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Persist, by all divine in man unawed

Immortal Rich! how calm he sits at ease But, Learn, ye Dunces! not to scorn your God.' 'Midst snows of paper, and fierce hail of peas; Thus he, for then a ray of reason stole

And, proud his mistress' orders to perform,
Half through the solid darkness of his soul; Rides in the whirlwind, and directs the storm.
But soon the cloud return'd, and thus the sire: But lo! to dark encounter in mid air,

See now, what Dulness and her sons admire! New wizards rise; I see my Cibber there!
See what the charms, that smite the simple heart Booth in his cloudy tabernacle shrined,
Not touch'd by nature, and not reach'd by art.' 230 On grinning dragons thou shalt mount the wind.
His never-blushing head he turn'd aside,

Dire is the conflict, dismal is the din, (Not half so pleased when Goodman prophesied ;) Here shouts all Drury, there all Lincoln's-inn; 270 And look'd, and saw a sable sorcerer rise,

Contending theatres our empire raise, Swift to whose hand a winged volume flies: Alike their labours, and alike their praise. All sudden, gorgons hiss, and dragons glare,

And are these wonders, son, to thee unknown? And ten horn'd fiends and giants rush to war. Cnknown to thee? These wonders are thy own. Hell rises, heaven descends, and dance on earth; These fate reserved to grace thy reign divine, Gods, imps, and monsters, music, rage, and mirth, Foreseen by me, but, ah! withheld from mine. A fire, a jig, a battle, and a ball,

In Lud's old walls though long I ruled, renown'd Till one wide confiagration swallows all. 240 Far as loud Bow's stupendous bells resound;

Thence a new world, to nature's laws unknown, Though my own aldermen conferr'd the bays, Breaks out refulgent, with a heaven its own; To me committing their eternal praise,

280 Another Cynthia her new journey runs,

Their full fed heroes, their pacitic mayors, And other planets circle other suns.

Their annual trophies, and their monthly wars: The forests dance, the rivers upward rise,

Though long my party built on me their hopes, Whales sport in woods, and dolphins in the skies; For writing pamphlets, and for roasting popes : And lası, to give the whole creation grace,

Yet lo! in me what authors have to brag on! Lo! one vast egg produces human race.

Reduced at last to hiss in my own dragon. Joy fills his soul, joy innocent of thought :

Avert it, Heaven! that thou, my Cibber, e'er "What power,' he cries, 'what power these wonders shouldst wag a serpent-tail in Smithfield fair! wrought ?'

250 Like the vile straw that 's blown about the streets, "Son; what thou seek'st is in thee! Look, and find The needy poet sticks to all he meets,

290 Each monster meets his likeness in thy mind. Coach'd, carted, trode upon, now loose, now fast, Yet wouldst thou more ? in yonder cloud behold, And carried off in some dog's tail at last. Whose sarsenet skirts are edged with flaming gold, A matchless youth! his nod these worlds controls, Wings the red lightning, and the thunder rolls. Angel of Dulness, sent to scatter round

REMARKS. Her magic charms o'er all unclassic ground:

Ver. 261. Immortal Rich!] Mr. J. Rich, master of the Yon stars, yon suns, he rears at pleasure higher,

theatre-royal in Covent-garden, was the first that exceiled

this way. Ilumes their light, and sets their flames on fire. 260 Ver. 266. I see my Cibbes there!) The history of the

foregoing absurdities is verified by himself, in these words, (Lite, chap. xv.) "Then sprung forth that succession of inoosirous medleys that have so loug infested the stage,

which arose upon one another alternately at both houses, REMARKS.

outvieing each other in expense.' He then proceeds lo exciples of Mosng asserted, &c. p. 2, by Julias Bate, A. M. cuse his own part in them, as follows:- Tilam asked why chaplain to the right honourable the earl of Harrington. I assented ? I have no better excuse for my error than to London, 1711, 8vo.

