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From that dim bast of Brutus, jagged and
grand, Where lsuonarottl passionately tried Out of the.clenchcd marble to demand The head of Rome's sublimeKt homicide. Mrt. Browning.
Loggie of Raphael. A celebrated portico (the Loggie form a series of three corridors, or a triple portico, round three sides of an open court) in the Vatican Palace at Rome, deriving its name from the frescos of that master and his pupils which it contains. 9&-" From the Slstine Chapel we went to Raphael's Loggie, and I hardly venture to say that we could scarcely bear to look at them. The eve was so educated and so enlarged by those grand forms and the glorious completeness of all their parts, that it could take no pleasure in the imaginative play of arabesques, and the scenes from Scripture, beautiful as tbey are, had lost their charm. To see these works often alternately, and to compare them at leisure and without prejudice, must be a great pleasure; but all sympathy is at first one-sided."
Lollards' Prison. A celebrated prison-room in the tower of Lambeth Palace, London, in which many followers of Wickliffe (known as Lollards), as well as others, were confined. The apartment is some 12 feet square and 8 feet high. The walls, ceiling, and floor are laid with roughhewn boards upon which are numerous fragments of inscriptions, and notches to mark the passage of time, cut by those imprisoned here.
IV " In order to get to the tower, we had to go through a great many apartments, passages, and corridors, and terminate all by climbing a winding staircase, steeper and narrower than was at alt desirable for any but wicked heretics. The room is ]3 feet by 12, and about 8 feet high, wainscoted with oak, which is scrawled over with names and inscriptions. There are eight large iron rings in the wall, to which the prisoners were chained; for aught we know, Wickliffe himself may have been one. . . . We all agreed, however, that, considering the wry beautiful prospect litis tower commands up and down the Thames, the poor Lollards in some respects might have been worse lodged."
Mrt. It. B. Slowe.
Lollards' Tower. A famous tower in London. See Lollards' PrisOn.
Lombard Street. A celebrated street in London, the centre of the " banking world." It derives its name from the Longobards, a family of whom, in early times, settled here, and established a bank. The poet Pope was born in this street.
*»- " Lombard Street and Threadneedle Street are merely places where men toil and accumulate. They go elsewhere to enjoy and to expend."
London Bridge. The last bridge on the Thames, or the one nearest the sea, built of granite, and first opened to the public by William IV., Aug. 1, 1831. It was built at an outlay of £2,5fi6,268, from designs of John Rennie and his sons John and George. In Saxon times there was a briilge at this spot, and in 1176 the first stone bridge was built here. The old London Bridge had houses upon each side. At one time it was noted for its booksellers' shops, and at a later period was famous for its many pin-makers. Pennant says that the street on Old London Bridge was "narrow, darksome, and dangerous to passengers from the multitude of carriages: frequent arches of strong timbers crossing the street from the tops of the houses, to keep them together and from falling into the river. Nothing but use could preserve the repose of the inmates, who soon grew deaf to the noise of falling waters, the clamors of watermen, or the freqnent shrieks of drowning wretches." London Bridge, in the time of Shakespeare and for years afterwards, was built of wood and lined with houses on either side. In the second part of King Henry VI., Cade says, "Come, then, let's go fight with them. But, first, go and set Lundon-bridue on fire; and, if you can, burn down the Tower too."
453-" It has been ascertained that the number of carriages of all descriptions, and equestrians, who daily pass along London Bridge In the course of 24 hours, exceeds 20,000; and that the number of pedestrians who pass across tliu bridge daily during the same space of time is no fewer than 107,000."
jcTsT"" Such who only see it [the old bridge] beneath, where it is a bridge, cannot suspect that it should be a street; and such who behold it above, where it is a street, cannot believe it is a bridge." Fuller.
Stopp'd by the houses of that wondrous
street, Which rides o'er the broad river like a
London bridge is broken down.
London bridge is broken down.
With a gay lady. Mollier Goose.
As I wm going o'er London Bridge,
I saw four mid twenty ladies
London Coffee-house. 1. Formerly an establishment on Ludgate Hill, London, now a tavern. It was opened before 1731.
