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crush any pillar — oppress the Imagination with thelrsize. A hundred men could stand on one of them without crowding. Never have greater masses of stone been laid than these. . . . The ball Itself is 422 feet long by 165 feet broad. The stones of the ceiling rest upon architraves supported by 134 columns which are still standing, and of -which the largest measures 10 feet in diameter, and more than 72 feet in height. Seeostris and his two predecessors constructed the hall of columns, and the date of its construction was about the fourteenth and thirteenth centuries before Christ.**

Le/ivre, Tram. Donald.

Hall of Fame, The Bavarian. [Ger. Die baierische Ruhmeshalle.] A famous structure in the immediate neighborhood of Munich, the capital of Bavaria, consisting of " a Doric portico forming three Bides of a quadrangle, in the centre of whose open side rises the colossal statue of Bavaria," q.v. The building contains the statues of distinguished Bavarians.

Hall of the Biga. See Sala Della Biga.

Hall of the Emperors. A hall in the Museum of the Capitol, Rome, so called because around the room is arranged a very valuable collection of 83 busts of Roman emperors, their wives and relations.

Hall of the Greek Cross. See SaLa A Croce Gkeca.

Hall of the Vase. An apartment in the Museum of the Capitol, Rome, so called from a fine vase of white marble in the middle of the room.

Hall of Xerxes. See Xerxes.

Halles, lies. A building of the fourteenth century in the marketplace of Bruges, Belgium, with a lofty belfry-tower containing the finest chimes in Europe, which are played four times an hour by machinery.

In the market-plnce of Bruges stands the

belfry oltl and brown, Thrice consumed snd thrice rebullded, still

It watches o'er the town.


Halloren, The. A name applied to a cluster of families, some fifty in number, in Halle, Germany,

who herd together, and gain a poor subsistence in the saltmines by teaching swimming and by catching larks. They are curious as being probably the last remnant of the ancient Wendish people, who have retained their peculiar dress and customs from the time of Charlemagne to the present. Ham Citadel. A celebrated political prison in the little town of Ham, France. It was built in 1470. The central tower is 100 feet high, and the walls are 36 feet thick. Many noted prisoners have been confined here, among others Louis Napoleon, who, after his failure at Boulogne in 1840, remained here for six years until he succeeded in making his escape.

Even now. when the other accusations against her [Marie Antoinette] have sunk down to oblivion and the Father of Lies, this of wanting etiquette survives her. In the Castle of Ham, at this hour [1831], M de Poltgnac and Company may be wringing their hands, not without an oblique glance at her for bringing them thither Carlt/ic.

Ham House. The seat of the Earl of Dysart. A residence of the time of James I. at Twickenham near London, where the " Cabal" ministers of Charles II. used to meet.

The more than Italian luxury of I/am, with its busts, fountains, and aviaries, were among the many signs wh'ch indicated what was the shortest road to boundless wealth. Aiacaulay.

Hambye. A beautiful ruined monastery • near Coutances, France. It was founded in 1145.

Hamilton, Fort. See Fort HamIlton.

Hamilton Palace. An old feudal mansion of much historic interest, the seat of the Duke of Hamilton, in the town of the same name in Scotland. The old palace was rebuilt in the seventeenth century, and has received large additions in the present century. It contains one of the most valuable private collections of paintings and other works of art in Great Britain.

Hamlet and Ophelia. A picture by Benjamin West (1738-1820). In the collection of Mr. Longworth, at Cincinnati, O.

Hampton Court Palace. The renowned palace built in the parish of Hampton, near London, by Cardinal Wolsey, and by him resigned to his sovereign, Henry VIII. Two of the original quadrangles still remain. The later buildings erected by Sir Christopher Wren for William III. contain the famous state-rooms, portrait-galleries, and cartoons of Raphael.

«-" Hampton Court Is a Urge garden In the French style, laid out in the time of William III. Our style was then the reigning one in Europe."

Taint, Tram.

It was Idle to expect that old sailors, familiar with the hurricanes of the tropics and with the icebergs of the Arctic Circle, would pay prompt and respectful ohedience to a chief who knew no more or winds and waves than could he learned Inaplldwl harpo between Whitehall Stairs and Hampton Court. IMucautay.

For ever curs'd be this detested day.
Which snatch'd my best, my favourite

curl away;
Happy! ah ten times happy had I been,
If Hampton Court these eyes had never

«en I Pope.

