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the position it occupies In the very centre of gentle and delicious beauty."

Mr. and Mr: Hall.

Dunluce Castle. One of the most interesting and remarkable ruins in Ireland, in the county of Antrim, the former seat of the McDonnels. It stands on an insulated rock a hundred feet above the sea, while its base has been formed by the action of the waves into spacious and beautiful caverns.

tg- "It was the most mournful and desolate picture I ever beheld. ... In front tbe breakers dashed into the entrance, flinging the spray half way to tbe roof, while the sound rang up through the arches like thunder. It aeemed to me the haunt of the old Norsemen's sea-gods."

Bayard Taylor.

Dunmore House. The seat of the Earl of Dunmore, on the Firth of Forth, Scotland.

Dunmore House. An ancient but decaying mansion in Williamsburg, Va., the former residence of Cord Dunmore, the last of the colonial governors of Virginia. It is of brick, and was in its day a house of vice-regal splendor.

Dunnoltar Castle. A ruined fortress near Stonehaven, Scotland, the seat of the Keiths, earls tuarischal of Scotland. It was taken by Wallace in 1296, and was dismantled in the early part of the last century. It was at one time a place of imprisonment of the Scottish Covenanters.

49- " Bare and desolate, surrounded on all sides by the restless, moaning wnves; a place justly held accursed as the scene of cruelties to the Covenanters, so appalling and brutal as to make the blood boil in the recital, even in this late day." Mrs. II. B. Slowe.

Dunrobin Castle. The seat of the Duke of Sutherland, a castellated mansion, and one of the finest residences in Scotland. It is situated in the parish of Golspie, in the county of Sutherland.

Dunroby Abbey. A beautiful ruined monastery in the county of Wexford, Ireland. It was founded in 1182.

Dunsinane Hill. An eminence about 1,100 feet in height, near Errol, in Scotland, famous from its associations with Shakespeare's tragedy of "Macbeth," and as having been the site of the castle mentioned in the play. See Macbeth's Cairn. I pull In resolution, and begin To doubt the equivocation ol the fiend That lies like truth: 'Fear not till Bir

nam Wood Do come to Dunsinane;' and now a wood Comes toward Dunsinane. Shakespeare.

Dunstan's, St. See St. Dukstah's.

Dunveg;an Castle. An ancient mansion in the North of Scotland, the seat of Macleod of Macleod, said to be the oldest inhabited castle in the country. Sir Walter Scott composed one *of his poems here.

Duomo. For names beginning with the word Duomo (Italian for cathedral) see the next prominent word of the name; e.g., DiOmo Di Pisa, see Pisa, Cathedral Ok.

Du Quesne, Fort. See Fort Du Queskb.

Durandal. The famous sword of Roland the Brave, said to have been brought with his body by Charlemagne from Roncesvaux, and interred in the citadel of Blaye, on the Garonne, France.

Durazzo Palace. [Ital. Palazzo Durazzo.'] A splendid palace in Genoa, Italy, containing some flue pictures.

Diirer, Albert. See Albert Du


Durgah, The. A famous tomb, built for the Shekh Selim-Chisti, at Futtehpore, about 22 miles from Agra, in Hindustan.

49-" The tomb, as well as a canopy six feet high which covers It, is made of mother-of-pearl. The floor is of jas

J>er, and the walls of while marble In. aid with cornelian. A cloth of Bilk and gold was spread over it like a pall, and upon this were wreaths of fresh and withered flowers. The screens of marble surrounding the building arc the most beautiful in India. They are single thin slabsnbout eight feet square, and wrought into Much intricate ouen patterns that you would say they had been woven In a loom. Rusharat All Informed mo that the I)urgnh wa» erected In one year, and that it coat 37 laca of rupees, — (1,750,000."

Bayard Taylor.

Durham Castle. One of the noble remains of antiquity in the North of England, different portions of which date back to different periods. A great part of it is supposed to be no older than William the Conqueror; but there must have been a fortress before that time. The old keep, which commands beautiful views, is divided into rooms which are occupied by students of the university.

Gray towers of Durham! there wai once

a time I viewed your battlements with such

vague hope As brightens life in its first dawning


Well yet I love thy mixed and massive

Half church of Uod, half castle 'gainst the

And long to roam these venerable aisles.
With records stored of deeds long since

forgot. Seott.

Durham Cathedral. One of the noblest ecclesiastical edifices in England. It was founded in 1(HM; is507 feet in length, 200 feet in breadth, and has a tower 214 feet in height. It is of massive Norman architecture.

Durham House. A noble mansion in London in former days, situated on the Strand. It was at one time in the possession of Sir Walter Raleigh. A part of the site is now occupied by the Adelphi Terrace.