Scribl. confess I did it against my conscience, and had bot ririce Ver. 24. Burt, Learn, ye Dunces! not to scorn your enough to starve. Had Henry IV. of France a better for Gol.'] The hardest lesson a dunce can learn. For being changing his religion? I was still in my heart, as much as bredio scorn what be dorg no: understand, that which he he could be, on the side of truth and sense: bat with this undermiands leaut he will be apt to scorn most. of which, difference, that I had their leave to quit them when they to the di-grace of all government, and, in the poet's opinion could not support me. But let the question go which way i! even ottato Dulness herself, we have had a late example, will, Harry IVth has always been allowed a great man. in a book entitled Philosophical Essays concerning Human This must be confessed a full answer: only the question still l'nderstanding.

seems to be, 1. How the doing a thing against one's cooVer. 221. Not to scorn your God.') See this subject science is an excuse for it? and, 2dly, I will be hard to prova pursued in Book iv,

how he got the leave of truth and sense to quit their service, Ver. 232. (Not half so pleased, when Goodman prophesi- unless he can produce a certificate that he ever was in it. ed.)] Me. Cibber tells us, in his Life, p. 149, that Goodinan Ver. 266, 267. Booth and Cibber were joint managers of being at the rehearsal of a play, in which he had a part, the theatre in Drury-lane. clapp'l him on the shoulder, and cried, 'If he does not make Ver. 268. On grinning dragons thou shalt mount the a good actor, I'll bedd.' And,' says Mr. Cibber, 'I make wind.] In his letter to Vr. P. Mr. C. solemnly declares this it a question, whether Alexander himself, or Charles the not to be literally true. We hope, therefore, the reader will Twelth of Sweden, when at the head of their first victorious understand it allegorically only. arinies, kould feel a greater transport in their bosoms than I Ver. 282. Annual trophies on the lord-mayor's day, and did in mine.'

monthly wars in the artillery ground. Ver. 233. A salle sorcerer.) Dr. Faustus, the subject Ver. 283. Though long my party.] Settle, like most of a set of farces, which lasted in vogue two or three sen- party writers, was very uncertain in his political principles fons, in which both playhouses strove to outdo each other. He was employed to hold the pen in the characier of a popish for some years. All the extravagances in the sixteen lines successor, but afterwards printed his narrative on the other Cullouing, were introduced on the stage, and frequented by sido He had managed the ceremony of a famous popie persons of the first quality in England, to the twentieth and burning, on Nov. 17, 1680; then became a trooper in king thirtieth time.

James's army, at llounslow-heath. After the Revolution, Ver. 237. Hell riscs, heaven descends, and dance on he krpt a booth at Bartholomew-fair, where, in the droll earth:) This monstrous absurdity was actually represented called St. George for England, he acted in his old age, in a iu Tibsal's Rape of Proserpine.

dragon of green leather of his own invention: ho was al las Ver. 248. LO!one vast egg.) In another of these farces taken into the Charter-house, and there died, aged sixty Ilarlequin is hatched upon the stage, out of a large egg. years.

Happier thy fortunes ! like a rolling stone, See under Ripley rise a new Whitehall,
Thy giddy dulness still shall lumber on,

While Jones' and Boyle's united labours fall :
Safe in ix heaviness shall never stray,

While Wren with sorrow to the grave descends, But lick up every blockhead in the way.

Gay dies unpension'd, with a hundred friends; 330 Thee shall the patriot, thee the courtier taste, Hibernian politics, O Swift! thy fate; And every year be duller than the last,

And Pope's, ten years to comment and translate. Till raised from booths, to theatre, to court, Her seat imperial Dulness shall transport.


Already opera prepares the way,
The sare forerunner of her gentle sway;

the king against Benson, for such a misrepresentation; but

the earl of Sunderland, then secretary, case them an unsurLet her thy heart, next drabs and dice, engage, ance that his majesty would remove hin, which was done The third mad passion of thy doting age.

accordingly. In favour of this man, the limous wir ChirintoTeach thou the warbling Polypheme to roar,

pher Wren, who had been architect to the crown for above

finty years, who had built most of the churches in London, And scream thyself as none e'er scream'd before! laid the first stone of St. Paul's, and lived to finish it, bad To aid our cause, if heaven thou canst not bend, been dimplaced from his employment at the age of pear

ninety years. Hell thou shalt move ; for Faustus is our friend;

Ver. 3:26. Ambrose Phillips.] He was,' saith Mr. J..cob, Pluto with Cato thou for this shalt join,

one of the wits at Button's, and a juntee of the juare: And link the Mourning Bride to Proserpine. 310 but he hath since met with higher preferment in baland:

and a much greater chararter we late of him in Mr. Gila Grub-street! thy fall should men and gods conspire, don's Complete Art of Portry, vol. 1. p. 157. Indeed he Thy stage shall stand, insure it but from fire; confesses, he dares not st him quite on the same foot with Another Æschylus appears! prepare

Virgil, lest it should seem flaitery, but he is much nutaken

if posterity do-s not afford him a grcalar esteem that he at For new abortions, all ye pregnant fair!

presenta njoys' lle endeavourrd o create some misuudesIn fames, like Semele's, be brought to bed,

standing between our author and Mr. Addison, whom nivo

soon after he abused as much. His conant cry that While opening hell spouts wild-tire at your head.

