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na del Rosario. Madonna 1517). In the Uffizi Gallery,

Rosary.) A picture of the Florence, Italy. n and Child by Giovanni “ The perfect architectonic idea is sta Salvi, surnamed Sasso not only everywhere set forth in a live. "O (1605–1685), and his most | ly manner, but also filled with the no. rated work. In the church blest individual life.” Burckhardt. Sabina, at Rome.

Madonna del Viaggio. See MA-"When the Virgin or the Child DONNA DEL GRAN Duca. the rosary, it (the picture] is Madonna del Rosario, and paint

Madonna della Candelabra. [Ma: the Dominicans."

donna of the Candlestick.) A Mrs. Jameson.

well-known circular picture of p" Domenichino, who died of a the Virgin and Child by Raphael *n heart at Rome, because his pro. Sanzio (1483-1520), in which the ons were neglected, is a painter

Madonna is represented seated, always touches one nearly. His

with an angel on each side bearonna del Rosario is crowded with ty. Such children I never saw in

ing a torch. This picture is now ting, - the very ideals of infantine the property of Hon. H. Butler 2 and innocence." N. P. Willis. Johnstone, England. [Called also

La Vierge aux Candélabres.] nna del Sacco. (Madonna he Sack.) A picture by An- Madonna della Casa Colonna. A

Vanucchi, called Andrea picture by Raphael Sanzio (1483Sarto (1487-1531), the Italian 1520). In the Museum at Berlin, ater, and regarded as one of Prussia. masterpieces. “A lunette

Madonna della Casa d'Alba. [Masco, known and praised the rld over." It derives its name

donna of the House of Alva, m the sack on which Joseph

called also Madonna della Fans. It is painted over a door

miglia d'Alva.) A beautiful and the court of the Convent of SS.

well-known círcular picture of inunziata, Florence, Italy.

the Virgin and Child by Raphael

Sanzio "(1483-1520), representing **"1645, 21 May. We went to the Madonna, “a full-length fig

the famous piece of Andrea del rto in the Annunciata; the storie is

ure seated in a quiet landscape; at the Painter in a time of dearth bor.

the Child on her lap, she holds a w'd a sack of corne of the religious of

book in her hand; the little St. at convent, and repayment being de

John, kneeling before his divine unded, he wrought it out in this pic. companion, offers him a cross, re, which represents Joseph sitting which he receives with looks of

a sack of corne, and reading to the . Virgin; a piece infinitely valued."

unutterable love." This picture,

which was formerly in London, John Evelyn.

is now in the Herniitage, St. "Michael Angelo and Raphael re said to have gazed at it unceas.

Petersburg. There is a copy of gly. It is much defaced, and pre

it in the Palazzo della Torre, erves only its graceful drawing. The Ravenna, Italy. ountenance of Mary has the beau reste singular Joveliness."

Madonna della Casa Tempi. A

N. P. Willis. picture by Raphael Sanzio (1483donna del Tempi. A well 1520), in which the Virgin is repnown picture of the Virgin and

resented standing and pressing Child by Raphael Sanzio (1483

'the Child closely to her. This 1520), so called from the Palazzo

picture was formerly in Florence, Tempi at Florence, Italy, where

Italy, but is now in the Gallery it was formerly situated. It is

of Munich, Bavaria. now in the Pinakothek, at Mu- | Madonna della Cintola. (Madonnich, Bavaria.

na of the Girdle.) A legendary Ladonna del Trono. (Madonna

subject frequently treated by the of the Throne.) A famous pic

Middle-Age artists. ture by Fra Bartolommeo (1469-1

10 "The legend relates that when

[graphic]

of modern piety at least of modern art. new Bethlem Hospital. The comThat which is now the temple of the

panion figure is called Melanlowly penitent was, a few years ago,

choly. See MELANCHOLY. Le Temple de la Gloire.

Mrs. Jameson. 10 “These are the earliest indica. "A Grecian temple requires to tions of the appearance of a distinct be seen against the sky, and loses all and natural spirit in sculpture. ... its dignity wben surrounded by lofty

Those who see them for the first time buildings.

