صور الصفحة
PDF
النشر الإلكتروني

named from his patron the Prince Regent. The street trends northwest by a Quadrant, giving a very ornamental appearance by its elegant shop-fronts.

43-" Regent Street baa appeared to roe the greatest and moat oppressive solitude in the world. . . . Here, it is wealth beyond competition, exclusive, ness and indifference perfectly unapproachable." Jf. P. Willis.

The pay old boys are paunchy old men in the disguise o'f young one*, who frequent tne Quadrant and Rtgent Street in the daytime. Dickens.

King Arthur's self
Was commonplace tu Lady Ouenever;
And Camelot to minstrels seemed as flat,
As Regent Street to poets.

Urs. Brotcning.

Regents, The. A picture bv Ferdinand Bol (16H-1H80), the Dutch painter, and considered his best work. It is in the "Leprosenhuys" at Amsterdam, Holland.

Regent's Park. An extensive common or pleasure-ground in London, comprising 472 acres. It contains within its boundaries several handsome private residences.

S&-" Regent'* Park is larger than the Jardln des Plantes and the Luxembourg put together." Taine, Trans. He only left Bombay yesterday morning, was seen In the Red Sea on'Tuesday. IsM'npajied 10 dinner this afternoon in the Regent's Park, and (as ft In about two minutes since I saw him In the court-yard) 1 mitkc no doubt he is by this time at Alexandria or Malta. Thackeray.

Regicides' Cave. A cavern in a rock near New Haven, Conn., where the " regicides" Edward Whalley and William Goffe, two of the judges who had condemned Charles I. to death, and afterwards on the restoration of the Stuarts had escaped from England, were secreted and lived for some time.

Relchenberg Castle. An interesting ruined castle overlooking the Rhine, near Goarshausen. It was built in 1284.

Reichsveste. An ancient imperial castle at Nuremberg, Germany.

Relay House. The name formerly given to what is now called

"Washington Junction, a station on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, nine miles from Baltimore, Md. It was noted in the Civil War as the spot seized by Gen. Butler, aud from which lie pushed on with the Massachusetts and New York troops to the occupation of Baltimore on the night of May 13, 1861.

Religion and Philosophy. A noted picture bv Taddeo Gaddi (1300-1352 ?). In the church of Sta. Maria Novella, Florence, Italy.

Reliquary of St. Ursula. A celebrated shrine in the chapel of St. John's Hospital at Bruges, about four feet in length, the whole exterior of which is covered with miniature designs in oil bv Hans Memling (d. 1495), the Flemish painter, representing scenes in the life of St. Ursula. These littie pictures are described as among the best productions of the Flemish school.

Reliques, Grandes. See Grakdes Reliques.

Rendezvous de Chasse. A picture by Adrian van de Velde (1639-1672), the Dutch painter. In the possession of Mr. Baring, London.

Repentance Tower. A monument near Ecclefechan, Scotland, which has a singular history. According to the account in the "Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border," it was built by a certain Lord Herries as an act of penance for having on a voyage from England thrown overboard a number of prisoners. It bears the inscription "Repentance" over the door, with a serpent on one side and a dove on the other.

Repentant Eve. A work of sculpture by Edward S. Bartholomew (b. 1822). In possession of Joseph Harrison, Philadelphia.

Reply to Hayne. See Webster's Reply to Hayne.

Repose In Egypt. A verv common and most pleasing subject of representation by the medieval painters, exhibiting the Holy Family as resting on their journey, or at the close of their journey, and seated in a landscape. Of numerous compositions upon this subject, greatly varying in details, the following may be named as among the more important and better known.

Repose in Egypt. A picture by Anthony van Dyck (1599-1041). In the Palazzo Pitti, Florence, Italy.

Repose in Egypt. A beautiful picture by Sir Anthony van Dyck (1599-1641), often copied and engraved. Now in the Grosvenor Gallery.

Repose in Egypt. A well-known picture by Correggio. See MaDonna DELLA SCODEI.LA.

Repose in Egypt. A picture by Domenico Zampieri, called Domenichino (1581-1611). In the Louvre, Paris.

Repose in Eqypt. A picture by Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520), representing the Virgin "kneeling and holding the Child in her arms; St. John also kneels, and presents fruits; Joseph leading an ass by the bridle is in the act of raising St. John." This picture is now in the Imperial Gallery in Vienna, Austria.