Mr. P. was an enemy to the government; and in particular Now, Bavius, take the poppy from thy brow, he was the avowed author of a report very indunniotiniy And place it here! here, all ye heroes, bow! spread, that he had a hand in a parti-paper called the ExThis, this is he, foretold by ancient rhymes :

aminer: a fu'sehool we!! known to those yet living, who

had the direction and publication of it. The Augustus born to bring Saturnian times. 320

Ver. 324. While Jones' and Boyle's united labours fall:) Signs following signs lead on the mighty year; At the time when this parni win written, the bani acting See! the dull stars roll round and re-appear.

house of Whitehall, the church and piazza of Cuvelilaar

den, and the palace and chapel of Sonnet-house, the See, sea, our own true Phæbus wears thy bays ! works of the famous Inigo Jones, had been for many years Our Midas sits lord chancellor of plays!

so reglected, as to be in danger of ruin. Tlie perico of

Covent-garden church had birta just then restore t! and On poets' tombs see Benson's titles writ!

beartificil, at the expense of the euri of Burlingtun; u ho, at Lo! Ambrose Phillips is preferr'd for wit!

the same time, by his publication of the desigis otth great master and Palladio, as well as by many noble buildings of his own, revived the true taste of architecture in this hing


Ver. 330. Giy dies unpension'd, &r.] Se Mr. Gay's Ver. 27. Thee shall be patriot thee the courtier taste,] fable of the Hare and many Friends. This gentleman was I picod n the first edition with blanks, ** and * *. Cin-early in the friendship of our auther, which continue to his einen was see othey must neds mein nobody hut King death. He wrote several works of humour with great sucGiessege and Quen Caroline; and said he would insist it was rexa, the Shepheral's Work, Trivia, th: What d'ye call it, si), till the port cleared himseit by filling up the blanks Fables, and lastly the celebrated Borgars Ojera; a piece Oherwise, agreeably to the context, and consistent with his of satire which hit ail tastes and degrees of men, from bose allegiance' Pret to a collection of verses, letters, &c of the highest quality to the very rabble: thai verse of against Mr. P. printed for A. Kloore, p. 6.

Horace, Vep.345. Polyplemo ] He translated the Italian opera

Primores populi arripuit, populumque trihutim,' of Poliferno; but unfortunatily lost the whole jest of the story. The Cyrioparks Ulysses his name, who tells him could never he so justly applied ge to this. The vast suchis name is Nonno: after h s eye is put ont, he roirs and cpus ofil was unpricedented, and alnuost incredible; what is calls the brother Cyclops to his aid: they inquire who has related of the wonderful effects of the ancient mostrar burt him? he answers Noman: whereupon they all go tragedy hardly came up to it: Sophocles und Euripideg away hin. Our ingenious translator made Ulysses an- were less followed and famous. It was not d in London ewer, linke no name; whereby all that followed became sixty-three days, uninterrupted; and removed the next seaEnintelligible. Hence it appears that Mr. Cibbor (who son with equal applausry. It spread into all t1.r great values himself oo subscribing to the Engish translation of towns of England, was played in ma'y places to the thirtieth Homer's lat) had not that merit with respect to the and fortieth time, and at Bath and Brinol fifte, &: It Odyssey, or he might have been better instructed in the made it to progress into Wales, Scotland, and Ireland where Grik punnology.

it was performed twenty-four days together; it was last Ver 304, 30). Faustus, Pluto, &c.] Names of misera- acted in Minorra. The fame of i was not confined to the ble fares which it was the cur'on to act at the end of the author only: the ladies carried about with them the favourbest tragedies, to spoil the digestion of the audirocr. lite songs of it in fans; and houses were furnished with it in

Ver. 31 Tosure it but from fire.! In Tibbald's farer srpeen. The pussen who act! P'oliv, till then ob cure, heof Proserpine, a corn field was 8.1 on fire; whereupon the came at once the favourite of the town: ber pieturas were other plastong bad a baru burnt down for the recreation engravad, and sold in grunt numbera, her life written, books of the scrators. They also rivalled each other in showing of letters and verses to her published; and pamphlets mado the burning of hell-fire, in Dr. F:14!118.

even of her savings and jee's. Ver. 313. Another Aschylus appears!! It is reported of Furthermore, it drove out of England, for that sonenn, the Eachylus, tai when hiv tragedy of the Furies was acted, Valian aura, which had carried all befip it for ten years. that the audince were so terrified, that the children fell into Thnt idol of the nobility and people, which the goat critic fls, and the big bullied women miscarried.

