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dence. The section known as the Carina was upon the slope of the hill towards the Coliseum. Consuls and emperors lived upon the Esquiline. There were the house and gardens of Maecenas, and of Virgil, and possibly of Horace, a part of Nero's Golden House, the Baths of Titus, and many other structures, now in ruins.

Suffice It now the Etquiltan mount to

rench With weary wing, and seek the sacred rests Of -Maro';, humble tenement. John Dytr.

Essex, The. A noted frigate of the United States navy, in service in the war of 1K12. She was huilt in 1812. The Essex surrendered to the British ships Phoebe and Cherub, March 28, 1814.

Our Holers on the President

Will burn, sink, and destroy; The Congress on the ltntzil coast

Your commerce will annoy. The Essex on the South Sea

Will put out all your lights:
The flag she wear* at inast-hcjid

Is " Free Trade and Sailors' Rights."
Old Song.

Essex Head. This club in London was formed in 178-f by Dr. Johnson, who writes to Sir Joshua Reynolds that " the company is numerous, and, as you will see by the list, miscellaneous. The terms are lax, and the expenses light. . . . We meet twice a week, and he who misses forfeits twopence." The club was continued for some time after Dr. Johnson's death. Boswell, describing the formation of the club, says, that, notwithstanding '" the complication of disorders under which Johnson now labored, he did not resign himself to despondency and discontent, but with wisdom and spirit endeavored to console and amuse his mind with as many innocent enjoyments as he could procure. Sir John Hawkins has mentioned the cordiality with which he insisted that such of the members of the old club in Ivy Lane as survived, should meet again and dine together, which they did, twice at a tavern, and once at his house; and, in order to insure himself in the evening for three

days in the week, Johnson instituted a club at the Essex Head, in Essex Street.

star " But, turning to Essei Street, and not many doors down on the left, at the corner of a little cross-passage leading to the pretty Temple gate with its light iron-work, we come on the Essex Head Tavern, an old, mean public house of well-grimed brick. It was here, in his decay, that Johnson set up a kind of superior club, the Iry Lane. Boswell is angry with Hawkins for calling it an ale-house, as if In contempt; but certainly, while the Cheshire Cheese, the Mitre, and the Cock are taverns, this seems to have been more within the category of an ale or public house. It has been Bo rc-arranged and altered to suit the intentions and pur

J>oscs of the modern public, that there s no tracing its former shape."


Essex House. A noble mansion in London, of which only a few relics now remain, the residence of the Earl of Essex, the favorite of Queen Elizabeth.

Next whereunto there standes a stately

place Where oft I gayned giftes and goodly

grace Of that great lord which therein wont to

dwell. Spenser.

Estes Park. A picture by Albert Bierstadt (b. 1829). Now in possession of the Earl of Dunraven.

Etienne, St. See St. Istiexne.

iStoile, Arc de 1'. See Aitc De L'etoile.

Eton College. A famous educational establishment in the town of Eton, England. It was founded in 1440 by Henry VI. It has long been a favorite place of education for the sons of the nobility and gentry. Among the great men who have studied at Eton may be mentioned Sir Robert Walpole, the Earl of Chatham, Gray, Walpole, West, Fox, Canning, Italian] the historian, and the Duke of Wellington. The buildings form two quadrangles, and consist of towers, cloisters, and a fine Gothic chapel.

Tho habit of brag runs through all classes, from the Times newspaper through politicians and poets, through Wordsworth, t'arlyle. Mill, and Sydney Smith, down to the boys of Eton.


Te distant spires, ye antique towers,
That crown the watery glade.

Where grateful Science still adores
Her Henry's holy shade. Gray.

Eton Montera. A celebration held annually at lirst, then biennially, and at last triennially, by the boys of the school at Eton, England. They formed a procession, and marched, arrayed in military costume, to Salt Hill or Mount, where they dined, returning to their school at evening. Some of the boys, in fancy costumes, waylaid travellers upon the roads, and levied a tax for the benefit of their captain. In return they bestowed a small quantitv of salt upon each contributor. The festival was abolished in 1847.

Ettrick Forest. An ancient woodland, forming part of the great Caledonian forest, situated on the borders of the river Ettrick, in Scotland. Only scanty remnants of it are now left. See CalEdonian Fouest.

Ettrick Forest Is a fair forest,
In it grows many a seemly tree;
The hart, the hind, the doe, tho roe.
And of all wild beasts fcreat plentic.

On Ettrick Forest'* mountains dun,
Tls blithe to hear the sportsman's gun.
And seek the heath-frequenting brood
Far through the noonday solitude.


