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The helm of Rome, when gowns not arms repellid

The fierce Epirot and the African bold,
Whether to settle peace, or to unfold

The drift of hollow states hard to be spellid,
Then to advise how war may best upheld

Move by her two main nerves, iron and gold,
In all her equipage: besides to know
Both spiritual pow'r and civil, what each means, 10


have won.

7. Then to advise &c ] In the Manuscript Afterwards thus besides to know there was at first And instead of Then: but af- Both spiritual pow'r and civil, what each means terwards it was corrected as it stands in the Thou hast learn'd well, a praise which few printed copies. But in the remainder of these

as they the meter is spoil'd in one, and the sense in the At last it was corrected, as we have caused it

to be printed. other. Then to advise how war may be best upheld, 13. Therefore on thy firm band &c] These Mann'd by her two main nerves, iron and gold. two lines are infinitely better in the Manuscript Move by was at first in the Manuscript Move on

than in the printed editions ; her two main &c.

Therefore on thy right hand religion leans, 9.

besides to know &c] In the printed And reckons thee in chief her eldest son. editions this third stanza wants one whole line, It was at first in the Manuscript right hand, and gives us another line so much corrupted as but alter'd to firm band. to be utter nonsense : besides to know

Among our author's state-letters there are What serves each, thou hast learn'd, which several in Cromwell's name address’d to the. few have done.

Duke of Savoy, and other potentates and The Manuscript supplies the one, and corrects states, complaining of this persecution of the the other. In the Manuscript it was originally protestants. His letter to the Duke of Savoy thus,

begins thus.

“ Redditæ funt nobis Geneva besides to know

“ &c. Letters have been sent us from GeWhat pow'r the Church, and what the Civil neva, as also from the Dauphinate, and means,


many other places bordering upon your Thou teachest best, which few have ever done. territories, wherein we are given to under

- stand, gation of


What fevers each, thou haft learn'd, which few have The bounds of either sword to thee we owe:

[done: Therefore on thy firm hand religion leans In peace, and reckons thee her eldest son.

XVIII. On the late massacre in Piemont. Avenge, O Lord, thy slaughter'd saints, whose bones Lie scatter'd on the Alpine mountains cold;


“ ftand, that such of your Royal Highness's bable this sonnet was compos'd, which was

subjects as profess the reformd religion, are added in the edition of 1673. “ commanded by your edict and by your au- 1. Avenge, O Lord, &c] Nor was this thority, within three days after the promul- prayer in behalf of the persecuted protestants


edict, to depart their native entirely without effect. For Cromwell ex“ seats and habitations, upon pain of capital erted himself in their favor, and his beha“ punishment, and forfeiture of all their for- viour in this whole transaction is greatly to his “ tunes and estates, unless they will give fe- honor, even as it is related by an historian, “ curity to relinquish their religion within 20 who was far from being partial to his memory. “ days, and embrace the Roman Catholic " Nor would the Protector be backward in “ faith. And that when they apply'd them- “ such a work, which might give the world “ selves to your Royal Highness in a most“ a particular opinion of his piety and zeal suppliant manner, imploring a revocation

“ for the protestant religion; but he pro“ of the said edict, and that being receiv'd

" clam'd a solemn fast, and caused large con

a “ into pristin favor, they might be restored “ tributions to be gather'd for them through“ to the liberty granted them by your prede- “ out the kingdom of England and Wales. « cessors, a part

of your army

upon them,

Nor did he rest here, but fent his agents to “ most cruelly few several, put others in “ the Duke of Savoy, a prince with whom

chains, and compelld the rest to fly into he had no correspondence or commerce, “ desert places and to the mountains cover'd “ and the next year so engag’d the Cardinal “ with snow, where some hundreds of fami- “ of France, and even terrify'd the Pope him“ lies are reduced to such distress, that it is “ felf, without so much as doing any favor to

greatly to be feared, they will in a short " the English Roman Catholics, that that « time all miserably perish, thro' cold and “Duke thought it necessary to restore all that

hunger. &c.” These letters are dated in " he had taken from them, and renew'd all May 1655, and about the same time it is pro- “ those privileges they had formerly enjoy’d.


