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Queen's College. A foundation of the University of Cambridge, England. Established in 1448.

Queen's Head. A noted hostelry
in the olden time in Islington,
The Qiem's Head and Crown In Islington

. town
Bore, for its brewing, the highest renown.

Queen's Prison. See King's Bench And Queen's Bench.

Queen's 8tate Coach. See CoroNation Coach.

Queen's Theatre. See Prince Of Wales's Thkatre.

Queensberry House. The seat of ■ the Duke of Buccleuch, near Richmond, England.

Quinze Vinjita. A hospital for the blind, in tl>e .Faubourg St. Antoine, Paris.

Quirinal Hill. [Lat. ifons Quirinus.J One of the original seven hills of Rome, now covered with palaces and churches, among which the most noticeable is the Palace of the Pope on the Monte Cavallo, the summit of the hill. The modern name, Monte Cavallo, is derived from the marblo groups of Castor and Pollux with their horses, discovered in the Baths of Constantine, which now stand before the obelisk in the Piazza di Monte Cavallo.

Hence we went to iionie Cavallo, heretofore called Mons Qulrinnlls, whero wc saw those two rare horses, the worke of the

rivals Phidias and Praxitiles, as they were lent as a present to Nero out of Armenia. They were placed on pedestals of whlta marble by Sixtus V,, by whom I suppose their Injuries are repatr'd. They are govern'd by 4 naked slaves like those at the foot of the Capitol.

John Evelyn, 1644.

Quirinal Palace. The papal palace on Monte Cavallo, Quirinal Hill, Rome. The present structure was begun by Gregory XIII. in 1574, and continued and enlarged by succeeding popes. The meeting of the conclave for the election of the popes takes place in the Quirinal Palace, and from the balcony opening upon the Piazza di Monte Cavallo the name of the new pope is proclaimed to the people.

BEsT" "That palace-building, raindestroying l'opc, Paul III., began to erect the enormous palace on the (Quirinal Hill, and the prolongation of his labors by a long series of successive pontiffs has mnac it one of the largest and ugliest buildings extant."

C. A. Eaton.

What is most charming here Is what you encounter on the way unexpectedly; now the Quirinal Palace on the summit of a hill entirely detached In the gray atmosphere, and, in front, its horses end colossi of marble. Taint, Trans.

Nor heed those blood stains on the wall,
Not Tiber's flood tan wash away.

Where, in thv stately Qutrmal,
Thy mangled victims lay I Whittier.

I have climbed Trajan's column, and saw

thence The Quirinal here, and there the Vatican. Ttieodore Aubanel, Trans.

Quoit-Thrower, The. See DiscoBolus.

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Babenstein. [Ravenstone.] An ancient feudal castle, of late partially restored, near Streitberg, in Franconia, Germany.

Baboteur, lie. [The Planer.] A picture by Annibale Caracci (1500-11)09), representing Joseph "planing a board, while Jesus, a lovely lioy about six or seven years old, stands by watching the progress of the work. Mary is seated on one side plying her needle." This picture is in the collection of the Earl of Suffolk at Charlton, England.

jg- " The great fault of this picture is the subordinate and commonplace character given to the Virgin Mary; otherwise it is a very suggestive and dramatic subject, and one which might be usefully engraved in a cheap form for distribution." Mr: Jameson.

Baby Castle. One of the finest and best^preserved of the ancient northern castles of England, the seat of the Duke of Cleveland. King Canute presented it with other offerings at the shrine of St. Cuthbert, but it passed out of the hands of the monks in 1131. Portions of the older building are so skilfully incorporated with the new that it seems a perfect specimen of a castle of the fourteenth century. The castle is of great size and strength, and the walls surrounding it occupy about two acres of ground. The pleasuregrounds and park are of a magnificence commensurate with that of the castle itself, and command lovely prospects.

Kachel. See Jacob And Rachel.

Rachel's Tomb. A small structure near Bethlehem is known as the "sepulchre of Rachel." Jews, Moslems, and Christians unite in affirming the authenticity of this sepulchre, although the building is modern.

