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His house was known to all the vagrant train;
Thus to relieve the wretched was his pride,
Beside the bed where parting life was laid,
At church, with meek and unaffected grace,
Their welfare pleased him, and their cares distressed :
ells om the vale, and midway leaves the storm, Though round its breast the rolling clouds are spread, Eternal sunshine settles on its head.
(From The Deserted Village)
Beside yon straggling fence that skirts the way,
20 Edmund Burke
(From The Retaliation)
The Proper Attitude toward America
(From Letter to the Sheriffs of Bristol) I think I know America. If I do not, my ignorance is incurable, for I have spared no pains to understand it: and I do most solemnly assure those of my constituents who put any sort of confidence in my industry and integrity, that every thing that has been done there has arisen from a total 5 misconception of the object; that our means of originally holding America, that our means of reconciling with it after quarrel, of recovering it after separation, of keeping it after victory, did depend, and must depend in their several stages and periods, upon a total renunciation of that unconditional 10 submission, which has taken such possession of the minds of violent men. The whole of those maxims, upon which
we have made and continued this war, must be abandoned.
Nothing indeed (for I would not deceive you can place us 15 in our former situation. That hope must be laid aside.
But there is a difference between bad and the worst of all. Terms relative to the cause of the war ought to be offered by the authority of parliament. An arrangement at home
promising some security for them ought to be made. By 20 doing this, without the least impairing of our strength, we
add to the credit of our moderation, which, in itself, is always strength more or less.
I know many have been taught to think, that moderation, in a case like this, is a sort of treason; and that all arguments 25 for it are sufficiently answered by railing at rebels and rebel
lion, and by charging all the present or future miseries, which we may suffer, on the resistance of our brethren. But I would wish them, in this grave matter, and if peace is not
wholly removed from their hearts, to consider seriously, 30 first, that to criminate and recriminate never yet was the
road to reconciliation, in any difference amongst men. In the next place, it would be right to reflect, that the American English (whom they may abuse, if they think it honourable
to revile the absent) can, as things now stand, neither be 35 provoked at our railing, nor bettered by our instruction.
All communication is cut off between us, but this we know with certainty, that, though we cannot reclaim them, we may reform ourselves. If measures of peace are necessary,
they must begin somewhere; and a conciliatory temper 40 must precede and prepare every plan of reconciliation. Nor
do I conceive that we suffer anything by thus regulating our own minds. We are not disarmed by being disencumbered of our passions. Declaiming on rebellion never added a
bayonet, or a charge of powder, to your military force; but 45 I am afraid that it has been the means of taking up many
muskets against you.