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THE

AMERICAN

JOURNAL OF PHILOLOGY

EDITED BY
BASIL L. GILDERSLEEVE,

Professor of Greek in the Johns Hopkins University.

VOL. IV.

BALTIMORE: THE EDITOR
NEW YORK AND LONDON : MACMILLAN & Co.

LEIPSIC: F. A. BROCKHAUS

1883

No. 15.

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1.- The New Revision of King James' Revision of the New Testa-

III. By CHARLES SHORT,

253

II.-On the English Dative-Nominative of the Personal Pronoun. By

F. B. GUMMERE,

233

II.- Participial Periphrases in Attic Prose. By W. J. ALEXANDER, 291

IV.--Stichometry. II. By J. RendeL HARRIS,

· 309

REVIEWS AND BOOK NOTICES:

• 332

Henry Sweet: An Anglo-Saxon Reader in Prose and verse; An

Anglo-Saxon Primer. Richard Morris : Specimens of Early

English,--Eberhard Schrader : Die Keilinschriften und das

Alte Testament.-F. Mühlau and W. Volck: Wilhelm Gesenius'

Hebräisches und Chaldaisches Handwörterbuch über das Alte

Testament.-George Bühler: Leitfaden für den Elementarcursus

des Sanskrit mit Uebungsstücken und zwei Glossaren.- Edwin

Wallace: ΑΡΙΣΤΟΤΕΛΗΣ ΠΕΡΙ ΨΥΧΗΣ.

REPORTS:

· 353

Rheinisches Museum.-Anglia.- Hermes.

CORRESPONDENCE,

• 375

RECENT PUBLICATIONS,

· 380

No. 16.

1.--The Noctes Atticae of Aulus Gellius. By HENRY NETTLESHIP, 391

11.--On the Final Sentence in Greek. By B. L. GILDERSLEEVE,

• 416

111.-T. 1, Beddoes, a Survival in Style. 1. By HENRY Wood, 445

IV.- NOTES: John Evelyn's Plan for the Improvement of the English

Language, (H. E. Shepherd.)-Note on Mercator, v. 524.

(Minton Warren.).

V.--List of Irregular (Strong) Verbs in Béowulı. By J. A. HARRISON, 462

REVIEWS AND BOOK NOTICES :
Citest's History of English Rhythms:-Gartner's Raetoromanische

Gramniatik. -- Mather's Aeschylus. Prometheus Bound. - Wälftin's

Archiv für Lateinische Lexikographie u. Grammatik.—Dunbar's

concordance to Aristophanes.- Ulrich's Bifrun's Uebersetzung des

Neuen Testaments. - Engelbrecht's Studia Terentiana.-Foerster's

Alttranzösische Bibliothek.-Ribbeck's Emendationum Mercatoris

l'lautinae Spicilegium.

REPORTS

503

Englische Studienzeitschrift der deutschen morgenländischen Ge

sellschaft-Toumal Asiatique- Deutsche Litteraturdenkmale-Ro-

mania Schuchardt's hicolische Studien.

RECENT PUBLICATIONS,

519

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Charles Lamb used to say of himself that 'darkness was his hell.' In the genius of this man there is a flavor of bright and sparkling childhood; and in making hell consist of darkness, he uttered a feeling that is common both to all children and to all nations in the childlike stage of their growth. Thus our hell itself, the Old Norse hel, the Gothic halja, is probably from the same root as the Greek kelaivós (black), personified as Kýp, the goddess of death. So, in the very foundations of Indo-germanic speech, darkness is one with death; light is at once the essence and the symbol of physical life.

This childlike identification of darkness with hell came up, as we saw in Charles Lamb's case, from the first impressions of his childhood into the ripeness of the sensitive, thoughtful man. So, with the Greeks, the conception of darkness as the awfulness of death, the conception of life as the clear effulgence of light, lasted over, as an abiding element of their imagination, from primitive days into the consummate perfection of their poetry. In Euripides, for example, the dying Alkestis, as she feels the approach of death, cries out:

σκοτία δ' επ' όσσοις νύξ εφέρπει (269). As she prays for long life for the children that she is leaving, it is:

χαίροντες, ώ τέκνα, τόδε φάος όρώτον (272). As her women pray for her parting soul, her death is for them :

τον ανάλιον οίκον οικετεύειν (437);

* This paper was prepared for the Philological Association of the Johns Hopkins University, and read before that body on the 14th of April, 1882.

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