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Patmos, off the west coast of Asia Minor. It is tlie supposed abode of the apostle John, who had been banished to this island, A.D. !M, by the Roman emperor, Doraitian, and who is reported to here have had the visions recorded in the Book of Revelation. Grottos of Beni Hassan. See Beni Hassan.
Growler, The. A United States vessel of war captured by the British, June 3, 1813.
Grub Street. The former title of Milton Street, Cripplegate, London, which was once the residence of authors of the less fortunate class, and the jest of the more favored. From its being inhabited by these literary hacks, the name was familiarly used to characterize any worthless author or any poor production. This character it seems to have obtained as far back as the time of Cromwell, when the street consisted of low and mean houses, which were let out in lodgings, in many instances to persons whose occupation was publishing anonymously what were then deemed libellous or treasonable works. John Foxe the martyrologist, Speed the historian, and other authors, resided in Grub Street. Memoirs of the Society of Grub Street appeared in 1737. Its name was changed to Milton Street in 1830. The name Grub Street, as a term of reproach or contempt,is said to have been first used with reference to the works of Foxe. The present designation of the street is taken from the name of one Milton, a builder, and not, as might naturally be conjectured,from that of the poet.
43ff~" Pope's arrows are Bo sharp, and his daughter so wholesale, that the reader's sympathies are often enlisted on the side of the devoted inhabitants of Grub Street. He It wus who brought the notion of a vile Grub Street before the minds of tho general public; he it was who created such associatlons as nuthor and rags, author and dirt, author and gin. The occupation of authorship became Ignoble I through his graphic description of mis
fry, and the literary profession was for a long time destroyed."
Our theatres are now open, and alltTruottreet Is preparing lu advice to the mauaners. We shall undoubtedly hear learned disquisitions on the structure of one actor's legs, and another's eyebrows. We shall be told much of enunciations, tones, and attitudes, and shall have our lighle»t pleasures commented upon br iUdsctic dulnesa. OoUmith
When we first visited Orub-tlrtet, and with bared head did reverence to the genius of the place, with s " Salve, magna parens! " we were astoniithed tol*aro, on Inquiry, that the authors did not dwell there now, but had all removed, v, ar« ago. to a sort of" High Life below Stair*." far in the west Cartyle.
Let Budget charge low Grub-Urea with
his quill. And write whate'er be please, —except
my wilt. Pope,
Not with less glory mighty Dulnesa crown'd.
Shall take through Grub-street her triumphant round.
And her Parnassus glancing o'er at once.
Behold a hundred sons, and each a dunce.
I'd sooner ballads write, and Grab-street
Grtine Gewolbe. See Green GalLery.
Grtitli. A meadow on the shore of the Lake of Luce.rne, Switzerland, famous as the meeting-place of the three mythical heroes of Switzerland, WernerSfauffacher, Erni of Melchthal, and Walter Fiirst of Uri, who are said to have assembled here in the night, and formed plans for the deliverance of their country from the Austrian yoke. This spot is now the property of the Swiss Republic, having been purchased in 1859 by subscriptions.
Guards. See Horse Guards.
Guards' Club. A London club, founded in 1810, and confined to officers of the regiments of FootGuards who distinguished themselves at Waterloo and in the Crimea. The club-house is in Pall Mall.
Guelfa, Torre. See Torre GuelFa.
Guernica, Oak of. See Oak Of Guernica.
Ouerrtftre, La. A British frigate captured during the war of 181r by the United States vessel Constitution.
Long the tyrant of our coast
Reluned the ruinous Guerrien.
Public ship and privateer.
To our captains were displayed
"All who meet me have a care, I am England's Guerriere."
"The wand of British invincibility was broken when the Sag of the Guerriere came down. That one event was worth more to the Republic than all the money 'which has ever been expended for the navy. R. F. Stockton.
Guildhall, The. A name of general application, but specially used to designate the Town-Hall of the city of London, where the principal corporation business is transacted, and its hospitality exercised. The Guildhall will contain between 6,000 and 7,000 persons. The inauguration dinners of the lord-mayors have been held here since 1501. It is magnificently decorated upon the occasion of royal entertainments. The present, or third Guildhall, was first built in 1411, though but little more than the walls of the original building now remain. See Gog And Magog.
49- " The building Itself is a strange architectural medley. . . . The great hall, however, has the grandeur which, in architecture, is always given, in a certain degree, by slie. It Is 160 feet long. The building has its name from the fact that it was erected by the united efforts of the various guilds of the city, — associations, or rather trading and social institutions, of which the very germ seems not to have crossed the ocean." Richard Grant White.
