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Mabille. See Jardin Mabille.

Macaroni Club. A company of eccentric fops who flourished in England in the eighteenth century. They dressed in the most fantastic manner. One of their most noticeable peculiarities was wearing a large knot of hair upon the back of the head. Their name was derived from their having always upon the dinner-table a dish of "macaroni, then a novelty in England. For a time these eccentric young men were the leaders of fashion in London. Every thing, from the costume of the clergy to the music at public entertainments, was it la Macaroni.

«3- "A winter without politics — even our Macaronis entertain the town with nothing but new dresses, and the size of their nosegays. They have lost all their money, and exhausted their credit, and can no longer game for £20,000 a night." Horace Walpole.

Macbeth's Cairn. This is supposed to be on the spot where Macbeth, flying from nis castle at Dunsinane, was slain by Macduff. See Dunsinane Hill.

Macedonian, The. A British frigate captured in the war of 1812 by the United States frigate Conftitution.

McOUl Street. A main thoroughfare in Montreal, Can.

McHenry, Port. See Fobt McHenry.

M'Swine's Gun. A natural curiosity in the county of Donegal, Ireland. It is a prodigious cavity into which the tide rushes with such force as to produce a sound capable, it is said, of being heard distinctly a distance of between 20 and 30 miles, and shooting up a shaft of water some hundreds of feet into the air.

Jty "Altogether, perhaps, so extraordinary a natural marvel does not exist in the British dominions."

Mr. and Mrs. Ball.

Machpelah, Cave of. See Cavr Of Machpelah.

Mad Margery. [Dutch, De dvlle Oriete.] An enormous piece of ordnance preserved at Ghent, Belgium. It is made of wrought iron, and was used by the citizens of Ghent at the siege of Oudenarde in 1382.

Madama, Villa. See Villa Ma


Madame Tussaud's Exhibition. A famous exhibition of waxwork figures in London. It is situated in Baker Street.

ay "Many of these, especially those relating to the French Revolution, were modelled from life, or death, by Madame Tussaud, who was herself imprisoned and in danger of the guillotine, with Madame Beauharnais and her child Hortense as her associates." Hart.

Madeleine, The. This church is one of the most beautiful buildings in Paris. It was begun by Louis XV., and completedin the reign of Louis Philippe. It'is of Grecian architecture. The principal facade looks upon the Rue Royale and the Place de la Concorde, and is very magnificent. The interior of the'church is richly decorated in gilt and marble. It contains many paintings and sculptures illustrative of the life of the Magdalene. In May, 1871, 300 insurgents were driven by the Versailles troops into this church and there killed.

X*y " The most sumptuous fane ever erected to iter [the Magdalen'*] special honor is that which, of late yoars, has arisen in the city of Paris. Thecburch, or rather temple, of La Madeline stands an excelling monument, If not

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1a del Rosario. [Madonna Rosary.] A picture of the a and Child by Giovanni ita Salvi, surnamed Sassoo (1605-1685), and his most rated work. In the church Sabina, at Rome. - " When the Virgin or the Child the rosary, it [the picture] Is i Madonna del Rosario, and paintr the Dominicans."

Mrs. Jameson. r" Domenichlno, who died of a •n heart at Rome, because his proons were neglected, Is a painter always touches one nearly. Ills iiiiui del Rosario Is crowded with ty. Such children I never saw in tug, — the very Ideals of infantine 3 and innocence." S. P. Willis.

nna del Sacco. [Madonna

he Sack.] A picture by An

i Vanucchi, called Andrea

Sarto (1487-1531), the Italian

iter, and regarded as one of

masterpieces. "A lunette

oo, known and praised the

rid over." It derives its name

m the sack on which Joseph

ns. It is painted over a door

the court of the Convent of SS.

inunziata, Florence, Italy.

»W "1M5, 21 May. We went to ■ the famous piece of Andrea del rto in the Annunclatn; the atorie Is 1 the Painter in a time of dearth borw*d a sack of come of the religious of at convent, and repayment being decoded, he wrought It out in this plcre, which represents Joseph sitting i a sack of come, and reading to the ■ Virgin; a piece Infinitely valued."

John Evelyn. tOr " Michael Angclo and Raphael re said to have ' gazed at it unceos>gly.' It is much defaced, and pre■rves only Its graceful drawing. The • >antenance of Mar}' has the beau rente f singular loveliness." X. P. Willis.