Hancock House. A famous old mansion which stood until within a few years in Boston, Mass. It was erected in 1737, and was the residence of Governor John Hancock (1737-1793). The governors of Massachusetts with the council were for a long period of years in the habit of dining in this mansion annually on Election Day. It was taken down in 1863.

Haram, The. [Arab, el Haram es/i-She>if.] A pile of walls and buildings occupying the site of the ancient Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem, and extending beyond the ancient limits. In extent it is almost equal to a quarter part of the city. It contains the celebrated mosques elAksa, and Kubbet es-Sukhrah. The interior of the enclosure, with its green grass, its olivetrees and cypresses, and marble fountains, is beautiful. The Ha

ram is of an oblong shape, measuring on its eastern side 1,580 feet, and on its southern 920 feet.

Harcourt Houae. The city residence of the Duke of Portland. London. It was originally called Bingley House, from its builder, Lord Bingley.

Hardwick Hall. An Elizabethan mansion, a seat of the Duke of Devonshire, near Glapwell, England.

Harleian Library. A collection of manuscripts made bv Mr. Harley, subsequently the*Earl of Oxford (d. 1724). The collection was purchased by the Government, and is now in the British Museum. The most important documents in this collection have appeared in the publication known as the Harleian Miscellany, the first edition of which came out in 1744.

Harlot's Progress. A series of famous dramatic and satirical pictures by William Hogarth (1697-1764).

*y"It would be suppressing the merits of his heart to consider him only a promoter of laughter. . . . Mirth colored hie pictures, but benevolence designed them. He smiled like Socratea, that men might not be offended at his lectures, and might learn to laugh at their own follies." Lord Or/ord.

Harpers' Tomb, The. This tomb of Rameses III. at Thebes, Egypt, is commonly known as The Harpers' Tomb, from a picture in one of the chambers, or as Bruce's Tomb, from its discoverer. It contains some interesting sculptures.

93" "One of the most celebrated la the Harpers' Tomb, lirst mentioned by Bruce, and therefore often called by his name. This Is the work of two of the Rameses: and a vast work it Is, — extending 405 feet into the hill."

J/tss Jfartineau.

Harrow. A famous grammarschool in the town of the same name, in the county of Middlesex, England. The school was founded by John Lyon in 1571.

Harry, The Great. See Great


Hart, White. See "white Hart.

Hartford, The. The flagship of Admiral Farragut in the attack upon the defences of New Orleans, in April, 1802, and subsequently in the attack upon Mobile.

$&■ " On the evening of the 23d, Farragut was ready for his perilous forward movement. The raortar-vessels covered the advance by a terrible shower of shells. Farragut in the furecbains of the Hartford watched the movements with intense interest through his night-glass. Just at the -waning moon, when he was a mile from Fort Jackson, that fortress opened a heavy Are upon the Hartford with great precision. Very soon she returned such a tremendous broadside of grape and canister that the garrison ■were driven from their barbette guns. Before the fleet had fairly passed the forts, the Confederate gunboats and rams took part in the conflict. The scene was awful and grand. The noise of 20 mortars and 200 great guns afloat and asbore was terrific. And all this noise and destructive energy — blazing fire-rafts; floating volcanoes, belching out fire and smoke with bolts of death; the tierce rams pushing here and there with deadly force, and the thundering forts — were all crowded in the darkness, within the space of a narrow river." Lotting.

Came the word of our grand old chief, —

"Go on!" 'twas all he said.
Our belm was put to the starboard.

And the Hartford paused ahesd.

//. H. Broumcll

Harvard College. The oldest and most richly endowed institution of learning in the United States, situated in Cambridge, Mass. It was founded in 1638, and named after Rev. John Harvard, who bequeathed it a legacy of £780. The university comprises some 28 buildings, three of which are in Boston.

Hassan, Mosque of Sultan. See Mosque or Sultan Hassan.

Hastings. A picture by Joseph Mallord William Turner (17751851), the celebrated English painter.