Repose in Egypt. A picture by Antonio Allegri, surnamed Correggio (1494-1534). In the gallery at Parma, Italy. Called also La Zingarella (the Gypsy), q.v.

Repose in Egypt. A picture by Lucas Cranach (1472-1553), a German painter. It is now in the Sciarra Colonna palace at Rome.

49s " In a singular and charming Rtposo by Lucas Cranach, the Virgin and Child are seated under a tree; to the left of the group is a fountain, where a number of little angels appear to be washing linen; to the light Joseph approaches, leading the ass, and in the act of reverently removing his cap."

Mrs. Jameson.

Representation of Human Life. A noted picture by Jan Steen (1630-1689), the Dutch r/enre-painter. In the Museum of the Hague.

Rescue, The. A group of statua

ry by Horatio Greenough (18051852), " intended to illustrate the struggle between the Anglo-Saxon races and the aborigines." At the Capitol, Washington.

Rescue, The. An American ex

Bloring ship in the expedition of *e Haven and Kane to the Arctic regions in 1850-51.

Research, The. An armor-plated ship of the British navy, launched Aug. 15, 1863.

Resignation of Washington at Annapolis. A large picture by John Trumbull (1756-1843), executed under commission from Congress, for the Rotunda of the Capitol at Washington. It is well known by engravings.

Resistance, The. An armor-plated ship of the British navy. She was launched April 11,1861.

Resolute, The. An Arctic exploring ship which sailed from England, April 15, 1852, in Sir Edward Belcher's expedition. On the 25th of August in the same year she was abandoned in the ice.. On the 10th of September, 1855, she was found drifting on the high seas by Capt. Buddington of the American whaling ship George Henry. All claim to the Resolute having beenr relinquished by the British government, the vessel was purchased by Congress for the sum of $40,000, and sent to Queen Victoria, as a present, and was formally presented to her by Capt. Hartstein of the United States navy, Dec. 16,1856.

Resurrection, The. A noted fresco by Giotto di Bondone (12761336). In the Arena Chapel, Padua, Italy.

Resurrection, The. A fresco painting bv Luca Signorelli (da Cortona) (1439-1521). In the Cathedral of Orvieto, Italy.

Resurrection, The. A picture by Francesco Albani (1578-1660). In the S. Maria de Galeria, Bologna, Italy.

Re table de Poiasy. An altar-piece, now in the Louvre, Paris, which represent*) in the centre scenes in the Passion of the Saviour, and on the sides events which took

S'ace in the lives of St. John the vangelist and St. John the Baptist. Jean de France, Due de Berry, brother of Charles VI., and his wife, gave it to the church of Poissy.

Return from the Flight into Egypt. A picture by Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1WO). How at Blenheim, England.

Revelation, Book of. See Book Ok Revelation.

Rex Tibicen. A picture by Jean Leon Geroine (b. 1824), the French painter.

Rheinfels. [The Rock of the Rhine.] This fortress is considered one of the most beautiful ruins on the banks of the Rhine. It was founded in 1245, and belonged alternately to the Hessians and the French," until in 1794 it fell into the hands of the French revolutionary army, and three years later it was blown up. It now belongs to the Emperor of Germany. It is the most extensive ruin on the Rhine, and was originally built partly as a Btronghold where toll could be collected upon merchandise passing on the Rhine. An increase in the duties levied led to an unsuccessful siege of the castle for 15 months by the neighboring burghers. From this and other circumstances originated the union of 60 German nndRhenish cities, which resulted in the breaking-up of this and many other rubber strongholds upon the Rhine.

Rheinstein. [The Stone of the Rhine.] A conspicuous castle on the Rhine. The original castle was of great antiquity. It was rebuilt by Frederic of Prussia in 1825-29, and a chapel has since been added.

[blocks in formation]

Rhymer's Glen. A locality near Abbotsford in Scotland, so named because of legendary traditions connected with Thomas of Ercildoune (Thomas the Rhymer).

Rialto, The. [Ital. Ponte di Rialto.] A famous bridge over the Grand Canal in Venice, deriving its name from the quarter of the city in which it is situated. This section — so called from Rivo-alto — is one of the islands upon which Venice is built, and gave its name first to the Exchange which was built upon it, and later to the bridge by which it was reached. The Rialto was long the centre of trade and commercial life in the city. The bridge, which has shops upon it, was begun in 1588.