Mr. Dennis by the labours and ou'rring of a whole life could Ver. 395. On popis' tombe sue Benson's titles writ!! not overthrose, was demolished by a single piroke of this W-n Benson surveyor of the building to his maj sty K gentleman's pen. This happened in the year 1792 Gvorge 1.) 11p in a report to the lordi-, that their blouse and great was hia modesty, thui he constantly prefixell in all the Painted-chrubop adining wore in immediate danger of droue of it this motto: Vos hor nonimus l8sp nihil. falling. Wuppeupon the lordu mer in a committee in np Ver. 339. And Pope's, on vears to comment and transpoin' none other plicto sit in, while the house should he 1948. ] Teanthor hire plainly laments, that he is so long inken down. But it bang opel in canst enne olier amplays of in Fracelaling and commending.

ile biman the Luilders first to inspect it, they found it in very good corinti tini in 1713 and finished it in 1719. The edition o!' Shak uod. The luids, upon this, were going upou an address to 'speare (which le undertook merely because nobody else

Yet so

Proceed, great days ! till learning fly the shore, tically adorned, offering her strange and exotic pre Till birch shall blush with noble blood no more,

sents: amongst them, one stands forth and demande Till Thames see Eton's sons for ever play,

justice on another, who had deprived him of one of 'Till Westminster's whole year be holiday,

the greatest curiosities in nature; but he justifies him Till Isis’ elders reel, their pupils sport,

self so well, that the goddess gives them both her ap

probation. She recommends to them to find proper And alma mater lie dissolved in port!'

employment for the indolents before mentionel, in the “Enough! enough!'—the raptured monarch cries, study of butterflies, shells, birds' nests, moss, &c, bu: And through the ivory gate the vision flies. 310 with particular caution, not to proceed beyond trifles,

to any useful or extensive views of nature, or of the Author of nature. Against the last of these appre

hensions, she is secured by a hearty address from the BOOK THE FOURTH

minute philosophers and free-thinkers, one of whom

speaks in the name of the rest. The youth thus in. ARGUMENT.

structed and principled, are delivered to her in a body, The poet being, in this book, to declare the completion

by the hands of Silenus; and then admitted to taste of the prophecies mentioned at the end of the former,

the cup of the Magus, her high priest, which causes a makes a new invocation; as the greater poets are

total oblivion of all obligations, divine, civil, moral, wont, when some high and worthy matter is to be or rational. To these, her adepts, she sends priests, sung. He shows the goddess coming in her majesty,

attendants, and comforters, of various kinds; confers to destroy order and science, and to substitute the

on them orders and degrees; and then dismissing them kingdom of the Dull upon earth. Ilow she leads cap.

with a speech, contirming to each his privileges, and tive the sciences, and silences the muses; and what

telling what she expects from each, concludes with a they be who succeed in their stead. All her children,

yawn of extraordinary virtue: the progress and efferis by a wonderful attraction, are drawn about her; and

whereof on all orders of men, and the consummation bear along with them divers others, who promote her

of all in the restoration of night and chaos, conclude empire by connivance weak resistance, or discourage.

the poem. ment of arts; such as half-wits, tasteless admirers, vain pretenders. the flatterers of dunces, or the patrons

BOOK IV. of them. All these crowd round her; one of them, off'ying to approach her, is driven back by a rival, but Yet, yet a moment, one dim ray of light she commends and encourages both. The tirst who Indulge, dread Chaos, and eternal Night! speak in form are the geniuses of the schools, who as. Of darkness visible so much be lent, sure her of their care 10 advance her cause by contining As half'to show, half veil the deep intent. youth to words, and keeping them out of the way of Ye powers! whose mysteries restored I sing, real knowledge. Their address, and her gracious an. To whom Time bears me on his rapid wing, swer; with her charge to them and the universities, The universities appear by their proper deputies, and Suspend a while your force inertly strong, assure her that the same method is observed in the Then take at once the poet and the song. progress of education. The speech of Aristarchus on

