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Persist, by all divine in man unawed

Immortal Rich! how calm he sits at ease But, Learn, ye Dunces! not to scorn your God.' 'Midst snows of paper, and fierce hail of peas; Thus he, for then a ray of reason stole

And, proud his mistress' orders to perform,
Half through the solid darkness of his soul; Rides in the whirlwind, and directs the storm.
But soon the cloud return'd, and thus the sire: But lo! to dark encounter in mid air,

See now, what Dulness and her sons admire! New wizards rise ; I see my Cibber there!
See what the charms, that smite the simple heart Booth in his cloudy tabernacle shrined,
Not touch'd by nature, and not reach'd by art.' 230 On grinning dragons thou shalt mount the wind.

His never-blushing head he turn'd aside, Dire is the conflict, dismal is the din,
(Not half so pleased when Goodman prophesied ;) Here shouts all Drury, there all Lincoln's-inn; 270
And look'd, and saw a sable sorcerer rise, Contending theatres our empire raise,
Swift to whose hand a winged volume flies : Alike their labours, and alike their praise.
All sudden, gorgons hiss, and dragons glare, And are these wonders, son, to thee unknown?
And ten horn'd fiends and giants rush to war. Unknown to thee? These wonders are thy own.
Hell rises, heaven descends, and dance on earth; These fate reserved to grace thy reign divine,
Gods, imps, and monsters, music, rage, and mirth, Foreseen by me, but, ah! withheld from mine.
A fire, a jig, a battle, and a ball,

In Lud's old walls though long I ruled, renown'd Till one wide conflagration swallows all. 240 Far as loud Bow's stupendous bells resound;

Thence a new world, to nature's laws unknown, Though my own aldermen conferr'd the bays, Breaks out refulgent, with a heaven its own; To me committing their eternal praise, 280 Another Cynthia her new journey runs,

Their full fed heroes, their pacific mayors, And other planets circle other suns.

Their annual trophies, and their monthly wars : The forests dance, the rivers upward rise, Though long my party built on me their hopes, Whales sport in woods, and dolphins in the skies; For writing pamphlets, and for roasting popes : And last, to give the whole creation grace, Yet lo! in me what authors have to brag on! Lo! one vast egg produces human race.

Reduced at last to hiss in my own dragon. Joy fills his soul, joy innocent of thought : Avert it, Heaven! that thou, my Cibber, e'er What power,' he cries, 'what power these wonders Shouldst wag a serpent-tail in Smithfield fair! wrought ?

250 Like the vile

straw that 's blown about the streets, "Son; what thou seek'st is in thee! Look, and find The needy poet sticks to all he meets,

290 Each monster meets his likeness in thy mind. Coach'd, carted, trode upon, now loose, now fast, Yet wouldst thou more? in yonder cloud behold, And carried off in some dog's tail at last. Whose sarsenet skirts are edged with flaming gold, A matchless youth! his nod these worlds controls, Wings the red lightning, and the thunder rolls. Angel of Dulness, sent to scatter round

REMARKS. Her magic charms o'er all unclassic ground: Ver. 261. Immortal Rich!) Mr. J. Rich, master of the Yon stars, yon suns, he rears at pleasure higher,

theatre-royal in Covent-garden, was the first that excelled

this way. Ilumes their light, and sets their flames on fire. 260 Ver. 266. I see my Cibber there!] The history of the

foregoing absurdities is verified by himself, in these words, (Life, chap. xv.) "Then sprung forth that succession of monstrous medleys that have so long infested the stage,

which arose upon one another alternately at both houses, REMARKS.

outvieing each other in expense.' He then proceeds to exciples of Moses asserted, &c. p. 2, by Julias Bate, A. M. cuse his own part in them, as follows :-If am asked why chaplain to the right honourable the earl of Harrington. I assented ? I have no better excuse for my error than to London, 1744, 8vo.

