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died In Rome, with the prophecy unfulfilled. Alberlus Magnus, uno of the greatest of the old schoolmen, is alleged to have made an entire man out of bnui, which not only answered questions very readily and correctly, but voa ao loquacious that Thomaa Aquinas, a reserved and contemplative person,—at that time a pupil to Albcrlue Magnus, and subsequently an illustrious doctor of the church,— knocked the image to pieces merely to stop its talking.

But the thins we meant to enforce, was this comfortable fact, that no known Head Mai so wooden, but there might be other heads to which it were a genius and Friar Bacon's Oracle. Carlylc,

Friedrich Strasse. [Frederick Street.] An important street and thoroughfare in Berlin, Prussia.

Frog-Pond. A small basin of water in Boston Common, regarded by the inhabitants with an esteem disproportioned to its size.

gcjr "There are those who apeak lightly of this small aqueous expanse, the eve of the aacred enclosure, which haa looked unwinking on the happy faces of so many natives and the curious features of so many strangers. The music of its twilight minstrels has long ceased, but their memory lingers like an echo in the name it bears. . . . For art thou not the Palladium of our Troy? Didst thou not, like the Divine image which was the safeguard of Ilium, fall from the skies, and if the Trojan could look with pride upon the heuven-descended form of the Goddess of Wisdom, cannot he who dwells hy thy chining oval look in that mirror and contemplate Himself,—tho Native of Boston?" Holme:

After a man begins to attack the StateHouse, when be gels bitter about the Fiogpond. you may be sure there Is not much left of him. Holmes.

Frogmore. A favorite residence of members of the royal family near Windsor, England.

Frolic, The. A British war-sloop taken by the American sloop-ofwar, the Waap, under the command of Capt.. Jacob Jones, in 1812. This victory of the latter caused great exultation throughout the United States. Congress voted Jones the thanks of the nation and a gold medal.

Frugal Meal. An admired picture by John Frederick Herring (17941865). In the National Gallery, London.

Fruit-venders, The. A picture by Bartolome Esteban Alurillo (1018-1082). I" the Pinakothek, Munich, Bavaria.

Fuentes. A ruined fort on a rocky eminence at the head of Lake Como, Italy.

Fuentes once harbored the good and the

brave, Nor to her was the dance of soft pleasure

unknown; Her banners Cur festal enj.tvment did wave While the thrill of her fifes through the

mountains was blown.


Fuite de Jacob. [Jacob's Flight.] A picture by Adrian van derVelde (10cS!>-1072), the Dutch painter. In Sir R. Wallace's collection, at Bethnal Green, London.

Fulham Palace. An ancient mansion, the residence of the bishops of London.

Fuller's Field. A locality in Jerusalem mentioned in the Scriptures (Isa.vii. 3; '.'Kings, xviii. 17), and which is believed to be identified with a road, or tract, lying along the pool now called by the Arabs Birkct-el-Mumilla.

Fulton Street. The main thoroughfare of Brooklyn, N.Y.

Fulton's Folly. See Clekmoxt.

Furculse Caudinse. See Cacdine Fores.

Furlo Pass. A celebrated pass in the Apennines, in the neighborhood of Urbino, Italy.

Furness Abbey. A beautiful ruined monastery, near Ulvcrston, in the "Lake District" of England. It was founded by King Stephen in 1127. The remains of this once magnificent abbey are now the property of the Duke of Devonshire. God. with a mighty and nn outstretched

hand, . ....

Stays thee from slnklnsr. and ordains to bo
Ills witness lifted 'twlxt the Irish Sea
And that still beauteous, once faith-hal-
lowed land.
Stand as a sign, monastic prophet stand!
Aubrey de Vert.

Furnival's Inn. Formerly an Inn of Chancery in London, so called from Sir William Furnival, a former owner of the land. This Inn of Chancery was attached to Lincoln's Inn. It was rebuilt in 1818. Sir Thomas More was a " reader" here. Dickens began the " Pickwick Papers" in chambers at Furnival's Inn.

Fury, The. An Arctic explorine ship which sailed from England in 1824 under the command of Sir William Edward Parry (1?»1855). She was wrecked in the northern seas.

Fyvie Castle. An ancient and interesting mansion, with many historical associations, near Fyvie, in Aberdeenshire, Scotland.


Gadshill. The residence of the late Charles Dickens (1812-1870), and the scene of Fal staff's famous exploit, at a town of the same name near Rochester, England.

Seamen who bad just been paid off at Chatham were often compelled to deliver their purses on Gadshill, celebrated near a hundred years earlier by the greatest of poets as the scene of the depredations of Poinsand Fal staff, Macaulay.

Gaillard. The famous castle of Richard Coeur de Lion, situated on a high rock on the bank of the Seine, near Gaillon in France. It is now an imposing ruin.

