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The tragic story has been treated by Shelley in his poem entitled with her name.

43~"I think no other such magical effect can ever have been wrought by pencil. . . . The picture can never be copied. Guldo himself could never have done It over again. The copyists get all sorts of expression, gay as well as grievous; some copk*s have a coquettish air, a half-backward glance, thrown alluringly at tbe spectator; but nobody ever did catch, or ever will, the vanishing charm of that sorrow. I hated to leave the picture, and yet was glad when I bad taken my last glimpse, because It so perplexed and troubled mo not to be able to get hold of its secret/' Hawthorne.

tf»y "The picture of Beatrice Cencl represents simply a female head; a very youthful, girlish, perfectly beautiful face. . . . The whole face Is very quiet, there Is no distortion or disturbance of any single feature, nor 1b it easy to see why the expression Is not cheerful, or why a single touch of the artist's pencil should not brighten it into joyousness. But, in fact, it is the very saddest picture ever painted or conceived; it Involves an unfathomable depth of sorrow, the sense of which comes to the observer by a sort of intuition." Tfmcthorne.

O* " The picture of Beatrice Oenci is a picture almost impossible to be forgotten. Through the transcendent sweetness and beauty of the face there is a something shining out that haunts me." Dickens.

2. A life-size statue by Harriet Hosraer (b. lail). In the Mercantile Library, St. Louis, Mo.

Beaudesert Park. The seat of the Marquis of Anglesea, near Rugeley, England.

Beaumarchais, Boulevart. One of the boulevards of Paris, so called from the author of that name, who built here a fine mansion. See Boulevards.

Beauvais Cathedral. A fine Gothic church in Beauvais, France. It was begun in 122S, and has the loftiest choir in the world.

Beaux Arts, Academic des. [Academy of Fine Arts.] One of the five academies embraced in the Institut, the most important learned society of France. It is de

voted to painting, sculpture, architecture, engraving, and music, and is, accurately speaking, the most ancient of the academies in Paris, traces of an association among painters being found as early as the fourteenth century. It was regularly founded by the Cardinal Mazarin in 1655. See InstiTut. Bed of Justice. [Fr. Lit de Justice.] Formerly the seat or throne occupied by the French monarchs when they attended parliament. Afterwards the term was applied to parliament itself. The last Bed of Justice was held at Versailles by Louis XVI., Aug. 5, 1788.

Was not every sout, or rather every body, of these Guardians of our Liberties, n.tked, or nearly so, last night; *'a forked Radish with a head fantastically carved "f And why might he not, did our stern fate so order it, walk out to St. .Stephen's, as well as Into bed, in that no-fashion; and there, with other similar Radishes, hold a Bed of Justice r Cwli/lc.

Bed of "Ware. See Great Bed Of Ware.

Bedford Coffee-house. A noted house in Covent Garden, London, formerly much frequented. Goldsmith, John and Henry Fielding, Hogarth, Churchill, Foote, Garrick, and others resorted to the Bedford. It is no longer standing.

tXty " Almost every one you meet is a polite scholar and a wit."

Connoisseur, 1754.

Bedford Head. An old London tavern, Covent Garden.

When sharp with hunger, scorn you to

tie fed Except on pea-chlc-ks at the Bedford

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Bedford House. A noble mansion in Belgrave Square, London, the residence of the Duke of Bedford. It was taken down in 1704.

Most of the peers w»in were In town met In the morninp at Bedford House, and went thence ill procession to Cheapfclric.


Bedford Level. A tract of land in England, situated in the counties of Norfolk, Suffolk, Huntingdon, Northampton, Lincoln, Cam■bridge, and tho Isle of Ely, consisting of atxjnt 400,000 acres, a large portion of it being marshy ground. It was drained and reclaimed in the seventeenth century by the Duke of Bedford and others. It produces fine crops of grain, flax, and cole-seed.

Bedford Square. A well-known square in London, near Oxford Street.

Bedlam. See Betrlem Hospital.

Bednall - green. See I5f.tii.val Green.

Bee Hive House. A building in Salt I^ake City, Utah Territory, used as a seraglio of the Mormon leaders. It derives its name from an emblematic bee-hive carved over the entrance

Beef-steak Society [Club]. 1. The first club with this name is thought to have been established at London in the time of Queen Anne. Themeetings "composed of the chief wits and great men of the nation " seem to nave been noted for their jovial character. The first Providore of the Club was Dick Estcourt, the actor, who was valued for his gayety and humor, and who wore, as the badge of the Club, a small golden gridiron.