Scribl. confess I did it against my conscience, and had oot virtue Ver. 224. But, Learn, ye Dunces ! not to scorn your enough to starve. Had Henry IV. of France a better for God.') The hardest lesson a donce can

learn. For being changing bis religion? I was still in my heart, as much as bred to scorn what he does not understand, that which he he could be, on the side of truth and sense: bat with this understands least he will be apt to scorn most. Of which, difference, that I had their leave to quit them when they to the disgrace of all government, and, in the poet's opinion, could not support me. But let the question go which way it even of that of Dulness herself, we have had a late example, will, Harry IVth has always been allowed a great man. in a book entitled Philosophical Essays concerning Human This must be confessed a full answer: only the question still Understanding.

seems to be, 1. How the doing a thing against one's con Ver. 224. Not to scorn your God."] See this subject science is an excuse for it? and, 2dly, It will be hard to prova pursued io Book iv,

how he got the leave of truth and sense to quit their service, Ver. 232. (Not half so pleased when Goodman prophesi- unless he can produce a certificate that he ever was in it. ed.)] Mr. Cibber tells us, in his life, p. 149, that Goodman Ver. 266, 267. Booth and Cibber were joint managers of being at the rehearsal of a play, in which he had a part, the theatre in Drury-lane. Clapp'd him on the shoulder, and cried, 'If he does not make Ver. 268. On grinning dragons thou shalt mount the a good actor, I'll be d-d. And,' says Mr. Cibber, 'I make wind.] In his letter to Mr. P. Mr. C. solemnly declares this it a question, whether Alexander himself, or Charles the not to be literally true. We hope, therefore, the reader will Twelfth of Sweden, when at the head of their first victorious understand it allegorically only. armies, could feel a greater transport in their bosoms than I Ver. 282. Annual trophies on the lord-mayor's day, and did io mine.

monthly wars in the artillery ground. Ver. 233. A sable sorcerer.) Dr. Faustos, the subject Ver. 283. Though long my party.] Settle, like most of a set of farces, which lasted in vogue two or three sea- party writors, was very uncertain in his political principles sons, in which both playhouses strove to outdo each other he was employed to hold the pen in the character of a popish for some years. All the extravagances in the sixteen lines successor, but afterwards printed his narrative on the other following, were introduced on the stage, and frequented by side He had managed the ceremony of a famous pope persons of the first quality in England, to the twentieth and burning, on Nov. 17, 1680; then became a trooper in king thirtieth time.

James's army, at Hounslow-honth. After the Revolation, Ver. 237. Hell rises, heaven descends, and dance on he kept a booth at Bartholomew-fait, where, in the droll earth :) This monstrous absurdity was actually

represented called St. George for England, he acted in his old age, in a In Tibbald's Rape of Proserpine.

dragon of green leather of his own invention; ho was at las Ver. 248. Lo! one vast egg.] In another of these farces taken into the Charter-house, and there died, aged sixty Il axlequin is hatched upon the stage, out of a large egg. years.

Happier thy fortunes ! like a rolling stone, See under Ripley rise a new Whitehall,
Thy giddy dalness still shall lumber on,

While Jones' and Boyle's united labours fall :
Safe in is heaviness shall never stray,

While Wren with sorrow to the grave descends, But lick up every blockhead in the way.

Gay dies unpension’d, with a hundred friends; 330 Thee shall the patriot, thee the courtier taste, Hibernian politics, O Swift! thy fate; And every year be duller than the last,

And Pope's, ten years to comment and translate. Till raised from booths, to theatre, to court, Her seat imperial Dulness shall transport. 300

REMARKS. Already opera prepares the way, l'he sure forerunner of her gentle sway;

the king against Benson, for such a misrepresentation; but

the earl of Sunderland, then secretary, gave them an ansurLet her thy heart, next drabs and dice, engage, ance that his majesty would remove him, which wns done *The third mad passion of thy doting age.

accordingly. In favour of this man, the famous sir ChristoTeach thou the warbling Polypheme to roar,

pher Wren, who had been architect to the crown for above

fifty years, who had built most of the churches in London, And scream thyself as none e'er scream'd before ! laid the first stone of St. Paul's, and lived to finish it, had To aid our cause, if heaven thou canst not bend, been displaced from his employment at the age of near

ninety years. Hell thou shalt move; for Faustus is our friend; Ver. 326. Ambrose Phillips.] He was,' saith Mr. Jacob, Pluto with Cato thou for this shalt join,

one of the wits at Button's, and a justice of the pace: And link the Mourning Bride to Proserpine. 310 but he hath since met with higher preferment in Ireland: Grub-street! thy fall should men and gods conspire, don's Complete Art of Poetry, vol. i. p. 157. Indeed he

and a much greater character we have of him in Mr. GilThy stage shall stand, insure it but from fire; confesses, he dares not set him quite on the same foot with Another Æschylus appears! prepare

