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of Santa Maria Formosa at Yenice, Italy.
jttS- " Bhe Is no saint, but a blooming young girl, the most attractive and lovable that one can imagine." *
St. Bartholomew's Hospital. The first institution of the kind in London. It is in Smithfield, and was originally part of the Priory of St. Bartholomew, founded in 1102 by Rahere. The hospital escaped the Great Fire in 1(166, and since that time has been much enlarged. St. Bartholomew's enjoys an excellent reputation as a medical school.
St. Basil. A famous church in Moscow, Russia, built during the reign of Ivan the Terrible. It consists of an agglomeration of towers each enclosing a chapel, so that as many as a dozen or fifteen saints have their shrines under one roof.
33- " What is it? A church, a pavilion, or an immense toy? All the colors of the rainbow, all the forms ami combinations which straight and curved lines can produce, are hero compounded. It seems to bo the product of some architectural kaleidoscope, in which the most incongruous things assume a certain order and system, for surely such another bewildering pilo does not exist. It is not beautiful; for beauty requires at least a suggestion of symmetry, and here the idea of proportion or adaptation is wholly loBt. Neither is it offensive; because the maze of colors, in which red, green, and gold predominate, attracts and cajoles the eye. ... I cannot better describe this singular structure than by calling it the Apotheosis of Chimneys.'* Bayard Taylor.
St. Bavon. A cathedral in Ghent, Belgium, one of the finest Gothic . churches, containing celebrated works of art; in particular, the "Adoration of tlie Lamb," by Hubert and John Van Eyck.
Toll! Roland, toll!
Toll! Roland, loll!
Not now In old St. Bavon'* tower-
St. Bernard. See HosriCE or St. Bkrnabd and Vision Of St. BebNabd.
St. Botolph's. A well-known church in Aldersgate, London.
At Saint Botulphe, and Saint Anne at Bucks tone;
Fraying to them to pray for me
Unto the blessed Trinltfe. Beywood.
St. Bride's. A church at the foot of Fleet Street, London. -It was rebuilt by Wren, after the Great Fire of 16G6. Dwellers in London are fond of the bells of St. Bride's. The old church contained the graves of Wynkin de Worde, Sackville the poet, Lovelace, Sir Richard Baker. John Milton lodged in the churchyard of St. Bride, and here wrote" several of his treatises, and in defence of the house in which ho lived composed his sonnet beginning, — "Captain, or colonel, or knight In arms."
Richardson the novelist was buried in the present church.
St. Calixtus, Catacomb of. See Catacomb Ot St. Calixtcs.
St. Catherine. A Greek convent situated on the slope of one of the
feaks of Mount Sinai in Arabia, t is said to have been founded1 by the Emperor Justinian, and contains interesting MS. and other relics.
«3r- " Though the .Interior presents a scene of the most hopeless confusion ■when looked down upon from tho guest-chambers, there is not wanting » certain Quaint picluresquenes* and charm, which is heightened in sprin? by the bright green of the txcllised vines. Two tiers of loophole* are still visible In the west wall; and some f>* of the vaults and arches within remain intact, but they are for the most part broken down, and filled with all manner of filth. Over, above, and within them are the buildings of after lure*, mosqueB, chapels, bakeries, distilleries, and stables, some themselves ifonc to ruin, and serving as foundations for still later erections of mud and sundried bricks, which are daily ad'll"? their mite to the general confusion. Tup quadrangle is now completely fillTM with buildings; and through then), turning and twisting in ever}* direction, now ascending, now descending, exposed to the full force of the .-tin, or passing through dark tunnels, la a perfect labyrinth of narrow parages.
C. W. Wilson.
J8®* " M. Seetzen has fallen into a mistake in calling the convent by the name of St. Catherine. It is dedicated to the Transfiguration, or, as the Greeks call It, the Metamorphosis, and not to St. Catherine, whose relics arc only preserved here." Burckhardt.
$3-" Before we went, we called this the Convent of 8t. Catherine, as everybody does. We had read of it under that name, and seen that name under every print of the place that had come before our eyes. Our surprise was therefore great when a monk, who had taken the vows twenty years before, declared that be did not know It by that name. Being asked whether the convent had nothing to do with St. Catherine, he replied, only by the bones of a hermltess named Catherine, having been found on the mountain above the convent which bears her name. Perplexed by this, I was yet more surprised when I observed a little Catherine-wheel rudely, carved over one of the posterns; and a picture of the saint, leaning on her wheel, in the library, with her name at length. In the chapel also her relics lie in state, — those bones which were found on the mountain-top, and were brought hither by the monks a few years after the establishment of the convent. The monk, however, stuck to his declaration that the convent had no connection with St. Catherine."