They Journeyed from Bethel, and there

was but a little way to come to Ephrath.

. . . And Kachel died, and was buried en

the way to Ephrath, which is Iiethlehcm,

Gen. Xxit. 16-W.

Radcliffe Library- An imposing library building connected with the University of Oxford, founded by Dr. John Radcliffe (d. 1714).

Badical Road. The name given to a promenade under the cliff called Salisbury Crags in Edinburgh, Scotland. The name is derived from the circumstance that the road was built in 1819 by disaffected people who were out of employment.

Bainbow, The. According to Aubrey, the Rainbow, in Fleet Street, the second coffee-house established in London, was opened about 1656. It is now a tavern, and the old coffee-room has been destroyed.

The coffee-house was the Londoner's house; and those who wished to find a iientleman commonly asked, not whether he lived in Fleet Street or ChsnciTT Lane, but whether he n-cquented "las Grecian " or " the Rainbow." Jfaorslos.

Bainbow Falls. A beautiful cascade in the Adirondack region of New York, near the foot of the Ausable Ponds.

Bainbow Landscape. The name given to a celebrated picture by Peter Paul Rubens (1577-164&). Now in the Bethnal Green Museum, London.

Bainy Season in the Tropics. A noted picture by Frederic Edwin Church (b. 1826), the American landscape-painter.

Raising of Lazarus. A picture by Sebastian del Piombo (1485-1547). and considered one of the most important works of the sixteenth century, executed for Giulio de' Medici, afterward Pope Leo X. It is now in the National Gallery, London.

Kg-" This is in many respects one of the noblest pictures existing, — a dramatic combination and pictorial completeness which few would now hesitate to prefer to the Transfiguration by Raphael."

Eatllakt, Handbook of Painting.

Raising of Lazarus. An admired painting by Benjamin West (1738-1820), serving as an altar

Eiece in Winchester Cathedral,

Raising of Lazarus. A picture by
Benjamin Robert Haydon (178tt-
184G). In the National Gallery,

Raising the Body of St. Hubert of Liege. An altar-niece, ascribed to Gerard van Meire, the Flemish painter, but which has also been ascribed to Dierick Bouts and to other painters. It is in the National Gallery of London.

Rake's Progress. A famous dramatic and satirical picture by William Hogarth (1697-1764).

Or " It would be suppressing the merits of his heart to consider him only a promoter of laughter. . . . Mirth colored bis pictures, but benevolence designed them. He smiled, like Socrates, that men might not be offended at his lectures, and might learn to laugh at their own follies." Lord Or/ord.

Rakos, Field of. [Rakos Mezo.J See Field Op Rakos.

Raleigh's House. See Myrtle Gkovk.

Ramaseum [or Memnonium]. An ancient Egyptian palace and temple at Thebes, the residence of Rhamses the Great. It is now a wreck, but the ruins indicate that it was of immense size. Within the palace are the remains of the statue of Rhamses, the largest found in Egypt. The walls are covered with wonderful sculptures, illustrating the adventures and victories of the great king, and his offerings to the gods. [Written also Rhamestion.] tur " The Rhameasion waa built

wholly by the great Rhamses, In the fifteenth century B.C.; . . . and it may be considered as a typical example of what an Egyptian temple of this age was intended to have been. Its facade is formed by two great pylons, or pyramidal masses of masonry, which, like the two western towers of a Gothic cathedral, are the most imposing part of the structure externally. . . . They [the palace-temples] do not seem to have been appropriated to the worship of any particular god, but rather for the great ceremonials of roynlty, of kingly sacrifice to the gods for the people, and of worship of the king himself by the people." Ftrguaum.

And thou hast walked about — how strange a story I In Thel>es's streets, three thousand years ago; When the ifemnonium was in all Its glory.

And time hud not begun to overthrow Those temples, palaces, and piles stupendous. Of which the very ruins are tremendous. Horace Smith.