2. The Sublime Society of the Steaks was established in 17;t5 by Henry Rich. According to an early rule of the Society the diet was restricted to beef-steaks, port-wine, and punch.'The meetings were first held in a room at the Covent Garden Theatre, but later at various places, and finally at a room iu the Lyceum Theatre —" ornamented with gridirons as thick as Henry the Seventh's Chapel with the portcullis of the founder. Every thing assumes the shape, or is distinguished by the representation, of their emblematic implement, the gridiron. The cook is seen at his office through the bars of a spacious gridiron, and the original gridiron of the Society (the survivor of two terrific fires) holds a conspicuous position iu the centre

of the celling." Many persons distinguished for rank or social powers have teen "Steaks," as the members were accustomed to call themselves, and many are included in the list of guests of the Society.

*S* "On Saturday, tho 14th of May [1785], tho Prince of Wales was admitted a member of the Beef-steak Club [Society]. His. Royal Highness having signified his wish of belonging to that Society, and there not being a vacancy, it was proposed to make him an honorary member; but that being declined by his Royal Highness, it wns agreed to increase the number from 24 to 25, in consequence of which his Royal Highness was unanimously elected. The Beefsteak Club [Society! has been instituted just 50 years, and consists of some of the most classical and sprightly wits in the kingdom."

Annual Rtginier, 1785.

Kf "The Beefsteak and October Clubs are neither of them averse to eating or drinking, if we may form a Judgment of them from their respective titles." Spectator.

3. A Beef-steak Chibbecame an institution in almost every theatre. Dr. Johnson's club in Ivy Lane was at first a Beef-steak Club. About 174!) a Beef-steak Club was founded at the Theatre Boyal, Dublin, and was presided over by the celebrated "Peg Woflington." There was also a Beef-steak Club at the Bell Tavern, Houndsditch. In 17X5-34 there existeil in London the Bump-»teak, or Liberty Club, a political club in opposition to Sir Robert Walpole.

Beersheba. See Dan.

Beethoven. A statue by Thomas Crawford (1813-1857). In the Music Hall, Boston, Mass.

Befana, La. A wooden figure placed outside the doors of houses in Italy at the opening of Lent. This name is perhaps derived from La Befana (a corruption of Epiphany, Gr. 'Ewtfavia), which in Italy is a common personification of the Epiphany, differently represented as a saint, as a fairy, and as the bugbear of naughty children, and who at Epinhany is supposed to go about at night like Santa Claus, bearing presents to the children.

tg- " On the cvc of Twelfth-Day, the Crature (the children), with trembling mingled with hope, anticipate a midnight visit from a frightful old woman, called the Be/ana (an obvious corruption of Enifania, the Epiphany), for whom they always take care to leave some portion of their supper, lest she should eat them up; and when they go to bed, they suspend upon the back of a chair a stocking, to receive her expected gifts. This receptacle Is always found in the morning to contain some sweet things, or other welcome presents, — which, I need scarcely say, are provided by the mother or the nurse." C. A. Eaton.

Beffroi [Ghent.]. An ancient and celebrated belfry or watch-tower in the city of Ghent, Belgium. It was erected in 1183, and is a lofty square structure, containing a fine chime, and surmounted by a gilt dragon brought from Constantinople. One of the bells in the belfry weighs nearly five tons.

Beggar Boy. A picture by Diego Rodriguez de Silva y Velasquez (1599-KifiO), the Spanish painter. In the Louvre. Paris. There is another upon the same subject in the Pinakothek at Munich, Bavaria.

Beguinage, The. A famous nunnery in Ghent, Belgium.

Beguinage, Grand. A fine church of the seventeenth century in Brussels, Belgium

Beheading of St. John. A picture by Michelangelo Amerighi, stirnamed Caravaggio (15t>9 -1609), and one of his principal works. In the Cathedral of Malta.

Beheading of St. John the Baptist. A picture by the Swiss painter, Nicolas Manuel, surnamed Deutsch (1484-1531). Now in the Museum at Basle, Switzerland.

Beheading of St. Paul. A picture by Nieoolo dell' Abbat.e, called also Niccolo da Modena (15091571). In the Gallery of Dresden, Germany.

