over Thus the soft gifts of sleep conclude the day, the theatres, and set up even at court: then how har And stretch'd on bulks, as usual, poets lay.
420 sons shall preside in the seats of arts and sciences. Why should I sing, what bards the nightly muse giving a glimpse, or Pisgah sight, of the future fula Did slumbering visit, and convey to stews?
ness of her glory, the accomplishment whereof is the Who prouder march'd with magistrates in state,
subject of the fourth and last book. To some famed round-house, ever-open gate ? How Henley lay inspired beside a sink,
BOOK III. And to mere mortals seem'd a priest in drink: But in her temple's last recess enclosed, While others, timely, to the neighbouring Fleet On Dulness' lap the anointed head reposed. “Haunt of the muses) made their safe retreat ? Him close she curtains round with vapours blue,
And soft besprinkles with Cimmerian dew,
Then raptures high the seat of sense o'erflow,
Which only heads refined from reason know.
Hence from the straw where Bedlam's prophet nods, After the other persons are disposed in their proper He hears loud oracles, and talks with gods :
places of rest the goddess transports the king to her Hence the fool's paradise, the statesman's scheme, temple, and there lays him to slumber, with his head The air-built castle, and the golden dream, 10 on her lap; a position of marvellous virtue, which The maid's romantic wish, the chemist's flame, eanseth all the visions of wild enthusiasts, projectors, And poet's vision of eternal fame. politicians, inamoratos, castle-builders, chemists, and
And now, on fancy's easy wing convey'd, prets. He is immediately carried on the wings of The king descending, views the Elysian shade. fanry, and led by a mad poetical Sibyl to the Elysian shade; where, on the banks of Letbe, the souls of the A slip-shod Sibyl led his steps along, duill are 61;ped by Baviis, before their entrance into In lofty madness meditating song; this world. There he is met hy the ghost of Settle, and Her tresses staring from poetic dreams, hy him made acquainted with the wonders of the place, And never wash’d, but in Castalia's streams. and with those which he himself is destined to perform. Taylor, their better Charon, lends an oar, 19 He takes him to a mount of vision, from whence he (Once swan of Thames, though now he sings no more.) shows him the past triumphs of the empire of Dulness, then the present, and lastly the future: how small a part of the world was ever conquered by science, how
REMARKS. sovin those conquests were stopped, and those very na- Ver 5, 6, &c.] Hereby is intimated that the following tions again reduced to her dominion. Then distin. vision is no more than the chimera of the dreamer's brain, guishing the island of Great Britain, shows by what and not a real or intended satire on the present age, doubt
less more learned, more enlightened, and more abounding ans, by what persons, and by what degrees it shall be with great geniuses in divinity, politics, and whatever aris brought to her empire. Some of the persons he causes and sciences, than all the preceding. For fear of any such iu podsis in review before his eyes, describing each by mistake of our poet's honest meaning, he huih again, at the hi: propar figure, character, and qualifications. On a end of the vision, repeated this monition, saying that it ail sten the scene shitis, and a vast number of mira. passed through the ivory gate, which (according to the an
Scribl. cies and prodigies appear, utterly surprising and un.
cients) depoteth falsity.
How much the good Scriblerus was mistaken, may be
seen from the fourth book, which, it is plain from hence, he REMARKS. had never seen.
Bentl. Vir. 413. Boyer the state, and Law the stage gave o'er,] just, no conformation of the mind so much subjecting it to
Ver. 15. A slip-shod Sibyl.] This allogory is extremely A. Boyer, a voluminous compiler of annals, political collec-real madness, as that which produces real dulness, llence 1.0.., &C.-William Law, A. M. wrote with great zeal we find the religious (as well as the poetical) enthusiasts of against the stage ; Mr. Dennis answered with ne great; their all ages were ever, in their natural state, most heavy and von were printed in 1725. The sine Mr. Law is author lumpish; but on the lenst application of heat, they can lika o: a book entitled, An Appeal to all that doubt of or disbe- lead, which of all metals falls quickest into fusion. Where lieve the truth of the Gospel; in which he has detailed a ag fire in a genius is truly Promethean; it hurts not ils con yake in of the rankest Spoosium, for the most exalted the stituent parts, but only fits it (ns it does well-tempered ology; and amongst other things as rare, has informed us of steel) for the necessary impressions of art. But the common ins, laat sir Isaac Newton stole the principles of his phi- people have been taught' (I do not know on what foundi: bisophy froin one Jacob Behmen, a German cobbler. Ver. 414. Morgu] A writer against religion, distin- and our modern Methodists do of holiness.