«- "The Venice of modern Action and drama is a thing of yesterday, a mere efflorescence of decay, a stagedrama, which the first ray of daylight must dissipate into du.su No great merchant of Venice ever saw that Rialto under which the traveller now pauses with breathless interest."

, Ilimkii.

Shy. Sfgnior Antonio, many a time and oft, In the Rialto, you have rated me About inv moneys, and mv usances: Still have I borne It with a patient shrug; For suffrance is the badge of all our tribe. Shakespeare.

CThls allusion Is probably to the Exchange, though It might be taken to refer to the island, bot hardly to the bridge.)

Ours Is a trophy which will not decay With the Rialto ,- Shylock and the Moor, And Pierre, cannot be swept or worn away.

ityrva. Soprano, basso, even the contra-alto Wished hiin five fathom under the Rialto.

Byron, Shylock still darkens the Rialto with his frown; the lordly form of Othello yet stalks across the piazza of St. Mark's, and every veil that flutters in the breeze shrouds the roguish black eyes of Jessica. Ihllari.

The soul's Rialto hath Its merchandise:
I barter curl for curl upon that mart.

Mrs. Browning.

Pisa's patron saint hath hallowed to himself the joyful day.

Never on the thronged Rialto showed the Carnival more gay. T. W. Panoni.

Riccardi Palace. [Ital. Palazzo Riccardi.] A celebrated palace in Florence, erected in the fifteenth century. The chapel contains some fine frescos.

Be "The Riccardl Palace Is at the corner of the Via Larga. It was built t>y the first Cosmo di Medici, the old banker, more than four centuries ago. ... It looks fit to be Btlll tbe home of a princely race, being nowise dilapidated nor decayed externally, nor likely to be so. . . . This mansion gives the visitor a stately notion of the life of A commercial man in the days when merchants were princes. ... It must have been, In some sense, a great man who thought of founding a homestead like this, and was capable of filling it with his personality, as the hand fills n glove." J/awthorne.

Richelieu, Rue. A well-known street in Paris. In this street is the house where Moliere died.

Those two splrndldlv dressed ladies nre milliners from the Hue Richelieu, who have just brouuht over, and disposed of, their cargo of summer fashions.

Thackeray.

Riches. A picture bv Hans Holbein the Younger(1498?-1543), well known by engravings. The oil^-lnal perished at Whitehall in HilW. There is a drawing of this picture in the British Museum. SeeTuiI'MrH Of Riches.

Richmond, The. A noted vessel of the United States navy, one of the vessels of Commodore Farragut's flotilla, which ran the gauntlet of the forts of Mississippi on the 24th April, 18f>2, and led to the taking of New Orleans.

Eichmond, Fort. See Fokt RichMond.

Richmond Palace. An ancient and celebrated royal residence at Richmond, on the Thames, ten miles from London. The palace, of which only the ruins are now standing, was also called Skene (shining), from its beautiful situation.

Richmond Park. An ancient and famous park or pleasure-ground of the royal manor of Richmond, about nine miles from London, overlooking the Thames, and com,>rLsing fine forest scenery. It is ei,^ht miles in circumference, and is the most beautiful of the

royal parka in the vicinity of the metropolis. It is a favorite resort of Londoners.

Rideau Hall. The official residence of the Governor-General of Canada, in New Edinburgh, Ontario.

Riegersburg. A remarkable mediieval stronghold, now fallen into ruin, on au eminence near Feldbach, in Southern Austria.

Rienzi's House. A noted building in Rome, built of brick, and thought to have been the house in which "The Last of tbe Tribunes" may have lived. It has been called also, without apparent reason, the House of Pilate.

£sT~ " By what Inexplicable absurdity it has obtained tbe nnuic of the House of Pilnte, it is impossible to conceive, unless, from the cruel and Iniquitous judgments that disgraced the conclusion of Rienzi's reign, he may himself have acquired that nickname among the people of Rome."

O. A. Eaton.

Riesenburg. A remarkable natural curiosity, — a sort of cave with the top taken off, — near Streitberg, in the region known as the Franconian Switzerland.

Rigi, Spectre of the. See SpecTub Op The Rigi.