Bekaa. A valley in Syria, sometimes called Hollow Syria. It is between the Antilibanus range and the higher Lebanon. It was by this way that the ancient armies used to march, the Syrians to Samaria, and the Egyptians against Damascus Belfort. An ancient and venerable fortress of unknown origin, situated on the summit of a bare rock in northern Palestine. Portions of the castle are thought to have been built by the Crusaders, who, at different times, took refuge in it. In 118'.) it was besieged by Saladin. In 1200 it was purchased by the Templars, who, however, were soon compelled to relinquish it. It is a stronghold of great size, with massive walls, and moats, and drawbridges, and the other means of defence common in the Middle Ages. The original building is believed to have been of Phoenician origin. The place is first mentioned under its European name by William of Tyre in the twelfth century The castle is now deserted. Belfry of Bruges. See Hali.es, Lf.s. For the Belfkv Of Ghent, see Beffroi. See also CajipaNilk. Bclgrave Square. See Bklgbavia. Belgravta. Formerly a sobriquet applied to Belgrave and Eaton Squares, Grosvenor Place, and the radiating streets, London, but now received as the legitimate name of this aristocratic quarter. Belgrave Square was so called from Belgrave, Lincolnshire

nut the ordlnarv residences of fashionable life — the mansions of Belgravta, TyI.in nil. and Mayfulr—are mere shells of brick and stucco, which present such a ilrearv appearance outside that one is surprised sometimes to find them palaces of comfort within. C L Eaalate.

Crouched on the pavement close by Bel

grove Square. A tramp I saw, 111, moody, and tonguetied; A babe was.In her arms, and at her side A girl: their clothes were rugs, their feet were bare. Matthew Arnold.

That is a source of prospective pleasure in which the inhabitants of Belgravta and Tyburula cannot indulge. Eattlate.

Belisarius. A noted picture by
Francois Gerard (1770-1836), the
eminent French painter. It was
executed about 1795.
Bell, The. 1. A noted inn at Ed-
monton, near London, famous in
connection with John Gilpin's
ride, and a favorite stopping-
place of Charles Lamb.

• To-morrow Is our wedding-day.
And we will then repair
Unto the Bell at Edmonton,
AM In a chaise and pair.' Cowper.

2. A noted old inn in Warwick Lane, London. The present building is modern.

And he [Archbishop Leighton] obtained what he desired; for he died at the Bell Jhn, in Warwick Lane. Burnet.

O* The name has been a frequent designation of inns and public-houses in England, which were formerly distinguished by the various devices of their signs.

Bell Bock (or Inchcape Bock) Lighthouse. This important lighthouse — built upon the famous rock of the same name in the German Ocean, on the northern side of the entrance of the Firth of Forth, and about twelve miles from land — was begun in 1807, under the charge of the celebrated engineer Robert Stevenson. After much very difficult work and many discouraging hinderances the structure was finished in October, 1810. Its total height is 115 feet, and diameter at the base 42 feet. See L>xhCape Rock.

Far In the bosom of the deep,
OVr these wild shelves my watch 1 keep;
A ruddy gem of changeful light.
Hound on the dusky brow of night;
The seaman bids my lustre hall.
And scorns to strike his timorous sail,


Bella dl Tiziano. [Titian's Beauty.] A picture in the Sciarra Palace, Rome, now attributed to Jacopo Palma, called Palma Vecchio (1480-1528). There is another picture of the same name in the Pitti Palace, Florence, Italy.

Bella Donna, La. A noted picture by Titian (1477-1576). In the Palazzo Pitti, Florence, Italy.

Bellamy's Kitchen. An establishment which was situated near

the Old House of Commons, London, and is described as a plain apartment, with an immense fire, meat-screen, gridirons, and a small tub under the window for washing the glasses,—a place where "the statesmen of England very often dine, and men, possessed of wealth untold, and with f>alaces of their own, in which uxury and splendor are visible in every part, are willing to leave their stately dining - halls and powdered attendants, to l>e waited upon, while eating a chop in Bellamy's kitchen, by two unpretending' old women.

*J- •' But let us not omit to notice Bellamy's kitchen, or, in other words, the refreshment-room, common to both Houses of Parliament, where Ministerialists and Oppositionists, Whigs and Tories, Radicals, Peers, and destruclives, strangers from the gallery, and the more favored strangers from below the bar, are alike at liberty to resort." Dickens.