Fergusson.

are fixed to the spot with terror and

awe. ... From the degradation of the The Attic temple whose majestic room

actual madhouse we turn overpowered Contained the presence of Olympian Jove,

and disgusted, but from these magnifiWith smooth Hymettus round it and above

cent creations we retire in mingled awe Softening the splendor by a sober bloom, and admiration.” Cunningham. lg yielding fast to Time's irreverent doom: While on the then barbarian banks of Madonna. [My Lady, i.e. the VirSeine

gin Mary.) The favorite subject That nubler type is realized again In perfect forni, and dedicate - to whom?

of pictorial representation by the To a poor Syrian girl of lowest name, great religious painters of the A hapless creature, pitiful and fruil

Middle Ages.
As ever wore her life in sin and shame;
Of whom all history has this single tale, -

“Of the pictures in our galler "She loved the Christ, she wept beside ies, public or private, ... the largest his grave,

and most beautiful portion bave refer. And He, for that love's sake, all else for

ence to the Madonna, - her character, gave." Lord Houghton.

her person, her history. It was a theme Madeleine, Boulevart de la. One

which never tired her votaries, whether,

as in the hands of great and sincere of the boulevards of Paris, ex

artists, it became one of tbe noblest and tending only about 600 feet from

loveliest, or, as in the hands of superthe church of the Madeleine. See ficial, unbelieving, time-serving artists, BOULEVARDS.

one of the most degraded. All that

human genius, inspired by faith, coul Madem's Well. See St. MADEM'S achieve of best ; all that fanaticism, WELL.

Bensualism, atheism, could perpetrate

of worst,- do we find in the cycle of Madison Square. A fashionable those representations which have been

park in the city of New York. dedicated to the glory of the Virgin." some six acres in extent, three

Mrs. Jameson. miles from the Battery. It is

Of the almost innumerable combordered by magnificent hotels, positions upon this theme, a few and contains a monument erected of the more celebrated and familto the memory of Gen. Worth. iar, especially those which bear a Miss Flora M-Flimsey, of Madison Square. distinctive title, are given below.

W. A. Butler.

See also, for pictures relating to Madison's Cave. A natural curi this subject, HOLY FAMILY and osity in Augusta County, Va.

VIRGIN.. “It extends into the earth about | Madonna. An altar-piece by Gio300 feet, branching into subordinate vanni Cimabue (1240-1302?). In caverns, and at length terminates in the church of S. Maria Novella, two different places at basins of water

Florence, Italy. of unknown extent. The vault of this cave is of solid limestone from 20 to 40

- "In spite of its colossal size, or 50 feet high, through which water and formal attitude and severe style, is continually percolating. This trick. the face of this Madonna is very strikJing down the sides of the cave has ing, and has been well described as incrusted them over in the form of ele. sweet and unearthly, reminding you gant drapery. Jefferson. of a sibyl.'

Mrs. Jameron. Madness. One of two celebrated AT “It happened that this work

statues by Caius Gabriel Cibber was so much an object of admiration to (d. 1700?), which formerly adorned

the people of that day, they having

then never seen any thing better, that the principal gate of the old Beth

it was carried in solemn procession, lehem Hospital, London, and are with the sound of trumpets and other now in the entrance-hall of the festal demonstrations, from the house of

Italy.

Cimabue to the church. ... All the but it has suffered much from inmen and women of Florence hastened jury. In the Museum at Berlin, in crowds to admire it, making all pos- Prussia. sible demonstrations of delight."

Vasari, Trans. Madonna and Child with a Lily. “We next saw the famous pic- | An admired picture by Carlo ture of the Virgin by Cimabue, which Dolce (1616-1686), one of his best was deemed a miracle in its day, and works. In the Pinakothek at still brigbtens the sombre walls with

Munich, Bavaria. the lustre of its gold ground.”

Harothorne. Madonna and Child with S. Anne.

Bright and brave, A group of figures executed by That picture was accounted, mark, of old!

Andrea Sansovino (1460-1529), the A king stood bare before its sovran grace; A reverent people shouted to behold

Italian sculptor, for the church The picture, not the king; and even the of S. Agostino, Florence, Italy.

place Containing such a miracle, grew bold,

10 “One of the most beautiful deNamed the glad Borgo from that beau

tached groups of modern art.” teous face.

Lübke, Trans. A noble picture worthy of the shout

Madonna at the Well. A picture Wherewith along the streets the people bore

by Giuliano Bugiardini (1481Its cherub faces, which the sun threw out 1556). Formerly attributed to Until they stooped and entered the

Raphael. In the Uffizi, Florence, church door!

Mrs. Browning. Madonna. A marble statue of the Virgin by Michael Angelo Buona

Madonna col Divino Amore. [Marotti (1474-1564).

A In the Church

donna with the Divine Love. of Notre Dame at Bruges, Bel

picture of the Holy Family by gium.

Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520), or,

as some think, by Giulio Romano “This Madonna is one of Mi.