•vdonna del Tempi. A well;nown picture of the Virgin and Child by Raphael Sanzio (14831520), so called from the Palazzo Tempi at Florence, Italy, where it was formerly situated. It is now in the Pinakothek, at Munich, Bavaria.

adonna del Trono. [Madonna of the Throne.] A famous picture by Fra Bartolommeo (Hii'J

1517). In the Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy.

"The perfect architectonic idea is not only everywhere set forth In a lively manner, but also filled with the noblest Individual life." BurckAardt.

Madonna del Viaggio. See MaDonna Del Gram Duca.

Madonna della Candelabra. [Madonna of the Candlestick.J A well-known circular picture of the Virgin and Child by Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520), in which the Madonna is represented seated, with an angel on each side bearing a torch. This picture is now the property of Hon. H. Butler Johnstone, England. [Called also La Vierge aux Vande'labres.']

Madonna della Casa Colonna. A picture by Raphael Sanzio (14831520). In the Museum at Berlin, Prussia.

Madonna della Casa d'Alba. [Madonna of the House of Alva, called also Madonna della Famiglia d'Alva. J A beautiful and well-known circular picture of the Virgin and Child by Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520), representing the Madonna, " a full-length figure seated in a quiet landscape; the Child on her lap, she holds a book in her hand; the little St. John, kneeling before his divine

. companion, offers him a cross, which he receives with looks of unutterable love." This picture, which was formerly in London, is now in the Hermitage, St. Petersburg. There is a cony of it in the Palazzo della Torre, Ravenna, Italy.

Madonna della Casa Tempi. A picture by Raphael Sanzio (14831520), in which the Virgin is represented standing and pressing 'the Child closely to her. This

Picture was formerly in Florence, taly, but is now in the Gallery of Munich, Bavaria.

Madonna della Cintola. [Madonna of the Girdle.] A legendary subject frequently treated by the Middle-Age artists.

*»»- "The legend relates that when

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tBg- "A Grecian temple requires to be seen against the sky, and loses all its dignity when surrounded by lofty buildings." Fergusson.

The Attic temple whose majestic room Contained the presence of Olympian Jove, With smooth Hymettus round It and

above. Softening the splendor by a sober bloom; Is yielding last to Time's irreverent doom; While on the then barbarian banks of

Seine That nobler type Is realized again In perfect form, and dedicate — to whom? To a poor Syrian girl uf lowest name, A hapless creature, pitiful and i rail As ever wore her life in sin and shame; Of whom all history lias this single tale. — "She loved the Christ, she wept beside

his grave, And He. lor that love's sake, all else forgave." Lord Hougliton.

Madeleine, Boulcvart de la. One of the boulevards of Paris, extending only about 600 feet from the church of the Madeleine. See Bol'i.evahds.

Modem's Well. See St. Madem's Well.

Madison Square. A fashionable park in the city of New York, some six acres in extent, three miles from the Battery. It is bordered by magnificent hotels, and contains a monument erected to the memory of Gen. ^Yo^th■

Miss Flora M'Flimsey, of Madison Square. W. A. Butler.

Madison's Cave. A natural curiosity in Augusta County, Va.

&*• "It extends into the enrtb about 300 foet, branching into subordinate caverns, and at length terminates in two different places at basins of water of unknown extent. The vault of this cave is of solid limestone from 20 to 40 or 50 feet high, through which water is continually percolating. This tricklint? down the sides of the cave lias incritsted them over In the form of elegant drapery." Jefferson.

Madness. One of two celebrated statues by Cains Gabriel Cihber (d. 1700?), whicli formerly adorned the principal gate of the old Bethlehem Hospital, London, and are now in the entrance-hall of the

new Bethlem Hospital. The companion figure is called Melancholy. See Melancholy.

IS- "These are the earliest indications of the appearance of a distinct and natural spirit in sculpture. . . . Those who see them for the first time are fixed to the spot with terror and awe. . . . From the degradation of the actual madhouse we turn overpowered and disgusted, but from these magnificent creation * we retire hi mingled awe and admiration." Cunningham.

Madonna. [My Lady, i.e. the Virgin Mary.] The favorite subject of pictorial representation by the great religious painters of the Middle Ages.

93- " Of the pictures In our galleries, public or private, . . . the largest and most beautiful portion have reference to the Madonna, — her character, her person, her history. It was a theme which never tired her votaries, whether, oa in the hands of great and sincere artists, it became one of the noblest and loveliest, or, as in the hands of superficial, unbelieving, time-serving artists, one of the most degraded. All that human genius, inspired by faith, could achieve of best; all that fanaticism, sensualism, nthuism, could perpetrate of worst, — do wc find In the cycle c-f those representations which have been dedicated to the glory of the Virgin." Mrs. Jameson.