Ettrick House. A farm in the parish of Ettrick, Scotland, the birthplace of James Hogg, the "Ettrick Shepherd."

Etruscan Museum (Museo Gregoriano). A splendid museum of Etruscan antiquities, collected by the efforts of Gregory XVI., in the Vatican, Rome.

Euclid Avenue. A noted street in Cleveland, O., considered one of the finest in the country.

I was going to compare the roads on these inlands [near St. Petersburg] to the eastern part of Euclid Street in Cleveland, O.: but there the dwelling and grounds are altogether of amorustittelv character. Bayard Taylor.

Eudoxian Basilica. See San PieTko In Vincoli.

Eugubine Tables. Celebrated bronze tablets, discovered in 1444, bearing inscriptions which have

See Fouk Evangel

givon rise to much antiquarian dispute. They are preserved iu the town of Gubbio, Italy, near whicli place they were discovered, and whence they derive their name.

Eulenspiegel. A famous engraving by Luc Jacobsz, commonly called Lucas van Ley den (14!>41533), the Flemish artist, celebrated in part for its great rarity. It is said that " not more than six original impressions are in existence, though there are many copies." One of the originals is in the British Museum. [Also called The Peasants Travelling.]

Europa, Rape of. See Bapf. Of Eubopa.

Eustache, St. See St. Eistache.

Euston Square. A well-known public square in London, Euglaud.



Eve. A well-known statue bv Thorwaldsen (1770-1844). In Stafford House, London.

Eve. A statue by Hiram Powers (1805-1873).

fl3~"His [Powers'*] Eve is undoubtedly his masterpiece among ideal figures, although his ' Greek Slave' has attained larger popularity simply from being more widely known."

Art Journal.

8£r- "Tho essential character of the Eve of Powers is that he so long ago Imagined and proposed to embody; that is, he represent* the mother of our race under the new-born sense of evil and wrong, the disturbance of that moral equilibrium that held her soul at first in tranquil self-poise ... it is Eve, beautiful, loving, grandly maternal, tender, confiding, but tried and tempted." Tuckerman.

A faultless being from the marble sprung,

She stands In beauty there! As when the grace ol Eden 'round her clung,— Fairest, where all wus fair.

Bayard Taylor.

Eve. See Repentant Eve.

Eve of St. Agnes. A noted picture by John E. Millais (b. 1829). In London.

US- "In the Eve of St. Agnes of MUlais, a lady in a low-bodied eveningdress la represented through the medium of a studied effect of twilight as having the appearance of a corpse-like green; and the chamber is of the same hue." Tairie, Trans.

Evening, The. [Ital. 7? Crepuscolo.] One of four colossal figures executed by Michael Angelo Buonarotti (1475-1564). In the church of S. Lorenzo, Florence, Italy.

Evening School. A picture by Gerhard Dow, or Douw (16131680), and one of his best. In the Museum of Amsterdam, Holland.

Event in the Forest. A picture by Sir Edwin Landseer (18031873), the most celebrated modern painter of animals.

Exchange, Royal. See Royal Exchange.

Exeter Cathedral. A noble church edifice in Exeter, England. It is of high antiquity, cruciform, 408 feet in length, and has one of the most beautiful facades in Europ*.

Exeter Change. Situated upon the site of Exeter House, London, built as a sort of bazaar, afterwards occupied as a menagerie, and taken down in 1829.

Exeter Hall. A large proprietary establishment, situated on the Strand, London, and originally intended for religious and charitable societies, and their meetings. From April to the end of May, various religious societies hold their anniversaries here. The Great Hall is also used for the Sacred Harmonic Society's, and other concerts. The works of Handel, Haydn, and Mozart are here given with great effect.

ftaT" "The independent and mutually repelling bodies who congregate in Exeter Hall are one In spirit with all their differences. Without a pervading organization they are a churcn."

The Spectator.

The fanaticism and hypocrisy create satire. Punch finds an inexhaustible material. Dickens writes novels on Exeterhall humanity. Thackeray exposes the heartless high life. Emerson.

Exeter House. A noble mansion

which formerly stood in the Strand, London, the residence of the celebrated Lord Burleigh.

Exeter Street. A street in London, so named after Exeter House. See Exeteu House.

He [Johnson] enters quite quietly, with some copper half-pence In his pocket; creeps into lodgings In Exeter Street, Strand: and lias a Coronation Pontiff also, of not less peculiar equipment, whom, with all submissivenets, he mast wait upon, in his Vaucan of St. John's Oate. Cariyle.

Expulsion from Paradise. A picture by Masaccio (Tommaso Guidi) (1402-1429?). In the church of S. M. del Carmine, Florence, Italy.

