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In Mount Yaltrien'a chestnut wood
The Chapel of the Hermits stood;
And thither at the close of day
Came two old pilgrims, worn and gray.

Forth from the city's noise and throng.
Its pomp and shame. Its sin and wrong.
The twain thst summer da)' had strayed
To Mount Valtrim'a chestnut shade.


Montague House. 1. The city residence of tlie Duke of Buccleuch, London, who inherits it from the family of Montague. The mansion contains some fine pictures by Vandyke, and a valuable collection of historical miniatures. The present house is modern.

2. A former mansion situated in Bloomsbury, London. Its site is now occupied by the British Museum.

3. A London mansion, noted as the residence of Mrs. Elizabeth Montague.

Montauk. A noted armor-plated vessel of the United States navy — of the "Monitor "class — in the Civil War of 1861-65. She was commanded by Capt. Wordun, and among other achievements -captured the Confederate steamer Jfashville.

Monte Beni. A hill in the immediate neighborhood of Florence, Jtaly. Hawthorne has made its scenery familiar in his " Romance of Monte Beni."

Monte Caprino. [Goat Hill.] A hill in Rome, being the southeastern summit of the Capitoline. In a garden on this hill maybe seen what remains of the Ta'rpeian Rock,

Monte Casino. A famous monastic establishment, of the Benedictine order, near San Germano, on the route between Rome and Naples, Italy. The monastery was founded by St. Benedict in 82!), and is the parent of all the

ratest Benedictine monasteries the world. It was rebuilt towards the end of the sixteenth century. The interior of the abbey church is one of the most splendid in Europe.

«3~ "There Is scarcely a Pope or Emperor of importance who baa not

been personally connected with lt« hl». tory. From Its mountain crag it has seen Goths, Lombards, Saracens, Normans, Frenchmen, Spaniards, Germans, scour and devastate tbc land which, through all modern history, has attracted every invader."

London Bail!/ A'ews, 1868. «- "From this centre monastic life spread over barbarous Europe In the darkest period of tile Middle Ages. Whatever remained of ancient civilization reposed thus in remote corners, within a monastic shell, like a chrysalis within its covering. You have every thing here, not only the nrts and the sciences, but the grand spectacles of nature. This Is what the old feudal and religious society provided for Its pensive, solitary spirits; for minds which, repelled by the bitterness of life, reverted to speculation and self-culture. The race still subsists: only they no longer possess an asylum; they live in Paris and in Berlin in garrets. I know of many that are dead, of others saddened and chilled, others again worn out and disgusted. Will science ever do for ll» faithful servants what religion has done for bers? Will there ever bo n laic Monte Casinot" Taine, Trans.

That mountain on whose slope Cassino

stands Was frequented of old upon Its summit By u deluded folk and ll)-dl-pi>sed; And 1 am he who llrst up thither bore The name of Him who brought upon the

earth The truth that so much sublimateth us.

Hants. And there, uplifted, like n passing cloud

That pauses i>n a motiittHin summit high, Monte C'asrino's convent rears its proud And venerable wails against the sky.


Monte Cavallo, and Piazza di Monte Cavallo. See Quirinal Hill. See also Obelisk Of The Monte Cavallo.

Monte Mario. [Mount Mario.] An eminence in the neighborhood of Rome, deriving its name from Mario Mellini, who owned it in the time of Sixtus V. In ancient times it was called C'livus Cinnm, the hill of Cinna. In the Middle Ages it was known as Monte Malo. It is crowned with cypresses, and commands a beautiful and extensive view.

«- "The Monte Mario, like Coop, er's Hill, is the highest, boldest, and most prominent part of the line; it is about the height and steepness, too, of Cooper's Hill, and has the Tiber at the foot of It, like the Thames at Anchorwick. Here we stood, on a most deliclous evening, and before our eyes all that one has read of in Roman history, — the course of the Tiber between the hills that bound it, . . . beyond the Apennines, the distant and higher summits still white with snow; In front the Alban Hills; on the right, the Campagna to the sea; and just beneath us the whole length of Rome, ancient and modern. . . . One may safely say that the world cannot contain many views of such mingled beauty and interest aa this." Arnold.

The purple day OVr Monte Mario dies from off the dome. And, lo! the tlrst star leads us Into Rome. T. B. Read.

Monte Oliveto. 1. An ancient and celebrated Benedictine monastery in Naples, Italy. It was founded in the early part of the fifteenth century. It is now occupied for city offices.