Now flamed the dog-star's unpropitious ray, inis subject. They are driven off by a band of young Smote every brain, and wither'd every bay: 10 gentlemen returned froin travel with their tutors; Sick was the sun, the owl forsook his bower, one of whom delivers to the goddess, in a polite ora. The moon-struck prophet felt the madding hour: tion, an account of the whole conduct and fruits of Then rose the seed of Chaos and of Night, their travels; presenting to her at the same time a To blot out order, and extinguish light, young nobleman perfectly accomplished. She receives him graciously, and endues him with the happy Of dull and venal a new world to mould, quality of want of shame. She sees loitering about And bring Saturnian days of lead and gold. her a number of indolent persons abandoning all busi. ness and duty, and dying with laziness: to these ap.

REMARKS proaches the antiquary Annins, entreating her to This book may properly be distinguished from the former, make them virtuosos, and assign them over to him; by the name of the Greater Dunejad, not so indeed in size, but Mummius, another antiquary, complaining of his but in subject; and so far contrary to the distinchon anfraudulent proceeding, she finds a method to reconcile ciently made of the Greater and Lesser Iliad. But murba their difference. Then enter a troop of people fantas- rior to the former, or of any other hand than of our poet; of

are they mistaken who imagine this work in any wise inft which I am much more certain than that the lliad it was

the work of Solomon, or the Batrachomuomachia of Himet, REMARKS. as Barnes bath affirmed.

Bentl. would) took up near two years more in the drudgery of com- Ver. 1, &c. This is an invocation of much piety. The paring impressions, rectifying the scenery, &c. and the trans- poet, willing to approve himself a genuine son, beginneth lation of ihe Odyssey employed him from that time to 1725. by showing (what is ever agreeable io Dulness) his high rea

Ver. 333. Proceid, great days! &c.] It may, perhaps, spect for antiquity and a great family, how dead or dark neem incredible, that so great a revolution in learning as is soever: next declareth his passion for explaining myslenes; here prophesied, should be brought about by such weak in- und lastly his impatience to be re-united to her. Script struments as have been (hitherio) described in our poem: Ver. 2. Dread Chaos, and eternal Night!). Invoked, as but do not thou, gentle reader, rest too secure in thy con- the restoration of their empire is the action of the po•in. tempt of these instruments. Remember wbat the Dutch Ver. 14. To blot out order, and extinguish light.] The stories somewhere relate, that a great part of their provinces two great ends of her mission; the one in quality of danghter was onco overflowed, by a small opening made in one of of Chaos, the other as daughter of Night. Order here is to their dykes by a single water rat.

be understood extensively, both as civil and moral; the disHowever, that such is not seriously the judgment of our tinction between bigh and low in society, and true and fake poet, but that he conceireth better hopes from the diligence in individuals: Ight as intellectual only, wit, science, arts, of our schools, from the regularity of our universities, the Ver. 15. Of dull and venal.] The allegare continued; discernment of our great men, the accomplishments of our dull referring to the extinction of light or science: venalto nobility, the encouragement of our patrons, and the genius the destruction of order, and the truth of things. of our writers of all kinds (notwithstanding some few ex- Thid. A new world.] In alusion to the Epicuran ceptions in each,) may plainly be seen from his conclusion; opinion, that from the dissolution of the natural world into where, causing all this vision to pass through the ivory gate, Night and Chaos, a new one should arise; this the portak he expressly, in the language of poesy, declares all such im.inding in, in the production of a new moral world, mules ! aginations to be wild, ungrounded, and fictitious.

partake of its original principles. Scribi.

Ver. 16. Lead and gold.1 i.e. dull and venal.

She mounts the throne: her head a cloud con- But sober History restrain'd her rage, ceal'd,

And promised vengeance on a barbarous age 40 In broad effulgence all below reveal'd:

There sunk Thalia, nerveless, cold, and dead, ('Tis thus aspiring Dulness ever shines :)

Had not her sister Satire held her head :
soft on her lap her laureate son reclines. 20 Nor couldst thou, Chesterfield! a tear refuse;

Beneath her footstool, science groans in chains, Thou weptst, and with thee wept each gentle muse ;
And wit dreads exile, penalties, and pains. When lo! a harlot form soft sliding by,
There foam'd rebellious logic, gagg’d and bound; With mincing step, small voice, and languid eye:
There, stripp'd, fair rhetoric languish'd on the ground; Foreign her air, her robe's discordant pride
His blunted arms by sophistry are borne,