Durham Terrace. A terrace at Quebec, Canada, 200 feet above the river, and commanding a magnificent view. The terrace, which is a favorite promenade, stands upon the platform and buttresses where was formerly the Chateau of St. Louis, built by Champlain in 1620.

«-" There la not In the world a nobler outlook than that from the terrace at Quebec. You stand upon a rock overhanging city and river, and look down upon the gumd-shlp*' masts. Acre upon acre of timber cornea float

ing down the stream above the city, the Canadian boat-songs just reaching you upon the heights." Sir CharUt bilkt.

Durrenstein. A famous ruined castle on the Danube, near Linz, once the prison of Richard Coeur de Lion.

Diisscldorf Gallery. A gallery of paintings in Dusseldorf, Germany, founded at the beginning of the eighteenth century. In 1805 all the finest pictures in the gallery were taken to Munich by Max. Joseph, king of Bavaria, and are now in the Pinakotbek. The gallery, however, still contains many valuable sketches and drawings by celebrated artists.

Dusseldorf Madonna. A name sometimes given to a picture of a Holy Family by Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520), formerly in Dusseldorf, but now in the Pinakotbek at Munich, Bavaria.

*8-"Cbrlat and St. John attending to each other; the Virgin sitting on the ground looking at St. John; St. Joseph behind with both hands ou his staff. . . altogether a very regular pyramid."

Sir Joshua ittynold4.

Dutch Church. See Old Dctchc Chukch.

Dying; Gladiator. A famous work of ancient sculpture, representing a Gaul dying, and supposed to be one of a series of figures illustrating the incursion of the Gauls into Greece. The best authorities now regard this wonderful statue as that of a dying Gaul, and not a gladiator, though some have looked upon it as either the original work or a copy of a statue by Ctesilaus (Cresilas), a Grecian sculptor, and contemporary of Phidias. It is now preserved in the museum of the Capitol at Rome. The right arm of this statue has been restored. It is not positively known by whom this restoration was made; but the work has been credited to Michael Angelo on the ground that no one else could have done it. See Bokghese Gladiator and Wounded Gladiatok.

■sKJ-" Here fa a real and not an Ideal statue: the figure, nevertheless, Ib beautiful, because men of this class devoted their Uvea to exercising naked."

Taine, Traru.

T must never forfeit the famoufl Statue of the Gladiator spoken of by Pliny, so much foliow'U by all the rare artlBts, ss ttie many copies testify, dispersed through almost all Europe, both In stone and metal. John Evelyn, 1W4.

I see before me the Gladiator He:

He leans upon his hand —his manly brow

Consents to death, but conquers agony

Byron. It was that room. In the centre of which reclines the noble and most pathetic figure of the Dying Qtadtator. Just sinking luto his death-swoon. Hawthorne.

Dying Magdalene. A well-known work of sculpture by Antonio Canova (1767-1822).

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Ear of Dion y si us. In the neighborhood of Syracuse, in Sicily, is a cave of great depth, which is saiil to have been built by Dicnysius the Elder, a tyrant, or usurper, who was born about B.C. 4^0, anddied B.C.367,in the sixtythird \n:ir of his age, and the thirty-ninth of his rule. This cave was 250 feet long and 80 feet high. It was fashioned in the form of a human ear; and the faintest sounds were carried from all parts to a central chamber, which corresponded to the tympanum, or drum, of the ear. in this remarkable whispering gal iery,Dionysius imprisoned all who were the ob

i'ects of his suspicions; while he limsclf was in the habit of passing entiredays in the innermostchamber, listening to the conversation of his victims, in order that he might ascertain for himself who were really his enemies. Ancient writers tell us that the workmen who constructed the cavern were put to death to prevent them from divulging the use to which it was to be put, and that whole families were sometimes confined in it at once. Modern travellers relate that even at the present day, notwithstanding the changes which have been wrought by time, the echo is such that the tearing of a sheet of paper at the entrance can be distinctly heard in the remotest part. Pieces of iron and lead have been found in making excavations, and they are thought to be the remains of the chains and staples by which the prisoners were confined.

This serpent In Ihe wnll I* arranged for hearing. It is an Ear of bionvsiiu.

George Sand, Tram.

Nevertheless, even In the height of his glory, he CVoltnlrel hat* a stranne sensitiveness to ihe judgment of (he world: could he have contrived a Dionysitts* Ear, in the Rue Traversiere, we should have found him watching at It night and dny. Carlylc

Earthly Love. An admired picture by Caravaggio (156U-16«t). In the Berlin Museum.

East India Docks. These docks, in London, originally built lor the East India Company, have been, since the opening of the trade to India, the property of the East and West India Companies. They were opened in 180ti. See West Lndia Docks.

Captain Cuttle lived on the brink of a little canal near the India IJocis. where there was a swivel bridge, which opened now and then to let some wandering monster of a ship come roaming up tiie street like a stranded leviathan. lAelcns.