Rimini. See Francesca Da RiMini.

Ring; of Brogarth. A remarkable monument of antiquity at Stenniss, in the Orkneys, consisting of a great circle of erect and prostrate stones, 'of unknown origin and use.. Allusion is made to one of them in Scott's novel of "The Pirate."

Rinuccini Palace. [Palazzo Rinuccini.] A palace in Florence, Italy, built in the sixteenth century by Lnigi Cardi Cigoli. It contains some fine pictures.

Ripetta, Via. See Via Rii-etta.

Riposo, II. [The Repose (in Egypt).] See Repose In Egypt. J^T "The subject generally styled a RipoM Is one of the most graceful and most attractive in the whole range of Christian art." Jlr$. Jumeton.

But for the occasion and the appellation, it would be quite impossible to distinguish the Loves that sport round Venus and Adonis, from tho Cherubim. Bo called, that hover above a Nativity or a Jiiposo; and the little angels, in his CAluano'sJ Crucifixion, cry so like naughty little boys, lhat one longs to put them in a corner, Mrs. Jameson.

Bipresa dei Barberi. The end of the Corso, Rome, and the place where, in the races of the carnival, the horses are stopped by a piece of cloth suspended across the street. It derives its name from the Barbary horses which were the original racers.

Rising. See Castle Rising.

Rittenhouse Square. A public park in Philadelphia, Penn., surrounded by handsome mansions.

Riva dei Sehiavoni. A street or promenade in Venice, Italy, facing the harbor.

Twasso When I came hero. The galley floats

within A bow-shot of tho "Riva d\ Sehiavoni." Byron.

Riviera. [Bank or shore.] A name of general application, but frequently given in particular to the Mediterranean coast in the neighborhood of Genoa, Italy.

Riviera di Ghiaia. See Chiaja.

Rivoli, Rue de. One of the finest streets in Paris. Napoleon I. began the Rue de Rivoli.

This ostentatious architecture, which arrived in Jttdea by cargoes, these hundreds of columns all of the same diameter, the ornament of some insipid Rue de Ri' voli, such is what he called " the kingdoms of the world and all their glory."

Renan.

In our black, orderless, zigzag streets, we can show nothing to compare with the magnificent array of the Rue de Rivoli. Thackeray.

Roaring Meg. A celebrated piece of ordnance preserved in Londonderry, Ireland. It was presented to the city by the Fishmongers' Company of London.

j»- " In the yard of the court-house is the far-famed 'Roaring Meg,' eo called from the loudness of her .voice, which Is said hourly to have cheered the hearts of the besieged, and appalled those of tho besiegers."

Mr. and Mrs. Sail.

Rob Roy's Cave. A cavern in a rock near Inversnaid, Scotland, sometimes called also Bruce's cave, because Bruce lay hid there for a night.

Robin Hood Society. A debating club which met, in the time of George II., in Essex Street, Strand, London. Here was heard some of Burke's earliest eloquence. Goldsmith was an occasional visitor.

Bobuste, La. An ancient piece of ordnance captured at San Juan d'Ulloa, now preserved as a trophy in the United States Navyyard, Brooklyn, N.Y.

Rocco, San. See San Rocco.

Roch, St. See St. Roch.

Roche. See Castle Roche.

Roche Guyon, La. A large and imposing chateau, on the honks of the Seine, in France, near Bonnieres. It dates from the twelfth century, and is the property, of the Rochefoucauld family.

Rocher PercS, Le. [The pierced rock.] A natural curiosity near Gaspc, in the Province of Quebec, Canada. It is a remarkable promontory, rising 280 feet alwve the water, with an opening or archway through which fishingsmacks can pass.

Rochester Castle. The venerable fortress in the Medway, at Rochester, England, one of the most interesting remains of feudal architecture in the kingdom.

Rocio, The. A fine public square in Lisbon, Portugal.

Rock of Abooseer. An almost perpendicular crag, 200 feet hign, on the shore of the Nile, commanding a fine view of the second cataract, and of the desert and Arabian hills.

tys~ " I doubt whether a more st iting scene than this, to English, y«r\ can be anywhere found. It \^s' uVrougbly African, thoroughly . ,,,,,<», very beautiful,—most ""(^jdk, o* most deBOlatc."

[ocr errors]
« السابقةمتابعة »