(1492–1546). Now in the Museum chael Angelo's finest works. She is looking straight forward; a handker.

of Naples, Italy. ebief is placed across her hair, and falls Madonna dei Ansidei. A picture softly, on both sides, on her neck and

| by Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520). shoulders. In her countenance, in her look, there is a wonderful majesty, a

Now at Blenheim, England. queenly gravity, as if she felt the thou. Madonna del Bacino. (Madonna sand pious glances of the people who look up to her on the altar."

of the Basin.) A well-known Grimm, Trans.

picture by Giulio Romano (1492Madonna Aldobrandini. A well

1546). In the gallery at Dresden,

Saxony. known picture of the Virgin and Child by Raphael Sanzio (1483

"The Child stands in a basin, 1520), representing her as “seated

and the young St. John pours water upon a bench, and bending ten

upon him from & vase, while Mary derly toward the little St. John,

washes him. St. Elisabeth stands by,

holding a napkin; St. Joseph behind is her left arm around him; he looking on. Notwithstanding the home. reaches up playfully for a no

liness of the action, there is here a reli. offered to him by the Infant gious and mysterious significance, preChrist who rests on his mother's figuring the Baptism." Mrs. Jameson. lap.” This picture is now in the National Gallery, London.

Madonna del Baldacchino. (Ma

donna of the Canopy.] 1. A Madonna Ancajani. A picture of

celebrated altar-piece by Raphael the Holy Family by "Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520), in which the Sanzio (1483-1520), so called from

Virgin and the Child are reprea family of that name at Spoleto, sented as seated on a throne over Italy, to whom it formerly be

which is a canopy (baldacchino), longed. It is said to be the lar

the curtains of which are held by gest picture by Raphael in Ger

two angels. This picture was many, after the Sistine Madonna, I left unfinished by Raphael. It is

[graphic]

in the Pitti Palace, Florence, If "The Madonna Gran Deca Italy.

marks the growing transition from the

first to the second manner of Rapbael." 2“The picture is not deficient

J. S. Harford. in the solemnity suited to a church subject, ... in other respects, how. Madonna del Orto. A celebrated ever, the taste of the naturalisti pre church of the fourteenth century vails, and the heads are in general de.

in Venice, Italy. It contains void of nobleness and real dignity."

Eastlake.

among other pictures the famous

Last Judgment of Tintoretto. 2. A large picture by Fra Bartolommeo (1469-1517), the Italian Madonna del Passegio. (Madonpainter. In the Pitti Palace,

na of the Walking-place.] A picFlorence, Italy.

ture of the Holy Family, consist

ing of four figures, — the Virgin, Madonna del Cardellino. [Ma

the Child, the infant St. John, donna of the Goldfinch.) A beau

with St. Joseph standing by,tiful painting of the Virgin by

commonly attributed to Raphael Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520). Now

Sanzio (1483-1520), but which in the Tribune of the Uffizi Pal

some suppose to have been paintace in Florence, Italy. The lit

ed by Francesco Penni. It was tle St. John is represented as

formerly in the Orleans Gallery, offering a goldfinch to the Infant

but is now in the Bridgewater Christ, whence the name of the

Collection, in London. Copies of picture.

this picture are in the Museum of A9 " The form and countenance of Naples, and elsewhere. the Madonna are here of the purest

42“In a Holy Family of four figbeauty; the little Baptist also is ex. tremely sweet; but the conception of

ures, we have frequently the Virgin,

the Child, and the infant St. John, the Infant Christ does not fulfil the mas.

with St. Joseph standing by. Rapha. ter's intention, which appears to have

el's Madonna del Passegio is an exam. been to represent the dignity of a di. vine being in a childlike form; both

Mrs. Jameson. the figure and expression are rather Madonna del Pesce. (Madonna stiff and affected."

Eastlake. of the Fish.] A celebrated pic" Perhaps the most perfect ex ture by Raphael Sanzio (1483 ample of the domestic style of treat

1520), representing the Virgin ment which could be cited from the

and Child enthroned, with St. whole range of art is Raphael's Madonna del Cardellino."

Jerome on one side, and on the Mrs. Jameson.

other an archangel with the "The divine goodness expressed

young Tobit who carries a fish. in the countenance of the Child Jesus

The picture derives its name whilst he holds his hands over the lit

from this last circumstance. It tle bird, and seems to say, 'Not one of is considered one of the finest of these is forgotten by my Father,' is be- | Raphael's Madonnas. This picyond all description.”

ture is now in the Gallery of Frederika Bremer.

