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m. Additions and Improvements have since been made at intervals. The most ancient part of the building, Csesar's tower, is 147 feet high. Guy's tower, erected in 13!>4, is 128 feet high. A fire occurred at Warwick Castle in 1871, which did much damage.

f&- " The principal features are the battlements, towers, and turrets of the old feudal castle, encompassed by grounds on which has been expended all that princely art of landscape-gardening for which England is famous,— leafy thickets, magnificent trees, openings and vistas of verdure, and wide sweeps of grass, blunt, thick, and vividly green as the velvet moss we sometimes see growing on rocks in New England. The pains that are taken in sowing, tending, cutting, clipping, rolling, and otherwise nursing and coaxing the grass, being seconded by the misty breath and often-falling tears of the climate, produce results which must be seen to be appreciated."

Mrs. //. B. Stowe. Then Wanriet Cattle wide Its gate displayed. And peace and pleasure this their dwelling made. George Crabbe.

I look with respect flt houses six, seven, eight hundred, or, like Iranric* Cattle, nine hundred years old. Emerson.

Warwick Vase. A celebrated and very beautiful antique vase, found at Tivoli, Italy, and capable of holding 1G8 gallons. It is preserved in the greenhouse connected with Warwick Castle, in England.

&J- "On a pedestal, surrounded by all manner of flowering shrubs, stands this celebrated antique. . . . They say that it holds 136 gallons; constructed, 1 suppose, in the roistering old drinking times of the Uoman emperors, when men seem to have discovered that the grand object for which they were sent into existence was to perforin the functions of wine-skins. It is beautifully sculptured with grape-leaves, and the skin and claws of the panther —these latter certainly not an inappropriate emblem of the god of wine, beautiful but dangerous." Mrs. II. B. Stowe.

Washington. A well-known statue of the first President of the United States, executed by Jean Antoine Houdon (1741-1828), a French sculptor. It is now at the Capitol, Richmond, Va.

Bethinks I see his venerable form now before me, as presented in the glorious

statue by Houdon. now In the capital of Virginia, lie is dignified and grave: but his concern ami anxiety seem to soften the lineaments of his countenance.

Dunul Webster.

Washington. A portrait by Rembrandt l'eale (1778-1860), considered the best ever taken of Washington, and of which there are many copies.

Washington. A statuo by Horatio Greenough (1805-1852). At the Capitol, Washington.

KS- "I regard Grcenough's Washington as one of the greatest works of sculpture of modern times."

Edward Everett.

Washington. A statue by Thomas Crawford (1814-1857), cast in bronze at Munich.

Washington. A fine equestrian statue on Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, by Thomas Ball (b. 1810).

Washington. See Apotheosis Of Washington and Resignation of Washington.

Washington Avenue. A wido and fine avenue in St. Louis, Mo. It leads directly to the great bridge over the Mississippi.

Washington crossing the Delaware. A picture by Thomas Sully (1783-1872), which is very familiar in America. Now in the Boston Museum.

Washington crossing the Delaware. A well-known picture by Emmanuel Leutze (181G-18U8).

Washington Elm. A well-known tree in Cambridge, Mass., supposed to be nearly or quite 300 years old. Under this tree, July 3, 1775, Washington assumed command of the American forces. 43- "You know the 'Washington elm,' or, if you do not, you had better rekindle your patriotism by reading tlie inscription, which tells you that under its shadow the great leader first drew his sword at the head of an American army." Holmes.

Beneath our consecrated elm

A century apo he stood.

Famed vaguely for that old tight in tho

wood. Whose red surge sought, but could not

overwhelm The life foredoomed to wield our rouph

newn helm. LoviclU

"Washington, Fort. See Foet Washington.

Washington Market. A noted market in New York, and the chief one in the city.

Washington Monument. A noted monumental structure in Washington, -begun in 1848, and intended to be in the form of an obelisk 600 feet in height, and to contain the tomb of Washington. It is now in an unfinished state, being at present 174 feet high. In a building adjoining the monument is a collection of memorial stones sent by different countries and states for the decoration of the interior. It is uncertain whether this monument will ever be carried forward to completion, or whether the material used in its construction will be adapted to some other commemorative use.

