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There Is ttao Hosts, the grandest figure that was ever carved In stone. It has about it .something frightfully majestic, If one may so speak. Tliackeray.

Moses. A fresco by Francesco Mazzuoli, snrnarae<l II Parmigiano (1503-1540). In the church of Delia Steccata, Parma, Italy.

Moses and the Burning Bush. A fresco by Raphael Sanzio (14831520). In the Stanza of the Heliodorus, in the Vatican, Rome.

Moses and the Israelites. A fresco painting by Cosimo Rosselli (14391500). In the Sistine Chapel, Rome.

Moses and Zipporah. A fresco by LucaSignorelli(daCortona)(14411521). In the Sistine Chapel, Rome.

Moses, Choice of. A picture by Giorgio Barbarelli, commonly called Giorgione (1477-1511). In the Uffizi Palace, Florence, Italy.

Moses, Fountains of. See FounTains Of Moses.

Moses Striking the Bock. A picture by Bartolome' Esteban Murillo (1018-1082), considered one of his masterpieces. In Seville, Spain.

aj- "No man ever stood before the works of Murillo here [In Seville], . . . his Moses opening the liock, — and yet could be guilty of breathing a single regret at the recollections of Italy. The wonderful genius of Murillo can be studied and felt nowhere but at Seville, where he lived and died, and whose cathedra], convents and houses are full of his works."

Oeorffe Ticknor.

Mosque cl-Aksa. This structure, situated within the enclosure of the Haram at Jerusalem, is supposed to be of the same outline and to occupy the same site as a magnificent basilica built in the sixth century in honor of the Vir

S'n by the emperor Justinian, e Vogue" says that the present edifice is of Arabian construction, built upon the ruins of a Christian church as substructure. Mr. Fergusson declares that it is entirely a Mohammedan structure, and not the Mary Church of Justinian. This tnosquo is in the

form of a basilica, consisting of seven aisles, and covering iu all an area of about 50,000 square feet.

Mosque of Ahmed ebn Tooloon.

This mosque, usually called the Jama (Gama) Tooloon, is the oldest in Cairo, Egypt, dating from 87!l A D. It is architecturally interesting because it shows that the pointed arch was used in Egypt about 300 years before it was introduced into Europe.

Mosque of Amer. An interesting mosque at Old Cairo, Egypt, now in a state of partial decay.

Mosque of Azhar. A large mosque at Cairo, Egypt, founded about 970, and afterwards rebuilt and enlarged. Here is the chief university of the East, containing about 300 professors, and nearly 10,000 students.

Mosque (or Cathedral) of Cordova. A grand church, formerly a Moorish mosque, in Cordova, Spain. It was begun by Abderrahman I. in 780, and until 1523 remained precisely as the Moors left it; and even now the alterations are inconsiderable. It is still called the Mezquita, the mosque. It is now converted into the Catholic church of the city.

X¥t7~ " The grandest of all the monuments of Arabic architecture, for between Dagdad and the Pillars of Hercules nothing to be compared to it is to be found. It is one of the largest churches in the world. The coup d'aeil on entering is magnificent. Nothing but St. Peter's equals it; not even the vast Gothic churches of the North, or the Cuthcdral of Milan, besides that It has the charm of entire novelty in its form, Btyle, and tone."

Georffe Ticknor.

S&- " As far as the history of architecture is concerned, by far* the most interesting building in Spain is this Mosque of Cordoba. It was the first Important building commenced by the Moors, and was enlarged and ornamented by successive rulers, so that it contains specimens of all the styles current In Spain from the earliest times till the building of the Alhambra, which was in the latest age of Moorish art. This celebrated mosque waa com



menced by Caliph Abd-cl-Rahman, in the year 78Q, ami completed by his son lit-sham, who died 7U6. ... It covers 157,500 square feet, being a larger superficies than that of any Christian church except that of Si. Peter's at Rome. It i*, however, sadly deficient In height, being only about 30 feet hitch to the roofs, and also wants subordination of purts." Ferguswn.

In Cordova's grand cathedral
Stand the piiiara thirteen hundred;
Thirteen hundred ylunt pillars
Bear the cupola, — that wunder.

Moorish nwnanhs once erected
This fair pile t<» Allah's ulory;
But in the wild, dark whirl of ages
Many a change has stolen o'er It.