Of the almost innumerable compositions upon this theme, a few of the more celebrated and familiar, especially those whicli bear a distinctive title, are given below. See also, for pictures relating to this subject, Holy Family and Virgin.

Madonna. An altar-piece by Giovanni Cimalme (1240-1302?). In the church of S. Maria Novella, Florence, Italy.

«8- "In spite of its colossal Mk. and formal nttltude and severe style, the face of this Madonna is very linking, and has been well described u * sweet and unearthly, reminding you of a sibyl."" Mrs. Jamtn*.

j«- "It happened that llil« work was so much an object of admiration to the people of that dav, they hsvin? then never seen any thing better, that it was carried in solemn proccssioti with the sound of trumpets and other festal demonstrations, from tbe house of Gmabae to the church. . . . All the men and women of Florence hastened in crowds to admire It, making all possible demonstrations of delight."

Vasari, Trans.

STg' "We next saw the famous pictare of the Virgin by Cimabue, which was deemed a miracle in its day, and still brightens the sombre walls with the lustre of Its gold ground."


Bright and brave, That picture was accounted, mark, of old! A king Htood bare before its so vran trace; A reverent people shuuted to behold The picture, not the king; and even the place Containing such a miracle, grew bold, Samed the ^lad Borgo from that beauteous face.

A noble picture! worthy of the shout

Wherewith along the streets the people


Its cherub faces, which the sun threw out

Until they stooped and entered the

church door! Mrs. Browning.

Madonna. A marble statue of the Virgin bv Michael Angelo Buonarottl (1474-1564). In the Church of Notre Dame at Bruges, Belgium.

49- "This Madonna Is one of.Michael Angelo's finest works. 8he Is looking straight forward; a handkerchief is placed across her hair, and falls softly, on both sides, on her neck and shoulders. In her countenance, in her look, there is a wonderful majesty, a queenly gravity, as if she felt the thousand pious glances of the people who look up to her on the altar."

6r{mmt Trans.

Madonna Aldobrandini. A wellknown picture of the Virgin and Child by Raphael Sanzio (14831520), representing her as "seated upon a bench, and bending tenderly toward the little St. John, iter left arm around him; he reaches up playfully for a flower offered to liim by the Infant Christ who rests on his mother's lap." This picture is now in the National Gallery, London.

Madonna Ancajani. A picture of the Holy Family by Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520), so called from a family of that name at Spoleto, Italy, to whom it formerly belonged. It is said to be the largest picture by Raphael in Germany, after the Sistine Madonna,

but it has suffered much from injury. In the Museum at Berlin, Prussia.

Madonna and Child with a Lily. An admired picture by Carlo Dolce (1616-1686), one of his best works. In the Pinakothek at Munich, Bavaria.

Madonna and Child with S. Anne. A group of figures executed by Andrea Sansovino (1460-152!)), the Italian sculptor, for the church of S. Agostino, Florence, Italy.

4Esr* "One of the most beautiful detached groups of modern art."

Lubke, Tram.

Madonna at the 'Well. A picture by Giuliano Bugiardini (14811556). Formerly attributed to Raphael. In the TJffizi, Florence, Italy.

Madonna col Divino Amore. [Madonna with the Divine Love.J A picture of the Holy Family by Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520), or, as some think, by Giulio Romano (14112-1540). Now in the Museum of Naples, Italy.

Madonna dei Ansidei. A picture by Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520). Now at Blenheim, England.

Madonna del Bacino. [Madonna of the Basin.] A well-known picture by Giulio Romano (14'.I21546). In the gallery at Dresden, Saxony.

«E3~ " The Child stands In a basin, and the young St. John pours water upon hlra from a vase, while Mary washes hlra. St. Elisabeth stands by, holding a napkin; St. Joseph behind Is looking on. Notwithstanding the homeliness of the action, there is here a religious and mysterious significance, prefiguring the Baptism." Mrs. Jameson.

Madonna del Baldacchlno. [Madonna of the Canopy.] 1. A celebrated altar-piece by Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520), in which the Virgin and the Child are represented as seated on a throne over which is a canopy (baldacchino), the curtains of which are held by two angels. This picture was left unfinished by Raphael. It is

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