Virgil, lest it should seem flattery, but he is much mistaken For new abortions, all ye pregnant fair!

if posterity does not afford bim a greater esteem than he at

present enjoys,' Ile endeavouredo create some misunderIn fiames, like Semele's, be brought to bed,

standing between our author and Mr. Addison, whom also While opening hell spouts wild-fire at your head.

soon after he abused as much. His constant cry was, that

Mr. P. was an enemy to the government; and in particular Now, Bavius, take the poppy from thy brow, he was the avowed author of a report very industriously And place it here! here, all ye heroes, bow! spread, that he had a hand in a party-paper called the ExThis, this is he, foretold by ancient rhymes :

aminer: a fulsehood well known to those yet living, who

had the direction and publication of it. The Augustus born to bring Saturnian times. 320 Ver. 328. While Jones' and Boyle's united labours fall:] Signs following signs lead on the mighty year; At the time when this poem was written, the banquetingSee! the dull stars roll round and re-appear.

house of Whitehall, the church and piazza of Covent-gar

den, and the palace and chapel of Somerset- house, the See, see, our own true Phæbus wears thy bays ! works of the famous Inigo Jones, had been for many years Our Midas sits lord chancellor of plays!

so neglected, as to be in danger of ruin. The portico of

Covent-garden church had been just then restored and On poets' tombs see Benson's titles writ!

beautified, at the expense of the earl of Burlington; who, at Lo! Ambrose Phillips is preferr'd for wit! the same time, by his publication of the designs of that great

master and Palladio, as well as by many noble buildings of

his owo, revived the true taste of architecture in this king. REMARKS.


Ver. 330. Guy dies unpension'd, &c.] See Mr. Gay's Ver. 297. Thee shall the patriot, thee the courtier taste,] fable of the Hare and many Friends. This gentleman was It Blood in the first edition with blanks, ** and ** Con- early in the friendship of our author, which continued to his canen was sure they must needs mean nobody but King death. He wrote several works of humour with great sucGeorge and Quen Caroline; and said he would insist it was ceas, the Shepherd's Werk, Trivia, the What d'ye call it, 50, till the poet cleared himself by filling up the blanks Fables, and lastly the celebrated Beggar's Opera; a piece otherwise, agreeably to the context, and consistent with his of satire which hit all tastes and degrees of men, from those allegiance. Pref. to a collection of verses, letters, &c. of the highest quality to the very rabble: that verse of against Mr. P. printed for A. Moore, p. 6.

Horace, Ver. 305. Polypheme ] He translated the Italian opera of Polifemo; but unfortunately lost the whole jest of the

"Primores populi arripuit, populumque tributim,' story. The Cyclop asko Ulysses his name, who tells him could never be so justly applied as to this. The vast kuchis name is Nomad: after his eye is put out, he roars and cess of it was unprecedented, and alnıost ineredible: what is rails the brother Cyclops to his aid: they inquire who has related of the wonderful effects of the ancient rosir or burt him? he answers Noman: whereupon they all go tragedy hardly came up to it: Sophocles and Euripides away again. Our ingenious translator made Ulysses an- were less followed and famous. It was acted in London swer, I take no name ; whereby all that followed became sixty-three days, uninterrupted ; and renewed the next seaCointelligible. Hence it appears that Mr. Cibber (who son with equal applauseg. It spread into all the great values himselt on subscribing to the English translation of towns of England, was played in many places to the thirtieth Homer's Jliad) had not that merit with respect to the and fortieth time, and at Bath and Bristol fifty, &r. It Odyssey, or he might have been better instructed in the made its progress into Wales, Scotland, and Ireland where Grrek puanology.

it was performed twenty-four days together; it was last Ver. 308, 309. Faustus, Pluto, &c.) Names of misera- acted in Minorca. The fame of it was not confined to the ble farces which it was the custom to act at the end of the author only; the ladies carried about with them the favourbext tragedies, to spoil the digestion of the audience. ite songs of it in fans; and houses were furnished with it in

Ver. 312. Iosure it but from fire.] In Tibbald's farce screens. The person who actes Polly, till then obscure, beof Proserpine, a coro field was art on fire; whereupon the came at once the favourite of the town: her pictures were other playhouse bad a barn burnt down for the recreation engraved, and sold in great numbers, her life written, booka of the spectators. They also rivalled each other in showing of letters and verses to her published; and pamphlets made the burnings of hell-fire, in Dr. Faustus.

even of her sayings and jee's. Ver. 313. Another Æschylos appears!) It is reported of Furthermore, it drove out of England, for that senson, the Æschylus, that when his tragerly of the Furies was acted, Talian opera, whch had carried all before it for ten years. that the audience were so terrified, that the children fell into Thnt idol of the nobility and people, which the great critic fits, and the big-bellied women miscarried.