"Washington Monument. An imposing memorial structure in Baltimore, Md. It consists of a marble shaft upwards of 170 feet in height, rising from a base 20 feet high, and crowned by a colossal statue of Washington. There is a stairway in the interior of the shaft leading to the summit, from which is a fine and extensive view of the city and its surroundings. The monument was erected between the years 1815 and 1829.

"Washington Street. The chief thoroughfare of Boston, Mass.

If I like Itroadway better titan Washington Street, what then? I own them both, as much as anybody owns ciihor.


Washington's Headquarters. An old colonial mansion in (Jambridge, Mass., occupied by Washington as headquarters during the siege of Boston. It is now the residence of llenry W> Longfellow, the poet.

Washington's Headquarters. An old stone mansion in Newburgh, N.Y., containing a museum of historical relics. It was occupied by Washington as his headquarters while the American

army was on the Hudson. The building is now owned by the State of New York.

Washington's Tomb. On the estate of Mount Vernon, Va. The remains rest within a marble sarcophagus nearthe mansion-house. They were removed in 1837 from the old tomb, which is rapidly going to decay, to their present situation.

"Wasp, The. An American sloopof-war under the command of Capt. Jacob Jones, in the war of 1812. She captured the British sloop Frolic, for which achievement the Legislature of Delaware, the Corporation of New York City, and Congress, voted thanks and gold medals. The victory caused great exultation throughout the country.

The foe bravely fought, but his arms were all broken. And he fled from his death-wound, aghast and affrighted; But the Wasp darted forward her deathgoing slim-. And full on his bosom, like lightning, alighted. She pierced through his entrails, she maddened hit brain. And he wriUied and he groaned as If torn with the colic; And long shall rue the terrible day lie met the American Wasp on a Frolic. Old Sona.

"Water Carrier of Seville. A noted picture by Diego Rodriguez de Silva y Velasquez (1599-1060), the Spanish painter. Now in Apsley House, London.

Water-Mill, The. A picture bv llembrandt van Ryn (1(506-1069), the Dutch painter. In the collection of Lord Lansdowne, England.

Waterloo, Battle of. See Battle Of Waterloo.

Waterloo Bridge. A magnificent stone bridge spanningthe Thames at London, first opened June 18, 1817, called by Dupin a " colossal monument, worthy of Sesostris and Idle Ca;sars," and by Canova the "noblest bridge in the world."

05" " Canova, when he was asked during his visit to England what struck him moit forcibly, 1b Bald to have replied that the trumpery Chlneae Bridge, then in St. James's Park, should be the production of the Government, whilst that of Waterloo was the work of a Private Company." Quarterly Review.

Waterloo Place. A public square in London, and a centre of social and political life. It occupies the site of Carlton House.

Watervliet Arsenal. A great United States establishment for the manufacture of war supplies. It is situated in West Troy, N.Y.

Watier's Club. This club in London, noted as a gambling-house, was established in 1807, and dissolved in 1819. The favorite game was Macao.

*S-"Tbe Club did not endure for twelve years altogether; the pace was too quick to last: it died a natural death in 1819, from the paralyzed state of its members; the house was then taken by a set of blacklegs, who instituted a common bank for gambling." Thoma* Raikes.

Watklns Glen. A remarkable rocky ravine in the town of Watkins, Schuyler County, in New York, one of the greatest natural curiosities in the United States.

Kg*" It ["Watklns Glen] suggests Vaucluse in the pellucid clearness and sparkle of the water. It faintly suggests the sombre magnificent Pass of the Finstermunz ill the Tyrol, but is Infinitely brighter and more varied. It suggests Trenton Falls, but -is wilder and deeper." Grace Greenwood.

43-" In all my travels I have never met with scenery more beautiful and romantic than that embraced in this wonderful Glen; and the most remarkable thing of all is, that so much magnificence and grandeur should be found in a region where there are no ranges of mountains." Bayard Taylor.