Yesterday morning I came early to Bnth. . . . and at live in tin- evenii g took my seat in the mail-coach, which, th.s morning at cl^ht, landed me sntely in the London Coffee-Bouse, Ludgnte Hill.
2. A noted old building in Philadelphia, Penn.,on Market Street, erected in 1702, and a place of much resort before the Revolution.
London Docks. An immense establishment, in Ixmdon, on the left bank of the Thames, covering an area of 90 acres, and including 20 warehouses, 18 sheds, 17 vaults, and six quays. The first dock was opened in 1805. The Western and Eastern Docks embrace respectively 20 anil 7 acres; and the Wapping Basin, 3 acres. The cost of the whole structure has exceeded £+,000,000, and the number of laborers employed to carry on the business of the docks varies from 1,000 to 3,000.
SEtT " As you enter the dock, the sight of the forest of masts in the distance and the tall chimneys vomiting cloudB of black smoke, and the manycolored flags living in the air, has a most peculiar effect; while the sheds, with the monster wheels arching
through the roofs, look like paddleboxes of huge steamers."
Jk5- "These docks are prodigious, overpowering. . . . There are ships everywhere, and ships upon ship* m rows show their heads and their swelling bosoms, like beantiful tub under their cuirass of copper."
London House. Once the town residence of the Bishop of London.
London Monument. See MonuMent, The.
London Stone. An ancient relic, supposed to be a fragment of the milliurium, or mile-stone of the Romans, now preserved in Cannon Street, London. There is evidence that it was placed there a thousand years ago; ami Cainden considers it to have been the great central mile-stone, from which the British high roads radiated, similar to that in the Forum at Rome. Tradition declares that the stone was brought from Troy by Brutus, and laid by his own hand as the foundation-stone of London, and its palladium. It is referred to in the ancient Saxon charters as a local mark of immemorial antiquity. The stone before the Great Fire [llMi] was much worn away: it was then cased over with new stone, admitting the ancient stone to bo seen through a large aperture at the top. It is now placed against the south wall of St. Swithiu's Church. It has been from the earliest ages jealously guarded and embedded, perhaps from a superstitious belief in the identity of the fate of London with its palladium. Jack Cade struck London Stone, exclaiming." Now is Mortimer lord of this city."
JJST- "On the south side of this high street, neere unto the channell. i»
Filched upright a great stone, callt'd .ondon Stone, fixed In the ground vcrv deep, fastened with bars of iron, and otherwise so stronglie set that if cartes do runne against it through negligcnCi the wheeles be broken and the stone itselfe unshaken. The cause why tins stone was there set, the vcrie Uma •whirl, or other memory hereof, Is there none; but that the same hath long continued there, is manifest, namely since, or rather before the time of the Conquest." Stow. Cade. And here, sitting upon London Stone, I charge and command, that, of the city's cost, the conduit run nothing but claret wine this first year of our reign.
King Henry VI., Part II. Jack Straw at London Stone with all his
rout Struck not the city with so loud a shout. Dryden.
London Stone Tavern. A house near the famous London Stone, in London, which has been incorrectly called the oldest tavern in the metropolis. The celebrated Robin Hood society originated here.
London Tavern. A well-known place of entertainment in London, where are held many meetings, banquets, and other gatherings. It is situated in Bishopsgate Street Within. Dickens in "Nicholas Nickleby" describes a meeting of the " United Metropolitan Improved Hot Muffin and Crumpet Baking and Punctual Delivery Company," holden at the London Tavern.
London University. The University of London, Burlington Gardens, was established in 1837 for the sole purpose of examining candidates for academical honors, and for conferring degrees on college graduates, previously matriculated at this university. The univeraitj' has nothing to do with the ordinary business of education, and the board of examiners is paid by Government.
London 'Wall. This name is now applied to a street in London, the north side of which occupies the site of part of the old City wall. The wail, thought to be the work of the later Roman period, extended " from the Tower through the Minories to Aldgate, Houndsditch, Bishopsgate, along London Wall to Fore-street, through Cripplegate and Castle-street to Alders<*ate, and so through Christ's Hospital by Newgate and Ludgate towards the Thames " (Timbs).