Hatfield House. A palace in the county of Hertford, England,

celebrated as being the place of Elizabeth Tudor's imprisonment previous to her accession to the throne of England. It is one of the noblest old places in the country. The hall of the old palace remains; and an old oak is still standing under which Elizabeth was sitting when the news of Queen Mary a death arrived, and she was saluted as queen. The river Lea runs through the park. The present building was erected at the beginning of the seventeenth century, and was partially destroyed by fire in 1835. Charles I. was a prisoner here. Hatfield House is the seat of the Marquis of Salisbury, and is extremely interesting for its historical documents, pictures, and other valuable relics. The castle has been restored to its original magnificence. It is within 20 miles of London.

1643,11 March. I went to aeo my Lord of Salisbury's palace at Hatfield. wH>re the most considerable rarity beside the house was the garden and vineyard.

John Evelyn. Diary.

Hattin. See Horns Op Hattin.

Haussman, Boulevart de. A splendid avenue in Paris. It is one of the modern boulevards of the city, and has a number of palatial residences. See BouleVards.

Haute Vieille Tour. A singular old edifice in Rouen, France, supposed to be a part of the ancient Salace in which King John murered his nephew Prince Arthur.

Hawk's Nest. See Marshall's Pillar.

Haw thomden. An ancient cottage on the banks of the Esk near Dalkeith, where the poet Drummond once lived.

JW "I know in my childhood I often used to wish that I could live In a ruined castle; and this Hawtbornden would be the very bran-ideal of one as a romantic dwelling-place. It is an old castellated house, perched on the airy verge of a precipice, directly over the beautiful river Esk, looking down one of the most romantic glens In Scotland. The house itself, with its quaint high gables and gray antique wails, appears ol<l enough to take yon back to the times of William Wallace."

Mrt. It. B. Stoice.

Who knows not Melville's beechy grove.

And Koslln's rocky Rlen,
Dalkeith, which all the virtues love.

And clusslc Hatethorndtn t Scott.

— here's the hawthorn-hroldered nook.

Where Drummond, not In vain, Awaited his Inspiring muse.

And wooed her dulcet strain.
And there's the oak, beneath whose shade

He welcomed tuneful Ben;
And still the memory uf their words

IB nursed in JIairthomden.

L H. Sigoumey.

Haymarket, The. "A very spacious and public street [in London], where is a great market for hay and straw" (Hatton, 1708). Here are situated the "Haymarket Theatre," and "Her Majesty's Theatre," or the "Italian Opera House." The market was not Anally abolished until 1830. Addison wrote his poem "The Campaign" in the Haymarket where he then lived.

Haymarket Theatre. A celebrated playhouse in London devoted to the' regular drama. The first building was opened to the public in 1720, and was called the New French Theatre. This was taken down, and the present theatre was opened July 14, 1821.

Calculate how far It is from Sophocles and .»chylii- to Knowles and Scribe: how Homer ha* (.Tadually changed Into Sir HariiH Nicolas; or what roads the human species must have travelled before a J'salm ot I)avld could become an Opera at the Haymarket. Carlyle.

Healing of the Lame Man. See Petek And John At The BeauTiful Gate Of The Temple.

Heart of Mid-Lothian. See TolBooth.

Heart of the Andes. A picture by Frederick E. Church (b. 1826). *S°" " In the Heart of the Andes, philosophically as well as poetically so called, the characteristics of theirfertile belt arc, as it were, condensed; It Is at once descriptive and dramatic; all the tints of tropical atmosphere and all the traits of tropical vegetation combine ' to conform the show of things to the desire of the mind,' and to place before it the spectacle of a phase of nature which to northern vision is full of encbantment." Tuckerman.

Hecla, The. An Arctic exploring ship which sailed from England under Sir James Parry in 182*.

Hector, The. An armor-plated ship of the British navy, launched Sept. 26, 1862,

Heidelberg. A picture by Joseph Mallord William Turner (17751851),the celebrated English paint er.

Heidelberg Castle. An imposing ruin on a height adjacent to the city of Heidelberg, Germany. It was both a palace (of the Elector's Palatine) and a fortress. In the last century it hail been restored to something like its former splendor; but, bavin;; been struck by lightning in 17fc ami burned, it has never been rebuilt. The fortress was built in the thirteenth century.

4S" " Some idea of the strength of the castle may be obtained when I state that the walls of this lower [one of the round towers] are twenty-lwo feel thick." Bayard Taylor.

tg- "Heidelberg Castle Is of vast extent and various architecture; parts of 11, a guide-book says, were designed by Michael Angelo. Over one door was a Hebrew inscription. Marshalled in niches in the wall stood statues of electors and knights in armor, — silent, lonely. The effect was quite different from the old Gothic ruins I bad seen. This spoke of courts, of princes; and the pride and grandeur of the past contrasted with the silence and desertion, reminded me of the fable of the city of enchantment, where king and court were smitten to stone aa Ihey stood." C. Beechtr.