Heine, Trans.

And In whose mosque Almanzor hung
As lamps the Ih-jis that once had rung
At Cuinpostclla's bhrlne.


Mosque of Kaitbey. A beautiful Mohammedan temple in Cairo, Egypt.

S3- " Looked at externally or Internally, nothing can exceed the grace of every part of this building. Its small dimensions exclude it from any claim to grandeur, nor does it pretend to the purity of the Greek and some other styles; but as a perfect model of the elegance we generally associate with the architecture of this people, it is

S-rhaps unrivalled by any thing in gypt, and far surpasses the Alhambra or the other western buildings of lis age." Fergusson.

Mosque of Mohammed Ali. This mosque at Cairo, Egypt, was begun by Mohammed Ali, and finished after his death. It is not admired for its architecture; but a good effect is however produced by the richness of the materials used, and by the vast size of the structure. It is of Oriental alabaster, with the exception of the outer walls. A fine view can be obtained from this mosque.

07"Miss Martineau says of the view from the mosque : " In the evening the beauty is beyond description. The vastness of the city, as it Met stretched below, surprises every one." After speaking of the more distant objects to be seen —the Pyramids, etc., — she adds: "This view is the great sight of Cairn, and that which the stranger contrives to bring into bis plan for almost every day."

The great lion of the place. ... It Is built of alabaster of a fair white, with a delicate blushing tin^e; hut the ornaments are European— the noble, fantastic, beautiful Oriental art is lorvotten.


Mosque of Omar. This mosque (Kubbct es-Sukhrah, " the Dome of the Rock") covers the site long occupied by the great Jewish temples on the heights of Mount Moriah, in Jerusalem. It is very beautiful, being built of variegated marbles, with a splendid dome, fine arches and arcades, surrounded by green lawns dotted by cypress-trees. On the Mohammedan Sabbath it presents a very cheerful spectacle, worshippers being at prayers under the cypress-trees, women, Mohammedan nuns, sitting about the lawns, and children sitting upon the crass. Any Christian who should enter even the outermost court of the mosque would be liable to immediate death by stoning, and even an approach to it subjects him to insult. The Caliph Omar built this mosque, according to the common tradition, over the celebrated rock esSukhrah. The Arab historians say, however, that the mosque was rebuilt by the Caliph Abd el-Melck, the work being begun in G8<> A.I). Upon the sacred rock, directly under the dome, is shown the "Footprint of Mohammed," where the foot of that prophet left the earth on his journey to heaven; and near by the "Handprint of Gabriel," where that angel seized the rock and held it down when it was rising with Mohammed.

sy3~" According to the treaty of capitulation, In virtue of which the city [Jerusalem] was ceded to the Moslems ... it was agreed that a spot of ground should be ceded to Omar, in which ho might establish a place of prayer. For this purpose the site of the old Temple of the Jews was assigned him, that spot being considered sacred by tho Moslems on account of the nocturnal visit of the prophet, and because they then wished to conciliate the Jews, while at the same time the spot was held accursed by the Christians on account of the Lord's denunciation, and Julian'' attempt to rebuild it. Here Omar built a small mosque which still exists, but all the traditions of the place have become so confused by subsequent interchanges between the Christians and themselves that it is difficult to say whether it is the chamber bearing the name on the east of the Mosque of the Monegrins, or to the west. As might be expected from the simplicity of Omar's character, his poverty, and bis hatred of every thing like ostentation, his mosque Is a very simple building." Ferausson.

ay'The Dome of the Rock, now known tx> European travellers as the 'Mosque of Omar,'—which was undoubtedly the church which Constantine erected over what he believed to have been the sepulchre of Christ, — was throughout the twelfth century considered equal In sanctity with the Church of the Sepulchre; and the veneration with which It was regarded had, no doubt, considerable influence upon the architecture of the age."


The Mosque of Omar is the St. Peter's Of Turkey. Sir Frederick JJenniter.

Mosque of Sultan el Halcem^ The oldest mosque but one at Cairo, Egypt. It affords an example of the earlv use of the pointed arch in Saracenic buildings, the time of its erection being nearly two centuries earlier than the general adoption of that style of architecture in England.

