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cian resented the affront by striking him with his ivory baton, which was at once the signal of a general massacre. This chair was also used by successful generals in a public triumph, and was fitted to a kind of chariot (ciirnis), whence its name.

The Girondist*, once more united for the last time, dined together to consult upon what remained to do. They counselled each other to stand firm at their post, and to die upon their eurulechatrs, deipndlng to the last the character with which tney were Invested. Thieri.

Than Tlmoleon's arms require. And Tulh's ciirule chair, and Milton's golden lyre. Mart Aicntide.

Cuthbert. See Shrink Of St.


Cyclopean Towers. A singular and picturesque group of Timestone towers, rising to a height of nearly TO feet, in Augusta County, Va.

Cymon and Iphigenia. A picture

by Sir Joshua Reynolds (17231792), the celebrated English portrait-painter. Cypress Grove. A well-known public cemetery in New Orleans,

Cypress Hills. A cemetery near Brooklyn, N.Y.

Cyrus' Tomb. A ruined pyramid, but still in tolerable preservation, at Passargardje in ancient Babylonia, believed to be the tomb of Cyrus the Great (B.C. 529).

JO- "This building Is now culled the tomb of Cyrus, and probably was so, though copied from n form which we have Just been describing ns n temple. But it must be borne in mind that the most celebrated example of this form Is as often called the tomb as the temple of Belus, and among a Turanian people the tomb and the temple may be considered as oue aud the same thing." Ferguston.

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Dalhousie Castle. An old Scotch Castle, the seat of the Earl of Dalhousie, in the valley of the Esk, Scotland.

Jo" •' An avenue of near three-quarters of a mile of Urn, cedars, laburnums, and larches, wound through the park to the castle, and, dipping over the edge of a deep and wild dell, I found the venerable old pile below me, Its round towers and battlcmented turrets frowning among the trees, and forming with the river, which swept round its base, one of the finest specimens imaginable of the feudal picturesque."

y. P. wuiu.

Dalkeith Palace. The seat of the Duke of Buccleuch at Dalkeith, Scotland.

Dalmahoy Park. A mansion near Midcalder, in Scotland, the seat of the Earl of Morton. Among the curiosities here are mentioned the keys of Lochleven Castle, which, after the flight of Queen Mary, were thrown into the lake, ami of which keys there are said to be seven different sets in Scottish houses, each claiming to be genuine.

Dalmeny Park. The seat of the Earl of Rosebery near the village of Dalmeny, in Scotland.

Dan. In ancient times a city in the extreme northern part of Palestine, a frontier-town or outpost of the Israelites. It was originally called Laish, and was inhabited by a people who were connected with Sidon. Its position relative to Beersheba, another ancient town on the extreme southern boundary of Palestine, some 40 miles from Jerusalem, has given rise to the familiar expression "from Dan to Bearsheba, which signified tiie land of the Hebrews in its entirety, and which as commonly used now means to traverse the whole extent of any journey or undertaking.

I pity the man who can travel from

Dan to Beersheba. and cry, 'Tis all barren.

Laurence Sterne: Sentimental Journey

It is sad to see an honest traveller confidently gauging all foreign objects with a measure that will not mete them; trying German Sacred Oaks by their fitness for llrltish shipbuilding: walking from Dan to Beerafieba. and finding so little that he did not bring with him. CarlyU.

Danae. A well-known picture by Antonio Allegri, surnamed Correggio (1494-1534). In the Borghese palace, Rome.

Danae and Cupid. An admired picture by Titian (1477-1570). In the Museum at Naples, Italy.

Dance of Death. 1. A series of wood-cuts after designs by Hans Holbein the Younger (1498-1543), the German painter. They were first published at Lyons in 41 plates, and in a subsequent edition, which also appeared at Lyons, in 1507, were increased by 12 additional plates.

2. This subject was also treated by the Swiss painter Nicolas Manuel, surnamed Deutsch (1484-1531), in a humorous way, in 46 large fresco pictures on 'the churchyard wall of the Dominican couveut at Berne.

Dance of the Giants. A monumental structure, generally thought to be of Druidical origin, at Stonehenge, England. It consists of two circles and two ovoids, one within the other, and measuring 300 feet in circumference.

Dance of the Magdalen. A beautiful engraving by Luc Jacobsz, commonly called Lucas van Leyden (1494-1533). Now in the British Museum.

Dancing Faun. 1. An ancient statue now in the Tribune of the Uftizi Palace in Florence, Italy. It has undergone restorations by Michael Angelo. 2. There is another ancient statue of this name, much admired, found at Pompeii in 1831, and now in the Museum at Naples, Italy. See Faun, BarbeRini Facn, Sleeping Faun, etc.

49* M The Dancing Faun, a work fall of spirit, and admirably restored by Michael Angelo, is a wort of connecting link between the two [the ApoUino and the Wrestlers]."