Heidelberg Tun. See Tun Of Heipelbbro.

Heidenmauer. [Pagan's Wall] An old Roman relic, on a height near the town of Durkheiui, in Rhenish Bavaria, consisting o( a rampart, saitl to have been built as a defence against the barbarians, and enclosing a space some two miles in circuit. Attila the Hun is said to have wintered here; and James Fenimore Cooper, the novelist, has taken from it the title of one of his stories, the scene of which he lays in the Vosges mountains in the Middle Ages.

Heights of Abraham. See AbbaHam.

Helena's Tomb. A remarkable catacomb at Jerusalem. It is alluded to by Josephus, and by Pausanias, the Greek historian; and by the latter it is coupled with the tomb of Mausolus in Caria as deserving of special admiration. The locality is thought to be identified beyond doubt, and some curious features of the mechanism of the tomb correspond closely with the description of Pausanias. [Called also Tomb oj the Kmyi.]

Helen's, St. See St. Helen's.

Heliodorus. See Expulsion Op Heliodokus and Stanze Of RaPhael.

Heliopolis, Obelisk of. See ObeLisk Of Heliopolis.

Hell. See Inferno.

Hell Gate. A part of the East River, about a mile from Central Park, New York, which formerly abounded in rocks very dangerous t» navigation; but these have for the most part been removed.

«- "It is certain, however, that to the account* of Oloflc and his followers may be traced the various traditions handed down of this marvellous strait: as how the devil has been seen there, sitting astride of the Hog's Back and

E laying on the riddle; how he broils sh there before a storm; and many other stories in which we must be cautious of putting too much faith. In consequence of all these terrific circumstances, the Pavonian commander gave this pass the name of /frlle-gat, or, as it has been Interpreted, HellGatr; which it continues to bear at the present day." Irving's Knickerbocker.

JJurt-Oatc la at least as terrible as this fabled monster [Charybdls]. T. Chase.

Hemicycle, The. A picture by Paul Delaroche (1797-1856). "It contains 75 life-size figures, and employed him three years. It represents the arts of different countries and tithes by groups of portraits of the artists of those times and nations." In the theatre of L'Ecole des Beaux Arts at Paris.

Henham Oak. A noted tree in Suffolk County, England, of great age and size. It is still standing, though shorn of much of its beauty.

tg- "The oak was a noted resort for select .Jacobite meetings of a convivial nature, when Sir Robert Rous and two or three stanch adherents of the exiled house of Stuart were accustomed to drink deep healths 'to the king, over the water,' on bended knees." Agnes Strickland.

Henrietta, The. A noted vacht which crossed the Atlantic'in 14 days, 4 hours, reaching Cowes, England, Dec. 25, 18ti6, and winning a prize of 890,000 for superior speed.

Henry-Grace-a-TJien. A noted man-of-war belonging to the British navy, built by Henry VIII. in 1515.

Henry VII.'s Chapel. A chapel in Westminster Abbey, London, richly ornamened with panelling, its entrance-gates overlaid with brass, gilt, wrought into various devices, and containing many monuments and tombs of royal and distinguished persons.

tW "The Chapel of Henry VII. ia indeed well called by his name, for it breathes of himself through every part. It is the most signal example of the contrast between his closeness in life and his magnificence in the structures he hath left to posterity, — King's College Chapel, the Savoy, Westminster." Dean Stanley.

IS- "The Chapel of Henry VII. is one of the most elaborate specimens of Gothic workmanship in the world. If the first idea of the Gothic arch sprung from observing the forms of trees, this chapel must resemble the first conceptions of that order; for the fiuted columns rise up like tall trees, branching out at the lop into spreading capitals covered with leaves and supporting arches of the ceiling resembling a leafy roof." Bayard Taylor.

XHP* "The very walls are wrought into universal ornament, lncrustcd with tracery, and scooped into niches crowded with statues of saints and martyrs." Washington Irving.

I may mention the frieze of angels in Henry the Seventh's Chapel, merely as an example at hand, and whit h cun he referred to at any moment Mrs Jameson.

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