In patch-work Puttering, and her head aside ;
And shameless Billingsgate her robes adorn. By singing peers upheld on either hand,
Morality, by her false guardians drawn,

She tripp'd and laugh'd, too pretty much to stand, 50 Chicane in furs, and casuistry in lawn,

Cast on the prostrate Nine a scornful look,
Gasps, as they straighten at each end the cord, Then thus in quaint recilutivo spoke:
And dies, when Dulness gives her Page the word. 30 "O Cara! Cara! silence all that train :
Mad Mathesis alone was unconfined,

Joy to great Chaos! let division reign :
Too mad for mere material chains to bind,

Chromatic tortures soon shall drive them hence, Now to pure space lifts her ecstatic stare,

Break all their nerves and fritter all their sense ; Now running round the circle, finds it


One trill shall harmonize joy, grief, and rage, But held in tenfold bonds the Muses lie,

Wake the dull church, and luil the ranting stage; Watch'd both by Envy's and by Flattery's eye ; To the same notes thy sons shall hum, or snore, There to her heart sad Tragedy address'd

And all thy yawning daughters cry, encore. GO The dagger wont to pierce the tyrant's breast;


Ver. 39. But sober History.] History attenils on tragedy, Ver. 20. Her laureate son reclines.] With great judg- satire on comedy; as their substitutes in the discharge of ment it is inia vined by the poet, that such a colleague as their distinct functions; the one in high lite, recording the Daines, had elected, should sleep on the throne, and have crimes and punishments of the great; the other in luw, expary little share in the action of the poein. Accordingly be posing the vices or follies of the common people. But it hito done little or nothing from the day of his anointing ; may be asked, how came history and attire to be admitted having passed through the second book without taking part with impunity to administer comfort to the M1-es, even in in any thing that was transacted about him; and through the presence of the goddess, and in the midst of all her trithe third in profound sleep. Nor ought this, well consider- umphs ? A question,' says Scriblerus, ' which we thus reed, 10 sem strange in our days, when so many king-consorts solve: Ilistory was brourht up in ber in lan y by Dulness bave done the like.

Scribl. herself; but being afterwards espoused into a noble house, This verse our excellent laureate took so to heart, that he she forgot (as i usoal) the humility of her birth, and the appealed to all mankind, ' if he was not as seldom asleep as cares other early friends. This occasioned a long estrange any fool!' But it is hoped the poet hath not injured bim, ment between her and Dulness. Au length, in process of but rather verified his prophecy (p. 243 of his own Lite, Evo. tim, they met logoer in a monk's coll, were reconciled, eb, 1x.) where he says, 'the reader will be as much pleased and became better friends than ever. After this they had a to find me a dunce in my old age, as he was to prove me a second quarrel, but it held not long, and are now again on brick blockhead in my youth. Wherever there was nny reasonable terms, and so are likely to continue.' This acroom for brinkti 34, or alacrity of any sort, even in sinking, counts for the connivance shown to history on this occasion. he hath had it allowed; but here, where there is nothing for But the boldness of satire spring from a very different hina to do but to take bis natural rest, he must permit his cause; for the reader ought to know, that she alone of all bistorian to be silent. It is from their actions only that the sisters is unconquerable, never to be silenced, when truly primers have their character, and poets from their works; inspired and animated (ns should seem) from above, for this and it in thoan he be as much asleep as any fool, the poet very purpose, to oppose the kingdom of Dulness to her last must leave him and them to sleep to all eternity.' Bentl.

brenth. Ibid. Her laure:te.] "When I find my name in the sa:

Ver. 43. Nor couldst thou, &c.] This noble person in tirical works of this poet, I never look upon it as any malice the year 1737, when the act aforesaid was brought into the meant to me, but prolit to hinself. For ho considers that house of Lords, opposed it in an excellent speech,' says Mr. my face is more known than most in the nation; and therebber, with a lively spirit, and uncommon eloquence.' fore a lick at the laureate will be a sure brit ad captandum This speech had the honour to be answered by the said Mr. bulmur, to catch little readers.' Life of Colley Cibber, ch. ii. Cibber, with a lively spirit also, and in a manner very un

Now if it be certain, that the works of our poct have common, in the eighth chapter of his life and Munners. owed their success to this ingenious expedient, we hence de- And here, gentle reader, would I gladly insert the other five an unanswerable argument, that this fourth Dunciad, speech, whereby thou mightest judge between them; but ! 1a well as the former three, hath had the author's last hand, must defer it on account of some differences not yet adjusted 89d was by him intended for the press: or else to what pur- between the noble author and niyself, concerning the true pose hath be crowned it, as we see, by this finishing stroke, reading of certain passages,

Bentl. the profitable Ick at the laureate ?

