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Sabines, Rape of the. See Rape Of The Samites.
Sacer, Mons. See Mons Saceb.
Sachem's Plain. A locality near Norwich, Conn., noted as the scene ol a battle between the Narragansetts and Mohegans in 1B42. A granite monument to the memory of Miantonomoh, the Narragansett chief who fell in the action, was erected on this battlefield in 1841.
Sackville Street. A noble street in Dublin, Ireland, the principal thoroughfare of the citv, midway in which is Nelson's Pillar.
Jt&~ "The street is exceedingly broad nnd handsome. Even In this, the great street of the town, there is scarcely any one; and It is as vacant and listless as Tall Mall In October."
Sacra Conversazione. [Holy Conversation.] The name given by the Italians to pictures of the Holy Family in which the sacred persons are represented as a devotional group, in distinction from a merely domestic or historical
Soup. For examples see under Oly Family.
Sacra Famiglia. See Holy FamIly.
Sacra, Via. See Via Sacra. Sacrament. See Dispute Op The Sacrament.
Sacraments. See Seven SacraMents.
Sacred and Profane Love. A well-known picture by Titian (1477-1576). In the Palazzo Borghese, Rome.
*5~ " Out of Venice, there is nothing of Titian's to compare tohls Sacred and Profane Love. Description can give no idea of the consummate beauty of this composition." Eaton.
*J" "The Sacred and Profane Love by Titian is still another masterpiece of the same spirit. A benutiful woman dressed appears by the side of another naked. By their side Is a sculp, tured fountain, and behind them a brood landscape of a blue tone with warm patches of earth intersected by the darks of sombre forests, nnd In the distance the sea; two cavaliers are vis* ible In the background, also a spire and a town. . . . The eye passes from the simple tones of that ample and healthy flesh to the rich subdued tints of the landscape, as the ear passes from a melody to its accompaniment."
Sacred College. A name given to the bodv of cardinals or princes of the Roman Catholic Church. It is the Sacred College assembling in conclave, which elects a new pope whenever a vacancy occurs in the holy see.
Sacred Mount. See Mons Saceb and Monte Sacro.
Sacred Way. See Via Sacra.
Sacrament, St. See St. Sacre
Sacriflce of Isaac. 1. A fresco by Raphael Sanzjo (1483-151'0), in the Stanza of the Heliodorus, in the Vatican, Rome.
2. A picture by David Teniers the Younger (1M0-1GU4 ?), the Belgian ^e/ire-painter.
Sacro (or Santo) Eremo. A collection of 24 hermitages, estalv lished by Saint. Romualdo near the convent of Camaldoli in Italy. The rules and observances of the hermitage are strict and severe. &g- " Here [at Camaldoli] we passed the night, and next morninir rode up by the steep traverses to the Snnto Eremo, where Saint liotnualdo lived and established
de' tscentlcenobltl 11 coro,
The Eremo la a city of hermits, Ruf Us'b Stone (and Oak). A trian
§ular stone erected in the New 'orest, near Southampton, England, on the siiot where formerly sin.,.I the famous oak, on which, according to the inscription, "an arrow shot by Sir Walter Tyrrel at a stag, glanced and struck King William II., named Rufus, in the breast, of which he instantly died, on the 2d of August, A.D. 1100." The snot is visited by great numbers of people every year. O'er die New Forest's heath-hills bare,
Down steep ravine, liy Bhaggy wood, A pilgrim wandered, questing where
The relic-tree of Kut'us stood.
Some monument he found, which spoke
But for that old avenging oak.
Rugby. A famous school in the town of the same name in the county of Warwick, England. It is noted as the scene of Dr. Arnold's life and labors. The school was founded in the reign of Elizabeth, and has fine cloistered buildings.
Ruhmeshalle, Die Baierische See Hall Of Fame.
Rump Steak, or Liberty Clu This political club, in oppositi to Sir Robert Walpole, was existence in 173,'l-4. See Bi Steak Society [clcb],
Russell Square. A well-k public square in London, the site of the old palace Dukes of Bedford.
Rutgers College. A colle
Ruth and Naomi. A
Over the doorway is inscribed in gold, " SposaB Christi Katharinae tiomus " (the house of Catherine the bride of Christ).
