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Kins of the Beans. See Feast Op The King Of The Beans.

King of the Forest. A picture by Sir Edwin Landseer (1803-1873), the most celebrated modern painter of animals.

Kings, Adoration of the. See AdOration Of The Magi

King's Bench and Queen's Bench. An old prison in London, more recently known as the Queen's Prison, Southwark. Stow relates that the rebels under Wat Tyler "brake down the houses of the Marshalsey and King's Bench, in Southwarke." The Prince of Wales, afterwards Henry V., was committed to this prison. It was known as the Upper Bench Prison during the Commonwealth. The King^ Bench Prison figures in the works of Dickens.

Micavber. -—" And tliig Is the Bench! Where for the first time in many revolving years the overwhelming pressure of pecuniary liabilities was not proclaimed from day to day by Importunate voices declining to vacate the passage; where there was no knocker on the dour for any creditor u» appeal to; where personal service of process was not required, and detainers were merely lodged at the gate!" 2/icliens.

King's Cave. A cavern near Tormore, in Scotland. It derives its name from the tradition that it ■was occupied by Fingal, Bruce, and other Scottish heroes. The interior is carved with rude devices. This cave, the largest of a line of caves on the Scottish coast, is hollowed out under the cliffs, and is supported partly by a natural pillar that divides the upper portion into two chambers.

King's Chapel. A religious edifice on Tremont Street, Boston, Mass. It -was built in 1751 on the site of an older church edifice. During the war of the Revolution it was for a time forsaken by its loyalist congregation. In the adjacent burial-ground, which has been used from 1630, many of the early Puritans, including Gov. Winthrop, are interred.

*53- "The edifice, its records and the worshippers In H, are illustrative of the court-epoch of life in Boston, under the royal governors. A stale

pew, with canopy and drapery, was
fitted up In the chapel for the Earl of
Bellomont; and the royal governor
and his deputy were always to be of
the vestry. When Joseph Dudley
came home as governor, he seems, at
least in part, to have turned his back
upon his own place for worship and
communion, ills own armorial bear-
ings and escutcheon were bung on one
of the pillars of the chapel, as were
those of other gentry. Gov. Hutchin-
son after him did the same. The
edifice, in fact, and all that was done
within its walls, and its objects and
purposes, was a type and obtrusion of
royal interference with the usages,
the traditions, and the dearest attach-
ments of the people. Men of note sat
and worshipped In that first royal
chapel. Among its worshippers were
true Episcopalians by birth and con*
vlction, and others who, without any
Bpeciai convictions, might reasonably
seek there a substitute for that espion-
age and unwelcome form of religious
dispensation found In the meeting-
houses. Suspended from the pillars
were the escutcheons of Sir Edmund
Andros, Francis Nicholson, Capt. Ham-
ilton, and Govs. Dudley, 8hute, Burnet,
Belcher, and Shirley. The altar-piece,
with the gilded Gloria, the Creed, the
Commandments, the Lord's Prayer, the
organ, the surpliced priest, and, above
all, the green boughs of Christmas,
composed altogether a sight which
some young Puritan eves longed, and
some older ones were shocked, to see."
George E. Ellis.

The Chapel, last of sublunarv things
That shrieks our echoes with the name of

Kings,
"Whose bell. Just glistening from the font

and fori-'e. Rolled its proud requiem for the second

George, Solemn and swelling, as of old it rang. Flings to the wind its deep, sonorous

clang. Holmes.

King's Coffee-house. A rude structure in Covent Garden, London, formerly much frequented by persons from various ranks of society.

What rake is ignorant of King* Coffeehouse t Fielding.

King's College. 1. An ancient college in Cambridge, England, one of the 13 colleges of the university, founded in 1441, enjoying some peculiar privileges, and noted for its beautiful chapel.

The groves of Granta, and her got hie halls, King's Coll., Cam's stream, sliiin'ri windows, and old walls. Huron

2. An ancient college in Aberdeen, Scotland, founded in 1 i'.H, by a bull of Pope Alexander VI. The building is noticeable for the fine carving in the chapel and library. The college now forms a part of the new University of Aberdeen.

asr "The tower of It [King's College] is surmounted by a massive stone crown, which forms a very singular feature in every view of Aberdeen, and is said to be a perfectly unique specimen of architecture."