Mr. Dennis by the labours and outcries of a whole life could Ver. 325. On poets' tomhs see Benson's titles writ! not overthrow, wae demolished by a single stroke of this W- Benson (surveyor of the buildings to his majesty K gentleman's pen. This happened in the year 1728. Yet so Georga I.) gave in a report to the lords, that their House and great was his modesty, that he constantly prefixed to all the Painted-chamber adjoining were in immediate danger of editions of it this motto: Nos hoc novimus esse nihil. falling. Whereupno the lords met in a committee to ap Ver. 332, And Pope's, ten years to comment and transpoint some other place to sit in, while the house should be late. The author hire plainlv laments, that he wos so long taken down. But it being proposed to cause some other employed in translating and commenting. He began the boilders first to inspect it, they found it in very good condi- Mind in 1713, and finished it in 1719. The edition of Shak tion. The lords, upon this, were going upon an address to speare (which le undertook merely because nobody else

Proceed, great days! till learning fly the shore, tically adorned, offering her strange and exotic pre Till birch shall blush with noble blood no more, sents: amongst them, one stands forth and demande Till Thames see Eton's sons for ever play,

justice on another, who had deprived him of one of Till Westminster's whole year be holiday,

the greatest curiosities in nature; but he justifies him Till Isis' elders reel, their pupils sport,

self so well, that the goddess gives them both her ap

probation. She recommends to them to find proper And alma mater lie dissolved in port!"

employment for the indolents before mentioned, in the *Enough! enough!—the raptured monarch cries, study of butterflies, shells, birds' nests, moss, &c-, bus And through the ivory gate the vision flies.


with particular caution, not to proceed beyond trifles, to any useful or extensive views of nature, or of the Author of nature. Against the last of these appre

hensions, she is secured by a hearty address from the BOOK THE FOURTH

minute philosophers and free-thinkers, one of whom ARGUMENT.

speaks in the name of the rest. The youth thus in.

structed and principled, are delivered to her in a body, The poet being, in this book, to declare the completion

by the hands of Silenus; and then admitted to taste of the prophecies mentioned at the end of the former,

the cup of the Magus, her high priest, which causes a makes a new invocation; as the greater poets are

total oblivion of all obligations, divine, civil, moral, wont, when some high and worthy matter is to be

or rational. To these, her adepts, she sends priests, sung. He shows the goddess coming in her majesty,

attendants, and comforters, of various kinds; confers to destroy order and science, and to substitute the

on them orders and degrees; and then dismissing them kingdom of the Dull upon earth. How she leads cap

with a speech, confirming to each his privileges, and tive the sciences, and silences the muses; and what

telling what she expects from each, concludes with a they be who succeed in their stead. All her children,

yawn of extraordinary virtue: the progress and effects by a wonderful attraction, are drawn about her; and

whereof on all orders of men, and the consummation bear along with them divers others, who promote her

of all in the restoration of mght and chaos, conclude empire by connivance weak resistance, or discouragement of arts; such as half-wits, tasteless admirers,

the poem. vain pretenders, the flatterers of dunces, or the patrons of them. All these crowd round her; one of them,

BOOK IV. offering to approach her, is driven back by a rival, but Yet, yet a moment, one dim ray of light she commends and encourages both. The first who Indulge, dread Chaos, and eternal Night! speak in form are the geniuses of the schools, who as. Of darkness visible so much be lent, sure her of their care to advance her cause by confining As half to show, half veil the deep intent. youth to words, and keeping them out of the way of Ye powers! whose mysteries restored I sing, real knowledge. Their address, and her gracious an. swer; with her charge to them and the universities. To whom Time bears me on his rapid wing, The universities appear by their proper deputies, and Suspend a while your force inertly strong, assure her that the same method is observed in the Then take at once the poet and the song. progress of education. The speech of Aristarchus on