St. Catherine. 1. A picture by Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520). In the National Gallery, London. See also Martyrdom Of St. Catherine and Marriage Of St. Catherine.
2. A picture by Heinrich Karl Anton Mucke (b. 1806), which has become popular through engravings. It represents the saint borne by four angels over sea and land to Mount Sinai.
JK3"**The floating onward movement of the group is very beautifully expressed.** J/r«. Jameson.
St. Catherine's House. A house still standing in Sienna, Italy, and distinguished as the residence of St. Catherine of Sienna (1347-1380), remarkable for her fervent charity and devotion.
Over the doorway is inscribed in gold, " Sposie Christi Katharine domus*'(the house of Catherine the bride of Christ).
ffjf-" Her fame was universal throughout Italy before her death; and the house from which she went forth to preach, and heal the sick, and comfort plague-stricken wretches whom kith and kin had left alone to die, was known and well-beloved by all her citizens. From the moment of her death, It became, and has continued to be, the object of superstitious veneration to thousands." Symonds.
And the house midway hanginjr see
St. Cecilia. A picture by Domenico Zampieri, called Domenichino (1581-1641). In the Louvre, Paris. Another upon the same subject by this painter, formerly in the Palazzo Borghese, Rome, is now in Lansdowne House, London.
St. Cecilia. A picture by Carlo Dolce (1016-1086). In the Dresden Gallery. There are several repetitions of this picture in other places.
St. Cecilia. A celebrated altarpicture by Raphael Sanzio (14831520), representing St. Cecilia, as patroness of music, standing in the centre, with two saints on each side, instruments of secular music, the pipe, the flute, etc., lying broken and scattered at her feet, she herself raising her eyes to the angels in'the clouds above, and apparently listening to the heavenly song. This picture was originally painted for the church of San Giovanni-inMonte, near Bologna, Italy, and is now in the gallery of that cityRaphael's original drawing for this picture, engraved by Marc Antonio, is highly admired.
Kg-" The most celebrated of the modern representations of St. Cecilia, as patroness of music, is the picture by Raphael, painted by him for the altar
Blece of her chapel In the church of an Giovanni-in-Monte, near Bologna. She stands in the centre, habited in a rich robe of golden tint, and her hair confined by a band of jewels. In her hand she bears a small organ,—but wi-mri about to drop tt as she lookB up, listening with ecstatic expression to a group of angels, who are singing above. Scattered and broken at her feet, lie the instruments of secular music, the pipe, flute, tabor, etc. To the right of tit. Cecilia stands St. Paul, leaning on his sword; behind him is St. John the Evangelist, with the eaglo at his feet; to the left, in front, the Magdalene, as already described; and behind her St. Augustine. ... Sir Joshua Reynolds has given us a parody of this famous picture, in his portrait of Mrs. Billingtou; but, instead of the organ, he has placed a music-book in her hands, a change which showed both his taste and bis judgment, and lent to the borrowed figure an original significance. It gave occasion also to the happy compliment paid to the singer by Haydn. 4 What have you done? ' said he to Sir Joshua' 'you have made her listening to the angels: you should have represented the angels listening to her t
Sirs. Jameson. There are Ave saints there, side by side. who in no wise concern us, but whose existence is so perfect that we wish the picture could continue forever
St. Cecilia. A picture by Van Eyck (1366-1426). In the museum at Berlin, Prussia.
St. Christopher. 'A large altarpiece by Hans Memling (d. 1405), the Flemish painter, executed for Willem Moreel, and bearing date 1484. It is in the collection of the Academy at Bruges, Belgium.
St. Christopher. A picture bv Hans Memling (d. 1405), the Flemish painter. Erroneously called Albert Diirer. It is now at the Duke of Devonshire's seat, Holker Hall, Lancashire.
.St. Christopher. A gigantesque fresco painting by Mateo Perez de Alesio (d. NiOO). "The figure of the saint is 33 feet high, and his leg is three feet across the calf." In the cathedral of Seville, Spain.
St. Chryaostom. An altar-picture by Sebastian del Piombo (14851547). In the church of S. Giovanni Crisostomo, at Venice, Italy.