Mosque of Sultan Hassan. [Jdma-t-es Soltdn Husmn.] This mosque at Cairo, Egypt, the finest in the city, was begun in 1357, and finished three years later. It is much admired for its architecture.

Motee Musjeed. See Pearl Mosque.

Moultrie, Fort. See Fort MoulTrie.

Mount Athos, Monasteries of. The sides of this mountain, Mount Athos. in Turkey, are occupied by 22 convents, together with many cells, grottos, etc., affording a habitation to more than 3,000 monks. Most of these convents were founded in the time of the Byzantine Empire, some in the time of Constantine the Great From' the multitude of these

cetic retreats, Mount Athos, together with the peninsula upon which it stands, is known in the Levant as the Holy Mountain f AyioK'Opot, Monto'Santo). Mount Auburn. An extensive and beautiful cemetery in Cambridge, Mass., the first of the large country cemeteries of the United States. It was consecrated in 1831. The grounds are laid out with great taste, and contain many fine and costly monuments. The place was formerly known as "Sweet Auburn."

«S- "What parent, as he conducts his son to Mount Auburn or to Bunker Hill, will not, as he pauses before their monumental statues, seek to heighten his reverence for virtue, for patriotism, for science, for learning, for devotion to the public good, as he bids him contemplate the form of that grave and venerable Winthrop, who left hl» pre"- . ant home in England to come and founa anew republic in tills untrodden wild"ness; of that ardent and intrepid 0m, who first struck out the spark of Amencan independence; of thainobleAiUiw, its most eloquent champion on the now of Congress; of that martyr Warren, who laid down his life in its derenM, of that self-taught Bowditch, wto. without a guide, threaded the Many mazes of the heavens; of that Mom honored at home and abroad as one w the brightest luminaries of the I". and by a felicity of which bdhj there is no other example, mimiraoiy portrayed in marble by^son^

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'JSou/iSa/yi iEdgecumbe. A castellated jsion, dating from the time ^leury VIII., the seat of the ifeecumbe family, near Plymtth, England. The grounds are .iiious for their beautiful views f land and sea.

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Was placed along the
The beacon blazed upon the'roof
Of Edgecombc'l lofty hall.


iSount Holyoke Seminary. A / well-known school for young I -women, founded in 1836. It is / situated in South Hadley, Mass.

| Mount Hood. A well-known picture by Albert Bierstadt(b. 1829).

Mount Hope. An eminence in / Bristol County, R.I., nearly op

£>site what is now called Pall iver, Mass., and celebrated as the residence of King Philip, the chief of the Indian tribe of the "Wampanoags, who carried on the long and destructive war with the early settlers of New England, which broke out in 1675, and is known as "King Philip's War."

HW "Near the brow of the hill, Philip fixed hia wigwam and held his dusky court, lie has had Irving for his biographer, Southey for his bard, and ForriBt for bis ideal representative. In bis own time he was the public enemy whom any should slay: in ours he Is considered a martyr to the idea of liberty — his idea of liberty not differing from that of Tell and Toussaint, whom we call heroes." Drake.

Kg- "As Philip looked down from his seat on Mount Hope, that glorious eminence, that —

— ■ throne of roval state, which far Outshone the wealth ofOrmusand oflnd. Or where the gorgeous East, with richest

hand. Showers on her kings barbaric pearl and


aa he looked down, and beheld the lovely scene which spread beneath, at a summer sunset, the distant hilltops glittering as wltb fire, the slanting beams streaming across the waters, the broad plains, the island groups, the majestic forest, — could he be blamed if hia heart burned within him, as be

beheld It all passing, by no tardy process, from beneath his control, into the hands of the stranger?"

Edward Everett.

Mount Lander. A well-known picture by Albert Bierstadt (b. 1829).

Mount Mario. See Monte Mario.

Mount of Precipitation. A locality fixed upon by monastic tradition in the immediate vicinity of Nazareth in northern Palestine, as the spot to which Jesus was taken by the Jews, with a design to cast him down "from the brow of the hill."

Mount Pleasant. An old colonial house in what is now Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, Penn. It was built in 1761, and was owned for a time by Benedict Arnold, having been confiscated after his act of treason.