Denti. Ver. 45. When lo! a harlot form] The attitude given Ver. 21,

Beneath her footstool, &c.] We are next to this phantom represents the nature and genius of the presented with the picture of tbuse whom the goddess leads Talian opera; its affected airs, effi minnte sounds, and the nur captivity, Science is only depressed and confined so as practice of patching up three operas with favourite songs, to be reade od uwiess; but wit orgonius, as a more danger-incoherently put togrther. These things were supported by ous and active enerny, punished, or driven away: Dulces the subscrip'ions of the nobility. This circumstance, that being often reconciled in some degree will learning, but opera should prepare for the opening of the grand sessions, never want torns with wit. And accordingly it will be was prophesied of in Douk iii. ver. 305. seen that she admits somethin: like each science, as caguistry, shi-try, &c. but nothing like wit; opera alone supply.

• Already Opera propares the way, in: its place

The sure forerunne of her gentle sway.' Ver. 30 Gives her Page the word.) There was a judge Vnr. 54. Let division reign | Alluding to the false taste of of this name, always ready to hang any man that came be-playing tricks in music with berloss divisions, to the nefire him, of which łom was suffisent to give a fuocired mise- glect of that harmony which conforms to the senap, and ajho amples, curing a long life, even to his do'ngo.-plies to the passions. Mr. Un del had introduced a great Though the candid Seriblius imagined Page here to mean number of hands, and more va lety of instruments into the no more than a pige or mute, and to allode to the custom orchestra, and employed even drums and cannon to make a of stranging the criminals in Turkey by mutes or pages. Fuller chorus: which proved so touch 100 manly for the fine A pracice more derent than that of our Page, who before gentlemen of his age, that he was obliged to reinore his mube hanged any one, loaded him with reproachful lansnace. sic into Lernd. After which they were reduced, for want


of composers, to practice the patch-work above-mentioned.

Another Phæbus, thy own Phæbus, reigns, On two uneqnal crutches propt he came,
Joys in my jigs, and dances in my chains.

Milton's on this, on that one Johnston's name.
But soon, ah soon! rebellion will commence, The decent knight retir’d with sober rage,
If music meanly borrow's aid from sense :

Withdrew his hand, and clos'd the pompous page; Strong in new arms, lo! giant Handel stands, But (happy for him as the times went then) Like bold Briareus, with a hundred hands :

Appear'd Apollo's mayor and aldermen,
To stir, to rouse, to shake the soul he comes, On whom three hundred gold-capt youths awa't,
And Jove's own thunders follow Mars's drums. To lug the ponderous volume off in state.
Arrest him, empress, or you sleep no more- 70 When Dulness, smiling-thus revive the wits!
She heard, and drove himn to the Ilibernian shore. But murder first, and inince them all to bits; 120

And now had Fame's posterior trumpet blown, As erst Medea (cruel, so to save!)
And all the nations summond to the throne. A new edition of old Eson gave;
The young, the old, who feel her inward sway, Let standard authors thus, like trophies borne,
One instinct seizes, and transports away.

Appear more glorious as more hack'd and torn. None need a guide, by sure attraction led,

And you, my critics! in the chequer'd shade, And strong impulsive gravity of head :

Admire new light thro' holes yourselves have made None want a place, for all their centre found, Leave not a foot of verse, a foot of stone, Hung to the goddess, and coher'd around.

A page, a grave, that they can call their own; Not closer, orb in orb, conglob’d are seen

But spread, my sons, your glory thin or thick, The buzzing bees about their dusky queen. 80 (On passive paper, or on solid brick;

130 The gathering number, as it moves along, So by each bard an alderman shall sit, Involves a vast involuntary throng,

A heavy lord shall hang at every wit, Who, gently drawn, and struggling less and less, And while on Fame's triumphant car they ride, Roll in her vortex, and her pow'r confess:

Somne slave of mine be pinion'd to their side.' Not those alone who passive own her laws,

Now crowds on crowds around the goddess press, But who, weak rebels, more advance her cause. Each eager to present the first address. Whate'er of Dunce in college or in town