Y yy

66 So


Ev’n them who kept thy truth so pure of old,

When all our fathers worshipt stocks and stones,
Forget not: in thy book record their groans

Who were thy Theep, and in their ancient fold
Slain by the bloody Piemontese that rollid

Mother with infant down the rocks. Their moans The vales redoubled to the hills, and they

To Heav'n. Their martyr'd blood and ashes sow 10

O'er all th’Italian fields, where still doth sway
The triple Tyrant ; that from these may grow

A hundred fold, who having learn'd thy way
Early may fly the Babylonian woe.


On his blindness.
When I consider how my light is spent
Ere half my days, in this dark world and wide,


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“ So great was the terror of his name; 'no- Alpinos incolas orthodoxam religionem antiquitus

thing being more usual than his saying, profitentes, the inhabitants at the feet of the “ that

his ships in the Mediterranean should Alps, ancient professors of the orthodox faith; visit Civita Vecchia, and the found of bis and afterwards in the fame letter, apud quos

cannon should be beard in Rome.” See Echard nostra religio vel ab ipfis Evangelii primis doctoVol. 2.

ribus tradita per manus & incorrupte servala, 3. Evn them who kept thy truth to pure of 'vel multo ante quam apud ceteras gentes finceri

old, &c) And fo in his letter to the 'tati pristine reftituta eft, among whom our reStates of the United Provinces he calls them bigion was either diffeminated by the first




And that one talent which is death to hide,

Lodg’d with me useless, though my soul more bent To serve therewith my Maker, and present

My true account, left he returning chide;
Doth God exact day-labor, light deny’d,

I fondly ask: But patience to prevent
That murmur, soon replies, God doth not need

Either man's work or his own gifts; who best

Bear his mild yoke, they serve him best: his state Is kingly; thousands at his bidding speed,

And post o'er land and ocean without rest;
They also serve who only stand and wait.

* To Mr. L AWRENC E.
Lawrence, of virtuous father virtuous fon,
Now that the fields are dank, and ways are mire,


doctors of the Gospel, and preserv'd from the He speaks here with allusion to the parable of defilement of fuperstition, or else restor'd to its the talents, Mat. XXV. and he speaks with priftin sincerity long before other nations ob- great modesty of himself, as if he had not tain'd that felicity

five, or two, but only one talent. 14. the Babylonian woe.] The woes de

* This Mr. Lawrence was the son of the Prenounced against Rome, under the name of Ba- fident of Cromwell's council : and this sonnet bylon, in Scripture.

was also in the edition of 1673. 3. And that one talent which is death to bide,]

Yyy 2

6. Fa.


Where shall we sometimes meet, and by the fire

Help waste a fullen day, what may be won
From the hard seafon gaining time will run

On smoother, till Favonius re-inspire
The frozen earth, and clothe in fresh attire

The lilly' and rose, that neither sow'd nor spun.
What neat repast shall feast us, light and choice,

Of Attic taste, with wine, whence we may rise 10

To hear the lute well touch'd, or artful voice
Warble immortal notes and Tuscan air?

He who of those delights can judge, and spare
To interpose them oft, is not unwise.

Cyriac, whose grandsire on the royal bench


6. Favonius] The same as Zephyrus, or the + Cyriac Skinner was the son of William western wind that blows in the spring. Plin. Skinner Esq; and grandson of Sir Vincent Lib. 16. Seit. 39. Hic est genitalis fpiritus Skinner, and his mother was Bridget, one of mundi, a fovendo dictus, ut quidam existima, the daughters of the famous Sir Edward Coke Flat ab occasu æquinoctiali

, ver in- Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench. choans. And so Lucretius I. 10.


Mr. Wood informs us that he was one of HarNam simul ac species patefacta est verna diei, rington's political club, and sometimes held Et referata viget genitabilis aura Favoni.

. the chair; and farther adds, that he was a 8.--that neither sow'd nor spun.] Allud- merchant's son of London, an ingenious young ing to Mat. VI. 26, 28. they fow not, neither gentleman, and scholar to John Milton. Athen. do ibey Spin.

Ox. Vol. 2. p. 591.

No wonder then that

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