Watling Street. A street in London considered to have been the Erincipal thoroughfare of Roman ondon, and one of the great Roman ways in Britain. What remains of it is narrow and inconvenient for passage. It extended across South Britain, beginning at Dover and running through Canterbury to London and from London across the island to Ches

ter. In the time of tho Britons it was a mere forest-road; but the Romans converted it into a great military highway, and it is still an important road in some parts of its extent. The name Watling Street was also very generally applied in England, during the Middle Ages, to the " Milky Way" (Via Lactea). Chaucer says: —

"Se yondir, lo, the galaxle.
The wiche men clepe the milky way.
For It Is white: and some, parfay,
Y-callinlthan Watlmge-Hreet."

The name is of uncertain origin, and is variously said to be derived from Vitellitts, from Vilellianvs, from the Wtetlinj/s, from the Saxon Atheliny (noble), from wattles (hurdles or fascines), and from a number of other sources.

*83" " Who the WretllngB were, and how they came to give their name both to an earthly and a heavenly street, we do not know." Grimm.

Who would of Walling-iXreei the dangers

share. When the broad pavement of Cheapslde

is near 1 Oay.

Wax Works of Madame Tussaud. See Madame Tussaud's Exhibition.

Wayland Smith's Cave [or Forge]. A cavern of great antiquity, on the western boundaries of Berkshire, England, near the town of Wantage. "In an early deed of the estate to which it belongs, of a date previous to the Norman Conquest, it is called Weland'sSmitliy; and the legend connected with it is, that a traveller wishing his horse shod had only to take him to the care, and, leaving a piece of money on the copestone, retire to a distance. On returning he would find the horse shod, and that the money had been taken away." Three flat stones supporting a fourth are still pointed out as his smithy. In the Anglo-Saxon mythology Weland was the representative of Vulcan. Walter Scott has introduced this legend of Wayland Smith into one of his most interesting novels, "Kenilworth," making him a living person of the time of Elizabeth. Wayland Wood. A tract of woodland near Watton, England, where, according to tradition, the murder of the two children by order of their uncle occurred on which is founded the famous ballad of the "Children in the AVood."

Wayside Inn. An old tavern still standing in the town of Sudbury, Mass., a " busy place " in the old colonial days of New England, and made famous by the poems of Longfellow entitled "The Wayside Inn."

As ancient Is this hostelry
As any in the land may be,
ltulltln the old Colonial day,
When men lived In a grander way,
With ampler hospitality.

Weber Canon. A stupendous ravine, forming a natural gateway through the Wahsatch range of mountains in Utah Territory. It is one of the most remarkable sights in the West. The trains of the Union Pacific Railroad pass through this gorge.

Webster. See Death Of Web


Webster, Daniel. A statue of the great American statesman by Hiram Powers (b. 1805).

fl=J"" It 1* the second cast of the etatue, the first having been shipped some months ago on board of a vessel which was lost; and, ns Powers observed, the statue now lies at the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean, somewhere in the vicinity of the telegraphic cable. . . . Happy fa Webster to have been so truly ana a'dequately scupltured; happy the sculptor in such a subject, which no idealization of a demigod could have supplied him with. Perhaps the statue at the bottom of the sea will be cast up In some future age, when the present race of man is forgotten, and, if so, that far posterity will look up to us as a grander race than we find ourselves to be." Hawthorne.

Webster's Reply to Hayne. A well-known picture by G. P. A. Healy (1>. 1808). In Fanenil Hall, Boston. This picture contains 130 portraits.

Wedding. See Peasant Aveddino.

Wednesday Club. An old Dondon club.

83- "In Friday-street, Cbeapside, was held the Wednesday Club, at which, in 1605, certain conferences took placo under the direction of William Paterson, which ultimately led to the establishment of the Bank of England. Such Is the general belief; but Mr. 6axe Bannister, in his Lift of PaUrson, p. 93, observes: 'It has been a matter • of much doubt whether the Bank of England wras originally proposed from a Club or Society In the City of London.'" Timbs.

Weehawken, The. A war-vessel of Admiral Ditpont's flotilla in the attack upon the defences of Charleston, S. C, in the war of the Rebellion (1801-1SG5).

