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Whittington Club. A London club —now in existence—established in 1840 at the Crown and Anchor Tavern. Douglas Jerrold, the originator of the club, was its first president.
Wie die Alten sungen, so pfeifen auch die Jungen. A noted picture, illustrating this proverb, by Jan Steen (1636-1689). Now at the Hague, Holland.
Wigmore Castle. An ancient and famous fortress, now in ruins, adjoining the town of the same name in Herefordshire, England.
Wild-boar Hunt. A picture by Jan Fyt (1625-1671), the Flemish painter, and one of his principal works. In Ravensworth Castle, England.
Wild Deer of Chillingham. A picture by Sir Edwin Landseer (18at-1873), the most celebrated modem painter of animals.
Wilderness, The. A wild and gloomy tract near the Rapidan River, about 15 miles from Fredericksburg, Va., the scene of a great battle between Gen. Grant and Gen. Lee, May 5 and (i, 1864.
Wilhelm Strasse. [William Street] A noted street in Berlin, Prussia.
Wilhelma Palace. A celebrated show-palace at Cannstadt, on the Neckar, in Germany, built in 1831.
Wilhelms Platz. [William's Square.] A well-known public square in Berlin, Prussia.
Wilhelmshbhe. A famous palace and summer residence in the neighborhood of Cassel, Germany. It has been called the German Versailles. The Emperor Napoleon III. lived here for a time as a prisoner-of-war after his defeat in the battle of Sedan, Sept. 1, 1870. See Giant's CasTle.
It Id incalculable how much Lliat royal blg.wlp coet (icrmany. Every prince imitated the French king, anil had ilia Ver•aiileN, hiH Wil/ielmnJiiihe. his court and its aplendors, his fountains and WHter work* and Tritons. Thackeray.
Willey House. A famous dwelling-house at the base of Willey Mountain in the Notch of the White Mountains, New Hampshire. In former years terrible slides of soil and rock at times came thundering down the sides of the mountain. On the night of Aug. 28, 1826, during a violent storm, one of these avalanches occurred; and the whole Willey family, who then lived in the house, were killed. The story is, that Mr. Willey, fearing a slide from the mountain, hud built farther down the valley what he considered a safe shelter to which they could flee on hearing the approach of an avalanche. The whole family and two hired men, warned by the crash of the expected slide, rushed out of doors towards the supposed shelter, but were overtaken and overwhelmed by the torrent of rocks, while the house which they had just abandoned remained uninjured, as would its inmates, bad they staid within it. Sec Notch, Thb.
William and Mary College. A collegiate establishment in Williamsburg, Va. It was founded in 1692, and is the oldest institution of the kind in the country, next to Harvard College.
William, Fort. Sec Fort WilLiam and Fobt William Henkv.
Williams College. An institution of learning at Williamstown, Mass. It was founded in 1793. The cluster of buildings comprised in the college is beautifully situated.
Willis's Rooms. See Almack's.
Williston Seminary. A well-endowed educational establishment in Easthampton, Mass.
Will's. This noted coffee-house and famous resort was in Russell Street, London. In the time of Dryden, who here presided over those celebrated as the wits and poets of the period, it was called the Wits' Coffee-house, and was much frequented. After Dryden's death the wits resorted to Button's. See Button's.
gf "It m Drvden who made Will's Coffee-houae the great retort 01 the wiu of bis time."
Pope, Spcnce's Anecdote*.
tt£- "That celebrated house, situated between Covent Garden and Bow Street, was sacred to polite letters. There the talk was about poetical Justice and the unities of place aud time. . , , Under no roof was a greater variety of figures to be seen, — eurls in stars and garters, clergymen in cassocks and bands, pert templars, sheepish lads from the universities, translators and index-makers in ragged coata of frieze. The great press was to get near the chair where John Dryden sate." JIacaulay.
And, upon my going into With, I found their discourse was gone off, from the death of the French Kim:, to that of Monsieur Boileau. Racine, Coniellle, and several other p'>ets, whom they regretted on this occasion as perrons who would have obliged the world with very noble elegies on the death of so ttreat a prince, and so eminent a patron of learning.