tion) to regard lunacy as a mark of wit, just as the Tarhs
But if the causo guished no otherwise from the rabble of his tribe, than by of madness assigned by a great philosopher be true, it will
pompousness of his title; for having stolen his inorality unavoidably Pull upon the dunces. He supposes it to be the foon 'I indat, and his philosophy from Spinosa, he calls him- dwelling over-long on one object or idea. Now as this at self, by the courtesy of England, a noral philosopher. Ibid. Mandevils This writer who prided himself in the by dulness: which hath not quickness enough to com
tention is occasioned either by griefor study, it will be fixed imputation (t an immoral philosopher, was author of a fa-hend what it seeky, nor force and vigour enough to divert mony book called the l'able of the Bees; written to prove the imagination from the object it laments, That moral virtue is the invention of knaves, and Christian
Ver. 19. Taylor.) John Taylor, the water poot, an honest virtue the imposition of fools; and that vice is necessary, man, who owns he learned not so much as the accidence: a and alone sufficient to render society flourishing and happy. rare example of modosty in a poet!
Ver. 115. Norton,] Norton De Foe, offspring of the famous Daniel, fortes creantur fortibus.' One of the authors
"I must confess I do want eloquence, of the Flying Post, in which well-bred work Mr. P. had
And never scarce did learn my accidence: sometiine the honour to be abused with his betters; and of
For having got from possum to posset, many hired scurrilities and daily papers, to which he never
I there was gravell’d, could no farther get.' ter his name.
He wrote fourscore books in the reign of James I. and Ver. 427. Fleet] A prison for insolvent debtors on the Charles I. and afterwards (like Edward Ward) kept an alebank of the ditch
Thouse in Long-acre. He died in 1634.
Benlowes, propitious still to blockheads, bows; Known by the band and suit which Settle wore And Shadwell nods the poppy on his brows. (His only suit) for twice three years before : Here, in a dusky vale where Lethe rolls,
All as the vest, appear’d the wearer's frame, Old Bavius sits, to dip poetic souls,
Old in new state, another, yet the same.
40 And blunt the sense, and fit it for a skull
Bland and familiar as in life, begun Of solid proof, impenetrably dull:
Thus the great father to the greater son: Instant, when dipp'd, away they wing their flight, "Oh born to see what none can see awake. Where Brown and Meers unbar the gates of light, Behold the wonders of the oblivious lake! Demand new bodies, and in calf's array,
Thou, yet unborn, hast touch'd this sacred shore; Rush to the world, impatient for the day. 30 The hand of Bavius drench'd thee o'er and o'er. Millions and millions on these banks he views, But blind to former, as to future fate, Thick as the stars of night, or morning dews What mortal knows his pre-existent state ? As thick as bees o'er vernal blossoms fly,
Who knows how long thy transmigrating soul As thick as eggs at Ward in pillory.
Might from Beotian to Baotian roll ?
50 Wondering he gazed ; when, lo! a sage appears, How many Dutchmen she vouchsafed to thrid ? By his broad shoulders known, and length of ears, How many stages through old monks she rid?
And all who since, in wild benighted days,
Mix'd the owl's ivy with the poet's bays. Ver. 21. Benlowes,] A country gentleman, famous for As man's meanders to the vital spring his own bad poelry, and for patronızıng bad poets, as may Roll all their tides, then back their circles bring; be seen from many dedications of Quarles and others to Or whirligigs, twirl'd round by skilful swain, him. Somo of these anagramed his name Benlows into Be. Suck the thread in, then yield it out again: nevolus: to verily which, he spent his whole estate upon
All nonsense thus, of old or modern date, Ver. 22. And Shadwell nods the poppy, &c.] Shadwell Shall, in thee centre, from thee circulate. took opium for many years; and died of too large a dose, For this, our queen unfolds to vision true in the year 1692.
Ver. 24. Ow Bavius bits. Bavius was an ancient poet, Thy mental eye, for thou hast much to view : celebrated by Virgil for the like causes as Bays by our au- old scenes of glory, times long cast behind, thor, though not in so Christian-like a manner: for heathenishly it is declared by Virgil of Bavius, that he ought to be Shall, first recall'd, rush forward to thy mind: hated and detested for his evil works; qui Bavium non Then stretch thy sight o'er all her rising reign, odit : whereas we have often had occasion to observe our And let the past and future fire thy brain. poet's great good nature and mercifulness through the whole course of this poem.