Now flamed the dog-star's unpropitious ray, this subject. They are driven off by a band of young Smote every brain, and wither'd every bay: 10 gentlemen returned from travel with their tutors; Sick was the sun, the owl forsook his bower, one of whom delivers to the goddess, in a polite ora. The moon-struck prophet felt the madding hour: tion, an account of the whole conduct and fruits of Then rose the seed of Chaos and of Night, their travels; presenting to her at the same time a To blot out order, and extinguish light, young nobleman perfectly accomplished. She receives him graciously, and endues him with the happy of dull and venal a new world to mould, quality of want of shame. She sees loitering about And bring Saturnian days of lead and gold. her a number of indolent persons abandoning all busi. ness and duty, and dying with laziness: to these ap

REMARKS. proaches the antiquary Annius, entreating her to This book may properly be distinguished from the format, make them virtuosos, and assign them over to him; by the name of the Greater Dunciad, not so indeed in size, but Mummius, another antiquary, complaining of his but in subject; and so far contrary to the distinction anfraudulent proceeding, she finds a method to reconcile ciently made of the Greater and Lesser Iliad. But much their difference. Then enter a troop of people fantas-rior to the former, or of any

other hand than of our poet; of are they mistaken who imagine this work in any wise info

which I am much more certain than that the Iliad itself was REMARKS.

the work of Solomon, or the Batrachomuomachia of Homer, as Barnes bath affirmed.

Bentl. would) took up near two years more in the drudgery of com Ver. 1, &c.) This is an invocation of much piety. The paring impressions, rectifying the scenery, &c. and the trans- poet, willing to approve himself a genuine son, beginneth lation of the Odyssey employed him from that time to 1725. by showing (what is ever agreeable to Dulness) his high to

Ver. 333. Proceed, great days! &c.] It may, perhaps, spect for antiquity and a great family, how dead or dark seem incredible, that so great a revolution in learning as is soever: next declareth his passion for explaining mysteries; here prophesied, should be brought about by such weak in- and lastly his impatience to be re-united to her. Scribt. struments as have been (hitherto] described in our poem: Ver. 2. Dread Chaos, and eternal Night!) Invoked, as but do not thou, gentle reader, rest too secure in thy con- the restoration of their empire is the action of the poem. tempt of these instruments. Remember what the Dutch Ver. 14. To blot out order, and extinguish light.) The stories somewhere relate, that a great part of their provinces two great ends of her mission; the one in quality of daoghter was once overflowed, by a small opening made in one of of Chaos, the other as daughter of Night. Order here is to their dykes by a single water-rat.

be understood extensively, both as civil and moral; the dis However, Uhat such is not seriously the judgment of our tinction between bigh and low io society, and true and fake poet, but that he conceiveth better hopes from the diligence in individuals: light as intellectual only, wit, science, arts. of our schools, from the regularity of our universities, the Ver. 15, of dull and venal.) The allegory continued; discernment of our great men, the accomplishments of our dull referring to the extinction of light or science: venal to mobility, the encouragement of our patrons, and the genius the destruction of order, and the truth of things. of our writers of all kinds (notwithstanding some few ex Ibid. A new world.] In allusion to the Epieareas ceptions in each,) may plainly be seen from his conclusion; opinion, that from the dissolution of the natural world into where, causing all this vision to pass through the ivory gate, Night and Chaos, a new one should arise; this the poet alhe expressly, in the language of poesy, declares all such im- luding to, in the production of a new moral world, makes it aginations to be wild, ungrounded, and fictitious.

partake of its original principles.
Seribh Ver. 16. Lead and gold. i. e. dull and venal.

She mounts the throne: her head a cloud con-| But sober History restrain'd her rage, cealid,

And promised vengeance on a barbarous age 40 In broad effulgence all below reveal'd:

There sunk Thalia, nerveless, cold, and dead, ("Tis thus aspiring Dulness ever shines :)

Had not her sister Satire held her head :
Soft on her lap her laureate son reclines. 20 Nor couldst thou, Chesterfield! a tear refuse;

Beneath her footstool, science groans in chains, Thou weptst, and with thee wept each gentle muse ;
And wit dreads exile, penalties, and pains. When lo! a harlot form soft sliding by,
There foam'd rebellious logic, gagg'd and bound; With mincing step, small voice, and languid eye :
There, stripp'a, fair rhetoric languish'd on the ground; Foreign her air, her robe's discordant pride
His blunted arms by sophistry are borne,