Rambla. A beautiful promenade in Barcelona, Spain. The name is derived from the Arabic, and signifies a river-bed, which in Spain, being often dry in summer, is used as a road. It is the centre of fashion and amusement.

Ramble, The. A lovely region in Central Park, in the city of New York, with labyrinthinefoot-paths winding through acres of woody hills, bordered by a lake.

Rambouillet. See Hotel De Ram


Rameses III.,Tomb of. See HarpErs' Tomb.

Ranelagh Gardens. A place of amusement in London, no longer in existence, but very popular from its opening in 1742 till the beginning of the present century. Ranelagh, spoken of by Smollett as being like the " enchanted palace of genii," was a sort of rival to Vauxhall.

ttg- "The prince, princess, duke, much nobility, and much mob besides, were there." WalpoU (in 1742).

Kg- "Ranelagh has totally beat Vauxhall. Nobody goes anywhere else — overybody goes there."

Walpolt (in 1744).

Kg- "Ranelagh was a very pleasing place of amusement. There persons of inferior rank mingled with the highest nobility of Britain."

Samuel Rogers.

Accordingly, Mr. Stryver Inaugurated the Long Vacation with a formal proposal to take Miss Manette to Vauxhall Gardens; that failing, to Ranelmjh; that unaccountably failing too, it behooved him to E resent himself In Soho, and there declare is noble mind. Dickau.

Vauxhall and Ranelagh! I then had heard Of your green groves, and wilderness of

lamps Dimming the stars, and fireworks magical. And gorgeous ladles, under splendid

domes. Floating in dance, or warbling high in air The song of spirits. Wordsworth.

Rape of Europa. A picture by Paul Veronese (1530?-1588). In the Doge's Palace, Venice.

Rape of Ganymede. 1. The masterpiece of the Athenian sculptor Leochares (rl. 372-338 B.C.) Copies in marble of the bronze original abound. One, and perhaps the best existing, is in the Museo Pio-Clementino, of the Vatican, Rome. There is another copy in the Library of St. Mark's, Venice.

2. A well-known picture by Rembrandt van Ryn (1606-1669), the Duteh painter. Now in the Dresden Gallery.

Rape of Proserpine. A picture by Francesco Primaticcio (1490-1570), the pupil of Raphael. Now in the Stafford House Gallery.

Rape of Proserpine. A picture, "with a rich, fantastically lighted landscape," by Niccolo dell Abbate, called also Niccolo da Modena (1512-1571). In the gallery of Stafford House.

Rape of Proserpine. A picture by Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640). Now at Blenheim, England.

Rape of the Sabines. A celebrated group in marble by Giovanni da Bologna (1524-1608), and regarded as his masterpiece. In the Loggia de' Lanzi, Florence, Italy.

Bar" "John of Bologna, after he had finished a group of a young man, holding una young woman in his arms, with an old man at his feet, called his friends together to tell him what name

he should give It, and it was agreed to call it the Rape of the Sabines"

Sir Joshua Reynolds.

Raphael and his Fencing Master. A picture in the Louvre, Paris, by some attributed to Pontormo.

Raphael and Michael Angelo. A noted picture bv Horace Vemet (1789-1863), the French painter.

Kg* "As clever a picture as can be, — clever is just the word, — the groups and drawing excellent, the coloring pleasantly bright and gaudy; and the French students study it incessantly: there are a dozen who copy it for one who copies Delacroix." Thackeray.

Raphael Sanzio. A celebrated portrait of himself by the painter. In the collection of autograph portraits in the Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy. There is another in the Louvre, Paris.

Raphael, Stanze of. See Staxze Op Raphael.

Raphael's Cartoons. See C.utTooss Of Raphael.

Raphael's Loggia. See Logoia or Raphael.

Raphael's House. [Ital. Casa da Baffaello.] A well-known Loose in Florence, Italy, in which Kaphael was born and lived.