Mr*. H. B. Stotce.

3. A college in London, founded in 1828, and occupying the east wing of Somerset House.

King's College ChapeL A magnificent pile, connected with King's College, Cambridge, England! It is regarded as one of the finest specimens in existence of the perpendicular Gothic.

K9~ "The interior is imposing from its great height, from tile solemn beauty and splendor of the stained glass, and from the magnilicent fan-traccrv of tbe vaulting, which extends, bay after bay, in unbroken and unchanged succession, from one end of the chapel to the other." Fergusson.

— nothing cheered our way till first we s«w The long-ruofed chapel of King's College

lift Turrets and pinnacles In answering flies, Extended high above a dusky urove.

Wordsworth. Tax not the royal saint with vain expense. With Ill-matched aims the architect who

I'lanned — Albeit laboring for a scanty band Of white-robed scholars only — this immense And glorious work of fine intelligence!

Ibid.

King's College Hospital. Established in London for the sick poor, to afford instruction to the students of King's College, in 18.HI. The first stone of the present building was laid in 1852.

King's Head. A club in London, of the time of Charles II., also known as the Green-Ribbon Club, from the distinguishing mark of a green ribbon to be worn in the hat, founded by Lord Shaftesbury, with the object of affording stipjiort to the court and government, and of influencing Protes

tant zeal. The members, who were popularly known as "bop in armour," from the peculiar dress which they wore, carried the weapon known as the Protestant Flail. According to Roger North, at the time of the popeburning procession of November, 1680, "the Babble first changed their title, and were called Vw Mob in the assemblies of this club. It was their Beast of Burden, and called first mobits vvlgus, but fell naturally into the contraction of one syllable, and ever since is become proper English." The club declined after these celebrations were suppressed in 1683.

,ny *' The gentlemen of that worthy society held their evening sessions continually at the King's Head Tsnra, over against the Inner Temple Oale. . . . They admitted all strangers that were confidingly introduced; for it was a main end of their institution to make proselytes, especially of the ra» cstuled youth, newly come to town. This copious society were to the faction in and about London a sort of executive power, and, by correspond"ence, all over England. The resolve* of the more retired councils of the ministry of the Faction were broucbt in here, and orally insinuated to the company, whether it were Ives, defamations, commendations, projects, etc-. and so, like water diffused, spread all over the town; whereby that which was digested at the club over ni?nt, was, like nourishment, at every assembly, male and female, the next day; and thus the younglings tasted of political administration, and look themselves for notable counsellors."

Roger Forth.

King's Head. A tavern, now closed, in the Poultry, London. It was burnt in the great tin" of 1666, and rebuilt. It was at first known by the sign of the Row. Also a King's Head in Fenchurcli Street, London, and many other public houses of this name, which was a common appellation.

King's Market. [Dan. Konqert'i Nytorv.] The principal square in Copenhagen, Denmark.

Kings of Cologne. See Shrin* or The Thkee Kings Of Cotoo-XI

Kings, Tombs of the. See Tombs or The Kings.

TTirkconnell. A ruined church in Scotland, near Kirkpatrick. The adjoining churchyard is the scene of the ballad of "Fair Helen of KirkconnelL"

I wish I were where Helen lies!
Night and day on me she cries.
Oh that I were^vhere Helen lies
On fair KirkamneU Lee 1

Kit-Kat Club. A celebrated association in London, founded about the year 1700, aud said to have derived its name from a certain Christopher Katt, a mutton-pieman or pastry-cook, at whose house in Shire Lane the meetings of the club are supposed to have been first held. It was the chief society for the leaders among the Whigs, and originally consisted of 39 noblemen and gentlemen known for their warm attachment to the house of Hanover. The Duke of Marlborough, Sir Robert Walpole, Addison, Steele, and many other noted men of the time were members; and the reputation of the club is literary and artistic as well as political. Here "used to meet many of the finest gentlemen and choicest wits of the days of Queen Anne and the first George. Halifax has conversed and Somers unbent, Addison mellowed over a bottle, Congreve flashed his wit, Vanbrugh let loose his easy humor, Garth talked and rhymed." Ward, who claims that the pieman was named Christopher, and that he lived at the sign of the Cat and Fiddle, in Gray's-Inn Lane,says, "thecook's name being Christopher, for brevity called Kit, and nis sign being the Cat and Fiddle, they very merrily derived a quaint denomination from puss and her master, and from thence called themselves of the Kit-Kat Club." Others say that the club derived its name from the pie itself and not from the maker of the pie, the pies being a regular dish at the suppers of the club.

