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Juno. See Jupiter And Juno. Jupiter [of Phidias]. See OlymPian Jupiter.
Jupiter and Antiope. A wellknown picture by Antonio Allegri, surnamed Correggio (H!41534), pronounced " the rhef ri'utuvre of the master in the mythological class" of subjects, "it is now in the tribune of the Louvre, Paris.
Jupiter and Io. See Io And JupiTer.
Jupiter and Juno. A fresco by Annibale Caracci (15fi0-16O9). In the Farnese Palace, Rome.
Jupiter, Education of. A picture by Giulio Romano (14!>2-154<i). Now in the National Gallery, London.
Jupiter Latialis. See Temple Op Jupiter Latialis.
Jupiter Stator, Temple of. See Temple Of Jupiter Stator.
Jurisprudence. A celebrated fresco by Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520),
representing the science of jnriv prudence in its two divisions of ecclesiastical and civil law. with female figures personifying Prudence, Fortitude, and Temperance, and the figures of Pope Gregory XL, and the Emperor Justinian. This picture forms one of the series of four, entitled respectively, Theology, Poetry, Philosophy, and Jurisprudence, which were intended to exhibit the lofty subjects of thought with which the human mind is occupied. They are all in the Camera della Segnatura of the Vatican, Rome.
Justice and Divine Vengeance pursuing Crime. An admired picture by Pierre Prud'hon (17581823). In the Louvre, Paris.
Justice. See Bed Of Justice and Palais De Justice.
Justina, St. See St. Justina Asd The Duke Of Ferrara.
Juvenis Adorans. See Bor PrayIng.
Kaabah. See Caaba.
t&r "A magnificent jewel in atone, as large an the Royal Exchange of London, made of a single isolated rock, hollowed within and magnificently carved without. Nothing is wanting to render its proportion*, its grace, and its beauty perfect. The hand of a master must have fashioned this gorgeous structure which comprises chapels, portico*, colonnades supported by figures of elephants, two basilisks 39 feet high, a pagoda 100 feet high, flights of stairs, and galleries made solemn with a dim and almost a religious light. The whole structure covers a space of 340 feet in length by 1B0 feet in breadth, and the exterior walls are separated from the cliff to which the rock originally belonged by an excavated passage 26 to 32 feet in width; so that this wonderful rock-temple is completely isolated in the centre of a court hollowed out In the flank of the hill. Time, passing over the walls covered with innumerable Btatues, has blackened them; but in robbing them of much it has also imparted to them a real beauty. And here it may be remarked that the strange sculptures of Elora arc only to be compared to the shapeless works of our middle ages; ana though they are wanting in the repose of the Egyptian sculptures, they seem to live and breathe with a monstrous life." Lefevre, Tr. Donald.
Kaiserstuhl. [Caesar's Seat J An eminence rising above Heidelberg, in Germany, and affording a magnificent view.
Karlstein. [Charles's Stone.] A famous feudal castle, the residence of the Bohemian kings, built in the middle of the fourteenth century, and still in a good state of preservation, not far from Prague.
Karnak, Temple of. See Temple Of Kaii.vak.
Kasr. A ruin in ancient Babylon on the supposed site of the palace of Nebuchadnezzar.
Katharine Docks. See St. KatitEkine Docks.
Kazan Cathedral. The metropolitan church of St. Petersburg, dedicated to our Lady of Kazan, standing upon the Ncvskoi Prospekt. It is built of gray Finland granite, and was intended to be a copy of St. Peter's at Rome, having a circular colonnade in front like the latter, but is, however, only a feeble imitation of It.
Where are our shallow fords? and where The power of Kazan with its fourfold
gates? From the prison windows our maidens fair Talk of us still through the iron grates.
Longfellotc. Adaptation. Kazan looks down from the Volga wall.
Bright in the darkest weather; And the Christian chime and the Moslem call Sound from her towers together.
E. D. Proctor.
Kazan, Defile of. An extraordinary pass in the Lower Danube, through which the river rushes. A road is carried along the bank by tunnelling through the perpendicular cliffs.
Kearsarge, The. A Union ship of war, commanded by Capt. Winslow, which, on the 19th of June, 18(14, destroyed the Confederate privateer Alabama, off the coast of France, near Cherbourg.
Kelso Abbey. An ancient ruined monastery in the town of Kelso, Scotland.
Kenilworth Castle. A magnificent ruined mansion, one of the most interesting and picturesque feudal remains in England, at Kenilworth, near Leamington. It is familiar to readers through the description of Sir Walter Scott in his novel of the same name. Kenilworth Castle was one of the strongholds of Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, In his insurrection against Henry HI. John of Gaunt, coming into possession of the castle, enlarged it by magnificent buildings. Queen Elizabeth bestowed it upon Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, who also made important additions. It was dismantled after the civil war of Charles I.
49- "Of thi« lordly palace, where
f>rinces feasted and heroes fought, now ti the bloody earnest of storm and siege, now in the games of chivalry, where beauty dealt the prize which valor won, all Is now desolate. The mossy ruins of the castle only serve to show what their splendor once was, and to impress on the musing visitor the transitory value of human possessions." Sir Walter Scott.