Ras-et-Teen, Palace of. This palace, built by Mohammed Ah, is situated at the western end of the peninsula of the same name, near Alexandria, Egypt.

Ratcliffe Highway. A famous London thoroughfare, now called St. George's Street, noted from its association in former times with murders and robberies.

,0" " Many can remember the terror which was on every face, the careful barring of doors, the providing of blunderbusses and watchmen's rattles." Jfacaulay.

*S~ "Look at a marine-store doler's, In that reservoir of dirt, drunkenness, and drabs: thieves, oysters, baked potatoes, and piakled salmon, — IlaU cliffHighway." IHtktni.

Rattler, The. The first naval vessel propelled by a screw. She was built by the English Admiraitv, and launched at Sheerness in 1843.

Ravcnscraig Castle. A ruined fortress near Kirkcaldy, in Scotland.

Moor, moor the barge, ye gallant crew,

And, gentle lady, deign to slay!
Rett thee In Cuttle Kaventheugh,
Nor tempt the Mnnny Firth lo-day.

Old LlalUid of Rosabelle.
Yon's Ravenscraig, wl' riven ha',
A thousand winter) shook Its wa' —
Tired Time let scythe an' aan'-glass fa',
To breathe awhile at Ugle.

William Thorn.

Beading; Magdalen. See MagdaLen.

Reale, Villa. See Villa Rkai.e.

Rebecca. A picture by Horace Vernet (1789-1803), the French painter.

j(y "Hla [Vernet's] • Rebecca' is

most pleasing; und not the less so for

a little pretty affectntion of attitude

and needless singularity of costume."


Red Bull. An old London theatre referred to by Knight as being in 1583 one of the chief London theatres.

Mg~ " I have seen the Red Bull playhouse, which was a large one, so full, that as many went back for want of room as had entered; and, as meanly aa you now think of these drolis, they were then acted by the best comedians." Kirkman, 1672.

Bed Convent. An ancient monastery of Coptic Christians in Upper Egypt.

Red Deer of Chillingham. A picture by Sir Edwin Landseer (18031873), the most celebrated modern painter of animals.

Red Horse. See Vale Of The Red Horse.

Redentore, H. [The Redeemer.] A grand and noted church of the sixteenth century in Venice, Italy.

Redwood Library. A Doric building in Newport, R.I., erected in 1760, containing a small but choice collection of books, with some works of art. Some of the volumes in this library were pre

sented by the King of England, and others by Bishop Berkeley.

Reform Club. 1. A fine building in Pall Mall, London, is owned and occupied by the Reform Club, which was founded by Liberal members of the British Parliament, about the time the Reform Bill was passed, 1830-32. The club is composed of 1,000 members, not including those belonging to Parliament.

th "Let nil strangers who come to London for business, or pleasure, or curiosity, or for whatever cause, not fail to visit the Reform Club. In an age of utilitarianism, and of the search for the comfortable, like ours, tbere is more to be learned here than In the ruins of the Coliseum, of the Parthenon, or of Memphis."

Vmcountete de Malleville.

No Carlton Clubs, Reform Clubs, nor any sort of clubs or creatures or of accredited opinions or practices, can make a Lie Truth, can make Bribery a Propriety. Carlyle.

2. A marble club-house in Philadelphia, Penn.

Reformation, The. A well-known picture by Wilhelm Kaulbach (1805-1874), the eminent German painter. [Called also the Epovk of the Reformation.]

Reformation, Oak of. See Oak Of Reformation.

Regalia. A general term, usually applied to a valuable collection of jewels and plate kept in the Tower, London. That portion of the Tower where the regalia is now kept is called the Wakefield Tower. A desperate but unsuccessful attempt was made in the reign of Charles II., by the ruffian Blood, to carry off the crown jewels. Blood, though captured, contrived by his great audacity to secure his own release, anil even frightened the king into granting him a pension of £500 a year.

Regent Diamond. See Pitt DiaMond.

Regent Street. A street in London, nearlv a mile in length, designed by John Nash in 1813, and

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