Ascend this hill, whose cloudy point commands Ver. 28. Brown and Meers) Booksellers, printers for Her boundless empire over seas and lands: forth in the form of books, dressed in call's leather, ani See, round the poles, where keeuer spangles shine, being let abroad in vast numbers by booksellers, is suth- Where spices smoke, beneath the burning line, 70 ciently intelligible. Ver. 34. Ward in pillory.) John Ward, of Hackney, and all the nations cover'd in her shade!
(Earth's wide extremes,) her sable fag display'd, esq. member of parliament, being convicted of forgery, was first expelled the house, and then sentenced to the pillory on
Far eastward cast thine eye, from whence the sun the 17th of February, 1727. Mr. Curll (having likewise And orient science their bright course begun: stood there) looks upon the mention of such a gentleman in One godlike monarch all that pride confounds, a satire, as a great act of barbarity, Key to Dunc. 3d edit, p. 16. And another author reasons thus upon it: Durgen. 8vo. He, whose long wall the wandering Tartar bounds p. 11, 12. How unworthy is it of Christian charity to ani: Heavens! what a pile! whole ages perish there, mate the rabble to abuse a worthy man in such a situation ! What could move the poet thus to mention a brave sufferer, And one bright blaze turns learning into air. a gallunt prisoner, exposed to the view of all mankind ? It was laving aside his sensee, it was committing a crimo for which ihe law is deficient not to punish him! nay, a crime
REMARKS. which man can scarce forgive, or lime etface ! nothing surely Ver. 37. Settle.] Elkanah Settle was once a writer in could have induced him to it but being bribed by a great vogue as well as Cíbber, both for dramatic poetry and prot Jady,' &c. (to whom this brave, honest, worthy gentlemantics. Mr. Dennis tells us, that he was a formidable rival to was guilty of no offence but forgery, proved in open court.) Mr. Dryden, and that in the university of Cambridge there But it is evident this verse could not be meant of himn; it were those who gave him the preference. Mr. WJsted somi being notorious that no eggs were thrown at that gentleman. yet farther in his behalf! Poor Settle was formerly the Perhaps, therefore, it might be intended of Mr. Edward mighty rival of Dryden; nay, for many years, bore his reinos Ward, the poet, when he stood there.
tation above him.' Pref to bis Poems, sro. p. 31. And Mr. Ver. 36. And length of ears,] This is a sophisticated Milbourne cried out, 'How little was Dryden able, eren reading. I think I may venture to affirm all the copyists when his blood run high, to defend himself against Mr. Setare mistaken here: I believe I may say the same of the file ! Notes on Dryd. Virg. p. 175. These are comfortable critics; Dennis, Oldmixon, Wolsted, have passed it in silence. opinions; and no wonder some authors indulge ibem. I have also stumbled at it, and wondered how an error so ma- He was author or publisher of many noted pamphlets, in wifest could escape such accurate persons. I dare assert, it the time of king Charles II. He answered all Dryceo's por proceeded originally from the inadvertency of some trans- litical poems; and being cried up on one side, succeeded ne! criber, whose head ran on the pillory, mentioned two linea a little in his tragedy of the Empress of Morocco, the first before; it is therefore amazing that Mr. Curll himself should that was ever printed with cuts. Upon this he grew inseoverlook it! Yet that scholiast takes not the least notice lent, the wits writ against his play, he replied, and the tosa hereof. That the learned Mist also read it thus, is plain judged he had the better. In short, Settle was then thousa from his ranging this passage among those in which our au- a very formidable rival to Mr. Dryden; and not only the thor was blaned for personal satire on a man's face (where-town, but the university of Cambridge was divided which 8 of doubtless he might tnke the ear to be a part;)
so likewise prefer; and in both places the younger sort inclined to EZConcanen, Ralph, the Flying Post, and all the herd of com- kanah.' Dennis, Pref. to Rem. on Hom. mentatorg--Tota armenta sequuntur.
