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UrHzi. [The Offices.] A public edifice in Florence, Italy, erected by Cosmo de' Medici (1389-14&4), and containing one of the richest and most celebrated collections of art in the world. It is connected by a covered passage with the Pitti Palace on the other side of the Arno. See Tribune.

&4- " Perhaps it is the picturesque variety of the Uffizl— the combination of painting, sculpture, gems, and bronzes —that makes the charm. The Tribune, too, is the richest room in all the world, a heart that draws all hearts to it." Hawthorne.

»gr "I paid another visit to the Uffizl Gallery this morning, and found that the Venus is one of the things the charm of which docB not diminish on better acquaintance." Hawthorne.

The Transfiguration, the Last Judgment, the Communion of St. Jerome, and what are as transcendent as these, are on the walls of the Vatican, the U/h'zi, or the Louvre, wbeie every footman may see them. Emerson.

Ugbrooke House. A noble mansion, the seat of Lord Clifford, near Chudleigh, England.

Ugolino's Tower. See ToitHE DelLa Fame.

Ulm Minster. At TJlm in Wiirtemberg. One of the finest Gothic cathedrals in Germany, begun in 1377. Its tower is over 300 feet in height.

TJltima Thule. [The most remote Thule.] A name applied by the Latin poets, on account of its distance from Home, to the island of Thule, the situation and existence of which are involved in the greatest obscurity. The first mention of such a northern island is by a traveller from Massilia (Marseilles) in the fourth century B.C., who claimed to have arrived at a spot, some six days' journey from Britain, where nature had put a bar to all further

progress, since there was no longer either water or land or air, but a mixture of all the elements, through which no passage could be made. According to Strabo and Pliny, this island reached to the Polar Circle, within a day's journey of an ever-frozen sea. Many articles have been written upon the subject of this semi-fabulous island. The south-west coast of Norway has been fixed upon by some as its probable location. Maltebrun thinks that Jutland was meant. Others, and the majority, give the preference to the Shetland Isles. The phrase ultima Tlivle is now commonly and poetically applied to the extreme limit of any journey, undertaking, or pursuit. A little volume by Longfellow has recently appeared under the title of "Ultima Thule."

This Cthc Rock of Abooseer] Is the Dttima Thule of Egyptian traveller*.

Marray'i Handbook.

Ulysses and Nausicaa. A picture by Peter Paul Bubens (1577-1640). In the Pitti Palace, Florence, Italy.

Ulysses deriding Polyphemus. A picture bv Joseph Mallord "William Turner (17*5-1851), the English landscape-painter, and regarded one of his best works. In the National Gallery, London. jfcS" " Ulysses is on the poop [of a gilded galley] with bands uplifted, shouting derisively to the blinded giant, while his companions, thickly clustered on mast and yard, unfurl in haste the vast sails, and one by one the red oars are thrust forth from the veast-1's burnished sides, ready to sweep away from the inhospitable shore, and out of the reach of the missiles the monster may hurl after them." Redgrave.

Ulysses, Return of. A picture by Francesco Primaficcio(1490-1570), the pupil of Banhael. Now at Castle Howard, England.

Undercliff. A romantic spot and natural curiosity on the Isle of Wight, near Ventnor.

JET*"A strip of land some six miles long by a hall mile wide, which appears to have slipped down toward the sea, exhibiting a jumble of rocks, overturned and broken mounds of earth, deep hollows, and numerous springs, forming falls of water, collecting into pools, and hurrying toward the sea." M. Sirnond.

The moonbeam sleeps on Underchjf,

Tho sea is lulled and culm,
The honey-bee has left tho rose.
The Illy lies In balm.

Allan Cunningham.

Undine. An admired picture by Thomas Buchanan Bead (18221872).

Union Club. A club in London composed chiefly of politicians, merchants, professional men, and, according to James Smith, of "gentlemen at large." The club-house, Trafalgar Square, was built in 1824. The Union Club has always been noted for its cuisine. Also an association in Boston, Mass., having a house on Park Street.

Union College (University). An old and well-endowed institution at Schenectady, N.Y. It was founded in 17U5 by a union of several religious denominations, from which circumstance it derives its name.

Union League House. A noble building, with a fine interior, on Broad Street, Philadelplkia, Penn., occupied by the Union League, an organization formed in 1862 for patriotic purposes. It has a large number of members.

Union Square. A well-known

?ublio park in the city of New ork, surrounded with fine hotels and shops, with statues of Washington and of Lincoln.

United Service Club. This club in London was formed in 1810, and is one of the oldest of the modern clubs. It was a favorite resort of the Duke of Wellington. The present building, in Pall Mall, was built in 1820. The United Service Club is for officers

of rank not lower than major in the army and commander in the navy; and the club-house is considered one of the best-managed and most commodious in London. See Junior United SerVice Club.

Let no man despair of Governments who looks on these two sentries at the Horse - Guards and our United - Service Clubt I Carlyle.

United Service Museum. The museum of the United Service Institution, London, founded in is;:<>, containing models of ships and weapons, and specimens of naval and military uniforms.