Dunce scorning dunce behold the next advance, Sneers at another, in toupee or gown;

But fop shows fop superior complaisance.
Whate'er of mongrel no one class admits,
A wit with dunces, and a dunce with wits. 90

Nor absent they, no members of her state,
Who pay her homage in her sons, the great;

Ver. 113. The decent knight.) An eminent person who

was about to publish a very pompous edition of a great au. Who, false to Phæbus, bow the knee to Baal, thor at his own expense. Or impious, preach his word without a call;

Ver. U15, &c.] These four lines were printed in a sepa.

rate lenf by Mr. Pope in the last edition, which he binsell Patrons, who sneak from living worth to dead,

gave, of the Dunciad, with directions to the printer, to put Withhold the pension, and set up the head; this leaf into its place as soon as Sir T. H.'s Suakspeare Or vest dull Nattery in the sacred gown,

should be published. Or give from fool to fool the laurel crown:

Ver. 119. Thus revive,' &c.] The goddess applauds

the practice of tacking the obscure names of persins no And (last and worst) with all the cant of wit, eminent in any branch of learning, 10 those of the most disWithout the soul, the muse's hypocrite. 100 tinguished writers; either by pruting editions of their works

with impertinent alterations of their text, or in fornier inThere march'd the bard and blockhead side by stances; or by setting up monuments disgmeed with their side,

own vile names and inscriptions, as in the latter. Who rhym'd for hire, and patroniz'd for pride.

Ver. 128. A page, a grave,) For uhai less than a grave

can be granted to a dead author! or what less than a page Narcissus, prais'd with all a parson's power,

can be allowed a living one ? Look'd a white lily sunk beneath a shower.

Ibid. A page,] Pagina, not pedissequuz. A page of a There mov'd Montalto with superior air ;

book, not a vervan!, follower, or attendant; to poft hasing

had a page since the death of Mr. Thomas Dury. Scrill. His stretch'd-out arm display'd a volume fair; Ver. 131. Si by each bard an alderman, &r.] Vide be Courtiers and patriots in two ranks divide,

Tombs of the Ports, editio Westmonast riensis. Through both he pass’d, and bow'd from side to side; ment erecord for Busier bv alderman Barber.

Ibid. --an aldrman shall , Alluding to the one But as in graceful act, with awful eye,

Ver. 132 A heavy lord shall hang at every wjt.) How Compos'd he stood, bold Benson thrust him by : 110 unnatural an image, and how ill supported ! saith Aristar

chus. llad it been,

A heavy wit shall hang at every lord,

something might have been said, in an age so distinguished Ver. 76 to 101. It ought to be observed that here are three for well-judging patrons. For lord, then, read low: that is, classes in this assembly. The firsi, of men absolutely and of dehts here, and of commentaries hereafter. To this puravowedly dull, who naturally adhere to the goddess, and a repose, conspicuous is the case of the poor null or of Hudos imaged in the simile of the bees about their queen. The whos body, long since weighed down to the grainly a load second involuntarily drawn to her, though not caring to own of debts, bus latels had a more unmicifullend of commra. her influence; from ver. 81 10 90. The third, of such as, taries laid upon him spirit; wherein the editor has acl posed though not members of her sir e, yet advance her service more than Virgil himself, when he turned critie, could boast by flattering Duiners, cultivatin mistaken talents, patronis- of, which was only, that he had picked gold out of another ing vile beribblers, discourgin: living merit, or setting up man's dung; whereas the editor has picked it out of his for wits, and men oftasie in a s they understand not; from own ver. 91 to 10).

Aristarchus thinks the common reading right: ant that Ver. 108. --bow'd from sids to side:) As being of no one the author himself had been struggling, and liut jus: shukea party.

off his loud, when he wrote the following pram: Ver. 110. Bold Benson.] This man end-avoured to raise My lord complains, that Pope, stark mad with garders, hims.lfto fare by crecling minuments, *triking coins, setting Has lopp'd thinetrors, the salue of three faribings: op heada, and procuring irun-lations of Milion; and after- Ru: he's my neighbour, cristhe prer nolite, wards hy as great a passion for Arthur Johnston, a Scotch And if he'll visit me, I wave my right. physician's Version of the Psalms, of which he printed many W!11! On commision ? ano maine is will, fine editions. See more of him, Book ii. ver. 325.

A lord's acquaintance? Let him file his bull.



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