Ver. 50. Might from Bæotinn, &c.] Beotia lay under A very little sagacity (which all these gentlemen, there the ridiculo of the wits formerly, as Ireland does not fore wanted) will restore to us the true sense of the poet thus: though it produced one of the greatest poets and one of the
By bis brond shoulders known, and length of years.' greatest generals of Greece: See how easy a change of one single letter! That Mr. Set- * Beotum crasso jurares aëre natum.'--Hor. tle was old, is most certam ; but he was happily) a stranger Ver. 75. Chi Ho-am-ti, emperor of China, the same who 10 the pillory. This note is partly Mr. Theobald's, partly built the great wall between China and Tartary, destroyed Scribl.
lall the books and learned men of that empire
Thence to the south extend thy gladden'd eyes ; Behold yon isle, by palmers, pilgriins trod,
Grave mummers! sleeveless some, and shirtless others
peace, great goddess, ever be adored ; Embodied dark, what clouds of Vandals rise ! How keen the war, if Dulness draw the sword! 120 Lo! where Meotis sleeps, and hardly flows Thus visit not thy own! on this bless'd age The freezing Tanaïs through a waste of snows, O spread thy influence, but restrain thy rage. The North by myriads pours her mighty sons, And see, my son! the hour is on its way, Great nurse of Goths, of Alans, and of lluns ! 90 That lifts our goddess to imperial sway; See Alaric's stern port! the martial frame This favourite isle, long sever'd from her reign, Or Genseric; and Attila's dread name!
Dove-like she gathers to her wings again. See, the bold Ostrogoths on Latium fall;
Now look through fate! behold the scene she draws! See, the fierce Visigoths on Spain and Gaul! What aids, what armies, to assert her cause ! See, where the morning gilds the palmy shore See all her progeny, illustrious sight! (The soil that arts and infant letters bore)
Behold and count them, as they rise to light. 130
In homage to the mother of the sky,
Lo! Rome herself, proud mistress now no more Not with less glory mighty Dulness crown'd
Behold a hundred sons, and each a dunce. Padua, with sighs, beholds her Livy burn,
Mark first that youth who takes the foremost place, And e'en the Antipodes Virgilius mourn.
And thrusts his person full into your face. 110 See, the Cirque falls, the unpillar'd temple nods, With all thy father's virtues bless'd, be born! Streets paved with heroes, Tyber choked with gods: And a new Cibber shall the stage adorn. Till Peter's keys some christen’d Jove adorn, A second see, by meeker manners known, And Pan to Moses lends his Pagan horn; 110 And modest as the maid that sips alone; See graceful Venus to a virgin turn'd,
From the strong fate of drams if thou get free, Or Phidias broken, and Appelles burn'd.
Another D'Urfey, Ward ! shall sing in thee:
Thee shall each alehouse, thee each gillhouse mour, REMARKS.
And answering gin-shops sourer sighs return. Ver. 81, 82. The caliph, Omar I. having conquered Jacob, the scourge of grammar, mark with awe; Egypt, caused his general to burn the Ptolemæan library, on Nor less revere him, blunderbuss of law. 150 the gates of which
was this inscription,
The physic of the soul.
Ver. 117, 118. Happy! had Easter never been.) Wars Ver. 102. Thundering against heathen lore:) A strong
in England anciently, about the right time of celebrating instance of this pious rage is placed to pope Gregory's ac
Easter. count. John of Salisbury gives a very odd encomium of
Ver. 126. Dove-like, she gathers.] This is fulfilled in this pope, at the same time that he inentions one of the
the fourth book. stranzosettarts of this excess of zeal in him: 'Doctor sanc
Ver. 128. What aide, what armies, to assert her cause!) tissimus ille Gregorius, qui melleo prædicationis imbre totam
i. e. Of poets, antiquarier, critics, divines, freethinkers. But rigavit et inebriavit ecclesiam; non modo mathesin jussit ab as this revolution is only here set on fool by the first of these Bu, sex, ut traditur a majoribus, incendio dedit probatæ classes, the poets, they only are here particularly celebrated, letionis scripta, Palatinus quocunque tenebat Apollo ?, and they only properly fall under tho care and review of And in another place: Fertur beatus Gregorius bibliothe-this colleague of Dulness, the laureate. The others, who cam combus-isse gentilem; quo divine pagine gratior esset finish the great work, are reserved for the fourth book, where lurus, et major auctoritas, et diligentia studiosior.'