9&~ "This magnificent ruin of the favorite castle of Richard I. ia on the banks of the Seine, near Les Andelys, the birthplace of Poussin, and the retreat of Thomas Corneille. A single year sufficed to form its Immense fosses, and to raise those walls which might seem to be the structure of a lifetime. When Co;ur de Lion saw it finished, he is said to have exclaimed with exultation, * How beautiful she la, this daughter of a year I1 **

Longfellow*s Poems of Places. The two long years had passed away,

When castle Gaillard rose,
As built at once by elfin hands,

And scorning time or foes.
It might be thought that Merlin's imps

Were talked to raise the wall.
That unheard axes fell the woods,

While unseen hammers fall.

W. L. Bowles.

Galatea. A beautiful fresco in the Farnesina, Rome, bv Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520), representing the goddess borne over the waves in a shell drawn by dolphins, with tritons and nymphs playing around her.

jy "This is one of the most beautlful compositions that art has produced, imbued with a sense of life and enjoyment that is perfectly enchanting.rt Eaxtlake, Handbook of Painting.

&r " His * Galatea' Is a work which explains the diversity between Michael Angelo and Raphael, manifesting the exquisite refinement of the latter, and hia tendency toward that pure, noble, graceful manner which constituted the beau-ideal of the ancient Greeks."

Quatremere de Quincy. >

J&T " Raphael not only designed but executed this fresco; and faded as Is its coloring, the mind must be dead to the highest beauties of painting that can contemplate it without admiration. The spirit and beauty of the composition, the pure and perfect design, the flowing outline, the soft and graceful contours, and the sentiment and sweetness of the expression, all remain unchanged; for time, till it totally obliterates, has no power to injure them." C. A. Eaton.

Galatea Is an Image of beautv of soul united to that of the body. It is'indeed a sort of glorified human nature, or rather a goddess clad in human form. Passatant.

I must not omit that Incomparable table of Galatea (so I remember) carefully preserved to protect It from the air, being a most lively painting. Jolm Evelyn. 1644.

On the maternal side I inherit the loveliest sliver-mounted tobacco-stopper you ever saw. It is a little box-wood Triton, carved with charm I nc liveliness and truth. 1 have often compared It to a figure In Raphael's Triumph of Galatea. Holmes.

Galerie d'Apollon. A magnificent and profusely decorated gallery in the Louvre, Paris. It was first built by Charles IX., burnt in the time of Louis XIV., afterwards rebuilt, and finally completed by Napoleon III. in" 1851. Here is the collection of the Musee des Bijoux.

Galerie de la Colonnade. Three fine halls in the east wing of the Louvre, Paris. Here are placed the paintings of the Musee Napoleon III., bought by the Government from the Marquis Campana.

Galerie des Glaces. [Grand Galerie de Louis XIV.] An elegant room—one of the most magnificent in the world — in the centre of the palace of Versailles, France. It is 239 feet long, 33 feet wide, 23 feet high, and is profusely ornamented. Upon the walls are paintings in honor of the glory of Louis XIV. Balls and fetes were held here until the Revolution, and on great occasions the throne was moved into this room. The last ball given here was opened by Queen Victoria (in whose honor it was held) and the emperor, in August, 1855.

tST •• Look at this (Merle des Glaces,* cries Monsieur Vutout, staggering with surprise at the appearance of the room, two hundred and forty-two feet long, and forty high. 'Here it was that Louis displayed all the grandeur of royally; and such was the splendor of hi* court, and the luxury of the times, that this immense room could hardly contain the crowd of courtiers that pressed around the monarch. Wonderful I wonderful! Eight thou, sand four hundred and sixty square feet of courtiers I Give a square yard to each', and you have a matter of three thousand of them. Think of three thousand courtiers per day, and all the chopping and changing of them for near forty years; some dying, some getting their wishes and retiring to their provinces to enjoy their plunder, some disgraced . and going home to pine away out of the light of the sun; new ones perpetually arriving, —pushing, squeezing, for their place in the crowded Galerie des Glaces.*"


Galilee Porch. The name given to an entrance vestibule of the Cathedral of Durham in England, regarded as one of the archaeological and art treasures of Great Britain.

a5r" " This unusual apartment, the Lady Chnpel practically, was built especially as a place of worship for women, who were not admitted into the main church, on account of a violent antipathy for the sex felt by its patron saint, the reputed Anthony-like-tempted Cuthhert." J. F. Ilunntwell.

Galileo's Tower. [Ital. Torre del Gallo.] A structure in the neighborhood of Florence, Italy, thought to have been the tower from which Galileo made astronomical observations.

The towerlne Campanile's heiaht
Where Galileo found his starry chair.

J. E. Reade.

Galla Flacidia, Mausoleum of. See Mausoleum Of Galla PlaCidia.

Galleria Lapiduria. [Lapidary Gallery, or Gallery of Inscriptions.] A corridor in the Vati- | cau Palace, Koine, of great length, I

the sides of which are covered with pagan and with early Christian inscriptions. The walls of this corridor are also lined with sarcophagi, funeral urns, and other ornaments.

Galleria Vittorio Emanuele. A tieautiful and costly edifice in Milan, Italy. Used for purposes of trade.