In patch-work futtering, and her head aside ; And shameless Billingsgate her robes adorn. By singing peers upheld on either hand, Morality, by her false guardians drawn,

She tripp'd and langh'd, too pretty much to stand, 50 Chicane in furs, and casuistry in lawn,

Cast on the prostrate Nine a scornful look,
Gasps, as they straighten at each end the cord, Then thus in quaint recitativo spoke:
And dies, when Dalness gives her Page the word. 30 "O Cara! Cara! silence all that train :
Mad Måthesis alone was unconfined,

Joy to great Chaos ! let division reign :
Too mad for mere material chains to bind, Chromatic tortures soon shall drive them hence,
Now to pure space lifts her ecstatic stare, Break all their nerves and fritter all their sense ;
Now running round the circle, finds it square. One trill shall harmonize joy, grief, and rage,
But held in tenfold bonds the Muses lie,

Wake the dull church, and lull the ranting stage; Watch'd both by Envy's and by Flattery's eye ; To the same notes thy sons shall hum, or snore, There to her heart sad Tragedy address'd And all thy yawning daughters cry, encore.

60 The dagger wont to pierce the tyrant's breast ;


Ver. 39. But sober History.) History attends on tragedy, Ver. 20. Her laureate son reclines.] With great judg- satire on comedy; as their substitutes in the discharge of ment it is imagined by the poet, that such a colleague as their distinct functions; the one in high hfe, recording the Dulness had eected, should sleep on the throne, and have crimes and punishments of the great; the other in low, exvery little share in the action of the poein. Accordingly he posing the vices or follics of the common people. But it hath done little or nothing from the day of his anointing; may be asked, how came history and satire to be admitted having passed through the second book without taking part with impunity to administer comfort to the Muses, even in in any thing that was transacted about him; and through the presence of the goddess, and in the midst of all her trithe third in profoundt sleep. Nor ought this, well consider- umphs ? A question,' says Seriblerus, which we thus reed, to seem strange in our days, when so many king-consorts solve: History was brought up in her insanry by Dolness bave done the like.

Scribl. herself'; but being afterwards espoused into a noble house, This verse our excellent laureate took so to heart, that he she forgot (as is usual) the humility of her birth, and the appealed to all mankind, if he was not as seldom asleep as cares of her early friends. This occasioned a long estrangeary fool!" But it is hoped the poet hath not injured bim, ment between her and Dulness. At length, in process of but rather verified his prophecy (p. 243 of his own Life, 8vo. time, they met together in a monk's cell, were reconciled, ch. ix.) where he says, the reader will be as much pleased and became better friends than ever. After this they bad a to fiod me a dunce in my old age, as he was to prove me a second quarrel, but it held not long, and are now again on brisk blockhead in my youth. Wherever there was any reasonable terms, and so are likely to continue.' This acroom for briskness, or alacrity of any sort, even in sinking, counts for the connivance shown to history on this occasion. he bath had it allowed; but here, where there is nothing for But the boldness of satire springs from a very different him to do but to take bis natural rest, he must permit his cause; for the reader ought to know, that she alone of all bistorian to be silent. It is from their actions only that the sisters is unconquerable, never to be silenced, when truly princes have their character, and poets from their works; inspired and animated (as should seem) from above, for this and if in those he be as much asleep as any fool, the poet very purpose, to oppose the kingdom of Dulness to her last must leave him and them to sleep to all eternity. Benil. breath.

Ibid. Her laureate.) When I find my name in the sa Ver. 43. Nor couldst thou, &c.] This noble person in tirical works of this poet, I never look upon it us any malice the year 1737, when the act aforesaid was brought into the meant to me, but profit to himself. For ho considers that house of Lords, opposed it in an excellent speech,' says Mr. my face is more known than most in the nation, and there- Cobber, with a lively spirit, and uncommon eloquence.' fore a lork at the laureate will be a sure bait ad captandum This speech had the honour to be answered by the said Mr. tulgus, to catch little readers.' Life of Colley Cibber, ch. ii. Cibber, with a lively spirit also, and in a manner very un

Now if it be certain, that the works of our poet have common, in the eighth chapter of his Life and Manners. owed their success to this ingenious expedient, we hence de- And here, gentle reader, would I gladly insert the other rive an unanswerable argument, that this fourth Danciad, speech, whereby thou mightest judge between them; but I *s well as the former three, bath had the author's last hand, must defer it on account of some differences not yet adjusted ond was by him intended for the press : or else to what pur- between the noble author and myself, concerning the true pose hath he crowned it, as we see, by this finishing stroke, reading of certain passages.