Do- the goddess herself appears in full glory. uiterium, arcibision of Vienna, was sharply reproved by
Ver. 140. Jacob, the scourge of grammar, mark with bin for teaching grammar and literature, and explaining awe;} This gentleman is son of a considerable manter of the puts; berause (says this pope)' In uno se ore cum Jovis Ronisey in Southamptonshire, and bred to the law under a qu'ibus Christi laudes non capiunt: Et quam gravo nefan- very eminent attorney, who, between his more laborious duy to sit episopis canere quod nec laico religioso conve- studies, has diverted himself with poetry. He is a great adpial, i se considera.' He is said among the rest to have mirer of poets and their work, which has occasioned him
He has writ in Prose the Lives barned Livy; .Quia in superstitionibus et sacris Romano- to try his genius that way. Tum 1* !*tuo versatur.'. The same pope is accused by Vos- of the poets, Esays, and a great many law books, The Ac. sius, and others, of having caused the noble monuments of complished Conveyancer, Modern Justice, &c.' Giles Jacob the oli Romen magnificence to be destroyed, lest those who of himseif, lives of Poets, vol. i. Ho very grossly and uncame to Rom
should give more attention to triumphal provokod, abused in that book the author's friend, Mr. Gay. arches, &e. ihan to holy things. Bayle, Dict.
Ver. 149, 150. Ver. 109. Till Peter's keys some christen'd Jove adorn.)
Jacob, the scourge of grammar, mark with awo; After the government of Rome devolved to the Popeg, their
Nor less revere him, blunderbues of law.] zeal was for some time exerted in deinolishing the heathen There may seem some error in these verses, Mr. Jacob temples and talues, so that the Goths scarce destroyed having proved our nuthor to have a respect for him, by this more monuments of antiquity ont of rage, than these out of undeniable argument: 'He had once à regard for my judg. devotion. At length they spared some of the temples, by meat; otherwise he never would have subscribed two gui. converting them into images of saints. In much later times, neas to me, for one small book in octavo.' Jacob's Letter to it was thought necessary to change the states of Apollo Dennis, printed in Dennis's Remarks on the Dunciad, p. 49. and Pallas, on the tomb of Sannazarius, into David and Ju- Therefore I should think the appeilation of blunderbuss to dith; the lyre easily became a harp, and the Gorgon's head Mr. Jacob, like that of thunderbolt zu Scipio, was meant in warded to that of Holofernes.
Lo, P-ple's brow, tremendous to the town, So sweetly mawkish, and so smoothly dull; Horneck's fierce eye, and Roome's funereal frown. Heady, not strong; o'erflowing, though not full. Lo sneering Goode, half malice and half whim, Ah Dennis! Gildon, ah! what ill-starr'd rage A fiend in glee, ridiculously grim.
Divides a friendship long confirm’d by age ? Each cygnet sweet, of Bath and Tunbridge race, Blockheads with reason wicked wits ahhor, Whose tuneful whistling makes the waters pass : But fool with fool is barbarous civil war. Each songster, riddler, every nameless name, Embrace, embrace, my sons ! be foes no more! All crowd, who foremost shall be damn’d to fame. Nor glad vile poets with true critics' gore. Some strain in rhyme; the muses, on their racks, Behold yon pair, in strict embraces join'd; Scream like the winding of ten thousand jacks ; 160 How like in manners and how like in mind ! Some, free from rhyme or reason, rule or check, Break Priscian's head, and Pegasus's neck; Down, down the larum, with impetuous whirl, The Pindars and the Miltons of a Curll.
this he (civilly) became a member of both, and after havin;
passed some time at the one, be removed to the ober. From Silence, ye wolves! while Ralph to Cynthia howls, thence he returned to town, where he became the deskus And make night hideous-Answer him, ye owls ! expectation of all the polito writers, whose encouragement Sense, speech, and measure, living tongues and dead will make no small part of the fame of his protectors. It
he acknowledged in his occasional poems, in a manner that Let all give way,—and Morris may be read.