«*"■" Her fame was universal throughout Italy beforo her death; and the house from which she went forth to preach, and beal the sick, and comfort plague-stricken wretches whom kith and kin hnd left alone to die, was known and well-beloved by alt her citizens. From the moment of her death, It became, and bos continued to be, the object of superstitious veneration to thousands." Symondi.
Ann the house midway tumping see
St. Cecilia. A picture by Doraenico Zampieri, called Domenichino (1581-1041). In the Louvre, Paris. Another upon the same subject by this painter, formerly in the Palazzo Borghese, Rome, is now in Lansdowne Ilouse, London.
St. Cecilia. A picture by Carlo Dolce (1616-1086). In the Dresden Gallery. There are several repetitions of this picture in other places.
St. Cecilia. A celebrated altarpicture by Raphael Sanzio (14831520), representing St. Cecilia, as patroness of music, standing in the centre, with two saints on each side, instruments of secular music, the pipe, tho flute, etc., lying broken and scattered at her feet, she herself raising her eyes to the angels in the clouds above, and apparently listening to the heavenly song. This picture was originally painted for the church of San" Giovanni-inMonte, near Bologna, Italy, and is now in the gallery of that city Raphael's original drawing for this picture, engraved by Marc Antonio, is highly admired.
*J*"The most celebrated of the modern representations of St. Cecilia, as patroness of music, is the picture by Raphael, painted by him for the altarpiece of her chapel In tho church of San Giovanni-ln-Monte, near Bologna. She BUutdjs ia the centre, habited in a Trailed ronnd, and divided Into streets of low detached cells. Koch cell consist* of two or three naked rooms, built exactly on the plan of the Saint's own tenement, which remains just as Romualdo left it 800 years ago, now too sacred and too damp for a mortal tenant. The unfeeling 6aint has here established a rule which anticipates the paius of Purgatory. No stranger can hehold without emotion a number of noble, interesting young men bound to stand erect chanting at choir for eight hours a day; their faces pale, their heads shaven, their beards shaggy, their backs raw, their legs swollen, and their feet bare. . . . The sickly novice is cut off in one or two winters, the reBt are subject to dropsy, and few arrive at old age." Forsyth.
At CaBenllno's foot A river crosses named Archlano, born Above the HermltaKe in A Pennine.
Dante. Furgatorio, Longfellow's Trans.
Sacro, Monte. See Month Sacro and Mons Saceb.
Sadler's Wells. A place of amusement for the populace, on the banks of the New River near Islington, England. It contains a medicinal spring, of much re
Eute in old tunes. The publicouse on the place is represented in the background of Hogarth's print of " Evening." The site is now occupied by a theatre. See Sadler's Wells Theatre.
Sadler's Wells Theatre. One of the oldest theatres in London, named from a mineral spring in the neighborhood. The present house was erected in 17K4, and rebuilt in 1876-77. See Sadler's Wells.
Her [Mademoiselle Clalron's) hands are not alternately stretched out. snd then drawn In aenln. a* with the singing women at Sadler't- Wells: they are employed with graceful variety, and every moment please with new and unexpected clo* quence. Goldsmith.
Is ft the Bkllfullest Anatomist that cuts
the best figure at Sadler's Wells t or does
the Boxer hit better tor knowing that he
has a flexor longus and a flexor brevls?
Sages, The Chaldean. See ChalDean Sages.
Saidnaya. A convent of great antiquity in Northern Palestine, in the neighborhood of Damascus, containing a shrine of the Virgin
which is a favorite resort of pilgrims belonging to the Greek Church.
St. Agnes. A well-known picture by Andrea del Sarto (148S-1530). In the cathedral at Pisa, Italy. See also Eve Of St. Agnes and Martyrdom Of St. Agnes.
St. Aignan, Hotel. See Hotel St. Aignan.
St. Alban's Abbey. An ancient monastic establishment in the vicinity of St. Albans, in Hertfordshire, England. It was once the wealthiest and most brilliant of all the religious houses of Great Britain. It is now restored, and is one of the finest cathedralchurches in England.
jjE3-'*Tbe surviving ruina convey a more Imposing sense of the ancient magnificence than Melrose, or Fountains, or Glastonbury." Fronde.