And when we come to London Wall,
A pleasant si(;ht to view. Come torth! come forth, ye cowards all,
liere's men as good as you.
U 8. Havcker.
Lone Mountain. A well-known cemetery, or cluster of cemeteries, in the neighborhood of San Francisco, Cal. Around the conical peak called the Lone Mountain a number of burial-places have been laid out.
Long Acre. A well-known street in London, between Covent Garden, and St. Giles's.
Dick Swiveller. This dinner to-day closes Long Acre . . . There's only one avenue to the Strand left open now, and I shall have to stop up that to-night with a pair of gloves. Dickens.
Mnko his acquaintance by chance, and he takes you home to Bupper in a plain chnriot on the best springs Long Acre can turnout. ti.F. Willi*.
Long Bridge. A structure about a mile in length, crossing the Potomac River at Washington. This bridge was famous during the civil war, being strongly fortified, and the great thoroughfare for troops and supplies, and the main avenue of communication with the Army of the Potomac.
Long Meg. A singular relic, supposed to be a part of a Druidical temple, near Penrith, in the county of Cumberland, England. It is a square unhewn column of red freestone, 18 feet in circumference, and 18 feet high. Sixtyseven stones arranged in a circle near by are known as Long Meg's Daughters.
83~ "When I firBt saw this monument, as I camo upon it by surprise, I mitdit overrate Its importance as an object; but, though it will not bear a comparison with Stonchenge, I have not seen any other relic of those dark agea which can pretend to rival it in singularity and dignity of appearance."
A weight of awe, not easy to he borne,
Long Walk. A famous avenue in Windsor Park, near London, nearly three miles in length, in a perfectly straight line, lined with trees, and terminated by the colossal equestrian statue of George III., in bronze, by Westmacott (1775-1856). It is considered the finest avenue of the kind in Europe.
Long 'Walls. The name given to the walls which in ancient times connected Athens with the sea. There were three" Long Walls;" but the name appears to have been applied to those two which connected the city with the Piraeus, that leading to Phalerum being called the Plialeriau Wall. These two walls (to the Pirscus) were but a short distance apart. The foundations of the Long Walls may still be traced in part, though they were in ruins in the time of Pausauias. They were built during the administrations of Themistocles and of Pericles, in the fifth century B.C. A railway seven miles in length now extends from Athens to Piraeus, and follows the course of one of these famous walls.
Longford Castle. The seat of the Earl of Radnor, near Salisbury, England. The mansion contains a fine collection of pictures.
Longleat. The seat of the Marquis of Bath, on the borders of Wiltshire, England. A beautiful mansion of the Elizabethan age.
We should see the keeps where nobles. Insecure themselves, spread Insecurity around them, giving place to Hie halls of peaceful opulence, to the oriels ofLonffleat, and tho stately pinnacles of Burleigh.
O'er LongleaCi towers, o'er Cranboume's oaks.
The 11 ry herald flew;
The rangers of Beaulieu. Macaulay.
Longwood. Napoleon Bonaparte's villa, on the island of St. Helena, occupied by the emperor during his exile. It was here that he died May 5, 1821.
Our age has indeed been fruitful of warnings to the eminent, and of consolation to the obscure. Two men have died within our recollection, who, at a time of life at which few peuple have completed I their education, have raised themselves, I
each In his own department, to the beifht of glory. One of them died at kmy>t*>i*i; the other at Mixsolongbi. itacailay.
Lord Clyde. An armor-plated ship of the British navy, launched Oct. 13, 1864.
Lord Mayor's Coach. The carriage in which, on state occasions, the Lord Mayor of London rides forth. It is a great lumbering vehicle, carved and gilded, said to have been designed and painted by Cipriani in 1757, built at an original cost of £1,Olio, and kept in repair at an annual expediture of £100. See Coronation Coach.
Or- "It seemed to me that a man of any sense must be very glad to get out of such a vehicular gimcrack as that. . . . Nothing could be more out of place, more incongruous, than this childish masquerading seemed to be with English common-sense, and with the sobriety and true dignity befitting such an official person as die mayor of u» city of London."
Richard Grant While.
Lord Warden. An arnior-plated ship of the British navy, launched May 27, 1865.