also appears from his works, that he was happy in the paFlow, Welsted, flow! like thine inspirer, beer, 169 tronage of the most illustrious characters or the pre-eli
age.--Encouraged by such a combination in his favour, he-Though stale, not ripe; though thin, yet never clear;
published a book of poets, come in the Ovidian, some in the Horatian manner; in both which the most exquisite l judges pronounce he even rivalled his masters.--His love
verres have rescued that way of writing from contempi.--In Mr. Dennis argues the same way: My writings having his translations, he has given us ne very soul and spirit of made great impression on the minds of all sensible inen. Min his author. His Odo-his Epistle-his Verses--bis Love
Wit P. repented, and to give proof of his repentance, subscribed tale--all, are the most perfect things in all soetry.' to my two volumes of Select Works, and afterwards to my li should not be forgot for his honour, that he received at
sted of himself, Char, of the Times, Evo, lim, p39 23, 24. two volumes of Letters.' Ibid. p. 80. We should hence believe, the name of Mr. Dennis hath also crept into this poem one time the sum of five hundred pounds for seert service, by some mistake. But from hence, gentle reader: 'thou ainong the other excellent authors hired to write acons. mayest beware, when thou givest thy money to such authors, mously for the ministry. See Report of the secret Conminot to flatter thyself that thy motives are good nature or
tee, &c. in 1742. charity.
Ver. 173. Ah, Dennis ! Gildon, ah.) These men became Ver. 152. Horneck and Roome.] These two were viru- the public scorn by a mere mistake of their tahuiis. They lent party-writers, worthily coupled together, and one would wonld needs tum critics of their own country writers ( just think prophetically, since, after the publishing of this piece, as Aristotle and Longinus dlid of theirs,) and discourse u sve the former dying, the latier succeeded him in honour and the beauties and defects of composition : employment. The first was Philip Horneck, author of a • How parts relate to parts, and they to whole; Billingsgate paper, called the Iligli German Doctor. Ed- The body's harmony, the beaming soul.' ward Roome was son of an undertaker for funerals in Fleetstreet, and writ some of the papers called Pnequin, where, scones of wit, Kuster, Burian, and their followers, in verbal
Whereas had they followed the example of those miero. by malicious inuendos, he endeavoured to represent our au criticism on the learned languages, their acutives and inthor guilty of malevolent practices with a great mun then dustry might have raised then a name equal to the most under prosecution of parliament. Of this man was made famous of the schuliasis. We cannot, therefore, but lament the following epigram:
the late apostacy of the prebrndary of Rochester, who bem "You nsk why Roome diverts you with his jokes ?
ginning in so good a train has now turned short to write Yet if he writes, is dull as other folks!
comments on the Fire-side, ond dreams upon Shab-reare: You wonder at it-- This, sir, is the caso,
whero we find the spirit of Oldmixon, Guidon, and Doors The jest is lost unless be prints his face.
all revived in his belibouret observations.
Scrill. P-le was the author of some vile plays and pamphlets. Hero Seriblerus, in this affair of the Fire-side, I want tay He published abuses on our author in a paper called the usual candour. It is true, Mr. Upton did write notes Urun Prompter.
it, but with all the honour and good faith in the world. Ho Ver. 153. Goode,] An ill-natured critic, who writ a took it to be a panegyrie on his patron. This it is to have fatire on our author, called the Mork Æsop, and many to do with wits; a commerce unworthy a scholiast of so anonymous libels in newspapers for hire.
ris. Ver. 156. Whose tuneful whistling makes the waters Ver. 173. Ah, Dennis, &c.] The reader who has to pass:) There were several successiors of these sorts of through the course of these notes, what a constant attend minor pocis at Tunbridge, Bath, &c. singing the praise of ance Qir. Dionis paid to our author and all his works, may the annuals flourishing for that season; whose nimes, in- perhaps womer he should be mentioned but twice, and so deed, would be nameless, and therefore the poet slurs them slightly touched, in this poem. But in truth be looked upon over with others in general.