Gallery of Gondo. This gallery, or tunnel, on the Siinplon road through the Alps, is cut through a solid rock. The work was accomplished by 18 months of unintennitted labor, day and night. The gallery is 683 feet in length, and bears the inscription "Aere Italo 1805 Nap. Imp."

Gallienus, Palace of. A mined palace, and relic of Roman times, in Bordeaux, France.

Gallows Hill. A hill near Salem, Mass., where 10 of the so-called witches were put to death in the time of the witchcraft delusion in 1602.

Ganymede and the Eagle. An admired relic of aucient sculpture. In the Museum at Naples, Italy.

Ganymede, Rape of. See Rape Of Ganymede.

Garaye. A picturesque ruined chateau in the environs of Dinan, France. The Hon. Mrs. Norton has an admired poem, entitled "The Lady of Garaye," the story of which is associated with these ruins.

Garden of Love. A picture l>y Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640), now in the gailcry at Madrid, "representing various couples, elegantly dressed, and enjoving the pleasures of music and ([alliance in the open air." There is a copy of this picture in the Dresden Gallery.

Garden of Plants. See Jakpix Des Plantes.

Garden Reach. A celebrated promenade in Calcutta, India. It is laid out like a park, witli fine trees and tropical plants, and is occupied by the Europeans.

Gardens of Ballast, Ruins of. See Sallust's Hocse And Gardens.

Garisendn, La. A noted leaning tower in Bologna, Italy, which derives its name from that of its builders, the brothers Garisendi. The height of this tower is 130 leet, and the deviation from the perpendicular is eight feet towards the south and three feet towards the east. There is a companion tower called the Torre degli Asinelli. The cause of the inclination of these towers has been a subject in dispute, as in the case of the more celebrated Leaning Tower of Pisa. Eustace remarks of these in Bologna that they are "remarkable only for their unmeaning elevation and dangerous deviation from the perpendicular." See Torre DeGli Asinelli.

As seems the Garisenda, to behold
Beneath the leaning side, when goes a

Above It so that opposite It hangs;
Such did Antants seem to me.

Dante, ln/erno, Longfellow's Trans.

Garraway's. A noted coffee-house in Change Alley, Cornhill, London. Here tea was first sold in England. Garraway's was much resorted to during the time of the South-Sea Bubble, and was at all times a scene of great mercantile transactions. It was taken down in 1866.

Meanwhile, secure on Camay's cliffs,

A savnge race by shipwreck* fed. Lie waiting for the founder'd skiffs, And strip the bodies of the dead. Swift (Ballad on the South-Sea Scheme). The Cits met to discuss the rise and fall of stocks, end to settle the rate of insurances, at Garraway's or Jonathan's.

A'attonal Review.

Doctor John Radcllffe, who In th*year Ifi4^ rose to the largest practice in London, came daily, at the hour when tho Exchange was lull, from his house In 11" w Street, then a fashionable part of the capital, to Garraway's, and was to be f.niTi l surrounded by surgeons and apothecaries, at a particular table. Macaulay.

Let me read the first: "Garraway's, twelve o'clock. Dear Mrs. It., —Chops and tomato sauce. Yours. Pickwick." uentiemen. what does this mean? Chops end tomato sauce. Yours, Pickwick! Chops! Gracious heavens I and tomato sancc! Gentlemen, is the happiness of a sensitive and confiding female to be trifled away by such shallow artifices as these? Dickens.

Garrick Cinb. A famous club in Covent Garden, London, founded in 1831, with the object " of bringing together the patrons of the drama and its professors, and also for offering literary men a rendezvous." The club derived its name from that of tho distinguished actor; and many noted men, from James Smith (" Rejected Addresses") to Thackeray, nave made it a favorite resort. The club has an interesting collection of theatrical portraits.

j(y " Among my great pleasures at the Garrick Club was the sight of the large and very interesting collection of dramatic portraits that has accumulated there in the course of many years. Almost every thing line of this sort has gravitated there lately, as if by the operation of natural law."

Richard Grant White.

Garry Castle. A striking ruin in Kings County, Ireland.

Garter, The. An old English inn which figures in Shakespeare's comedy of "The Merry Wives of \Vindsor,",and in which is laid the scene of the third act of that play.

Falstaff. Mine host of the Garter.


Gaspee, The. A British sloop-ofwar captured and burned by a hand of men from Providence, R. I., on the night of June 17, 1772.

Gaston de Foix. A portrait, with mirrors repeating the figure, by Girolamo Savoldo, a Brescian painter. This picture is in tho Louvre, Paris; and there is an original repetition of it in Hampton Court.

Gate of Alcala. See Pueeta De Alcala.

Gate of tho Lions. A celebrated gateway in the wall of the citadel of Mykente, Greece. The ruins have recently been entirely removed from around this gateway.

Pausanios sAys, "Among other parts of the enclosure which still remain, a gate is perceived with lions standing on it; and they report these were tho works of the Cyclops, who nl*o made for Prcctus tho walls of Tiryns."

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