Belle Art], Accademia delle.

[Academy of Fine Arts.] A name applied in Italy to buildings in nearly all the principal cities, containing collections of art. Among the more celebrated are the Accademias of Florence, Venice, aud Bologna. Belle Ferroniere. A celebrated

Eortrait of Lucrezia Crivelli by .eonardo da Vinci (1452-151!)), the Italian painter. It is now in the Louvre, Paris, and is known by the title above given, from a tradition that it is the picture of a blacksmith's wife, mistress of Francis I. There is a fine copy of this portrait believed to be by Beltraffio. Belle Jardiniere. rjThe Fair Gardener.] A beautiful and wellknown picture of the Madonna by Raphael Sanzio (14H3-1520), in which the Virgin is represented as sitting among flowering shrubs as in a garden (from which circumstance the picture may have derived its name). The infant Christ stands at her knee, while St. John kneels in childlike devotion. There is an early copy of this picture, probably by a Flemish artist, sometimes taken for the original, which latter is now in the gallery of the Louvre, Paris. Belle Joeonde. The name {riven to the celebrated portrait of Mona Lisa, wife of Francesco del Giocondo, by Leonardo da Vinci (1452-151'J). It is regarded as one of the most beautiful and highlyfinished works of art existing. It is stated that the lady sat for her portrait during a period of four vears. This picture is now in the Louvre, Paris. The Duke d'Aumale has a black chalk cartoon of the same by Leonardo.

$&• " As the countenance of the filstlne Madonna represents the purest maldcnliticss, so we see here the most beautiful woman—worldly, earthly, without sublimity, without enthusiasm, but with a calm, restful placidity, a smile, a mild pride about her, which makes us stand before her with endless delight." Grimm, Trans.

Belle Sauvage. A noted old London tavern which formerly stood on Ludgate Hill.

Jk5~ "A few of these quaint old figures still remain in i^ondon town. You may still see there, and over its old hostel in Ludgate Hill, the ' Belle 8auvagc,' to whom the Spectator so pleasantly alludes, and who was probably no other than the sweet American lVeahomas who rescued from death the daring Captain Smith."


Belle Tout. A celebrated lights house on the south coast of England near Beachy Head, built in 1831.

Bellerophon. An English line-ofbattle ship in which, on the 15th of July, 1815, while lying at anchor in the roadstead of Rochefort, France, the emperor Napoleon I. took passage for England, having vainly endeavored to escape to America.

2. A formidable armor-plated ship of the British navv, launched April 20, 1865.

Bellevue Avenue. A broad road at Newport, R. I., lined with country-seats, many of which are very magnificent. It is a fashionable drive, where may be seen

a display of elegant equipages, affording in the season one of the gayest spectacles to be seen in the country.

Bellini, Giovanni. A portrait of himself by the painter (1426-1516). In the collection of autograph portraits of the painters in the Uffizi, Florence, Italy.

Bellossuardo. A hill in the neighborhood of Florence, Italy. From this eminence Galileo is said to have observed the planetary movements.

From Tuscan Betlosguardo, wide awake. When standing on the actual, blessed

sward Where Galileo stood at nights to take The vision of the stars, we Hud it hard, Gazing upon the earth and heaven, to

make A choice of beauty. Mrt. Browning.

Belmont. A noted mansion in what is now Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, Penn. It was erected in 1745, and was a favorite resort of Washington, Lafayette, Franklin, Jefferson, Talleyrand, Louis Philippe, and other distinguished men.

Belceil. A celebrated Gothic castle near Ath, in Belgium, built in 114ti, and containing some valuable works of art.

Detail tout a la fois magnlflque et champetre. DelMe.

Belrespiro. See Villa Pamfjli


Belshazzar's Feast. A picture by Washington Allston (1771M843), the American painter. It was left unfinished at his death. Now in the Athemeum, Boston, Mass.

JBEg- " A mighty sovereign aurrounded by his whole court, Intoxicated with his own state, in the midst of his revelry, palsied in a moment under the spell of a preternatural hand suddenly tracing his doom on the wall before him; his powerless limbs, like a wounded spider's, shrunk up to hia body, while his heart, compressed to a point, is only kept from vanishing by the tergtic suspense that animates it, during the interpretation of hia mys. terious sentence. Atlston.

Belus, Temple of. See Bats NimSood.

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