Our great fault with writers used to be, not that they were intrinsically more' or less completed Dolts, with no eve or ear for the l,open secret" of the world, or for any thing save the " open display " of the world. —for lis <rllt ceilings, marketable pleasures, war-chariots, and all manner, to the highest manner, ol Lord-Mayor shows and Quildhali dinners, and their own small part and lot therein': but the head and front of their offence lay In this, that they had not " frequented the society of ihe upper classes.'' Carlyle.
Glotter. Go after, after. Cousin Buckingham. The Mayor towards Guildhall hies him In
all post: There, at your meetest vantage of the time, Infer the bastardy of Edward's children: Tell them how Edward put to death a citizen, Only for saying he would make his son Heir to the crown; meaning, indeed, hla
house, Which, by the sign thereof, was termed so.
Buck. I go; and, towards three or four o'clock, Look for the newt that the Guildhall affords.
Gutenberg. A bronze statue of the inventor, modelled by Albert Bertel Thorwaldsen (1770-1844), erected in 1837 at Mayence, the expense being defrayed by subscriptions from all parts of Europe.
Gutenfels. A well-known stately castle on the banks of the Rhine, near the town of Caub. It is alluded to as early as 1257. In 1504 it was besieged for six weeks by the Landgrave William of Hessen, but without success. It remained in a habitable condition till the beginning of the present century, when, in 1805, it was demolished by order of Napoleon, and is now but a picturesque ruin.
Guy Fawkea's Cellar. An underground apartment, which formerly served as a kitchen, in the old palace at Westminster, and into which the conspirators obtained entrance from an adjoining house. The Parliament chamber above this vault was taken down about the year 1823.
Guy's Cliff. A noted spot, the retreat of the famous Earl Guy of Warwick, where he and his countess are supposed to be buried, about a mile from Warwick Castle, in England. It has a fine mansion and a romantic cavern, and is one of the places generally visited by tourists.
Guy's Hospital. An institution for the sick and lame, near London Bridge, in Southwark, London, founded by Thomas Guy (b. 1645).
Gymnasium of Ptolemy, or Stoa of Attains. A marble building in ancient Athens. Pausanias says, that in the Gymnasium, "which is not far from the Agora, and is called Ptolemjeum from him who built it, are Hernia; of
stone worth inspection." Bet Hj;i:m.k. Qyzen George. A remarkable portrait bv Hans Holbein the Younger (1498?-1543), pronounced by Kuskin "inexhaustible." Nor in Berlin, Prussia.
Habsburjr Castle. [Habichtsburg, Hawk's Castle.] An ancient ruined castle of which little now remains, the old seat of the Im
Sirial House of Austria, near rugg, in Switzerland. Hackney. A thickly populated district in London.
19" Hackney coaches were not so called, as sometimes stated, after this district.
Haddon Hall. An ancient mansion, the seat of the Duke of Rutland, near Ashbourne and Bakewell, in Derbyshire, England. The various portions are of different orders of architecture, — pointed Gothic, Tudor, and Elizabethan. No part of the building is of later date than the sixteenth century. It is in good preservation, and is one of the curiosities of the Peak Country.
Rot fond displays of cost, nor pampered
train Of idle menials, me so much delight. As these time-honored walls crowning the
plain With truMr gray battlements; within be
dlght With ancient trophies of baronial might. Henry Alford.
Hadrian's Gate, or Arch. See
Arch Of Hadrian. Hadrian's Mausoleum (Mole, or
Tomb). See St. Angelo.
The highest part [of a monument at St Be'mlJ Is a circular colonnade, a miniature copy of that which we know to have once encircled Hadrian's Mole. Fergusson.
Hadrian's Villa. [Ital. Villa Adriana.] A famous and wonderful relic of imperial times on a plain at the foot of the hill of Tivoli, in the neighborhood of Borne. The emperor Hadrian having resolved to reproduce all the most striking objects which he had seen in his extensive travels, chose for the purpose a spot singularly favorable by its natural advantages; and in a short
time, with the immense resources at his command, he covered the ground with a vast number of costly and extensive structures. He is said to have enclosed in this way a space eight or ten miles in circuit. At the present day the ruins present the appearance of a confused mass of buildings going to decay. Within seventy years after the death of Hadrian, many of the precious marbles used in the construction of these buildings were carried by Caracalla to Borne to decorate the Baths which be had then begun.