2. A celebrated monastic establishment in the neighl>orhood of Siena, Italy. It contains some fine frescos.

Monte Pincio. See Pincian Hill.

Monte Bacro. [The sacred mountain.] A celebrated hill and sauctuarv — the latter called La Nuova Geriisaleniine — near Varallo, in Piedmont. The hill is covered with some 50 chapels, containing groups of life-sized figures representing the chief scenes in the history of Christ. This sanctuary was founded in the fifteenth century, and was much extended and enriched in the following century.

Monte Saoro. See Mons Saceb.

Monte Testaoeio. An eminence, 1G0 feet in height, just outside the walls of Rome. It is composed entirely of broken pieces of pottery, and its extraordinary formation has never been satisfactorily explained.

jfcg- " From Its loose and porous composition it acts, as If formed by Wedgwood, for a groat wine-cooler, and serves as the cellar of all Rome. The wine-merchants have excavated vaults in it to keep their stores cool, and everv morning a quantity sufficient for the daily demand Is brought into the city." Eaton

Montereggione. A picturesque old castle on an eminence near Siena, Italy.

J8S~ "This fortress, as the commentators say, was furnished with tower* all round about, and had none in the centre. In it* present state it Is still very faithfully described by the verse [of Dante],—

1 Montereggiou di torrt si corona.'" Ampin.

Montfaucon. A Blight eminence in the northern suburbs of Paris. Here in 885 A.D. the Normans were defeated, and 20,000 of their number killed. Here was the gibbet {Fourches Palibulaim), where criminals were executed. Montfaucon was afterwards the central station for the slaughter of horses, dogs, etc. A 1'rotestant church for poor Germans, to which ragged and infant schools are attached, now occupies the summit.

Montgomery. See Fort MostGomkrv.death Of Montgomery, and Touk De Montgomery.

Montgomery Street. The leading thoroughfare of San Francisco, Cal.

The monev-brokers' shops are very numerous In the two finest streets, — Montgomery and Cnlilornia Streets. Nearly every shop there belongs to a moneybroker or money-changer. Samuel Simla.

Monticello. The countrv-seat of Thomas Jefferson (mS-lSai), the third president of the United States, near Charlottesville. Albemarle County, Va. It has a beautiful situation, with an extensive prospect.

as-"He [Jefferson] lives, you know, on a mountain, which he lias named Monticello, and which, perhaps you do not know, is a synonyine for Carter's Mountain. The ascent of this steep, savage hill, was as pensive and slow as Satan's ascent to Paradise. We were obliged to wind two-thirds round its sides before we reached the artificial lawn on which the house stands; and, when we had arrived there, we were about 600 feet, I understand, above the stream which flows at Its foot. ... In the centre of the lawn, and facing the south-east, Mr. Jefferson has placed Ids house, which is of brick, two stories high in the wings, 'with a piazza In front of a receding centre." George Ticknor (in 1815).

t&~ " This venerated mansion 1b vet standing, though somewhat dilapidated, and deprived of its former beauty by neglect. The furniture of the distinguished owner is nearly all gone, except a few pictures and mirrors; otherwise the interior of the bouse is the same as when Jefferson died. It is upon an eminence, with many aspen trees around it, and commands a view of the Blue Kidge for 150 miles on one aide, and on the other one of the most beautiful and extensive landscapes lu the world." Lousing.

As from the grave where Henry sleeps,

From Vernon's weeping willow.
And from the grassy pall which hides

ThcSagcofJfon/ice/to. Whxttier.

The nursling growth of Monticello's creBt la now the glory of the free JSorth-west. Wkittier.

Montmartre. A hill on the north of Paris, rising 320 feet above the Seine, and said to have been so called because St. Denis suffered martyrdom here. A nunnery was formerly situated on the summit; and here was the Chapelle des Martyrs, where in l&H Ignatius Loyola and followers took the vow in which the Order of the Jesuits had its origin. The cemetery on the south slope of the hill is the oldest in Paris, though smaller and less important than Pcre-la-Chaise. The outbreak and civil war of 1871 took its rise at Montmartre. Gypsum, or plaster of Paris, has long been quarried at Montmartre.

Through Paris lay my readiest course;

and there Sojourning a few days, I visited In haste, each snot of old or recent fame. The latter chiefly, from the field of Mars Down to the suburbs of St. Antony, And from Mont Martyr southward to the

dome Of Genevieve. Wordsworth.