United States. A frigate of the United States navy, launched at Philadelphia in 1797. Before the war of 1812 she went by the nickname of the Old Wagon, on account of her poor sailing qualities; but these were subsequently so much improved that she was able to chase, overtake, and capture the British frigate Macedonian, which she brought into port as a prize in 1812.

United States Bank. An imposing marble structure on Chestnut Street in Philadelphia, built in 1824 at a cost of half a million of dollars. It is now used as a custom-house.

&S~ " Looking out of my chamber window, before going to bed, 1 saw, on the opposite side of the way, a handsome building, of while marble, which bad a mournful, ghost-like aspect, dreary to behold. 1 ultribulcd this to the sombre influence of the night, and on rising in the morning looked out again, expecting to see it* steps and portico thronged with groups of people passing in and out. The door was still tight shut, however; the same cold, cheerless air prevailed; and tho building looked as it the marble sUiluo of Don Guzman could alone have any business to transact within its gloomy walls I hastened to inquire lis name and purpose, and then my surprise vanished. It was the tomb of many fortunes; the Great Catacomb of investment; the memorable United Suites Bank. The stoppage of this bank, with all its ruinous consequences, had cast (as I was told on every side) a gloom on Philadelphia, under the depressing effect of which it yet labored." JHckens {American Notes).

United States Military Academy. A national institution for the education of young men in academic and military studies, at West Point on the Hudson, N. Y. It opened in 1812. The buildings are flue structures of stone. A library, observatory, and museum are connected with the academy. Each congressional district is entitled to send annually one young man to this school. [Familiarly known as West Point.]

United States Naval Academy. A national school for the training of midshipmen, founded in 1845, situated in Annapolis, Md. During the war of the Rebellion, the school was transferred to Newport, R.I.

University Club. A London club, Suffolk Street, Pall Mall East, founded in 1824, chiefly composed of members of Parliament who have been educated at some university, several judges, and a number of clergymen.

University College. A proprietary institution in London, for the " general advancement of literature and science," built in 1827-28. It contains the Flaxman Museum, in which are models of the chief works of John Flaxman.

University of London. See LonDon University.

University of the City of New York. A fine building of marble in New York, the seat of the university, founded in 1831. It has numerous professors and students.

University of Vermont. An in

stitution of learning in Burlington, Vt., founded iu 1791.

Unspunnen Castle. A mined feudal mansion in Switzerland, near Interlaken, where Byron's Manfred is reputed to have lived.

Unter den Linden. [Under the Lindens.] A noted street in Berlin, Prussia, extending from the royal palace to the Brandenburg gate. It is adorned with four rows of lime-trees, an equestrian statue of Frederick the Great, and many fine buildings.

Urbino Palace. A grand and stately palace in Urbino, Italy, once the residence of the Dukes of Urbino, now unused and fallen into neglect, but still containing many interesting remains of art.

Urdos. An extraordinary fortification in southern France, not far from Pau. It is excavated in a rock, rising in successive stages to a height of 500 feet. It was 10 years in constructing, and is capable of holding 3,000 men.

Uriel in the Sun. A picture by Washington Allston (1779-1843), the American painter. Now in possession of the Duke of Sutherland.

19- " I have never Been Uriel represented by name, or alone, In any aaert-d edifice. In the picture of Uriel painted by Alleton, he Is the 'Regent of the Bun,' described by Milton; not a sacred or scriptural personage."

Mrs. Jam*ton.

Urquhart Castle. A ruined castle in Scotland, near Inverness. It is the property of the clan Grant.

Urr, Moot of. See Moot Of Urr.

Ursula, St. See St. Ursula and Embarkation Of St. Ursula.

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Val d'Arno. [Vale of the Arno.l In Tuscany, Italy. It is renowned for its beauty and its poetic associations.

A dream nlone to me Is Arno's vale. And the Alhambra's halls arc but a traveller's tale. Whittier.

Val de Grace. 1. An extensive military hospital in Paris. Here was formerly a convent of Benedictine nuns.

2. A church in Paris, built in the Italian style. It was begun in 1645 for Anne of Austria. The dome forms a conspicuous object in views over Paris.

Val d'Emo. See Cektosa Of The Val D'emo.

Val Tremola. [Ger. Triimmeln Tlial, Trembling Valley.] A gully on the St. Gothard Pass in Switzerland, so called from the fears formerly excited by the terrors of the passage.

Vale of the Red Horse. A locality in Warwick county, England, near Edgehill, the scene of the battle between Charles I. and the Parliamentary forces. It is so called from the colossal figure of a horse cut on the side of the hill.

Valentino, II. A fine old palace in Turin, Italy.

Valerien, Mont. See Mont ValeRikn.

Valhalla. A celebrated Grecian temple or Hall of Fame, overlooking the Danube, near Regensburg, Bavaria, and deriving its name from the mythological palace of immortality, inhabited by the souls of heroes slain in battle. It was built by the king of Bavaria as a monument to the great men of Germany, and contains many statues of her heroes, statesmen, and poets, from the earliest

times to the present. It Is a magnificent structure of marble, and was completed in 1842 at a cost of over $:i,000,000.

