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النشر الإلكتروني

God's doing these things at the Red sea by the listing up of Moses's rod, Isai. x. 26.

God's conquering and crushing Egypt in a forcible manner, and with mighty power, Ps. Ixxxix. 10. Isai. li. 9.

God's doing such great things for to preserve a people for the glory of his own name, and to show his mighty power, Ps. cvi. 8, agreeable to Exod. viii. 16.

The people's singing praises at the Red sea, Ps. cvi. 12, Hos. ii. 15. Ps. Ixvi. 6, cv. 43, agreeable to Exod. ix. 16.

This destruction of the Egyptians being reported and famed through the earth, Isai. xxiii. 5.

The people's murmuring in the wilderness for want of bread, Ps. lxxviii. 17, &c. and cvi. 14.

Their soon transgressing, and provoking, after singing praises at the Red sea, by Justing and lempting God, Ps. cvi. 13, 14, 15.

The people's dwelling in tents in the wilderness, Ps. cvi. 25.

The people's being encamped in the wilderness, like an army, Ps. lxxviii. 28, and cvi. 16.

God's sending the people manna, and feeding them with bread from heaven that was rained down npon them, Ps. Ixxviji. 23, 24, 25, and cv. 10.

God's revealing his holy sabbath to the people, as we have an account in the xvi. of Exod., Ezek. xx. 12. Neh. ix. 14.

God's giving the people waters plentifully to supply the whole congregation out of the rock at Meribah, by striking the rock and causing the waters to gush out, Ps. Ixxviii. 15, 16, 20. lxxxi. 7, and cv. 4, and cxiv. 8.

Amalek's coming forth in a hostile manner against Israel in the way when he came up from Egypt, i Sam. xv. 2.

What Jethro the priest of Midian said and did, that we have an account of Exod. xviii., is referred to, 1 Sam. xv. G.

God's entering into covenant with the people at mount Sinai, or Horeb, after they came out of Egypt, and giving the law and statutes, and judgments there, 1 Kings viii. 9. Ps. Ixxvi. 8. Ezek. xx. 10, 11. Mal. iv. 4.

God's giving the law by a very terrible and awful voice from beaven, Psalm lxxvi. 8.

God's appearing there with extraordinary manisestations of his majesty and glory in the heavens and in the earth, with an exceeding shining brightness and beams of glory, attended with the utmost danger of being struck dead in a moment, as by a pestilence, to those that transgressed, Hab. iii. 3, 4, 5.

The earth trembling, and the mountains quaking exceedingly at that time, Judg. v. 4, 5. Hab. iii. 6, 7. 10. Ps. cxiv. 4, and Ixviii. 8.

And particularly mount Sinai shaking, Judges v. 5. Psalm xlviii. 8.

XX.

The people's making a molten calf at mount Sinai, and worshipping that as the representation of the God of Israel, Ps. cvi. 19, 20. Ezek. 8.

God's saying on that occasion that he would destroy the people, but Moses standing before him as an intercessor for them, to turn away God's anger, on which God spared them, Ps. cvi. 23.

Moses's putting the two tables of stone into the ark at mount Sinai, when he made a covenant with the children of Israel, when they came out of the land of Egypt, 1 Kings viii. 9.

The people lusting for flesh, and tempting God by asking meat for their lust, Ps. Ixxviii. 17, 19, 19.

God's wrath on that occasion, Ps. xxviii. 21, &c.

God's giving the people quails in answer to their desire, in vast abundance, which were brought by a wind which God caused to blow, and let fall in the midst of their camp, round about their habitations, Ps. Ixxviii, 26, &c. and cv. 4, cvi. 15.

The wrath of God's coming upon them while the meat was yet in their mouths, and suddenly slaying them with a great plague, Ps. Ixxviii. 30, 31, and cvi. 15.

The people not believing, for all God's wondrous works that they had seen, despising the pleasant land, and not believing his promise, that he would bring them into it, and murmuring at the report of the spies, and being for turning back again into Egypt, Ps. lxxviii. 32, &c., ver. 41, and cvi. 24, 25.