*S- " 8ome of the ivy that mantles this building has a trunk as large as n man's body, and throws out number, less strong arms, which, interweaving, embrace and interlace half-falling towers, nnd hold them up in a living, growing moss of green. The walls of one of the oldest towers are sixteen feet thick. The former moat presents only a grassy hollow. What was formerly the gate-house Is still inhabited by the family who have the care of the building. The land around is choicely and carefully laid out." Mrs. If. B. Stowc.
Hcanirt'l thou whnt the Ivy sighed.
Kennedy. See Castle Kennedy.
Kennington Common. An enclosure (comprising some 20 acres) in Lambeth, London, once celebrated as a place of gathering for pugilists and also itinerant preachers, and memorable as the scene of the great Chartist meeting in 1848. It has now been converted into a park. Whitetield used to preach here to great crowds of people.
8mT "Sunday, May 6, 1731. At six In the evening went and preached at Kennington, but such a sight I never saw before. Some supposed there were above 30,000 or 40,000 people, and near fourscore coaches, besides great numbers of horses; and there was such an awful silence amongst them, and the word of God came with such power, that all seemed pleasingly sur
prised. I continued my discourse foi an hour and a half."
George WhilefleldS .Wary.
Kennington Park. A modern park in London, formerly known as Kennington Common. See supra.
Kensal-Green Cemetery. On the Harrow Road, two and a half miles l>eyond Paddington, London. It occupies eighteen acres.
Kensington. A parish of London, containing several hamlets. The palace of Kensington is in St Margaret's parish, Westminster.
Kensington Gardens. Extensive pleasure-grounds attached to Kensington Palace, London, England, much frequented during the London season. The gardens were laid out in the time of William III., and at first consisted of only 26 acres.
Where Kensington high o'er the neighboring lands Midst greens and sweets a regal fabric
stands. And sees each spring, luxuriant in her
bowers, A snow of blossoms and a wild of flowers. The dames of Britain oft in vrowd* repair To groves und lawns and unpollutcl air. Thomas TlcttlL
Wl*e and Loudon are our heroic peer*: and if, as a critic, 1 may sinaJ* oat *nr passage of their works to commend. I shall lake notice of that part in the upper garden at Kensington, which at first was nothing but a gravel-pfL Spectator.
Here In Kensington are some of the most
Eoetical bits of tree nnd stump anil sonny rown and green glen, and tawny earth. Hajfdou.
Kensington Museum. See Socth Kensington Museum.
Kensington Palace. A royal residence of the English sovereigns, situated about two miles west oi London. William and Mary lived here, and here Marv died in 1SH, and William in 1702. After the death of William III., Anne and Prince George of Denmark lived at Kensington Palace, the latter dying here in 1708, and the former in 1714. Queen Victoria was born here May 24, 181!). It formerly contained the collection of pictures known as the Kensington Collection.
Kent's Hole. A cavern near Torquay, England, celebrated for its ossiferous remains.
Kevin's Kitchen. See St. KevIn's Kitchen.
Kew Botanical Gardens. An enclosure, 270 acres in extent, at Kew, near London, containing the plants, flowers, and vegetable curiosities of all countries.
Keyne's Well. See St. Keyne's Well.
Keys of St. Peter. See DeliverIng The Keys.
Khasne, The. The great temple of Petra, occupying an unrivalled situation opposite the opening of the Sik, and in full view of every one entering the city. Almost the entire structure is" hewn in the rock; and the age, and even the purpose of the monument, are matters of controversy. Its name, meaning "the Treasure," was given to it by the Arabs, who have a tradition that vast treasures of jewels and money were once placed in the urn upon the top of the facade, where they are still carefully guarded by jealous genii.
O- " With consummate skill have the architects of Petra availed themselves of remarkable natural formation to dazzle the stranger, as he emerges from an all but subterranean defile, by the enchanting prospect of one of their noblest monuments. Most fortunate, too, were they in the material out of which It is hewn; for the rosy tint of the portico, sculptured pediment, and statues overhead, contrasts finely with the darker masses of rugged elm above and around, and the deep green of the vegetation at its base. The monument Is in wonderful preservaUon; some of the most delicate details of the carving are as fresh and sharp as if executed yesterday."
IO- " Its position is wonderfully fine, and its material and preservation very striking; but It is inconceivable how any one can praise its architecture. This temple, called by the Arabs ' Pharaoh's Treasury,' is absolutely Bet in a niche." Mitt Martineau.
BSt" "One of the moBt elegant remains of antiquity existing in Syria." Surcihardt.
<aT" "The typical and most beautiful tomb of this place [Petra] is that called the Khasne, or Treasury of Pharaoh. . . . Though all the forms of the architecture are Koraan, the details are so elegant and generally so well designed, that there must have been some Grecian influence brought to bear upon the work." Ftrguttou.