Chivalry this. If not as they do chivalry in Drury Lane or West-End drawJnc-rooms, yet as they do it In Valhalla and the General Assembly of the Gods.


Crowned doubly by man's blessing and God's grace,

Thy future is secure: Who frees a people makes his statue's place

In Time's Valhalla Burc. WhMier.

Valiant, The. An armor-plated ship of the British navy, launched Oct. 14, 1863.

Vallee du Sang. [Valley of
Blood.] A valley reputed to
have, in ancient times, separated
France from Bretagne.

When the Vale of Blood she neared,
All that ghastly band with speed

Following in pursuit appeared
Close behind her coal-black steed.

Anon, Tr. L. S. Coatello.

Valley-farm, The. A picture by John Constable (1776-1837). In the National Gallery, London.

Valley of Jehoshaphat. This valley of Jerusalem which is beneath the hill Mount Moriah, on which the ancient Jewish temple stood (now occupied by the Mosque of Omar), is about half a mile long, extending from the village of Siloam to the Garden of Gethsemanc. Its sides are full of tombs, and the brook Kedron runs through it. The Jews believe that the Last Judgment will take place in this valley, according to the prediction found in Joel iii. 12, " Let the heathen be wakened, and come up to the valley of Jehoshaphat: for there will I sit, to judge all the heathen round about."

Vallombrosa. [The Shady Valley.] A famous convent and sanctuary near Florence, Italy. Ita original name was Acqua Bella. The conventual buildings were erected in l(i.'J7, and with the surrounding forest are now chiefly interesting from the allusions to them in literature.

Thick a« Autumnal leaves that strew the

brooks In Vallombrosa. where the Etrurian shades. High over-arch'd embower. Milton.

Swelling the outcry dull, that long resounds

Portentous through her old woods' trackless bounds,

Vallombre. mill her fulling fanes, deplores.

Forever broke, the Sabbath of her bowers. Wordsworth.

He [Milton] nevermore was thirsty when

God'* will Had shattered to his sense the last chainlink By which he had drawn from Nature's

visible The fresh well-water. Satisfied by this, He sang ol Adam's paradise, and smiled, Kcinenibering Vallombrota. Therefore is The placedivlne to Liit-'llsh man and child, Aud pilgrims leave their soul hero In a kiss. E. Ji. browning.

Not a grand nature. Not my chestnut

Of Vatlombrom. cleaving by the spurs
To the precipices. Mrs. Browning.

Valle Crucis Abbey. A beautiful and picturesque ruined monastery, founded in 1200, near Llangollen, in Wales.

Vanity and Modesty. See ModEsty And Vanity.

Varuna, The. An ironclad vessel of the United States navy, sunk April 24, 1802, after destroying five of the enemy's fleet in the battle on the Mississippi, below New Orleans.

Who has not heard of the dauntless Varuna t Who lias not heard of the deeds she has done? Who shall not hear, while the brown Mississippi Ru*lies along from the snow to the sun? Crippled and leaking she entered the battle, Sinking and burning she fought through the frav; Crushed were her sides, and the waves ran across her. Km, like a death-wounded lion at bay, Steinlvshe closed hi the last fatal grapple, Then in her triumph moved grandly away. 0. H. Boker.

Vase, Hall of the. See Hall Op The Vase.

Vassar College. A noted women's college situated in Poughkeepsie, N. Y. It was founded and endowed by Matthew Vassar, from whom it takes its name. It was organized in 1865.

Vatican, The. The ancient palace of the popes, and the most magnificent in the world, built upon one of the hills of Rome, on the right bank of the Tiber. It is rather a collection of separate buildings, constructed at various times, than one regular structure. Its extent is enormous. It has • 8 grand staircases, 200 smaller staircases, 20 courts, and, it is said, 11,000 apartments of different sizes. Its riches in marbles, bronzes, and frescos, in ancient statues and gems, and in paintings, are unequalled in the world. It also possesses a library with a large and choice collection of manuscripts.

tS" "Thepalaee of the Vatican bean the same relation to other palaces that Bt. Peter's does to other churches. It is, indeed, not a palace, but a congress of palaces. One of the storiea with which every traveller at Rome is amused is, that the Vatican with its gardens and St. Peter's occupy as much space as tho city of Turin; and, as it has never been contradicted, it is probably true. The Vatican comprises a papal palace, a library, and a museum. An a museum of art. it is the first in the world. In sculpture it not only surpasses any other collection, but all other collections put together. The whole of Europe could furnish nothing; to rival the Vatican. It also comprises the highest triumphs of painting, in the frescos of Raphael and Michael Angelo. He who lias seen the Vatican has seen the utmost point reached by the human mind and hand in these two arts. The world is no more likely to witness any thing beyond what is here visible than to have n nobler epic than the Iliad, or a greater dramatist than Shakespeare."


The Vatican is great: yet poor to Chlmborazo or tlie I'eake of TeneritTe: Its d.rnis Is hut a foolish Kig-eiiithin or Little-endian chip of an egg-shell, compared with that star frrtted Dome v.here Arcturus and Orion glance for ever. Cartyle.

That Leicester shoe-shop, had men known it, was a holler place than any Vatican or Loretto-aUi hie. Cariylt.

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