Whence deathless Ktt-Kat took his name, Few critics can unriddle;

Some say from pastry-cook It came,
And some from Cat and Fiddle.

From no trim heaus Its name it boasts.
Gray statesmen or green wits.

But from this pell-mell pack of toasts
Of old Kats and young Kits.

Arbuthnot.

Kits Colty- House. A famous cromlech near Aylesford, Kent, England. By some thought to havo been a sepulchral monument to the memory of Catigern, who, with Horsa, was killed here in battle A.D. 455. The monument is now destroyed.

Knife-grinder. See Arrotino, L'.

Knight, Death, and the Devil. A celebrated engraving by Albert Diirer (1471-1528), the German painter and engraver. It has been pronounced "the most important work which the fantastic spirit of German art has ever produced. . . . We see a solitary knight riding through a dark glen; two demons rise up before nim, . . . the horrible figure of Death on the lame horse, and the bewildering apparition of the Devil. But the knight, prepared for combat wherever resistance can avail, . . . looks steadily forward on the path he has chosen, and allows these creations of a delusive dream to sink again into their visionary kingdom. The masterly execution ofthc engraving is well known." The print bears date 1513.

Knight. See Vision Of A Knight. Knockgraffon, Moat of. See Moat Of Knockgraffon.

Knowle Park. A fine old castellated mansion near London, in the county of Kent.

jJsT* " Parte of it date from the time of King John, and none of it is more recent than the time of Henry VIII. It is very extensive, few old castles being so targe; and it has an awful hard, grim, feudal look, so alight have been the changes made in it."

George Ticknor.

Knowsley Hall (Park). A splendid baronial mansion, the seat of the Earl of Derby, in Lancashire. England. It contains some celebrated art-treasures.

1

Kohinoor, The. [Mountain of Light.] A celebrated diamond found in the mines of Golconda, India. Its original weight was 793 carats, which by unskilful cutting was reduced to 180. Having been recut in Amsterdam, 1852, it was still further reduced to 106-|'s carats, which is it.s present weight. This diamond, which for a long time was a chief feature in the treasury of Delhi, passed into the hands of the British in 18411, and was presented to Queen Victoria, June 3, 1850.

More than the diamond Koh-i-noor, which putters Among their crown-jewels, tliev Cthe English 1 prize that dull pebble which Is wiser than a man, whose poles turn themselves to the poles of the world, and whose axis la parallel to the axis of the world. Eirurton.

To have and to hold for one'* own property one of the largest diamonds ever discovered, is no douht a magnificent possession; but in a purely artistic sense 1 prefer the original Koh-i-noor, worn on the arm of Kunjeel Sing as he sat " crosslegged in his golden chulr, dressed in slmplo white, with a single string of huge pearls round his waist, to the Koh-i-noor cut and pared pown to mathematical symmetry bv English lapidaries, with a loss of one-third of its weight. C. L. Eastlate.

Cracking up Boston folks.—said the gentleman with the diamond pin, whom, for convenience' sake, 1 shall hereafter call the Koh-i-noor. Molinu.

Kohlmarkt, The. [The Cabbage Market.] A well-known and flue street in Vienna, Austria.

The Toledo of Naples, the Corso of Rome, the Kohl-market of Vienna, the Rue dc la Palx and Boulevards of Paris, have each impressed me strongly with their magnificence: but thev are really nothing to Regent Street. N. P. Willis.

Konlggratz Strasse. [Roniggratz Street.] A well-known street in Berlin, Prussia.