The loose atheistical wits at Wilt's might write such stufftodlvertthe painte<t Jezebels of the court: but did It become a minister of the g<ispel to copy the evil fashions of tbe world? Macaulay.
His fame travelled to London: he CCharle* Mont.iiau-] wns thnuaht a clever lad by the wits who met at Will's; and the lively parody winch he wrote. In concert with his friend and fellow-stuiiont Prior, on Drvden's lllml and Panther, was received with great applause. Macaulay.
Be sure at Wilt's the following day
corner of Serle and Portugal Streets,
Wilton House. A famous mansion, the seat of the Earls of Pembroke, anil in which Sir Philip Sidney wrote his "Arcadia." It adjoins the town of Wilton, in England.
*3- " At Wilton House, the 'Arcadia' was written, amidst conversations with Fulke Grcvilie, Lord Brooke, a man of no vulgar-mind, as his own poems declare him." Emerson.
From Pembroke's princely dome, where
mimic art Decks with a magic hand the dazzling
bowers, Its living hues where the warm pencil
pours. And breathing forms from the rude marble
start. How to life's humbler scene can I depart?
My breast all glowing from those gorgeous
towers. In my low cell, how cheat the sullen
hours? Thomas Wartcm
Winchester Cathedral. A noted church in Winchester, England, of great size and magnificence. The nave, 280 feet in length, is regarded as one of the finest in England. William Rufus was buried in this church, and also Izaak Walton. It contains also a celebrated painting by West of the " liaising of Lazarus."
Winds, Cave of the. See Cave Of The Winds.
Windsor Castle. A royal residence, and the principal seat of the British sovereigns, in the town of Windsor, near London. It surpasses in antiquity aud in beauty of situation all the other palaces of Europe. The date of the old castle is uncertain. It undoubtedly belongs to a period much earlier than the Conquest. The history of the present castle, which was founded by William the Conqueror, begins with Edward III., by whom it was almost rebuilt. The castle stands upon a promoniorv overlooking the Valley of the Thames. Edward IV. re-erected St. George's Chapel nearly as it now stands, one of the finest ecclesiastical buildings in the country. Henry VII. also erected a fine though small chapel, which is still standing. Queen Elizabeth caused the terrace to be made which is one of the grand characteristics of the place, and regarded as the noblest walk of its kiud in Euroj>e. Charles II. added what is known as the Star-building, which contains the rooms shown to tbe public. The state apartments contain valuable pictures, ancient decorative furniture, Gobelin tapestries, plate, and other articles of value.
S J ■ " It is a place full of storied and poetical associations. ... I have visited Vaucluse with as much enthusiasm as n pilgrim would visit the shrine at Loretto; but I have never felt more poetical devotion than when contemplating tiie old Tower and the little garden at Windsor, and musing over the romantle loves of the Lady Jane and the ltoyal Poet of Scotland.'* Irving.
As I have fancied 1 could read the French character in the national palace of the Tuilerles. so 1 have pictured to myself some of the traits of John Bull In tils royal abode of Windsor Castle. Irving. Although the palace has not attained any thing like Its full growth, yet what exists is quite big enough for the monarch of such a little country; and Versailles or Windsor has not apartments more nobly proportioned. Thackeray.
Search Windsor Castle, elves, within,
1 han gay Versailles or Windsor's halls. The painted, shingly town-house whero The freeman's vote for Freedom falls! Whitlier.
Windsor Forest. A tract of 'woodland said to be 50 miles in circumference, adjoining the town of Windsor, England, and having many historical and legendary associations. See Hernk's Oak.
Thy forest, Windsor! and thy green re-
Long shalt thou flourish, Windsor! body-
A dying woman lay:
Caroline Bowles Southey.
'Windsor Knights. The name Riven to a body of superannuated military officers who are provided with accommodations in Windsor Castle, and who receive adaily allowance. The establishment was founded by Edward the Third.