Daniel in the Lions' Den. A picture by Peter Paul Rubens (15771640), now in Hamilton Palace. "In this picture the prophet himself— a subordinate and uninteresting figure — is only the excuse for a series of studies of lions in various attitudes.''

Daniel Webster. See Webster.

Dante and Beatrice. A painting by Atj- Scheffer (1795-1858). Now in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Mass.

Dante and Virgil. A picture by Ferdinand Victor Eugene Delacroix (1799-1863), a celebrated French historical painter. This picture on its appearance in 1822 caused a great sensation.

Dante's House. [Ital. Casa di Dante.] A well-known house in Florence, Italy, in the Via S. Martino, in which the poet was born in 1265.

Dante's Portrait. A fresco painting by Giotto di Bondone (12761336) in the chapel of the Bar

fello, or palace of the Podesta, in 'lorence, Italy. After having been long hidden from«view by a covering of whitewash, it was brought to light in 1840 through the exertions of three gentlemen, Mr. Richard Henry Wilde, an American, Mr. Seymour Kirkup, an Englishman, and Signor 6. Aubrey Bezzi, an Italian. This is the only likeness of Dante known to have been made during his life, and is therefore regarded of the greatest value. The eye of the beautiful profile was wanting, and in its place a hole an inch deep, doubtless caused by a nail which had been driven into the plastering. Giot

to's portrait of Dante has been made familiar to the public by excellent reproductions.

£9* "After all commentaries, the Book itself is mainly whut we know of him. The Book; — and one might add that Portrait commonly attributed to Giotto, which, looking on it, you cannot help inclining to think genuine, whoever did it. To me it is a most touching face; perhaps, of all faces that I know, the most so. Lonely there,

{minted as on vacancy, with the simple aurel wound round it; tiie deathless sorrow and pain, the known victory which is also deathless; significant of the whole history of Dante! I think it is the mournfullest face that ever was painted from reality ; an altogether tragic, heart-affecting face." Cartyle.

— We salute thee [Dante) who art come Back to the old stone with a softer brow Than Olotto drew upon the wall, for some Good lovers of our a«e to track and plough Their way to, through Time's ordures

stratified. And startle broad awake Into the dull Bargello chamber. Mrs Browning.

Dante's Stone. [Ital. Sassn di Dante.] A stone in the Piazza del Duomo, Florence, Italy, remarkable as the place where Dante is supposed to have mused while he looked upon the great cathedral,

—The stone Called Dante's—a plain flat-stone scarce

discerned From others in the pavement, — whereupon He used to bring his quiet chair out. turned To Brunelleschl's church, and pour alone The lava of his spirit when it burned.

Mrs Browning.

On that ancient seat. The Beat of stone that runs along the wall,


Would Dante sit conversing.

Dark and frowning piles of mediaeval structure; a majestic dome, the prototvpe of St. Peter's; basilicas which enshrine the ashes of some of the mightiist of the dead; the stone where Dante stood to gaze on the campanile. Edward Everett.

Dante's Tomb. A small circular structure in Ravenna, Italy, underneath which the bones of the poet rest. Dante degli Alighieri died in 1321.

I pass each day where Dante's bones an

laid: A little cupola, more neat than solemn. Protects his dust. Byron

Bitter splrlta! ye claim
Heine? Alas, he Is yours 1

Only a moment 1 I knew
"Whose he was who is here
Burled. 1 knew he was yours!
Ah, I knew that I saw
Here no sepulchre built,
... no tomb

On Ravenna sands. In the shade
Of Ravenna pines. Tor a high
Austere Dante! Matthew Arnold.

Dargle, The. A beautiful and much-frequented gleu in Wicklow County, Ireland.

£iy " As, in consequence of its short distance from Dublin, many travellers examine no other portions of the county, the glen has attained to greater celebrity than others,—more solemn, magnificent, and picturesque, — yet it may be a question whether, in variety, it is anywhere surpassed."

Mr. and Mr: I/all.

Darius and Alexander. See BatTle Of Darius And Alexander and Family Of Darius Before Alexander.

Darnaway Castle. The seat of the Earl of Moray, near Forres, in Scotland.

Dartmoor Prison. A noted place of confinement for prisoners of war, situated in that district of England known as Dartmoor, in the southern part of the county of Devon. Here, during the war between England and the United States, in 1812, many American prisoners were confined.

Wild Dartmoor' thou that midst thy

mountains rude Hast robed thyself with haughty solitude.

'Twasthen the captives of Britannia's war Here for their lovely southern climes afar In bondage pined. Felicia Hemans.

Dartmouth College. An institution of learning in Hanover, N.H., originally founded in 1770 as a school for missionaries.

Datchet Mead. A patch of land near the village of the same name in England, immortalized by Shakespeare in his "Merry Wives of Windsor," in connection with the adventures of Sir John FalstafF.