God appearing on that occasion as though he would pour out his fury and consume the whole congregation, but yet spared them for his mercies' sake, lest the Egyptians and other heathen nations should hear of it, and should take occasion from thence to reproach the name of God, Ezek. xx. 13, 14. 17.

God's swearing in wrath on that occasion concerning that froward and perverse generation, that they should not enter into his rest, but that he would destroy them in the wilderness, because they had seen God's miracles, but yet exceedingly provoked him, and often tempted him, Ps. xcv. 8–11, and cvi. 26. Ezek. XX. 15, 16.

God's promising Caleb the land whereunto be went, Judges i. 20. Korah and his company envying Moses and Aaron in the

camp, and the earth's opening her mouth and swallowing up Dathan and Abiram, and their company, and a fire from the Lord consuming others of them, Ps. cvi. 16, &c.

What Moses said to the Levites about their inheritance, Num. xviii. 20, &c., referred to, Joshua xiii. 33, “ But unto the tribe of Levi Moses gave not any inheritance; the Lord God of Israel was their inheritance, as he said unto them.”

upon this,

The people's angering Moses at the water of strife, provoking bis spirit, so that he spake unadvisedly with his lips, so that it went ill with Moses for their sakes, Ps. cvi. 32, 33,

Israel's sending messengers to the king of Edom, saying, “ Let me, I pray thee, pass through thy land," and the king of Edom's refusing to hearken thereto, Judg. xi. 17.

The people's compassing, or going round the land of Edom, going along through the wilderness, Judg. xi. 18, agreeable to Num. xxi. 4, and Deut. ii. 1-8.

The people's passing through a great and terrible wilderness, a land of pits, and of great drought, a waste and desolate country, Jer. ii, 2. 6. Hos. xiii. 5.

The people compassing the land of Moab, and coming by the east side of the land of Moab, and pitching on the other side of Arnon, because Arnon was the border of Moab, Judg. xi. 18, exactly agreeable to the history of the Pentateuch, Num. xxi. 11. 13, and xxii. 36.

The people not being suffered to pass through the land of Moab, Judg. xi. 17, 18.

Israel's sending messengers from their camp in the borders of Moab to Sihon, king of the Amorites, saying, "Let as pass, we pray thee, through thy land,” and Sihon refusing, but gathering all his people together, and coming to Jahaz to fight against Israel, Judg. xi. 18, 19, 20.

God's delivering Sihon and all his people into the hand of Israel, and Israel's possessing their land from Arnon, even unto Jabbok, and from the wilderness even unto Jordan, dwelling in Heshbon and her towns, and in Aroer and her towns, and in all the cities that belonged to Sihon, exactly agreeable to the history, Judg. xi. 21-26. Josh. xxiv. 8. Ps. cxxv. 10, 11, cxxxvi. 17-22.

And afterwards smiting Og, the king of Bashan, and possessing his land, Josh. xxiv. 8. Psalm cxxxv. 10, 11, and cxxxvi. 17-22.

But that Balak, the king of Moab, durst not venture, after he had seen this, to go out against Israel, and never engaged them in battle, until Israel went against them, Judg. xi. 25, 26, agreeable to Num. xxii. 2, and the consequent history.

Balak’s stirring Balaam, the son of Beor, to curse the people, and God's turning the curse into a blessing, while Israel abode in Shittim, Josh. xxiv. 9, 10. Micah vi. 5.

Israel's sinning by joining themselves to Baal Peor, and eating the sacrifices of their gods, and God's being provoked, and executing wrath on the congregation for this sin, and Phineas's executing judgment on this occasion, that was counted to him for righteousness unto all generations for evermore, Psalm cvi. 28-31.

The war of Israel with Balak, and their victory, Josh. xxiv. 9, 10.

The people's long sojourning in the wilderness, Josh. xxiv. 7, and Isai. Jxjii. 9.

God's speaking from time to time to Moses and Aaron from a pillar of cloud, Ps. xcix. 6, 7.

Moses's faithfulness in his office, Ps. xcix. 7, agreeable to Num. xii. 7. Their great perverseness, hardness of heart of that generation, and their frequent rebellions, and provoking, and vexing God's Spirit, and tempting of him in the wilderness, even for forty years, Ps. lxxviii. throughout, especially ver. 40, 41, and Ixxxi. 11, 12, and xcv. 8-11. Isai. Ixiii. 10. Ezek. xx. 13.