Konigsbau. See Nbw Palace.

KoniKsstuhl. [King's Seat.] A vaulted hall near the town of Rliense on the Rhine, once the place of assembly for the electors of the German empire. The building now standing is chiefly modern.

Konigsstein. [King's Stone.] 1. A celebrated fortress in Saxony, situated at a height of about 780 feet above the river Elbe. It has been regarded as impregnable,

both on account of its isolated position with regard to other commanding heights (the Lilienstein and Pfaffenstein are about lj miles distant), and from the extreme steepness of the escarpments by which it is surrounded. It is approached by a sloping path cut in the rock, and by a slanting wooden bridge, which can be removed in time of war. Water for the fortress is obtained from a well 613 feet deep, cut in the solid rock. The valuable works of art of Saxony owe their preservation to the fortress of Kiinigstein, and treasures of various kinds have often been placed here for safe keeping. Frederick Augustus II. made the fortress a retreat in the time of the Seven Years' War.

2. A ruined fortress which stands high above the banks of the Rhine. The castle was demolished by the French in 1796.

Kratzer, Nicholas. A picture by Uans Holbein the Younger (14981543), the German painter. It is in the Louvre, Paris.

Kremlin, The. A hill and quarter in Moscow, Russia, containing an imposing collection of buildings, palaces, churches, and towers, surrounded by a wall sixty feet in height and nearly a mile in circumference. Among the principal buildings are the old and new palaces of the czars, the Cathedral of St. Michael, the Church of the Assumption, the tower of Ivan Veliki, and the Church of St. Basil. The old palace of the czars, the Terema, or balcony, forms the rear wing of the new palace [Granovitaya Palata]. The former was mainly destroyed in the tire of 1812 during the French occupation of the city, the latter was built in 1810. See Ivak VeLiki, St. Basil, etc.

Jb^b» " If Moscow Is the Mecca of the Russians, the Kremlin is Its Kasba. Within its ancient walls le gathered all that Is holiest In religion or most cherished In historical tradition. . . . lis very gates are protected by miracle*, and the peasant from a distant province enters them with much the name feeling

Mm a Jewish pilgrim enters the longlost city of Zion.' Bayard Taylor.

*i7" " Every city in Russia had its Kremlin, as every one in Spain bad its Alcazar; and all were adorned with walls deeply machlcohtted, and interspersed with towers. Within were enclosed five-domed churches and belfries, just as at Moscow, though on a scale proportionate to the importance of the city." Fergusson.

Mind that t gild the Invalides
To match the Kremlin Dome.

Walter Thornbury.
The bolls that rock the Kremlin tower

Like a strong wind, to and fro, —
Silver sweet in its topmost bower.
And the thunder's boom below.

E. D. Proctor.

Kubbet es Sukhrah. [The Dome of the Rock.] See Mosque Of Omar.

Kuhstall. A remarkable natural arch through a rocky wall or rampart 150 feet thick, in the region known as the Saxon Switzerland, near its capital, Schandau. The place is said to derive its name from having been used by the mountaineers as a hidingplace for their cattle in time of war.

Kyburg Castle. An ancient Austrian stronghold near "Winterthur, Switzerland. The regalia of the empire was formerly kept here.

Kyffhauser, The. A famous ruined castle, crowning an eminence in Thuringia, underneath which, in a vault, the Emperor Frederic Barbarossa is fabled to lie enchanted

The ancient Barbarossa,
Friedrich. the Kaiser jrreat,

Within the cnstle-cavern
Sits in enchanted slate.

He did not die; but ever

Waits In the chamber deep,
Where, hidden under the castle.

He sat himself, to sleep.
The splendor of the empire

He took with him away.
And back to earth will bring It

When dawns the chosen day.

Iliiekert, Trans.

Far within the lone Kyffhauser.

With a lamp red glimmering by,
Sits the aged Emperor Frederick,
At a marble table nigh.

Emanuel Geibel, Trans.
Full darkly loomed Kyffhiiuser

Through fog which siowlv broke,
When first the spellbound Kaiser
From bis long sleep awoke.

Ferdinand Freilxgrath, Trans.

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