Disputed foot by foot, till treason, still
His only victor, from Montmartre'* hill
Look'd down o'er trampled Paris I


Montmartre, Boulevard de. A well-known avenue in Paris, France. See Boulevards.

Montrouee Club. A political club in Paris at the time of the French Revolution of 178!), of which Mira! wan and other noted men were members. It was named from

the place, near Paris, where its meetings were held. Montserrat. See Monserbat.

Monument, The. A stone column, 202 feet in height, Fish Street Hill, London, erected by Sir Christopher Wren (1671-1680) to commemorate the Great Fire of 1666, and the rebuilding of the city. The following inscription, now effaced, was cut in 1681 upon the pedestal: "This pillar was set up in perpetual remembrance of that most dreadful burning of this Protestant city, begun and carried on by ye treachery and malice of ye popish faetio, in ye beginning of Septem, in ye year of our Lord 1666, in order to ye carrying on of their horrid plott for extirpating the Protestant religion and old English liberty, and the introducing popery and slavery."

&tT" Six persons have thrown themselves off the Monument. This kind of death becoming popular, it was deemed advisable to encage and disfigure the Monument as we now see it."

Murray's Handbook. Where London's column, pointing at the

skies. Like a tall bully, lifts the head and lien. , Pope.

Electricity cannot be made fast, mortared up and ended, like London Monument, or the Tower, so that you shall know where to tlnd it. and keen It fixed, as the English do wiUi their thlncs. fnrevennore. Emerson.

Nor had Fancy fed With less delight upon that other class Of marvels, broad-day wonders permanent t

The Monument, and that chamber of the

Tower, Where England's sovereigns Bit In long

array. Their steeds bestriding. Wordsworth.

Above the wilderness of buildings stood a dim. gigantic dome In the skv. . . . And the tall pillar that stood near It —I did not need a second glance to recognize the Monument. Bayard Taylor.

Monumental Church. A religious edifice in Richmond, Va., erected on the site of the old Richmond Theatre, and built to commemorate the destruction of the latter by fire in 1811, on which occasion the Governor of Virginia and over 60 persons, including many of the most eminent men and women in the State, lost their lives.


Moonrise at Madeira. A picture by Ferdinand T. Hildebrandt (b. 1804). In the Corcoran Gallery, Washington.

Moorflelds. A part of old London, now covered by Finsbury Square an'd adjoining streets, so called from the great fen or moor which bordered the walls of the city on the north side. It was a place for walking and recreation. See Finsbuhy.

Through famed Moorfieldt extendi a spacious seat. Qay.

Moors, Three. See Drei Mohbek.

Moot of TJrr. A curious monument of antiquity, near Dalbeattie, Scotland, in the form of a circular mound enclosed by a moat. It is supposed to have been used as a council-place and tribunal of justice by the Celts iu ancient times.

Moothill. An eminence near Scone, Scotland, where the Scottish kings sat to hold parliaments and law courts.

Mora Stone. [Mora sterna.] A place about one mile from the city of Upsala, in Sweden, celebrated as the spot where the Swedish kings were formerly elected, and where they received the homage of their subjects. The Mora Stone is composed, in fact, of eleven stones of various sizes, bearing the names and dates of the kings elected here. A house was built by Gustavus III., in 1780, to enclose this interesting national monument.

"Morett," The. A celebrated portrait bv Hans Holbein the Younger (1498-1543), in the Gallery of Dresden, Saxony, and regarded as one of the finest of his works. "It is not known whom it represents. Thomas Morett was a distinguished jeweller who served Henry VIII., and was a friend of Holbein."

Morgue. [ft. La Morgue.] In Paris and other cities of France a place where dead bodies that have been found are deposited for purposes of recognition by the relatives or friends of the deceased. The name is also used in other countries. The morgue in Paris is a small, low building, within which the bodies are laid upon a stone platform until they are identified or claimed by friends. Strange as it may seem, it is visited by crowds of people.

JtW "On the whole, I left my position in the corner impressed with an opinion, since strengthened by reflection, that La Morgue at Paris is s plague-spot that must inevitably, more or less, demoralize every person who views it." o'tr Francis B. Bead.

Only the Doric little Morgue.

The dead-house where you show your drowned.

Petrarch's Vaucluse makes proud the Sorgue,

Your Morgue has made the Seine renowned. Robert Bromine.