him with some estem, for having (more generously than all Ver. 165. Ralph.] James Ralph, a name inserted after the rest) set his name to such writings. Ile wasal-o try the first editions, not known to our author till ho writ a old man at this time. By his own account or hinsdt, in swearing piece, called Sawney, very abusive of Dr. Swift, Mr. Jacob's lives, he must have been above threescore, Mr. Gay, and liiinseif. These lines allude to a thing of his, I am happily lived many years after. So that he was senior entitled Nighit, a Poem. This low writer attended his own to Mr. D'l'rfey, who hitherto, of all our poets, enjoyed the works with panegyrics in the Journals, and once in particu- longest bodily life. lar praised himself highly above Mr. Addison, in wretched Ver. 179. Dehold yon pair, &c.] One of there was auremarksepon that author's account of E: glish Poets, printed thor of a weekly paper called The Grumbler, as the othe. in a London Journal, Sept. 172. He was wholly i literate, was cuncemed in another called Pasquin, in which Ni. and knew no language, not even French. Being advised to Pope was abused with the duke of Buckingham, and hishap read the rules of dramatic poetry before he begin a play, he of Rochester. They also joined in a piece oseinist luis frse wmiled and replied, 'Shakspeare writ without rules. He undertaking to translate the Iliad, entitled Homerides, ly ended at last in the common risk of all such writers, a po- sir Iliad Doggrel, printed 1715. litical newspaper, to which he was recommended by his Of the other works of the gentlemen the world tas friend Amall, and received a small pittunce for pay. heard no more, than it would of Mr. Pope's had their united Ver. 108. Morris! Bezaleel. See Book ii.
laudable endeavours discouraged hinn from pursuing his Ver. 169. Flow, Welsted, &c.] of this author ceo the studies. Ilow few good works had ever appearedd (sinca Remark on Book in. r. 29. But (to be impartial) add to it mcn of true merit are always the leasi prešuting) had there the following different character of him:
been always such champions to stiflo thrm in their coperit "Mr. Weisted had, in his youth, raised so great expectation! And were it not better for the public, that a millio? tions of his future genius, that there was a kind of strugglo of monsters should come into the world, which are sure to between the most eminent of the two universities, which die as soon as born, than that the serpenis should straig's should have the honour of his education. To compound one Hercules in his cradle ?
Equal in wit, and equally polite,
How fluent nonsense trickles from his tongue ! Shall this a Pasquin, that a Grumbler write: How sweet the periods, neither said nor sung! Like are their merits, like rewards they share, Still break the benches, Henley! with thy strain, That shines a consul, this commissioner.'
While Sherlock, Hare, and Gibson, preach in vain. * But who is he, in closet closely-pent,
Oh great restorer of the good old stage, Of sober face, with learned dust besprent?' Preacher at once, and zany of thy age! 'Right well mine eyes arede the myster wight, Oh worthy thou of Egypt's wise abodes, On parchment scraps y-fed, and Wormius hight. A decent priest, where monkeys were the gods ! To future ages may the dulness last,
But fate with butchers placed thy priestly stall, As thou preservest the dulness of the past ! 190 Meek modern faith to murder, hack, and maul; 210
There, dim in clouds, the poring scholiasts mark, And bade thee live, to Crown Britannia's praise, Wits who, like owls, see only in the dark,
In Toland's, Tindal's, and in Woolston's days. A lumber-house of books in every head,
Yet oh, my sons, a father's words attend: For ever reading, never to be read:
(So may the fates preserve the ears your lend :) But, where each science lifts its'modern type, 'Tis yours, a Bacon or a Locke to blame, History her pot, divinity her pipe,
A Newton's genius, or a Milton's flame: While proud philosophy repines to show,
But oh! with One, immortal One dispense, Dishonest sight! his breeches rent below;
The source of Newton's light, of Bacon's senso. Imbrown'd with native bronze, lo! Henley stands, Content each emanation of his fires Tuning his voice, and balancing his hands. 200 That beams on earth, each virtue he inspires, 220
Each art he prompis, each charm he can create,
Whate'er he gives, are given for your hate.
co mortal cver thought of; he had success against all oppoBoth were so forward, each would write
sition; challenged his adversarits to fair disputations, and So dull, each hung an a--.
none would dispute with him; writ, read, and studied triclvo Thus Amphisbæna (I have read)
hours a day; composed three dissertations a week on all At either end assails;
subjects; undertook to leach in one year what schools and None knows which leads or which is led,
universities teach in tive; was not terrified by menaces, inFor both heads are but tails.'
sulis, or satires, but still proceeded, matured his bold -cheme,
and put the church, and all that, in danger.'-Weisted, Afer many editions of this poem, the author thought fit to Narrative in Orut. Transact. No. 1. omit the names of these two persons, whose injury to him After having rood some prosecutions, he turned his was of so old a date. Ver. 11. That shines a consul, this commissioner.] rences.
rhetoric to builoonery upon all public and private occur.