Bentl. ihe profit.sble Lck at the laureate ?

Bentl. Ver. 45. When lo! a harlot form] The attitude given Ver. 21, 22. Beneath her footstool, &c.) We are next to this phantom represents the nature and genius of the presented with the picture of those whom the goddess leads Italian opera; its affected airs, effemivate sounds, and the into captivity: Srience is only depressed and confined so as prartice of patching up these operas with favourite songs, to be rende ed useless; but wit or genius, as a more danger-incoherently put together. These things were supported by ove and artive enemy, punished, or driven away: Dulness the subscriptions of the nobility. This circumstance, that being oftea reconciled in some degree with learning, but opera should prepare for the opening of the grand seesions, Deser upon any terms with wit. And accordingly it will be was prophesied of in Book üi. ver. 305. ken that she admits something like each science, as casuistry, sophi-try, &c. but nothing like wit; opera alone supply

* Already Opera prepares the way,

The sure forerunner of her gentle sway.' inz ite place

Ver. 30. Gives her Page the word.) There was a judge Ver. 54. Let division reign | Alluding to the false taste of of this name, nlways ready to hang any man that came be playing tricks in music with i amberless divisions, to the nefore him, of which he was suffered to give a hundred mise- glect of that harmony which ernforms to the sense, and app puble examples, during a long life, even to his dotage.-plies to the passions. Mr. Ila del bad introduced a great Though the candid Seriblerus imagined Page here to mean number of hands, and more var lety of instruments into the no more than a page or mute, and to allude to the custom orchestra, and employed even drums and candon to make a of strangi'ng stnte criminals in Turkey by mates or pages. foller chorus; which proved so much too manly for the fine A practice mare decent than that of our Page, who before gentlemen of his age, that he was obliged to remove his muke knaged any one, loaded him with reproachful language. ic into Ireland. After which they were reduced, for want

Scrible lof composers, to practice the patch-work above-mentioned.

Another Phæbus, thy own Phæbus, reigns, On two unequal crutches propt he came,
Joys in my jigs, and dances in my chains. Milton's on this, on that one Johnston's name.
But soon, ah soon! rebellion will commence, The decent knight retir'd with sober rage,
If music meanly borrows aid from sense :

Withdrew his hand, and clos'd the pompous page;
Strong in new arms, lo! giant Handel stands, But (happy for him as the times went then)
Like bold Briareus, with a hundred hands : Appear'd Apollo's mayor and aldermen,
To stir, to rouse, to shake the soul he comes, On whom three hundred gold-capt youths awa't,
And Jove's own thunders follow Mars's drums. To lug the ponderous volume off in state.
Arrest him, empress, or you sleep no more 70 When Dulness, smiling-thus revive the wits!
She heard, and drove him to the Hibernian shore. But murder first, and mince them all to bits; 120

And now had Fame's posterior trumpet blown, As erst Medea (cruel, so to save!) And all the nations summond to the throne. A new edition of old Æson gave; The young, the old, who feel her inward sway, Let standard authors thus, like trophies borne, One instinct seizes, and transports away.

Appear more glorious as more hack'd and torn. None need a guide, by sure attraction led, And you, my critics ! in the chequer'd shade, And strong impulsive gravity of head :

Admire new light thro' holes yourselves have made None want a place, for all their centre found, Leave not a foot of verse, a foot of stone, Hung to the goddess, and coher'd around. A page, a grave, that they can call their own; Not closer, orb in orb, conglob'd are seen But spread, my sons, your glory thin or thick, The buzzing bees about their dusky queen. 80 On passive paper, or on solid brick;

130 The gathering number, as it moves along, So by each bard an alderman shall sit, Involves a vast involuntary throng,

A heavy lord shall hang at every wit, Who, gently drawn, and struggling less and less, And while on Fame's triumphant ear they ride, Roll in her vortex, and her pow'r confess : Some slave of mine be pinion'd to their side.' Not those alone who passive own her laws,

Now crowds on crowds around the goddess press, But who, weak rebels, more advance her cause. Each eager to present the first address. Whate'er of Dunce in college or in town