Wingfleld Manor-house. A fine mansion in Derbyshire, England. It was built by Ralph, Lord Cromwell, Treasurer of England in the time of Henry VI. Mary, (Juecn of Scots, was imprisoned
here, under the care of the Earl of Shrewsbury.
Winifred's "Well. See St. WiniFred's Will.
Winter Palace. A gigantic pile of buildings in St. Petersburg, Russia, used by the emperor as his residence when at home in his capital. It is one of the largest and most splendid royal edifices in the world, the interior especially being very gorgeous. The present building was erected upon the site of another bearing the same name, which was destroyed by fire in 1837. It is said that 6,000 persons occupy this palace during the period of the emperor's residence in it. It contains a regalia-room and a picture-gallery. Of the old Winter Palace, Kohl says: "The suites of apartments were perfect labyrinths, and even the chief of the imperial household, who had filled that post for 12 years, was not perfectly acquainted with all the nooks and corners of the building." The new palace, though not so intricate, is of equal size.
$0- " To me the moat delightful part of the Winter Palace was tho garden. It forma one of the suite of thirty halls, some of tbcm three hundred feet long, on the second story. In this garden . . . rise clumps of Italian cypressand laurel from beds of emerald turf and bloom, ing hyacinths. Lamps of fretted glass hang among the foliage, and diffuse a mellow golden moonlight over the enchanted ground." Bayard Taylor
Winthrop, Fort. See Fobt WinThrop.
Wisdom Victorious over the Vices. An allegorical picture by Andrea Mantegna (1430-1506), the Italian painter. Now in the Louvre, Paris.
Witch HilL A hill in Salem, Mass., bearing this name because of the executions of the so-called witches which took place upon it during the witchcraft delusion in 1692. [More commonly called Gallows Hill.]
«-" Whether Witch Tlill bo the first or last place visited, It la there
Bnlem witchcraft culminates. There Is teen, approaching by the railway, a bleak and rocky eminence bestrewn with a little soil. On the summit is a tolerably level area of several acres. Not a tree was growing on it when I was there. The bleak winds Bweep over It without hinderance. . . . John Adams mentions a visit to this bill tn 1786, then called Witchcraft Hill. In 17W, Dr. Morse notes that the graves might still be traced." Drake.
Over this seems to lie a certain tenderness for humanity In general, bred out or life-long trial. I should say, bnt sharply streaked with fiery lines of wrath, at various Individual acta of wrong, especially If thev come In an ecclesiastical (.hape. and recall to him the days when his mother « great-grandmother was strangled on Witch mil, with a text from the Old Tesnient for her halter. Holmes.
Witch House. An ancient house in Salem, Mass., one of the oldest, if not the very oldest building, now standing in this part of the country. It is said to have been built in 1631. Here were tried persons suspected of witchcraft during the terrible delusion which spread over New England. A modern addition has been made to the building.
#y" In appearance the original house might have been transplanted out of old London. Its peaked gables, with pine-apples carved in wood surmounting, its latticed windows and colossal chimney, put it unmistakably in the age of rufls, Spanish cloaks, and long rapiers. It has long been divested of its antique English character, now appearing no more than a reminiscence of its former self." Drake. Witch of Endor. A picture by Washington Allston (1779-1843).
Wittinagemot Club. The name Wittinagemot was applied to a corner box of the coffee-room of the Chapter Coffee-house in Paternoster Bow, London, noted, in the eighteenth century, as a favorite resort of publishers, booksellers, men of letters, and others. The Chapter Coffee-house, also famed for its newspapers, pamphlets, and for its punch, was altered into a tavern in 1854.
Wittlesbach Ancestors. Twelve statues, Bo called, in the Hall of the Throne, in the New Palace of Munich, Bavaria.
Wivern, The. An armor-plated ship of the British navy. It was launched Aug. 27,1863.