East India House. The bouse of the East India Company, "the most celebrated commercial association of ancient or modern times." It was situated in Leadenhall Street, London, and was taken down in 1862, its celebrated museum having been removed to Fife House, Whitehall. The museum is now at the South Kensington Museum. Hoole, the translator of Tasso, Charles Lamb, and James Mill, the historian of British India, were clerks in the East India House.

83f- " My printed works were my recreaUons: my true works may be found on the shelves In Lendenhall Street, filling some hundred folios.'*

Charles Lamb.

Scandinavian Thor, who once forced his bolts In icy Ilecla, and built cnllevs by lonely fiords, in England, has advanced with the times, hss shorn his beard, enters Parliament, sits down at A desk in the India JIouv, and lends Miollnir to Birmingham for a steam hammer. Emerson.

East India Marine Hall. A building in Salem, Mass., containing collections of the Essex Institute and of the East India Marine Society. The scientific cabinets of the Essex Institute are extensive and well-arranged, and the collections of the Marine Society inchide many curiosities from Oriental countries and other distant nations.

C^" Among the numerous curiosities is a piece of wood-carving in the form of two hemispheres \\ inches in diameter, in the concavities of which are carved representations on the one hemisphere of heaven and on the other of hell. There are 110 fulllength figures in the carving, and the whole is very skilfully executed. It is said to be the work of an Italian monk of the fourteenth century.

East Room. A noted apartment in the White House at Washington, being a richly-decorated hall 80 feet in length by 40 feet in width, adorned with portraits of the Presidents, and used for public receptions.

Eagle's Nest. A celebrated rock about 1,200 feet in height, among the Killarncy lakes in the county of Derry, Ireland. It is noted for its wonderful and exciting echoes. It derives its name from the fact, that for centuries it has been the favorite abode of eagles.'

O* " It is impossible for language to convey even a remote idea of the exceeding delight communicated by this development of a most wonderful property of nature. ... It is not only by the louder sounds that the echoes of the hills arc awakened; the clapping of a band will call them forth; almost a whisper will be repeated, — far oif, ceasing, resuming, ceasing again."

Mr. and Mr: S. C. Hall.

ts~ " It is scarcely in the power of language to convey an Idea of the extraordinary effect of the echoes under this cliff, whether tbey repeat the dulcet notes of music or the loud, discordant report of a cannon." Weld.

Eastcheap. An ancient thoroughfare in London. It was the East Cheap or market, in distinction from Cheajraide, which was the West Cheap. Here was the famous Boar's Head Tavern. Stowe says that Eastcheap was always famous for its " convivial doings. The cookescried hot ribbes of beef roasted, pies well baked, and other victuals: there was clattering of pewter riots, harpe, pipe, and

sawtrie." See Boar's Head Tav


Then I hyed me Into Eit-Chepe. One cryes ribbes of bete and manv a pye: Tewter puttes tbey clattered on a heap*. Lydgate.

Eastcheap, that ancient region of wit and wassail, where the very names of the streets relished uf good cheer, as Pudding Lane bears testimony even at the present day. lrv\ng.

Age, core, wisdom, reflection, begone! I give you to the winds. Let's have t'other bottle: here's to the memory of Shakespeare, Falstan", and all the merry nu-n of Eastcheap. Goldsmith.

Shakespeare knew . . . Innumerable things: what men are. and what the world is, and how and what men aim at there, from the Dame Quickly of modern Eastcheap to the Cffisar of ancient Rome, over many countries, over many centuries. Carlyle.

Eastnor Castle. The seat of the Earl of Somers, near Ledbury, England.

Eaton Hall. A noted mansion, the seat of the Marquis of Westminster, on the hanks of the Dee, near Chester, England.

Eaton Square. A well-known public square in London.

Ebernburg. A ruined castle in Bavaria, which, in the sixteenth century, afforded shelter to many of the early Reformers.

Ecce Homo. [Behold the Man.] A favorite subject of representation by the religious painters of the Middle Ages, in which Christ is exhibited as presented to the people, according to the account in John xix. 5.

j»y " The Ecce Homo Is a comparatively late subject. It did not occur in the Greek Church, . . . it does not appeur in early ivories, nor in manuscripts. ... It wns one of the aims in the lloman Church from the fifteenth century, to excite compassion for the Saviour, — nn aim which has always tended to lower Art by lowering the great idea she is bound to keep in view." Lady Eastlake. On the freshly - stretched canvas of American landscapes plenty of Ecce Homos breathe and live, who hide their wounds lest they nil the eyes of beholders with a mediobval pity. John Weiss.

Of a great number of compositions upon this subject, a few only of the more celebrated or familiar may be named.

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