All this passed in the sumo room, where sometimes Such places were given at this time to such sort of writers. he broko jests, and senietimes that bread which he called Ver. 187. Myster wight.] Uncouth mortal.
the primitive eucharist. This wonderful person struck meVer. 158. Wormius hight.] Let not this name, purely dals, which he dispersed as tickets to his subscubers; the fictitious, be conceited to mean the learned Olaus Wormius; Jevice a star rining to the meridian, with this motto, much less (as it was unwarrantably foisted into the surrepti- AD SVMMA: and below, INVENIAM VIAM AVT tions editions) our own antiquary, Mr. Thomas Hearne, who FACIAM. This man had a hundred pounds a year given had no way aggrieved our poet, but on the contrary publish him for the secret service of a weckly paper of unintelligible ed many curious tracts which he hath to his great content-nonsenso, called the Hyp-Doctor. anent perused.
Ver. 204. Sherlock, Hare, Gibson) Bishops of SalisVeri 192. Wits who, liko owls, &c.). These fow lines bury, Chichester, and London; whose sermons and pastoral exactly describe the right verbal critic: the darker his au-leuters did honour to their country as well as statious. thor is, the better he is pleased; like the famous quack doc. Ver. 212. Of Toland, and Tindal, seo Book ii. Tho. tor, who put up in his billa, he delighted in matters of diffi- Woolston was an impious madman, who wrote in a most culty. Somebody said well of these men, that their heads insolent style against the miracles of the Gospel, in the year were libraries out of order.
1726, &c. Ver. 190. Lo! Henley stands, &c.] J. Henley the Ver. 213. Yet oh, my sons, &c.] The caution against orator; ho prerched on the Sundays upon theological matters, blayphemy here given by'a departed Hon of Dulness to his yet and on the Wednesdays upon all other sciences. Each existing brethren, is, as the poet rightly intimates, not out auditor paid one shilling. He dcclaimed some years against of tenderness to the ears of others, but their own. And so the greatest persons, and occasionally did our author that we see that when that danger is removed, on the open estubhonour. Wered, in Oratory Transactions, No. 1, publieli- sishment of the goddess in the fourth book, she encourages ed by Henley himself, gives the following account of him : her sons, and they beg assistance to pollute the source of "He was born at Melton Mowbray, in Leicestershire. From light itself, with the same virulence they had before done kris own parish school he went to St. John's College, in Cam- the purest emanations from it. bridge, He began there to be uneasy; for it shocked him to fird be wus commanded to believe against his own judgment
Ver. 215. "Tis yours, a Bacon or a Locke to blame, in point of religion, philosophy, &c. for his genius leading
A Newton's genius, or a Milton's time :) Lim freely to dispute all propositions, and call all points to Thankfully received, and freely used, is this gracious licenco account, he was impatient under those fotters of the free- by the beloved disciple of that prince of cabalistic dunces, born mind. Being admitted to priest's orders, he found the the tremendous Hutchinson. Hear with what honest plain: examinati" very short and superficial, and that it was not ness be treateth our great geometer. As to mathematical Deces-ary to conform to the Christinn religion, in order demonstrations,' saith he, founded upon the proportions of eithies to deaconship or priesthood. He came to town, and lines and circles to carh other, and the ringing of changes after havinz for some years been a witer for booksellers, he upon figures, these have no more to do with the greatest part had an ambition to be so for ministers of state. The only of philosophy, than they have with the man in the moon, reason he did not rise in the church, we are told, 'was the Indeel, the zeal for this sort of gibberish (mathematical envy of others, for a disrelish entertained of him, because principles) is greatly abated of late: and though it is now he was not qualified to be a complete spaniel.' However upwarts of twenty years that the Dagon of modern philoso he offered the sorsice of his pen to two great men, of opinionsphers, sir Isanc Newton, has lain with his face upon the and interests directly opposite; by both of whom being re- ground before the ark of God, Scripture philosophy: for so jector, he set up a new project, and styled himself the Restorer long Moses's Principia have been published; and the Treso of ancient Eloquence. He thought it as lawful to take a tise of Power Essential and Mechanical, in which sir Isaac licence from the king and parliament in one place as ano- Newton's philosophy is treated with the utmost contempt, ther; at Mickes's Hall, as at Doctors' Commons ; 60 set up has been published a dozen years; yet is there not ono of bis oratory in Newpori-market, Butcher-tow. There,' says the whole society who hath had the courage to attempt 10 his friend, he had the assurance to form a plan, which raise him up. And so let uim lie.' The Philosophical Prin.