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Insurrection of the Maillotins, In 1358, broke out here; here met societies of the Fronde; here Robespierre held his council; and here Louis Philippe was presented to the. French nation by La Fayette in 1830. The Hotel de Ville was destroyed by the leaders of the Commune prior to the entrance of the German army, May 28,1871, and has not been rebuilt. Among the finer examples of architecture bearing this name may be mentioned the town-halls of Brussels, Bruges, Louvain, Ypres, etc.

And for about four months all Franco, and to a great degree all Europe, rougnrldden by every specie* of delirium, except happily the murderous for moat part, ww a weltering mob, presided over by M. de Lamartine at the Hold de Ville.

Carlylc Hotel de Ville. [BrugesJ The municipal building of Bruges, Belgium, the oldest edifice of the kind in the country, having been erected in 1377.

*3~ "It is a small building, being only 88 feet in front by 65 In depth, and of a singularly pure and elegant design. . . . The belfry is one of the most picturesque lowers iu the country."


H6tel de Ville. [Brussels.] A noble Gothic edifice, the municipal hall of Brussels, Belgium. In the grand hall of this building the abdication of Charles V. took place in 1555. It is considered the finest of the town-halls of Belgium. It was begun in 1401, «nd finished in 1455. It has a spire of open stone-work 364 feet in height.

«- "The spire that surmount* its centre is unrivalled for beauty of outline and design by any spire In Bel. gium, and is entitled to take rank amongst the noblest examples of its class iu Europe." Ferguaton.

Hdtel de ViUe. [Louvain.] A splendid edifice in Louvain, Belgium, used for municipal purposes, and one of the finest Gothic buildings in the world.

4W " The well-known and beautiful town lull I at louvain is certainly the most elaborately decorated piece of Gothic architecture in existence. Though perhaps a little overdone in

some parts, the wbole Is no consistent, and the outline and general scheme of decoration so good, that little fault can be found with it. In design it follows very closely the hall at Bruges, but wants the tower which gives such dignity to those at Brussels and at Ypres." Fergiu&m.

Hotel de Ville. [Ypres.] A noted building in Ypres, Belgium, restored in 1860, and now used for municipal purposes. It was originally called the Halle, or ClothHall, cloth having been the great staple manufacture of Belgium during the Middle Ages.

49- "The cloth-hall at Ypres is hy far the most magnificent and beautiful of these [trade-halts], as also the earliest. The foundatlun-stone was laid in 1200 by Baldwin of Constantinople, but it was not linished till 104 years afterwards. The facade is 440 feet in length, and of the simplest possible design, being perfectly straight and unbroken from end to end. ... Its height is varied by the noble belfry which rises from its centre, and by a bold and beautiful pinnacle at each end. The whole is of the pure architecture of the thirteenth century, and is one of the most majestic edifices of its class to be seen anywhere." Fergunsm.

Hdtel de Ville, Place de 1*. See Place De L' Hotel De Ville.

Hdtel des Invalides. See InvaLides.

Hotel des Monnaies. A handsome classical edifice near the Pont Neuf, Paris, built in 1775. The mint of Paris is the principal one in France. The rate at which coins can be struck off is about 1,500,000 per day. In the Museum are interesting collections of coins, medals, models, etc. The establishment also contains, besides the workshops for coining, laboratories for assaying.

Hotel Dieu. A magnificent hospital in Paris, on the river Seine. Its wards are on both sides of the river. It was established as early as the seventh century, and has been richly endowed by various kings, nobles, and wealthy men. All the arrangements are on the most liberal scale. This name is given to the chief hospital of many places.

Hotel Lambert. A handsome structure on the He St. Louis, Paris, of the style of architecture under Louis XIV. Voltaire lived here; and here, in 1815, Napoleou held one of his last conferences.

Hotel St. Aignan. An old aristocratic hotel of Paris, where lived the Due d' Avaux, and later the Due de St. Aignan. The gateway and court, with Corinthian pilasters, are left.

Hotel St. Paul. A former palace of Paris, built by Charles V. about 1364. Nothing now remains of it.

Hotoie, La. A fine promenade in the city of Amiens, France. It covers 52 acres.

Houghton Hall. A splendid mansion in the county of Norfolk, England, formerly the residence of Sir Robert Walpole, and famous for the rare collection of pictures which it contained. Most of the pictures are now dispersed; the greater part, having been sold to the Empress of Russia, are now at St. Petersburg. The estate now belongs to the Marquis of Cholmondeley.

Hougoumont. A mansion in the neighborhood of Waterloo, noted for its importance in connection with the battle upon that field. [Written also Goumont.]

Nor wood, nor tree, nor bush, are there,
Her course to Intercept or scare.