Lords, House of. See Hovsk or Lords.
Lorelei, The. [Ger. Ltirleiberq.] Hugged and precipitous rocks, rising 420 feet from the river Rhine. The old legend of a siren who lived on the summit of the rock, and enticed sailors and fishermen to their destruction in the rapids at the base of the rock, has formed a subject for poets and painters. Goethe's pretty little ballad is perhaps most familiar. Heinnch Heine, the German poet (17i»9?-185(>), has a well-known lyric entitled the "Lorelei." [Written also Lurid and Loreley.]
Yonder we see it from the steamer's deck, The haunted mountain of the Lorelei. The o'erhanging crags sharp-cut against
a sky Clear as a sapphire without flaw or rack. T. B. AUrich.
Loreley. A popular picture illustrating the well-known legend U]K>n the subject of the Loreley, by W. Kray. The same subject has also been treated by others. See Lorelei.
Lorenzo de' Medici. A famous statue by Michael Angelo Buonarotti (1475-1564). In the Church of S. Lorenzo, Florence, Italy. Called" IlPensoso," " the thinker."
MS" " From its character of profound reflection, the figure of Lorenzo has acquired the distinctive appellation of * La Pensee de Michel Ange.' It 1b, in fact, the personification of contemplative thought." J. S. Harford.
O- " Of a still higher order of art Is the statue of Lorenzo. . . . The air of the figure is thoughtful and contemplative. It is that of a man meditating and absorbed by some great design, and not without a dash of the formidable. There is something dangerous in that deep, solemn stillness and intense selfinvolution. Deadly will be the spring that follows the uncoiling of those folds. I recall no work in marble which leaves the same impression as this remarkable statue. Its power is like that of a magician's spell, . . . such a work as would have been pronounced impossible to be executed In marble, had it not beeu done."
t3~ " I observe that the costume of the figure, instead of being mcdleeval, la Roman; but, be it what it may, the grand and simple character of the figure imbues the robes with its individual propriety. I still think it the greatest miracle ever wrought In marie." Hawthorne.
t&-" It really is not worthy of Mr. Powers to say that the whole effect of this mighty statue depends, not on the positive efforts of Michael Angclo's chisel, but on the absence of light in the space of a few inches. He wrought the whole statue in harmony with that small part of it which he leaves to the spectator's imagination, and, if he had erred at any point, the miracle would have been a failure; so that, working in marble, he has positively reached a degree of excellence above the capability of marble, sculpturing his highest touches upon air and duskiness."
Lorenzo, San. See San Lorenzo.
Loreto. See Santa' Casa.
Lorsch, Abbey of. A ruined monastery near Benslieim, Germany. It is considered one of the oldest Gothic edifices in Germany, parts
of the existing building dating from the year 774.
Lost Pleiad. An admired picture by Thomas Buchanan Read (18221872).
Lost River. A natural curiosity in Hampshire County, W.Va. A stream disappears abruptly at the base of a mountain, through which it finds its way by underground channels.
Lothbury. A district in London where live many candlestickmakers and pewterers. According to Stow the name is derived from the loathsome noise proceeding from the shops of these metalworkers.
And. early In the morning, will I send
'lis a note of enchantment; what ails
her? she sees A mountain ascending, a vision of trees: Bright volumes of vapor through Loth
bury plidc. And a river Hows on through the vale of
Lot's "Wife. The name given to a pillar covered with asphaltum, which stands in a region adjacent to the Dead Sea, Palestine. The allusion is to the account given in Gen. xix.26.
Lottatori.I. See Wrestlers,The.
Loudon Castle. An ancient feudal mansion near Galston, Scotland, belonging to Lord Bute, who purchased it in 1868 for $300,000.
Loudon Park. A fine cemetery near Baltimore, Md. The grounds cover 100 acres.
Louis-le-Grand, College. A famous school of the seventeenth century, in Paris. It was the great school, the Eton, of France, attended by thousands of the children of the most distinguished families in the kingdom. Voltaire was at one time a member of this school. It was under the control of the Jesuits, and was originally known as the College of Clermont, but was afterwards named in honor of Louis XIV.