Moriah. A hill in. Jerusalem, Palestine, the position of which is beyond dispute. It was the site of the great Jewish Temple, and is associated with many sacred events in the history of the Hebrew nation. Upon this hill now stands the great structure of the Haram, with its mosques. See Haiiam.

Mormon Temple. 1. A building of polished limestone, about 130 feet in length, by 90 feet in breadth, which formerly stood in Nauvoo City, III. It was the chief religious edifice of the Mormons, who had settled in the place in 1840, and was built at a cost of over 8500,000. In the basement was a huge stone baptistery or basin, resting upon 12 oxen of colossal size. The Mormons afterwards made their way to Utah, and settled there. The" buildipg is now in ruins.

2. An unfinished building in Salt Lake City, Utah Territory. It is designed to be the magnifl

cent seat of Mormon worship. The foundation was laid some 25 years ago, and immense sums of inoney have been raised to defray the cost of its erection; but whether it willever be completed, is extremely doubtful.

Morning, The. One of four colossal figures executed by Michael Angelo Buonarotti (1475-1564). In the church of S. Lorenzo, Florence, Italy.

O- " This figure [Tho Morning] is the most beautiful of all. It Is altto the most finished. Whilst In the others the heads are only roughly designed, every line of the face in this possesses a spiritual meaning." Grimm, Trail*.

Morning. A picture by Sir Edwin Landseer (181X1-1873), tho eminent English painter.

Morrin College. A collegiate establishment in Quebec, Canada.

Morris House. An old colonial mansion near High Bridge, N.Y. It was the headquarters of Washington in 1776.

Morrison's Cove. A valley in Pennsylvania, near Petersburgh, settled" about the middle of the last century by a peculiar German sect called the Dunkards, who professed the principles of non-resistance. When in 1777 the community was attacked by the Indians, the settlers faithfully carried out their doctrine in practice, and most of them were put to death.

Morton Castle. A feudal mansion, said to have been founded in the eleventh century, near Thornhill, Scotland, now belonging to the Duke of Buccleuch.

Moses. A celebrated statue by Michael Angelo, in the church of San Pietro in Vincoli in Rome, — intended to form a part of the unfinished monument of Julius II. "This statue, as is well known, has the hair so disposed in front as to resemble horns projecting from the top of the forehead. This was a common representation of Moses in early and mediaeval art, and was founded

upon an erroneous translation in the Vulgate Bible of the twentyninth verso of the thirty-fourth chapter of Exodus. In the Vulgate it reads,' Ignorabat quod cornuta csset facies sua,' ' He knew not that his faco was homed.' The received version, 'He wist not that the skin of his face shone,' is the correct translation of the passage."

Kg- " The eye does not know where to rest In this, the masterpiece of sculpture since the time of the Greeks. . . . Yes! there is something infinite which lies in the Most s of Michael Angelo. . . . This statuo might take its place in the cell of a colossal temple, as that of Jupiter Amnion; but the tomb where it is placed is so little suited to it that regarded even only as its frame It is too ■ small." Gregoroviua.

KS~ "Whoever has once seen this statue must retain the impression of It forever. The Moses is the crown of modern sculpturo, not only In idea, but also with regard to the work. All tho power which Michael Angelo possessed, and which the world did not understand, was exhibited In those limbs, and the demon-like, passionate violence of the pope [Julius II.] in that countenance." Grimm, Trans.

KkV " Here sits the Motea of Michael Angelo, frowning with the terrific eyebrows of Olympian Jove. Much wit has been levelled of late at his fiowlng beard and flaming horns. But the true sublime resists all ridicule; the offended lawgiver frowns on unrepressed, and awes you with Inherent authority-."


KW "We went as far as San Pietro in VIncoll to sec the ' Monet' of Michael Angelo. The first sight of the statue is less surprising than one would suppose. We are familiar with it engraved and reduced; the imagination, as is always the case, has exaggerated it; moreover, it is polished and finished with extreme perfection. It is in a brilliantly decorated church, and is framed in by a handsome chapel. As you dwell on it, however, the colossal mass produces Its effect. You feel the imperious will, the ascendancy, the tragic energy, of the legislator and exterminator; his heroic muscles and virile beard Indicate the primitive barbarian, the subduer of men, while the long head and the projections of the temple denote the ascetic. Were he to arise, what action and what a lion's voice!" Taine, Trani.

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