Khuttub Minar. A famous pillar in the neighborhood of Delhi, India. It is of a circular form, 240 feet in height, with a base of 35 feet, diminishing to less than 10 feet at the top. It consists of five stories, the three lower being of red sandstone, and the two upper of white marble.
"As I stood a short distance from the base, my gaze travelling slowly from bottom to top, and from top to bottom, Mr. Place declared it to be the finest single tower in the world, and asked me whether I did not think so. I said 'no,' for just then 1 had Giotto's Florentine Campanile and the Giralda of Seville in mind, and could not venture to place it above them; but tho longer I looked, the more its beauty grew upon me; and after spending (hive or four hours in its vicinity, 1 no longer doubted. It is, beyond question, the finest shaft in the world."
Kidron. A brook in the vicinity of Jerusalem, Palestine, alluded to in the Bible, and associated with the later scenes in the life of Christ.
Kieran's Chair. See St. Kieran's Chair.
Kilchurn Castle. A massive stronghold of the fifteenth century near Dalrnally, Argyle, Scotland. It is now an imposing ruin.
Abandoned by thy rugired sire Nor by soft peace adopted, though in place And in dimension such that thou might'st
seem But a mere footstool to yon sovereign
lord, Hu«e Cruachan. Wordtwonn.
Kildare, Curragh of. See CubKagh Of Kildare.
Kilkenny Castle. The seat of the Marquis of Ormonde in Kilkenny, Leinster County, Ireland. It dates from the twelfth century.
Kilcoleman. A picturesque ruined castle in the county of Cork, Ireland. It was once the home of Edmund Spenser, the poet.
43* " Four years of happy tranquillity here passed away, bearing for the world the glorious fruit of the first three books of the Fairy Queen. These he conveyed to London in company witli his friend, Sir Walter lialeigh, and there published theui. ... A dreadful calamity now awaited him. The Tyrone rebellion broke out (in 1598); his estate was plundered; Kilcoleman was burned by the Irish; in the tl.'imcs his youngest child perished; and he was driven into England with his wife and remaining children, — a pour and wretched exile. From this affliction he never recovered, dying a year after in an obscure lodging In London In extreme indigence."
Mr. and Mrs. Hall.
Kilcrea. A beautiful ruined friary or abbey in the county of Cork, Ireland.
Kilmallock Abbey. An interesting monastic abbey in the county of Limerick, Ireland.
Kimbolton Castle. The seat of the Duke of Manchester, near Huntingdon, England.
43j- " Though pulled about, and rebuilt by Sir John Vanbrugh, the castle has still a grand antique and feudal air. The memories which hang about It are in the last degree romantic and imposing. There Queen Katherine of Aragon died. There the Civil Wars took shape. . . . Kimbolton Is perhaps the only house now left in Kngland in which you ttlill live and move, distinguished as the scene of an act in one of Shakespeare's plays. . . . For a genuine Shakesperian house, in which men still live and love, still dress and dine, to which guests come and go, in which children frisk and Bport, where shall we look beyond the walls of Kimbolton Castle?" llepworth Uixon.
King Arthur's Palace. The name given to the vast intrenchments of an ancient Roman or British camp, still existing in a ruined statu, in the ancient Camelot, or, as it is now called, Queen's Camel. England.
King Arthur's Round Table. A singular and very ancient circular area, surrounded by a fosse and mound, and supposed to have been intended for the practice of
the feats of chivalry, near Penrith, in the county of Cumberland, England.
He passed red Penrith's Table Round
.Sir Waller Sntt.
ftj-" A circular intrenchment,about half a mile from Penrith, is thus popularly termed. The circle within the ditch is about 160 paces in circumference, with openings, or approaches, directly opposite to each other. As the ditch is on the inner side, it could not be intended for the purpose of defence; and it haB reasonably been conjectured that the enclosure was designed lor the solemn exercise of feats of chivalry, and the embankment around for the convenience of the spectators." ScoU,
King Arthur's Round Table. See Round Table.
King Club, or Club of Kings. A club which was in existence in London in the time of Charles II. (l(MiO-l(i85). The name of "King" was applied to all the members, and Charles was himself an honorary member.
King John's Castle. 1. This fortress, built in the thirteenth century upon a rock overlooking the sea, in the town of Carlingford, Ireland, commands charming views of the Mourne Mountains. Near this castle is an ancient abbey, now in ruins, which was built in the fourteenth century.
2. An ancient royal residence and fortress at Limerick, Ireland.
e^f" The castle has endured for above six centuries; in all the 'battles, sieges, fortunes,' that have siuce occurred, it has been the object mo*t coveted, perhaps, in Ireland, by the contending parties; and it still frown?, a dark mass, upon the waters of tbe mighty Shannon."
Mr. and Mr». Hall.
King of Clubs. A club in London, founded about 1801, and at first composed of a few lawyers and literary men. The meetings of the club were held at the Crown and Anchor Tavern, in the Strand. Richard Sharp ("Conversation Sharp") was regarded as the first of the club; and the poet Rogers, Sir James Mackintosh, Lady Mackintosh, anil others were frequent attendants.