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The happy World. Attemper'd Suns arise,
Euphrafyne. T Think we have had a very pleafing Speculation on the I two first Seasons, Spring and Summer ; and they succeed fo fast in this Machine, that Autumn is already very far advanced upon us, the Earth being some Degrees in Pifces (*)
. Cleon. Yes, the Days now grow shorter, and the Nights lengthen the Parts towards the North Pole, and within the Arctic Circle, are now carried farther and farther from the Sun, as those, towards and about the South Pole, are turned more and more to its Beams. And thus, with the former, the Summer-Heats as with the latter, the Winter-Colds abate, and Nature is again restored to an Equilibrium, or a due and equal Distribution of Light and Heat, Day and Night, to all, Parts of the Earth equally distant from the Equator, on each side. And this abtains, when the Earth enters Aries (n), or the Sun is seen in Libra (2).
Euphros. Though there be an Equality of Days and Nights, &c. in Autumn, as in the Spring; yet it is not near so pleasant a Season. The Trees and Fields are then green and blooming; now brown and fading.
the sun is obtains, when on the Equater allParts of the
Nature seems now fickening, and drawing towards its Dissolution; but then revived and regenerated in its various Produce. Yet I can't say, but Autumn has its Pleasures too; the Harvest-Fields of ripened Grain, the Labourers performing their several Tasks therein, the autumnal Seasons of Ploughing and Sowing, and various other Things, make rural Scenes delightful at this Season.
- I am greatly delighted with Hamer's beautiful Description of the HARVEST-FIELD
Another Field rose high with waving Grain;
The Reaper's due Repast, the Womens Care.
Next, ripe in yellow Gold, a Vineyard shines,
Tune soft the Voice, and answer to the Strain.
A Field deep furrow'd next the God design'd,
Ang Field deep he labour'd by
ocen their Subject. heis Lays,
The shining Shares full many Plowmen guide,
Pope's Homer, B. XVIII, Cleon. The Lines you repeat, are the most beautiful Part of Homer's Description of Rural Life.—The autumnal Season is the chiefest Time of Action abroad. And hence the Poets, fince Homer, have always made the Labours of the Harvest the chief Theme of their Lays, whenever this Season has been their Subject. Thus Sir Richard Blackmore:
Next Autumn, when the Sun's withdrawing Ray
Creation, B. II. Virgil, from the various Incidents of this Season, gives many singular and notable Epithets thereto : thus, addres, sing his 2d Georgic to Bacchus, he says,
To thee his Joys the Jolly Autumn owes, When the fermenting Juice the Vat o'er flows. In another Place, on Account of the Vintage at this Time of the Year, he calls it the Vine-leav'd Autumn *; and because the Sun now enters Libra, or the Balance, he makes Autumn weigh the Year.
Now sing we stormy Stars, when Autumn weighs ?
Lastly, he calls Autumn the Evening of the Year; as if Spring and Summer were the Morning and Noon, and ID'inter the Night thereof..
* Autumnus pampineus.