Dunce scorning dunce behold the next advance, Sneers at another, in toupee or gown;

But fop shows fop superior complaisance.
Whate'er of mongrel no one class admits,
A wit with dunces, and a dunce with wits. 90

Nor absent they, no members of her state,
Who pay her homage in her sons, the great;

Ver. 113. The decent knight.] An eminent person who

was about to publish a very pompous edition of 'n great 2u. Who, false to Phæbus, bow the knee to Baal, thor at his own expense. Or impious, preach his word without a call;

Ver. 115, &c.] "These four lines were printed in a sepaPatrons, who sneak from living worth to dead,

rate leaf by Mr. Pope in the last edition, which he himself

gave, of the Dunciad, with directions to the printer, to put Withhold the pension, and set up the head ; this leaf into its place as soon as Sir T. H.'s Shakspeare Or vest dull flattery in the sacred gown,

should be published.

Ver. 119. Thus revive,' &c.] The goddess applauda Or give from fool to fool the laurel crown:

the practice of tacking the obscure names of persons not And (last and worst) with all the cant of wit, eminent in any branch of learning, to those of the most disWithout the soul, the muse's hypocrite. 100 tinguished writers; either by priuting editions of their works There march'd the bard and blockhead side by stances or by setting up monuments disgraced with their

with impertinent alterations of their text, as in fornier inside,

own vile names and inscriptions, as in the latter. Who rhym'd for hire, and patroniz'd for pride. Ver. 128. A page, a grave,] For what less than a grave

can he granted to a dead author! or what less than a page Narcissus, prais'd with all a parson's power, can be allowed a living one? Look'd a white lily sunk beneath a shower.

Ibid. A page) Pagina, not pedissequus. A page of a There mov'd Montalto with superior air;

book, not a servant, follower, or attendant; no poet having

bad a page since the death of Mr. Thomas Durley. Scribl. His stretch'd-out arm display'd a volume fair; Ver. 131. So by euch bard an alderman, &r.] Vide the Courtiers and patriots in two ranks divide,

Tombs of the Poets, editio Westmonasteriensis. Through both he pass'd, and bow'd from side to side; ment erected for Butler by alderman Barber.

Ibid. -an alderman shall sit,) Alluding to the montBut as in graceful act, with awful eye,

Ver. 132 A henvy lord shall hang at every wit.] How Compos'd he stood, bold Benson thrust him by : 110 unnatural an image, and how ill supported ! saith Aristar

chus. Had it been,

A heavy wit shall hang at every lord,

something might have been said, in an age so distinguished Ver. 76 to 101. It ought to be observed that here are three for well-judging patrons. For lord, then, read load; that is, classes in this assenbly. The first, of men absolutely and of debts here, and of commentaries hereniter. To this puravowedly dull, who naturally adhere to the goddess, and are nose, conspicuous is the case of the poor author of Radibras, imaged in the simile of the bees about their queen. The whose body, long since weighed down to the grase by a load second involuntarily drawn to her, though not caring to own of debts, has lately had a more unmercifullond of commenher influence; from ver. 81 to 90. The third, of such as, taries laid upon his spirit; wherein the editor has acl ieved though not members of her stp e, yet advance her service more than Virgil himself, when he turned eritie, could boast by flauering Dulness, cultivatin mistaken talents, patronis- of, which was only, that he had picked gold out of another ing vile scribblers, discouragin: living merit, or setting up man's dung; whereas the editor has picked it out of his for wits, and men of taste in a s they understand not; from own.

Seribl. ver. 91 to 101.

Aristarchus thinks the common reading right; and that Ver. 108. --bow'd from sids to side:) As being of no one the author bir self had been struggling, and hut jnst shaken party.

off his load, when he wrote the following epigram: Ver. 110. Bola Benson.] l'his man endeavoured to raise My lord complains, that Pope, stark mad with gardens, himself to farre by erecting ruments, striking coins, setting Has lopp'd three trees, the galue of three farthings: op heads, and procuring translations of Milion; and after But he's my neighbour, rries the peer polite, wards by as great a passion for Arthur Johnston, a Scotch And if he'll visit me, I'll wase my right. physician's Version of the Psalms, of which he printed many Wait on compulsion ? and against my will, fine editions. See more of him, Book iii. ver. 325.

A lord's acquaintance? Let him file his bill.'


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