Madrid, Spain. Madonna del Donatore. See MA

"Tobias with the fish was an DONNA DI FOLIGNO.

early type of baptism. In Raphael's Madonna del Giglio. (Madonna

Madonna dell' Pesce, he is introduced of the Lily.) A picture by Ra

as the patron saint of the painter, but

not without a reference to a more phael Sanzio (1483-1520). In the sacred meaning, that of the guardian collection of Lord Garvagh.

spirit of all humanity." Madonna del Gran Duca [of the

Mrs. Jameson. Grand Duke). A well-known Madonna del Pozzo. (Madonna picture by Raphael Sanzio (1483– of the Well.] A picture attrib1520), representing the Mother uted to Raphael (1483-1520), but holding the Child tranquilly in thought by somne to be the work her arms, and looking down in of Giulio Romano (1492–1546). In deep thought. In the Palazzo the Tribune of the Uffizi, Flor. Pitti, Florence, Italy.

ence, Italy.

ple,"

Madonna del Rosario. (Madonna! 1517). In the Uffizi Gallery,

of the Rosary. A picture of the Florence, Italy. Virgin and Child by Giovanni "The perfect architectonic idea is Battista Salvi, surnamed Sasso not only everywhere set forth in a liveferrato (1605-1000), ferrato (1605-1685), and his most ly manner, but also filled with the no.

haburchl blest individuar me celebrated work. In the church |

blest individual life." Burckhardt. of S. Sabina, at Rome.

Madonna del Viaggio. See MA19" When the Virgin or the Child DONNA DEL GRAN Duca. holds the rosary, it (the picture] is then a Madonna del Rosario, and paint. Madonna della Candelabra. [Maed for the Dominicans."

donna of the Candlestick.) A Mrs. Jameson. well-known circular picture of 19" Domenichino, who died of a the Virgin and Child by Raphael broken heart at Rome, because his pro. Sanzio (1483-1520), in which the ductions were neglected, is a painter

Madonna is represented seated, who always touches ope nearly. His

with an angel on each side bearMadonna del Rosario is crowded with beauty. Such children I never saw in

ing a torch. This picture is now painting, - the very ideals of infantine the property of Hon. H. Butler grace and innocence.” N. P. Willis. Johnstone, England. (Called also

La Vierge aux Candélabres.] Madonna del Sacco. (Madonna

of the Sack.) A picture by An- Madonna della Casa Colonna. A drea Vanucchi, called Andrea picture by Raphael Sanzio (1483del Sarto (1487-1531), the Italian 1520). In the Museum at Berlin, painter, and regarded as one of Prussia. his masterpieces. “A lunette fresco, known and praised the

Madonna della Casa d'Alba. [Ma

donna of the House of Alva, world over." It derives its name from the sack on which Joseph

called also Madonna della Faleans. It is painted over a door

miglia d’Alva.] A beautiful and in the court of the Convent of SS.

well-known circular picture of Annunziata, Florence, Italy.

the Virgin and Child by Raphael

Sanzio (1483-1520), representing 17"1645, 21 May. We went to the Madonna, "a full-length figsee the famous piece of Andrea del ure seated in a quiet landscape; Barto in the Annunciata; the storie is that the Painter in a time of dearth bor.

the Child on her lap, she holds a row'd a sack of corne of the religious of

book in her hand; the little St. that convent, and repayment being de.

John, kneeling before his divine manded, he wrought it out in this pic companion, offers him a cross, ture, which represents Joseph sitting which he receives with looks of on a sack of corne, and reading to the B. Virgin; a piece infinitely valued."

unutterable love." This picture,

which was formerly in London, John Evelyn.

is now in the Hermitage, St. 17" Michael Angelo and Raphael Petersburg. There is a copy of are said to have gazed at it unceasingly,' It is much defaced, and pre

it in the Palazzo della Torre, serves only its graceful drawing. The

Ravenna, Italy. countenance of Mary has the beau reste Madonna della Casa Tempi. A of singular loveliness." N. P. Willis.

picture by Raphael Sanzio (1483Madonna del Tempi. A well

1520), in which the Virgin is repknown picture of the Virgin and

resented standing and pressing Child by Raphael Sanzio (1483

'the Child closely to her. This 1520), so called from the Palazzo

picture was formerly in Florence, Tempi at Florence, Italy, where

Italy, but is now in the Gallery it was formerly situated. It is

of Munich, Bavaria. dow in the Pinakothek, at Mu- | Madonna della Cintola. (Madonnich, Bavaria.

na of the Girdle.] A legendary Madonna del Trono. (Madonna

subject frequently treated by the of the Throne.) A famous pic

Middle-Age artists. ture by Fra Bartolommeo (1469-1

“The legend relates that when

in the It is non whis its name

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