Weibertreue. [Woman's Fidelity.] The popular name of a ruined castle at Weinsberg, near Heilbronn, Germany, celebrated for a romantic legend connected with it, which relates how, when the garrison were threatened with death on the taking of the castle, the women, who had been allowed to depart with their valuables, carried off their husbands on their backs, each in a sack. The German poet Burger has made this incident the subject of a well-known ballad, which has been translated by C. T. Brooks. See also the " Spectator," No. 449.

Welbeck Abbey. The seat of the
Duke of Portland, near Worksop,

Wellesley College. A well-en-
dowed institution of learning for
young women, in Wellesley,
Mass. It has au elegant building
finely situated.

Wellington. A fine equestrian statue of the duke hv Sir Francis Chantrey (1782-1841). In front of the Royal Exchange, Dondon.

Wellington's Funeral Car. This car, constructed from the guns taken in the battles in which he was engaged, is preserved as a monumental trophy in St. Paul's Church, London.

Wells, The. [Ital. I Pozri.] A Berics of prison-cells, one beneath the other, in the ancient state prison of Venice, Italy, adjoining the Ducal Palace, with which it is connected by the "Bridge of Sighs."

JttS~ " I descended from the cheerful day into two ranges, one below the other, of dismal, awful, horrible, stone cells. They were quite dark. Each had a loop-hole In iu massive wall, where, in the old tlmo, a torch was placed, to light the prisoners within for half an hour. The captives, by the glimmering of these brief rays, hud cut and scratched inscriptions in the black, ened vaults. I saw tbera. For their labor with the rusty nail's point had outlived their ngony and them through many generations." Dicktnn.

AS- "What fables concerning these cells have not been uttered and believed! ... I do not say that they arc calculated to enamour the unimpounded spectator with prison life, but they are certainly far from being as bad as I hoped. They are not joyously light nor particularly airy; but their occupants could have suffered no extreme physical discomfort, and the thick wooden casing of the Interior walls evidences at least the Intention of the state to inflict no wanton hardship of cold or damp." W. D. I/oicetU.

The Potii and the Plombl were In vain; They minht wring blood from me. but treachery never. Byron,

Wells of Moses. See Fountains or Moses.

Wentworth House. A noted mansion, and one of the largest private residences in Europe, formerly the abode of the famous Earl of Strafford, near Wakefield, England.

Wentworth Mansion. An old colonial house near Portsmouth, N. H., once occupied by Gov. Wentworth, and containing the old provincial council-chamber and many historical relics.

Werringrton House. A scat of the Duke of Northumberland, on the river Tamar, near Launceston, England.

Wesleyan University. An institution of learning under the care of the Methodist Church, at Middletown, Conn.

West, Benjamin. See Benjamin West.

West India Docks. Extensive docks, covering 2!0 acres, on the left bank of the Thames, London, opened in 1802. William Pitt laid the first stone in 1800. See East India Docks.

West Point. See United States Militahy Academy.

West Rock. A rocky hill near New Haven, Conn., much resorted to, and affording a fine view.

Western Emigration. An historical picture by Emanuel Leutze (1K16-18U8). In the Capitol at Washington.

Westminster Abbey. The renowned Abbey-church of London. Its earliest foundation is enveloped in obscurity. Edward the Confessor built an abbey on this site, which was dedicated on the festival of the Holy Innocents, Dec. 28, 1065. In 1862 it was discovered that the lower half of the south cloister wall consists of masonry of the age of Edward the Confessor. The Abbey, as it now exists, was for the most part rebuilt by Henry III. (1245-1272), out of regard to the memory of the Confessor. Its general plan is cruciform. Besides the nave, choir, and transepts, it contains 12 chapels, of which 10 are nearly filled with monumental tombs. No less than 17 English kings, from the Confessor to George II., and 10 queens, lie within the Abbey, amid statesmen, poets, divines, scholars, and artists. Dean Stanley says: "The Abbey of Westminster owes its traditions and its present name, revered in the bosoms of the people of England, to the fact that the early English kings were interred within its walls, and that through its associations the Norman rulers learnt to forget their foreign paternity, and to unite in fellowship and affection with their Saxon fellowcitizens. There is no other church in the world, except, per

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