St. Clement-Danes. A church in London, built under the supervision of Sir Christopher Wren (1632-1723). Strype derives the name of St. Clement Danes from the account that when the Danish people were expelled by Alfred in 886, those who had married English women were allowed to remain here. Stow, however, tells how the body of Harold, the illegitimate son of King Canute, was exhumed from Westminster by the le|?itimate Hardicanute. and cast into the Thames, and how it was afterwards recovered by a fisherman, and buried upon this spot.
4Sy* "We paw from the open Place ■where St. Clement-Danes stands, — one of the most Dutch-like spots in London, to which idea the quaint and rather elegant tower lends itself. To hear its jchiraes, not at midnight, hut on some December evening, when the steeple 1» projected on a cold blue background, while you can sec tbc shadows of the ringers in the bell-tower, Is a picturesque feeling. They fling out their Janglings more wildly than any peal iu London: they are nearer the ground, and the hurly-burly is melodious enough. Those tones the Doctor often heard In Gough Square and Bolt Court; and inside be had bis favorite seat, to this day reverently marked by a plate and inscription. Yet St. Clement's ia In a precarious condition, and when the Law Courts are completed its fate will be decided." Fitzgerald,
j»- "The church of St. Clement* In the Strand, la dedicated to this saint [St. Clement]. The device of the parish is an anchor, which the beadles and other official* wear on their buttons, etc., and which also surmounts the weathercock on the steeple. To choose the anchor — the symbol of stability — for a weathercock, appears strangely absurd till we know the reason. There arc in England 47 churches dedicated to St. Clement." Jfr*. Jamewm.
That Church of St. Clement Dane*. where Johnson *v\\ worshipped In the era of Voltaire, is to me a venerable place.
How Samuel Johnson, in the era of Voltaire, can purify and fortify his soul, and bold real communion with the Hinliost. "In the Church of St. Clement Danes:' this too stands all unfolded In his Biography, and Is among the moat touching and memorable things there. Carols, Where the fair columns of St Clement
staiid. Whose straitened bounds encroach upon
the Strand. Oay
Oranges and lemons.
Say the bells of St. Clement's.
St. Clement's Well. This holy well in the Strand, London, was much resorted to by the youth of the city iu the reign of Henry II. A pump now stands on the spot.
St. Cloud. A magnificent royal residence in France, on the southern slope of a hill overlooking the Seine. The chateau contains several suites of rooms, which are highly ornamented with Gobelin tapestry, paintings, statues, and mosaics. Its history is closely connected with that of the French monarchs. It derives its name from Cleodald, a grandson of Clovis, who escaped assassination by concealing himself in a hermitage in the woods on the summit of the hill. The palace commands a most lovely prospect, and the adjoining park is celebrated for its beauty. St. Cloud was the favorite residence of Nupoleon I. In October, 1870, the French destroyed it by shells from Mont Valerien, that it might not serve to shelter the Prussians.
They resembled those loathsome slanders which Uoldsmlth, and other abject libellers of the same class, were In the habit of publishing about Bonaparte, how he hired a grenadier to shoot Dcssaix at Mareneo. bow he filled St. Cloud with all the pollutions of Caprea). Maeaulay.
Soft spread the southern summer night
Her veil of darksome blue;
The terrace of St. Cloud.
Like breath of lover true,
And wreck of sweet St. Cloud, Scott.
St. Cuthbert's Beads. These beads are portions of the fossilized remains of animals, called crenoids. They consist of a series of flat plates with a hole in the centre of each piece, through which they may be strung like a rosary. They are found on the shore of the island of Lindisfarne; and the legend is, that in violent
storms, on dark nights, St. Cuthbert used to sit on a rock in the spray and mist, and with another rock forge these beads; and after the storm the shore was found to be strewn with them.
On a rock, by Lindisfarne,
St. Cuthbert sits, and tolls to frame
The sea-born beads that bear his name:
Such tales had Whitby's Ushers told.
And said they mi■- lit his shape behold,
And hear his anvil sound;
A deadened clang, — a huge dim form,
Seen but, and heard, when gatherht
storm And night were closing round.
St. Cuthbert's Shrine. See
Shklne Of St. Cuthbekt.
St. Denis, Abbey Church of. A religious edifice in St. Denis, France, rich in historical associations, and celebrated as the burialplace of the monarchs of France from the earliest times. It has suffered much from the revolutions and wars which have swept over France, but the restorations which it has recently undergone entitle it to rank among the most splendid Gothic edifices in the world. The present church dates from the twelfth century. According to tradition here was the burial-place of St. Denis, and here in very early times a Benedictine abbey was founded.