Mount St. Michael. A renowned castle-convent, situated upon the summit of a picturesque isolated rock of the same name rising out of a wide expanse of sands in Normandy, France. This shrine of the Archangel Michael has been for centuries the resort of thousands of pious worshippers including many royal pilgrims. The convent bore the name of the Marvel, from the immense size and strength of its walls. During the Revolution it was turned into a prison. St. Michael's Mount in Cornwall was a dependency of this monastery.

from various letters which my friend had written me from this proud eminence, 1 had formed a very distinct Idea of the pliice. I had Imagined a lull not unlike Mount St. Michel, my friend's house answering to the monastery on the top.

Harper'i Magazine.

Mount Sinai (Convent). See St. Catherine.

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Vernon of the British navy. The mansion contains many interesting relics connected with Washington, and among others the key , of the Bastille which was presented to him by Lafayette. In 185(i the house with six acres of land Waspnrchased by the Ladies' Mount Vernon Association, and is now the property of the nation.

Tell me. ye who make your pious pil

fxlniage to the shades of Vernon, Is Washnpton indeed shut up In that cold anil narrow house? That which made these men, and men like these, cannot die.

Edward Everett.

The tree who«e branches In your north winds wave

Dropped ttsyoungblossonison Mount Vernon'* grave. Hhittier.

As from the Brave where Henry sleeps,
From Vftvon'g weepltw willow.

Anil from the grassy pall which hides
The sate of Montlcello. Wiittier.

Mount Zion. The chief and most interesting of the hills upon which Jerusalem is built. It is the oldest part of the city, the first iijion which buildings were erected.

Sing, heavenly Muse, that on the secret

top Of Orel), or of Sinai, didst Inspire That shepherd, whoflrst taught the chosen

seed In the beginning how tiie heavens and

carl h Hose out of Chaos; or If Sion hill Delight thre more, and Silua's brook that

flowi-d Fnst by the oracle of Ood. I thence Invoke thy aid to iny adventurous song. Milton.

Mountain of Light. See Koui


Mourning Bush. An ancient and celebrated tavern in Aldersgate, London.

Mousa Castle. A Pictish castle on one of the Orkney Islands, said to be " perhaps the most ]>erfect Teutonic fortress now extant in Europe."

Mouse-tower, The. [Ger. ifansethiirm.] A tower on an island in the Rhine, supposed to have been erected in the Middle Ages by some of the robber-knights of the Rhine. The ruins have been covered with stucco, and con

verted Into a watch-tower. It derives its name from the legend of the cruel Archbishop Hatto of Mayence. According to the story, as told by Southey in his familiar ballad, the Bishop, having burned alive a barnful of starving poor in order to rid himself of their importunities for food from his well - furnished granaries, was punished for his cruel act by being devoured by a whole army of rats in his tower on the Rhine, to which he had fled for safety.

"Flv! my Lord Bishop, fly." quoth he. ''Yen thousand rau afe coming this

way— The Lord forgive you tor yesterday!"

"I'll po to my tower on the Rhine," re-
plied he.

"TIs the safest place in Germanv;
The walls are high, and the shops ire

And the stream Is strong, and the water
deep!" Sotttttey.

9Eg~ " It appears to have been built in the thirteenth century bv A Bishop Siegfried (full 200 years after the death of Bishop Hatto), along with the opposite castle of Khrcttfela, as a watcbtower and toll.house for collecting tbc duties upon all goods which passed the spot. The word maw* in probably only nn older form of ntanth, duly or toil: nml this name, together witli the very unpopular object for whk-h the lover was erected, perhaps gave rise lo the dolorous story of Bishop ll.-ttto and the rats." J/Mrniy'y Handbook.

From my study t see in the lamp-light.
Descending the broad hall stair.

Grave Alice, and iRiighitu Allegra,
And Kdtth with golden hair.

They almost devour me with kisses;

Tllcir arms about ine intwtne. Till I think of the liislmp of lUugetl

In his Mouse-Touer on the Ilium-.


Moyamensing Prison. A massive prison in Philadelphia, 1 Vim.

Mozart Hall. A building in Cincinnati, O., devoted to lectures and concerts.

Mozzi, ViUa. See Villa Mont

Mucrosa Abbey. A beautiful and famed monastery, now in rains, situated in the county of Kerry. Ireland. It is of the fourteenth century. The best-preserveil portion is the cloister, which consists of 22 arches. The whole area is

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