Expulsion from Paradise. See Fall And Expulsion.

Expulsion of Hagar. A picture by Francesco Barbieri, called Guercino (15!K)-1660). IntheBrera, at Milan, Italy.

Expulsion of Heliodorus. A celebrated fresco by Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520), representing the expulsion of Heliodorus from the Temple at Jerusalem, which he had attempted to plunder, ,and allegorically typifying the deliverance of the States of the Church from the enemies of the Pope. "The picture is a spirited development of an extended action," and is considered, together with the other works in the same room, as perhaps the finest example of the art of fresco-painting. It is in the Stanza of the Heliodorus (so called after this, the principal picture in the room) in the Vatican, Rome.

Kg- " The chastisement of Ileliodorus iins given occasion to the sublimest composition in which human geniua ever attempted to embody the conception of the supernatural. — Raphael's fresco in the Vatican." Mrs. Jameson.

t£g- " In tine pictures the head sheds on the limbs the expression of the face. In Raphael's Angel driving Heliodorus from the Temple, the crest of the helmet is so remarkable, that, but for the extraordinary energy of the face, it would draw the eye too much; but the countenance of the celestial messenger subordinates it, and we see it not."


Ex ton Hall. The seat of the Earl of Gainsborough near Stamford, Lincolnshire, England.

Ezbekeyieh. See Esbekekyah.

Ezekiel's Tomb. A building near Bagdad, in Asiatic Turkey, tra

ditionally held to be the tomb of the prophet. It is of much interest, and is a very striking object; but its date has not been satisfactorily determined. Ezekiel, Vision of. See Vision or EzKmai,.

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Fagot, Le. A picture by Nikolaas (or Claes Pietersz) Berguem (10^41083), the Dutch painter, ami regarded as one of his best. In the collection of Lord Ashburton, England.

Fair, The. A picture by Peter Paul Rttl>ens (1577-1610). In the Louvre at Paris.

Fair, The. A picture by David Tenicrs the Younger (1610-1694), the Belgian j/eure-painter. Of numerous pictures upon this subject, perhaps the best specimen is at Vienna, Austria.

Fair Oaks. A locality four miles from Richmond, Va., where a severe but indecisive battle took place, May 31, 18f>'2, between the Jniou and Confederate forces.

Fairlop Oak. A famous tree in Hainault Forest, in Essex, England. It is said to have lieen 36 feet in circumference, and to have had 17 branches, each as large as an ordinary oak. For many years an annual fair, or festival, was held under and around this tree, in July, whicli was attended by crowds of the country people.

Fairmount Park. A vast and noble pleasure-ground in Philadelphia, Penn. It includes nearly 3,000 acres, and is larger than most, if not any, of the great parks of Europe and America. It is traversed by the river Schuylkill and by the Wissahickon Creek. In natural capabilities and in the improvements made upon them, this nark must be ranked among the finest in the world. The Centennial Exhibition of 1876 was held here.

Falaise Castle. A grand old ruin in Falaise, France, the ancient seat of the dukes of Normandy, and the birthplace of William the Conqueror.

Falkenstein. 1. An imposing ruin among the Taunus Mountains, in Germany, not far from Frankfort.

2. A mcdi.Tval fortress among the Harz Mountains, in Germany.

Fall and Expulsion from Paradise. One of the frescos by Michael Angelo (1475-1564) in the Sistine Chapel, Home.

Fall of Adam and Eve. A picture by Filippino Lippi (1460-1505). In the church of Sta. Maria del Carmine, Florence, Italy.

Fall of Schaffhausen. A picture by Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775-1851), the English landscape painter, and regarded as one of his best.

Fall of the Angels. 1. A celebrated picture by Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640). In the gallery at Munich, Bavaria.

agr* "Though this famous picture la called the Fall of the Anafht I have some doubts As to whether this was the intention of the painter; whether he did not mean to express the fall of pinners, flung by the angel of judgment into the abyss of wrath and perdition." Mr*. Jametotu

8. A picture by Frans de Vriendt, called Frans Floris (1520-1570), a Flemish painter, and considered his masterpiece. It is iu the Antwerp Museum. Fall of the Damned. A celebrated picture bv Peter Paul Ruliens (1577-1640)". In the Pinakothek, Munich, Bavaria.

MW " It Is Impossible to form an adequate Idea of tho powers of Hubens without having seen this picture.**

Sir Jos/ma Reynold t.

43- "The most surprising of Rubens's labors.'* WiUtie.

Fallen Angels. See Fall Of The

Damned. Fame, Torre della. See Torue

Della Fame.

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