St. Denis du Marais. See St. Sacrement.
St. Denis, Porte. See Pobte St. Denis.
St. Denis, Rue. One of the ancient streets of Paris. According to tradition, St. Denis frequently passed over the old ckausse'e, and the street is supposed to have been so named in his memory.
tJ3- "Thence we turned into the Rue St. Denis, which is one of the oldest streets in Paris, and is said to have been first marked out by the track of the saint's footsteps, where, after his martyrdom, he walked along it, with his head under his arm, In quest of a burial-place. This legend may account for any crookedness of the street; for it could not reasonably be asked of a headless man that he should walk straight." Hawthorne.
4g- " The street which we enter, thnt of the Faubourg St. Denis, presents a Btrnngc contrast to the dark uniformity of a London street, where every thing, in the dingy and smoky atmosphere, looks as though it were painted in India-ink. Here, on the contrary, is a thousand times more life aud color. Before you, shining in the sun, Is a long glistening line of gutter, — not a very pleasing object in a city, but in a picture invaluable. On each side are houses of all dimensions and hues; some but of one story, some as high as the Tower of Babel. From these the haberdasherB (and this is their favorite street) flaunt long strips of gaudy calicoes, whicli give a strange air of rude gayety to the street. Gay wine-shops, painted red, and smartly decorated with vines and gilded railings, are filled with workmen taking their morning's draught. That gloomy-looking prison on your right is a prison for women." Thackeray.
St. Dolough. A famous wonderworking well andpilgrini-resort in the county of Waterford, Ireland.
St. Dunstan's. Two churches in London of this name, one known as St. Dunstan's-in-the-East, the other as St. Dunstan's-in-theWest. Both the existing churches are of modem construction. The clock of tho old church of St. Dunstan'8-in-tho-West was one of the sights of Loudon. Above the dial were two wooden figures of savages as large as life, and each striking with a club the quarter-hours upon a bell, at tho same time moving his head.
When labor and when dulncss, club in
hand. Like the two figures at St. Dunstan's
St. Elisius. A picture by the Flemish painter, Pctrus Cristus, painted (1449) for the Goldsmiths' Guildhall, Antwerp, Belgium. Now in the Oppenneim Collection at Cologne, Germany.
St. Elizabeth of Hungary. A piece of sculpture by Benjamin Akers, called also Paul Alters, the American sculptor (1825-1862), which has been admired and often repeated.
St. Elmo. A well-known bill in
Naples, Italy, on the summit of which is the celebrated Castel Sant' Elmo.
St. Elmo. [Ital. Castel Sunt' Elmo.] The great fortress of Naples, Italy, built, in its present form, in the sixteenth century, by Pedro de Toledo. It was in former times a fortification of great strength, but is incapable of resisting the weapons of attack used iu modern warfare.
The morrow after onr arrival. In the afternoone, we hired a coach to cinr us about the town. First we went to the Castle o/ St. Elmo, built on a very high rock, whence we had an intire prospect of the whole Cltty. which lyes In the shape of a theatre upon the sea btinke. with all the circumjacent Islands. This Fort Is the bridle of the whole Cltty. sad was well stor*d and garrisoned with native Spanyards. Jolat Evelyn, 1644.
Naples, thou white sun-lit city! The swarms of beings with song and shout flow like streaming lava through tby streets; we hear the sounds; town after town winds like a serpent about the bay; Naples Is this serpent's head, and St. Elmo the crown It bears.
Hans Christian Andersen.
St. Erasmus. See Martyrdom Of St. Erasmus.
St. Etienne. A monastic church in Caen, France, founded by William tho Conqueror, and dedicated by him in 1077. It contains the grave of the king, which has been several times despoiled. [Called also Abbayt aux. Ilommen^]
St. Etienne du Mont. [St. Stephen of tho Mount.] A noted church in Paris, France, situated in the square of the name, near the Pantheon. The present building was begun in 1517, and completed in 1626. The style is a union of Gothic and Renaissance. This church is celebrated for its choir, pulpit, and the grave of St. Genoveva.
I wandered through the haunts of men.
Prom Boulevard to Qua!,
The Pantheon's shadow lay. Holmes.
I used very often, when coming home from mv morning's work at one of tho public institutions or 1'arls. to step in fll tho dear old church of St. Etienne d* Mont. Holmes.