«9- "It rather resembled a city In Itself than a single mansion. . . . These proud Imperial ruins are now lost among thick olive-groves; their floors. Instead of being paved with pictured mosaics, are overgrown with grass; their once magnificent halls are filled with thickets of aged ilex; yet enough Mill remains to attest their former extent and splendor." Eaton.
t&- " Before quitting the Villa Adriana, I filled my pockets with bitB of porphyry, alabaster, verd antique, And
fleces of stucco and mosaic, all which afterwards threw away. Many travellers who have gone before me have written their names on the marbles of the Villa Adliana. They have hoped to prolong their existence by attaching a memorial of their fleeting presence to celebrated spots; but they have been deceived. While 1 was attempting to decipher a name newly written in pencil, a bird started from a tuft of ivy, and a few drops of the recent shower were shaken from its leaves, and, falling upon the name, blotted It out forever. Chateaubriand, Trant. Hadrian's Wall. This wall extended from Bowness (Timnocehim) on the Solway Firth, a distance of nearly 70 miles, to Wallsend (Sei/editnmn) on the Tyne. There were 23 towns on its line; and between these towns, at intervals of a Roman mile, were fortresses, or "mile-castles." The common opinion tends to the belief that Hadrian built (A. D. 121) an earthen rampart, and that Sererus, to strengthen it, constructed a stone wall (A.D. 208). [Also called the Picts' Wall.]
«3~ "Of the wall itself (which wu a huge work of masonry varying from 18 to 20 feet hi height, and from 6 to 10 feet in thickness, with fosse and vallum on either side), and of these towers, etc., extensive and wonderful remains exist at the present day, and have, from the inscribed stones and other relics they have furnished, proved a rich storehouse of valuable knowledge."
Hagar and Ishmael. A picture by Giovanni Francesco Barbieri, surnamed Guereino (1590-1666). In the Brera at Milan, Italy.
*sy- "The severity of the patriarch, the half-concealed triumph of Sarah, and the broken-hearted expression of the beautiful victim, produce altogether an effect which places It among the very first pictures In the world."
"The famous Guereino Is at Milan, however, the 'Hagar' which Byron talks of so enthusiastically. The picture catches your eye on your first entrance. There is that harmony and effect In the color that mark a masterpiece even in a passing glance. It is a piece of powerful and passionate poetry. The eyes get warm and the heart beats quick; and, as you walk away, you feci as if a load of oppressive sympathy was lifting from your heart/' Jf. P. Willis.
Hagar, Expulsion of. See ExpulSion Ok Hagar.
Hagley Park. A noble mansion, the seat of Lord Lyttelton, in Worcestershire, England. It is especially memorable as having been the favorite resort of the English poets, Thomson, Shenstone, and Pope.
Courting the Muse, through Hagley Part you stray:
Thy British Tcmpe! there along the dale.
With woods o'erhung, and shagged with mossy rocks
Whence on each hand the gushing waters play,
And down the rough cascade white-dashing fall.
You silent steal. Jamet Thornton.
Hfikem. See Mosque Of Sultah
Half-Moon, The. The ship in which Henry Hudson sailed for America in the service of the Dutch East India Company, in 1609. In this ship he began to explore the coast of New England for an open channel to the South Sea, and ascended the river afterwards called by his name.
*S" "In the ever-memorable year of our Lord, 1609, on a Saturday morning, the five-and-lwentieth day of March, old style, did that' worthy and Irrecoverable discoverer (as be bat Justly been called), Master Henry Hudsen,' set sail from Holland in a Flout vessel called the Half-Moon, being employed by the Dutch East India Company, to seek a north-west passage to China." Jrvmg.
While drinking In the scene. My mind goes back upon the title of yean, And lo, a vision! Un Its upward oath The Half Moon glides. A. B. Street.
Others held that It was Hendrlck Hudson and the shadowy crew of the HalfMoon sailing to their weird revels In the Catskilla. Washington lrnq.
Half-Moon Tavern. See ShakeSpeare's House.
Halidon Hill. An eminence near Berwick, in Scotland, memorable for a sanguinary battle between the English and Scotch forces in 13S3, when the former, under Edward III., defeated the Scotch army under the regent Archibald Douglas. Sir Walter Scott published in 1822 a dramatic tale called " Halidon Hill."
Aye, but King Edward sent a haughty
message. Defying us to battle on this field. This very hill of halidon. Scott.
Halifax Gibbet. See Maiden.
Hall of Animals. See Sala Degli Animali.
Hall of Columns. A magnificent colonnade in the palace of Karnac, on the Nile, Egypt.
4EaV" " A symmetrical forest of oaks and beechea ten centuries old would not give an adequate idea of its thirty parallel ranks of columns. No tree, for Instance, could attain the diameter, or the height even, of the twelve girat columns that form the axis of the h»H. . . . The enormous monolith rapltsU — heavy enough, one would think, to