God's repeated and continual judgments against them, wasting them by a great mortality that pursued and destroyed with great manifestations of divine wrath. Ps. xc. Isai. Ixiii. 10.

God's often pardoning and sparing the people, so as to forbear to destroy the whole congregation at Moses's intercession, but yet not without giving great manifestations of his wrath towards their sins, taking vengeance of their inventions, as Moses ground their calf to powder, Ps. Ixxviii. 38, &c., and xcix.

The people's promising time after time to repent when smitten with terrible judgments, but yet turning again quickly to sin, not being steadfast in God's covenant, Ps. Ixxviii. 31—37.

God's showing great favour to the young generation, Jeremiah xxxi. 2.

God's entering into covenant a second time with that young generation, Jer. ii. 2, 3. Ezek. xx. 18, 19, 20.

He that can observe the facts of the history of the Pentateuch after this manner mentioned and referred to in the writings of the several ages of the Israelitisli nation, and not believe that they had all along a great and standing record of these things, and this very history, can swallow the greatest absurdity. If they had not had this history among them, or one that exactly agrees with it, it would have been morally impossible, but that amongst this vast number of citations and references, with so great a multitude of particularities and circumstances mentioned by so many different writers in different ages, there must have been a great many inconsistencies with the history, and a great many inconsistencies one with another; and it would have puzzled and confounded the skill of any writer who should have attempted to form an history afterwards that should every where without jarring so harmonize with such various manifold citations, and rehearsals, and references so interspersed in, and dispersed through, all those writings of several ages; and unless these writers had such a record to be their common guide, it could not have been otherwise than utterly impossible.

It was impossible that this vast number of events, with so many circumstances, with names of persons and places, and minute incidents, should be so particularly and exactly known, and the knowledge of them so fully, and distinctly, and without confusion or loss, kept up for so many ages, and be so often mentioned in so particular a manner, without error or inconsistency through so many ages, without a written record. How soon does an oral tradition committed to a multitude vary, and put on a thousand shapes, and mix, and jumble, and grow into confusion! Here appears in fact to have been an exact consistent knowledge and memory of things kept up, and that shows that there was in fact a standing record'; and the comparing of the records of the Pentateuch with these innumerable citations and references, shows that this was in fact that identical record.

The facts of this history are very often rehearsed just in the same order and manner as they are in the history of the Pentateuch; and in many places there is a rehearsal of the facts of very great parts, and sometimes a kind of abridgment of the bigger part of the history, as Josh. xxiv., Ps. lxxviii., and cv., and cvi., and cxxxvi., Ezek. XX. 5-23. And we sometimes find the facts of former parts of the history of Genesis joined with the story of the children of Israel's redemption out of Egypt, and travels in the wilderness, as introductory to it, and sometimes even beginning with the story of the creation, in like manner as it is in the Pentateuch, and after the captivity, in Nehem. ix.

These events are commonly mentioned after such a manner as plainly supposes that a full account of them was already in being, and well known and established, as in those words, Though Noah, Daniel, and Job stood before me. It supposes the history of those men extant and well known among the people, and so in these words, We should have been like Sodom and like unto Gomorah. It is supposed that the history of the destruction of those cities was what the people were well acquainted with. So those words, Ps. Ixxviii. 40, How oft did they provoke him in the wilderness, and grieve him in the desert, plainly supposes an history extant, that gives a particular account of those things. It is after the manner of a reference to a bistory. So it is very osten elsewhere, as Ruth iv. 11. “ The Lord make this woman that is come into thine house like Rachel, and like Leah, which two did build the house of Israel.” So Joshi. xiii. 33. “ But unto the tribe of Levi Moses gave not any inheritance, the Lord God of Israel was their inheritance, as he said unto them;" the words are mentioned plainly after the manner of a citation. So Judg. i. 20. “ And they gave Hebron unto Caleb, as Moses said. Ps.cx. “ Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek :" it supposes an extant account of Melchizedek. See also 2 Sam. viii. 3. Isai, xiii. 19. Jer. xlix. 18, and l. 40. Ezek, xvi. 46-56. Amos in 11

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