Daughter of Titian. A picture, bearing this name, by Titian (1477-157G), representing a beau

tiful woman carrying with uplifted arms a plate of fruit or a casket. Of several examples, the best is in the museum at Berlin. There is one at Madrid, representing the girl as Salome carrying the head of John the Baptist. The original of these pictures is supposed to be not Titian's daughter, but Violante, the daughter of Palma Vecchio, who is known as Titian's love.

Dauphine, Place. See Place DauPhins.

Davenant's Theatre. A theatre in Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, opened in 1662. The actors were styled the " Duke of York's company of comedians."

David. A gigantic marble statue by Michael Angelo (1475-1564), which formerly stood in front of the Palazzo Vecchio, Florence, Italy, but has now been removed to the Accademiadelle Belle Arti.

8S~ "The erection of this David was like an occurrence in nature from which people arc accustomed to reckon. We find events dated so many years after the erection of the Giant. It was mentioned in records in which there was not a line besides respecting art."

Grimm, Trant.

*sT" " As soon as the statue was set upon its pedestal the Gonfaloniere Pier Soderini came to see it, and, afl«r expressing his great admiration for the work, suggested that the nose seemed to him too large; bearing this, Michael Angelo gravely mounted on a ladder, and after pretending to work for a few minutes, during which be constantly let fall some of the marble-dust he had taken up In his pocket, turned with a questioning, and doubtless a slightly sarcastic, expression In his face to the critic, who responded,' Bravo! bravo! you have given it life.*" Perkiiu.

David. See Zuccone, Lo.

David and Bathsheba. A picture by the Swiss painter, Nicolas Manuel, surnamed Deutsch (14841531). In the museum at Basle, Switzerland.

David and Goliath. A picture by Daniele da Volterra (1509-1566), the Italian painter, the pupil of Michael Angelo. It was, for a long time, considered to be the ^rork of the latter. It is a double picture, representing David and Goliath in two different points of view on each side of a tablet of slate. Now in the Louvre, at Paris.

David's 'Well. A deep rock-cistern in the neighborhood of Bethlehem, Palestine, traditionally identified with the Well of David, the water of which the king coveted when hiding in the cave of Adullain. (1 Chron. xi. 15-1'J.)

Davidson Fountain. A magnificent fountain in Cincinnati, 0. It is of bronze, cast in Munich, and presented to the city by Tyler Davidson.

Day, The. [Ital. II Giorno.] One of four colossal figures by Michael AngeloBuonarotti (1475-1564). In the Church of S. Lorenzo, Florence, Italy.

«S" " They have received the names of Day and Night, Dawn and Twilight; but the subjective instinct of the master urged him here too far outside the Sale of human sympathy for any terms, owever vague, to define his munition." Eantlake.

(What word 'ays God?) The sculptor's
S t- I!i and Day,
And Dawn and Twilight, wait In marble
Like dogs couched on a dunghill, on the
From whence the Medicean stnmp's
outworn. Mrt. BroieHing.

2. A celebrated bas-relief by Albert Bertel Thorwaldsen (17701844), the Danish sculptor. It is well known through numerous reproductions. The companion piece is entitled The Night.

Day, The. [11 Giorno.] See St. Jerome.

De Soto discovering the Mississippi. A picture in one of the panels of the rotunda in the Capitol of Washington, representing the arrival of Fernando de Soto (1500?-1542), the Spanish explorer, upon the banks of the great river. This work was executed, under commission from Congress, by W. H. Powells, who received $12,000 for painting it. Previous to the engagement of Mr. Powells auothei artist, Henry Inman, had

been commissioned to fill the vacant panel; but he died before beginning his work. This painting has been severely criticised, and pronounced "a plagiarized patchwork of generalities, absurd and incongruous, badly drawn, gaudily colored, and as destitute of historic value as an act of Congress is of poetic feeling." The picture has oecome very familiar to the general public from its reproduction as an engraving, upou the back of the ten-dollar notes of the national currency.

Dead Man Revived. A picture by Washington Allston (177!>1843), the American painter. It "took the prize of 200 guineas at the British Institution."

Dearborn Street. A well-known aud prominent street in Chicago, 111.

Dearborn, Fort. See Fort DearBorn.

Death. See Dance Of Death; Knight, Death, And The Devil; Shadow Of Death; and TriUmph Of Death.

Death of Ananias. One of the famous cartoons by Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520), from which the tapestries in the Vatican, at Rome, were executed.

Death of Julius Cresar. A picture by Jean L. Gerome (b. 1824), the French painter. In the Corcoran Gallery at Washington.

Death of Montgomery. A wellknown historical picture by John Trumbull (1756-1843). In the Wadsworth Athenaeum, Hartford, Conn.

#S~ "Not surpassed by any similar works in the last century, and thus far stand alone in Americnn historical painting.'' Ifarptr1* 3/tiynzine.

Death of Queen Elizabeth. A picture by Paul Delaroche (171171850), the celebrated French historical painter.

Death of St. Francis. A fresco picture by Giotto di Bondom: (1276-1336). In the Church of Santa Croce, Florence, Italy.

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