St. Angelo. The celebrated fortress of Papal Rome, anciently the mausoleum of Hadrian, erected by him as his family tomb, the last imperial niche in the mausoleum of Augustus bavin" been occupied by the ashes of Nerva. It derives its present name from the Church tradition, that while Gregory the Great was leading a procession to St. Peter's with the object of offering up a solemn service to avert the plague which followed the inundation of 589, there appeared to him a vision of the Archangel Michael standing on the summit of the mausoleum in the act of sheathing his bloody sword, to indicate that the pestilence was stayed. The pope, in memory of this vision, Duilt a chapel on the summit; but this was afterwards replaced by a statue of the archangel. The history of this fortress during the Middle Ages is almost the history of the city itself during that period. It has suffered much from siege and mutilations, and is now but the skeleton of the ancient mausoleum of the emperors. The tomb of Hadrian is thought to have been first turned into a fortress about A.D. 423,—in the time of Honorius. Merivale speaks of the effort of imagination required to transform the present scarred and shapeless bulk into the "graceful pile which rose column upon column, surmounted by a gilded dome of span almost unrivalled;" and Procopius says of the original mausoleum, in the sixth century, that it was built of Parian marble, the square blocks fitting closely without cement; that it had four equal sides, each a stone's throw in length, and rising above the walls of the city, while on the summit were statues of men and horses, of admirable workmanship. The castle of St. Angelo has often served as a prison, and part of it is now so used. Benvenuto Cellini was confined here, and the pretended cell of Beatrice Cenci is shown by the custode. For an account of the celebrated display of fireworks formerly exhibited from the castle at Easter, see Girandola. See Bridge Of St. Angelo.
9&-" No building In the world baa probably lived through a more eventful existence, and none, if there were tongues in stones, could tell a tale of more varied interest."
George S. HlUard.
&&•" This proud fabric is an instance how completely vanity defeats its own ends, ft was destined by Hadrian to hold his remains forever. Had he chosen a more humble monument, his imperial dust might probably still have remained undisturbed. As it is, his ashes are long since scattered, his very name has passed away, and the place which was destined to be sacred to the greatest of the dead now serves for the punishment of the vilest of the living." C. A. Eaton.
Turn to the mole which Hadrian rear'd
on hluh. Imperial mimic of old Egypt's plies. Colossal copyist of deformity. Whose travell'd phantasy from the far
Nile's Enormous model, doom'd the artist's tolls To build for giants, and for his vain earth. His shrunken ashes, raise this dome! Mow
smiles The cazer's eye with philosophic mirth. To view the huge design which sprung
from such a birth 1 Byron.
Think also whether thou hast known no
Public Quacks, on far higher scale than
this, whom a Cattle of St. Angelo could
never get hold of; and how, as Emperors, Chancellors (having found much fitter machinery), they could run their Quack, career; and make whole kingdoms,wholo continents. Into one huge Egyptian Lodge, and squeeze supplies, of mouey or blood, from It at discretion t Carlyle.
'The cannon of St. Angelo,
And chanting priest and clanging bell. And beat of drum and bugle blow,
Shall greet tby coming well I
St. Angelo, Bridge of. See Bridge Of St. Angelo.
St. Anna. A picture by Bartholomew Zeitblom (b. 1410-1450), a German painter. It is now in the museum at Berlin, Prussia.
St. Anna (and the Virgin). A wellknown picture by Leonardo da Vinci (1452-153)), in the Louvre, at Paris. It is thought by some to have been only executed from a cartoon by Leonardo.
St. Anne's. Of several churches of this name in London, one of the oldest and most noted is that in Soho, finished in 1686.
Kettles and pans.
Say the belts at St. Ann's.
St. Anthony. See Temptation Of St. Anthony.
St. Antoine, Rue. A street in Paris which has been closely connected with every revolution. This wide and irregular street leads from the Hotel <le Ville, forms a continuation of the Rue de Bivoli to the Place de la Bastille, where the Bastille formerly stood, beyond which it continues as the Bue du Faubourg St. Antoine.
St. Antoine. See Faubouro St. Antoine.
St. Antony. An ancient Coptic monastery in the Eastern Desert of Egypt, and the principal one in the country.
St. Augustine and his Mother. A picture by Ary Scheffer (17lJ51858).
St. Barbara. A grand altar-piece by Jacopo Palma, called Palma Vecchio (1480?-1548?), in the church