Nor fosse nor fence are found,
Save where, from out her shatter'd bow*

ers, •

Rise HougoumonCa dismantled towers.


Hounsditch or Houndsditch. This is the centre of the Jews' quarter in London, so called from the ancient foss around the city, once a receptacle for dead dogs.

«»v-" From Aldgate, north-west to Biotiopsgate, lieth the ditch of the city, called Houndsditch; for that in old time, when the same lay open, much filth (conveyed from the city), especially dead dogs, were there laid or cast." Stow.

More knavery and usury.
And foolery and trtckerv, than Doqsditeh.
Beaumont and Fletcher.

If It please Heaven, wc shall all yet make our Exodus from J/oundsditch, and bid the sordid continents, of once rich apparel now grown poisonous Otf'-c/o', a mild farewell! Carlyle.

Hounslow Heath. A region once open and infested by uighwaymen, but now enclosed, adjacent to Hounslow, in Middlesex County, England.

B&-" The waste tracts which lay on the great routes near London were especially haunted by plunderers of this class. Hounslow Healh, on the great Western road, and Flncbley Common, on the great Northern road, were perhaps the most celebrated of these spots." Macaulay.

House. For names beginning with House, see the next prominent word. See also infra.

House of Commons. One ol the houses of Parliament in the New Palace at Westminster, London.

tTS- " The principal chamber of the manufactory of statute law."

Quarterly Review.

House of Lords, or House of Peers. One of the houses of Parliament, magnificently and richly fitted up, in the New Palace at Westminster, London.

Houses of Parliament. See WestMinster Palace.

Howard. See Castle Howard.

Howe's Cave. A natural curiosity in Schoharie County, N.Y. The cave has been penetrated a distance of eight or ten miles, and visitors usually go as far as three or four miles. It was discovered in 1842, and is thought to be hardly surpassed by any cavern except the Mammoth Cave in Kentucky. [Sometimes called also the Otsgaragee Cavern.]

Hoy, Old Man of. See Old Man Op Hoy.

Hradschin, The. The ancient palace of the Bohemian kings, in Prague, Austria. This imposing pile was begun in 1541, but not completed till 200 years later. There are said to be 440 apartments in it. It commands a noble view.

Aloft on the mountain, with prospect over city, river, and wood-grown Isles, his old Hradsclim beaming in the sun.

Ham Christian Andersen.

Huguenot, The. A well-known picture by J. E. Millais (b. 1829).

ta~ "The Incident of the 'Huguenot' picture la founded on the order of the Due de Guise, that each good Catholic should, on the eve of St. Bartholomew, bind a strip of white linen round bis arm, as a badge to be known by-" Sarah Tytler.

Huls in 't Bosch. [House in the Wood.J A palace in a wooded

gark in the environs of the [ague, Holland.

Human Life. See RepresentaTion Of Human Life.

Humane Society. See DistinGuished Membeb Of The HuMane Society.

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Hume Castle.

ruined castle near Kelso in ^.., land, once the residence of the Earls of Home.

Humphrey's Walk. See Duke Humphrey's Walk.

Hungerford Market. A wellknown London market.

He [Charles Dickens] Informed me as he walked through it, that ho knew Hungertori market well. Payne Collier.

HUnnengraber. [Graves of the Huns.l Curious sepulchral

mounds and stone monuments in which ashes and bones have been found, in the island of Riigen in the Baltic.

Hunnenschlacht. See Battle Of The Huns.

Hunted Stag. A picture by Sir Edwin Laudseer (1802-1873). In the National Gallery, London.

Huss before the Council of Constance. A noted and elaborately finished picture bv Karl Friedrich Leasing (b. 1808). In the Sttulel Institute at Frankfort-onthe-Main, Germany.

«- "It Is said that this picture has had a great effect upon Catholics who nave seen It, lo softening the bigotry

with which they regarded the early reformers; and If ao, it Is a triumphant proof how much art can effect in the cause of truth and humanity."

Bayard Taylor.

W "A most glorious picture here. The Trial of John Huss before the Council of Constance, by Leasing. . . . The painter has arrayed with constimrnate ability In the foreground a representation of the religious respectability of the age: Italian cardinals in their scarlet robes . . . men whom it were no play to meet In an argument, —all that expressed the stateliness and grandeur of what Huss bad been educated to consider the true church. In the midst of tbem stands Huss in a simple dark robe: his sharpened features tell of prison and of suffering. He is defending himself, and there is a trembling earnestness In the manner with which hie hand grasps the Bible. With a

fasslonate agony he seems to say, Am not right? Does not this Word say it? and is It not the word of God?"

