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In Pride, in reas’ning Pride, our error lies;
All quit their sphere, and rush into the skies.
Pride still is aiming at the blest abodes, 125
Men would be Angels, Angels would be Gods.
Aspiring to be Gods, if Angels fell,
Aspiring to be Angels, Men rebel :
And who but wishes to invert the laws
Of ORDER, fins against th' Eternal Cause. 130

V. Ask for what end the heav'nly bodies shine, Earth for whofe ufc Pride answers, “'Tis for mine: “For me kind Nature wakes her genial pow'r, • Suckles each herb, and spreads out ev'ry flow'r;

NOTES.

Ver. 123. In Pride, &c.] tione contiguas. Adversus Arnobius has passed the same gentes. censure on these very follies, VER. 131. Ak for what which he supposes to arise end, &c.] If there be any from the cause here assign- fault in these lines, it is not ed.-Nihil eft quod nos fald in the general sentiment, but lat, nihil quod nobis pollice- a want of exactness in exatur spes casas (id quod no- pressing it.-It is the highbis a quibusdam dicitur viris eft abfurdity to think that immoderata fui opinione fub- Earth is man's foot-fool, his latis) animas immortales efle, canopy the Skies, and the Deo, rerum ac principi, gra- heavenly bodies lighted up du proximas dignitatis, geni. principally for his use ; yet tore illo ac patre prolatas, not so, to suppose fruits divinas, fapientes, do&tas, and minerals given for this neque ulla corporis attre&ta- ) end.

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“ Annual for me, the grape, the rose, renew, 135
“ The juice nectareous, and the balmy dew;
« For me, the mine a thousand treasures brings ;
“For me, health gushes from a thousand springs;
“ Seas roll to waft me, suns to light me rise ;

My foot-stool earth, my canopy the skies.” 140

But errs not Nature from this gracious end, From burning suns when livid deaths descend, When earthquakes swallow, or when tempefts sweep Towns to one grave, whole nations to the deep? “ No ('tis reply'd) the first Almighty Cause 145 " Acts not by partial, but by gen'ral laws; Th' exceptions few; some change fince all began : . « And what created perfect?”—Why then Man? If the great end be human Happiness, Then Nature deviates; and can Man do less?

150

NOTES.

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Ver. 150. Then Nature ed, which may have risen deviates, &C.]

" While

“ from the mutual actions comets move in

“ of comets and planets up“ centric orbs, in all man

on one another, and which ner of positions, blind “ will be apt to increase, “ Fate could never make all “ 'till this system wants a “ the planets move one and “ reformation.” Sir Isaac "s the same way in orbs con “ Newton's Optics, Queft. “ centric; some inconfider- ult. **able irregularities except

As much that end a constant course requires
Of show'rs and fun-fhine, as of Man's defires;
As much eternal springs and cloudless skies,
As Men for ever temp'rate, calm, and wise. 154
If plagues or earthquakes break not Heav'n's design,
Why then a Borgia, or a Catiline ?
Who knows but he, whose hand the lightning forms,
Who heaves old Ocean, and who wings the storms";
Pours fierce Ambition in a Cæsar's mind, 159
Or turns young Ammon loose to scourge mankind?
From pride, from pride, our very reas’ning springs;
Account for moral, as for nat'ral things :
Why charge we Heav'n in those, in these acquit?
In both, to reason right is to submit.
Better for Us, perhaps, it might appear,

165
Were there all harmony, all virtue here ;
That never air or ocean felt the wind;
That never passion discompos'd the mind.
But all subsists by elemental strife;
And Passions are the elements of Life.

170
The gen’ral ORDER, since the whole began,
Is kept in Nature, and is kept in Man.

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NOTES.

Ver. 169. But ALL fub- extended in Ep. ij. from fifts, &c.] See this subject | go to 112, 155, &c. P.

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VI.What would this Man? Now upward will he foar,
And little less than Angel, would be more; 174
Now looking downwards, just as griev'd appears
To want the strength of bulls, the fur of bears.
Made for his use all creatures if he call,
Say what their use, had he the pow'rs of all ?
Nature to these, without profusion, kind,
The proper organs, proper pow'rs affign'd; 180
Each seeming want compensated of course,
Here with degrees of swiftness, there of force;
All in exact proportion to the state;
Nothing to add, and nothing to abate.
Each beast, each infect, happy in it's own: 185
Is Heav'n unkind to Man, and Man alone?
Shall he alone, whom rational we call,
Be pleas'd with nothing, if not bless'd with all ?

The bliss of Man (could Pride that blessing find)
Is not to act or think beyond mankind; 190

NOTES.

Ver. 174. And little less is a certain axiom in the than Angel, &c.] Thou haft anatomy of creatures, that made him a little lower than in proportion as they are the Angels, and haft crown- formed for strength, their ed him with glory and ho- swiftness is leffened ; or as nour. Pfalm viii. 9. they are formed for swift

Ver. 182. Here with de- ness, their strength is agrees of swiftness, &c.] It bated. P.

No pow'rs of body or of foul to share,
But what his nature and his state can bear.
Why has not Man å microscopic eye?
For this plain reason, Man is not a Fly.
Say what the use, were finer optics giv'n, 195
T'inspect à mite, not comprehend the heav'n?
Or touch, if tremblingly alive all o'er,
To smart and agonize at ev'ry pore?
Or quick effluvia darting thro' the brain,
Die of a rofe in aromatic pain?

200
If nature thunder'd in his op'ning ears,
And stunn’d him with the music of the spheres,
How would he wish that Heav'n had left him ftill
The whifp'ring Zephyr, and the purling rill?
Who finds not Providence all good and wise, 205
Alike in what it gives, and what denies ?

NOTES. Ver. 202. Stunn'd him he speaks of the motion of with the music of the spheres,] the heavenly bodies under This instance is poetical and the sublime Imagery of ruleven fublime, but misplaced. ing Angels : For whether He is arguing philosophical there be ruling Angels or no, ly in a case that required him there is real motion, which to employ the real objects was all his argument wantof sense only : And, what is ed; but if there be no mufic worse, he speaks of this as a of the spheres, there was no real object,

IF NATURE real sound, which his arthunder'd, &c. The cafe is gument could not do withdifferent where (in y 253) out.

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