Woburn Abbey. The seat of the Duke of Bedford, near the town of Woburn, Bedford, England. The modern mansion, which is of the last century, includes a part of the ancient abbey from which it derives its name.
Kg- "He [an American] would sooner have built Jonea's tenth block, with a prospect of completing a twentieth, than settle himself down at rest for life as the owner of a Chatsworth or a H'o&urn." Trollope.
Wokey Hole. A remarkable and romantic cavern, near Glastonbury, England.
Wolf Hunt. A picture by Peter
Wolf of the Capitol. A famous
The milk of conquest yet within the dome
Which the great rounder snek'd from thy
wild teat, . , .. .
. Scorch'd by the Koman Jove s etnereat
And thyil'mbt black with lightning — dost
Guard thine Immortal cubs, nor thy fond charge forget? Byron.
Wolfe. See Death Of Wolfe.
Wolferfs Roost. See Susnysidk.
Woman sick with the Dropsy. A picture by Gerard Dow (16131674?), the Dutch j/enre-painter, and considered to be his masterpiece. It is in the National Gallery, London. There is another in the Louvre, Paris. •
Woman taken in Adultery. A celebrated picture by Rembrandt van Ryn (1607-1669), the Dutch painter. It is now in the National Gallery, London.
49- "In tbl» work a touching truthfulness and depth of feeling, with every other grand quality peculiar to Rembrandt, are seen In their highest per. fectlon." Handbook of Painting.
Women of Algiers. A noted picture by Ferdinand Victor Eugene Delacroix (1799-1863), the celebrated French historical painter. This pictnre, which appeared in 1834, procured for the artist a high reputation as a colorist.
Wonders of the World. See Seven Wonders Of The Would.
Woodland. A cemetery in Philadelphia, Penn., with many fine and costly monuments.
Woodlawn. A cemetery a few mill's from New York, containing fine monuments. *
Woodward Avenue. One of the principal streets in Detroit, Mich.
Woodward's Gardens. A pleasure-resort in San Francisco, Cal.
Woolwich Arsenal. The largest depot of military stores In the world, at Woolwich, near London. It covers an area of more than 100 acres, and contains over 20,000 pieces of ordnance, besides a great variety of warlike material.
Wood Street. A street in London, which has now disappeared.
At the corner of Wood Street when daylight appears.
Hangs a thrush that sings loud, — it has sung for three year*;
Poor Susan has passed by the spot, and has heard
In the silence of morning the song of the bird. Wordsworth.
Woolsack, The. A large sack of
wool covered with red cloth, the seat of the Lord Chancellor of England in the House of Lords.
Consider ... if it is not yet. In these last days, by very much the same means . . . that the like result is brought about: and from the Wooltaek down to the Treadmill, from Almack's to Chalk Farm and the West-end of Newgate, the incon
f;ruous whirlpool of life Is forced and nduced to whirl with some attempt at regularity? Carlyle.
That he who sat In Chancery, and rayed out speculation from the Woolsack, was now a man that squinted, now a man that did not squint? Carlyle.
Wooster, Fort. See Fort WoosTer.
Worcester College. A college In Oxford, England, founded in 1714, one of the 19 colleges which are included in the university.
At Worcester College an ample sheet of water, oti which swans float, moistens with its slow undulations the greensward constellated with flowers. Taint, Trans.
Worcester House. A noble mansion which formerly stood in the Strand, London, the residence of the Bishops of Carlisle.
Worksop Manor. The seat of the Duke of Norfolk, near the town of Worksop, England.
World, The. An old London club.
49- " There was a club held at the King's Head, in Pall Mall, that arrogantly culled itaelf ' The World.'"
49" On one occasion, after dinner, when each member proposed an epigram to be written upon the glasses. Dr. Young, who was present as a
guest, refused to make one because he
Accept a miracle. Instead of wit:
Worms Cathedral. A noble cathedral in Worms, Germany, regarded as one of the finest Romanesque churches in the world. It has ten towers.
Worsley Hall. The seat of the Earl of Ellesmere, near Manchester, England.