SeecKer. Hyde Park. A large pleasureground in London, extending from Piccadilly westward to Kensington Gardens. It is the site of the ancient manor of Hyde. For nearly two centuries it has been the scene of military reviews and spectacles. Hyde Park was enclosed about the middle of the sixteenth century. It was opened to the public during the time of Charles I. Reform meetings and other turbulent gatherings have frequently been held here, which have been sometimes attended with violence.

JW- "In this Park, In the London season, from May to August (between 11 and 1, and 5' and 7), may be seen all the wealth and fashion and splendid equlpngcB of the nobility and gentry of Great Britain. As mnnv as 800 equestrians, Including the Kno't at the music, have been seen assembled at Hyde Park in the height of the season."

Murray's Handbook.

IO- " Hyde Park . . . with its small rivulet, Its wide greensward, its sheep, Its shady walks, resembling a pleasurepark suddenly transported to the centre of a capital." Taine, Tram.

Now, at Hyde Pari. If fair it be,

A show of ladies you mav see.

Poor Robin s Almanack (.May. 1698).

At fourscore he [the Duke of Schom

berg] retained a strong reliah for innocent pleasure*: he conversed with great conrtesy and sprightltneas; nothing could be In better taste than his equipages and his table; and every comet of cavalry envied the grace and dignity with which the veteran appeared m Hyde Part on his charger at the head of ins regiment


Sooner (hall gran in Hyde-part circus

grow, And wiu take lodgings in the sound of

Bow! Sooner let air. earth, sea, to chaos fall. Men, monkeys, lap-dogs, parrots, perish

ail! Pope

2. A public pleasure-ground in St. Louis, Mo.

Hyder AM. A vessel belonging to the State of Pennsylvania, which, in 1782, captured the BritisrAhip General Monk, in Delaware Bay, an exploit pronounced by Cooper "one of the most brilliant actions that ever occurred under the American flag." See Monk, The.

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Iberian Madonna. The name given to a miraculous picture of the Virgin and Child, placed in a niche lighted with silver lamps, in the Kremlin at Moscow, Russia. The picture was originally brought from Mt. Athos.

«- " For the last 200 years, the protectress of the Muscovites. Her aid Is invoked by high and low, In ail the circumstances of life; and 1 doubt whether any other shrine in the world is the witness of such generai and so much real devotion." Bayard Taylor.

Ice Palace. The Empress Anne of Russia, who reigned from 1730 to 1740, took into her head a "most magnificent and mighty freak." One of her nobles, Prince Galitzin, having changed his religion, was punishea by being made a court page and buffoon. His wife being dead, the empress required him to marry again, agreeing to defray the expense of the wedding herself. The prince, true to his new character, selected a girl of low birth. This was in the winter of 1739-40, which was one of extraordinary severity. By her majesty's command, a house was built entirely of ice. It consisted of tworooms; and all the furniture, even to the bedstead, was made of the same material. Four small cannons and two mortars, also of ice, were placed in front of the house, and were fired several times without bursting, small wooden grenades being thrown from the mortars. On the wedding-day a procession was formed, composed of more than 300 persons of both sexes, whom the empress — desirous of of seeing how many different kinds of inhabitants there were in her vast dominions — had caused the governors of the various provinces to send to St. Petersburg. The bride and bridegroom were conspicuously placed'

in a great iron cage on the back of an elephant. Of the guests (all of whom were dressed in the costume of their respective conntries), some were mounted on camels; others were in sledges — a man and a woman in each — drawn by beasts of all descriptions, as reindeer, oxen, goats, dogs, hogs, and the like. After passing before the imperial palace, and marching through the principal streets of the city, the motley cavalcade proceeded to the Duke of Courland's ridinghouse, where dinner was served to each after the manner of cookery in his own country. The feast over, there was a ball, those from each nation having their own music and their own style of dancing. "When the ball was ended, the newly-married pair were conducted to" their palace of ice, and guards were stationed at the door to prevent their going out until morning. The building is said to have lasted uninjured, in that cold climate, for several months.

No forest fell When thou wouldst build, no quarry sent

Its stores To enrich thv walls; but thou didst hew

the floods. And make thy marble of the glassy Wbts. Cotrper.

Icebergs, The. A noted picture by Frederic Edwin Church (b. 182G), the American landscape painter.

Idle and Industrious Apprentices. A series of pictures by William Hogarth (1G97-1764).

4®-"What a riving and breathing gallery of old English life we have in Hogarth's series of the 'Idle and Industrious Apprentices,' and how perfect It Is as tar as it goes. It is complete and self-consistent, from the first {>ictnre where the ill-conditioned, illooking lad sits dozing, neglecting hit

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