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Save just at dinner-then prefers; no doubt,
A Rogue with Ven'son to a Saint without. 80

Who would not praise Patritio's high desert,
His hand unftain'd, his uncorrupted heart,
His comprehenfive head! all Int'rests weigh'd,
All Europe fav’d, yet Britain not betray’d.
He thanks you not, his pride is in Picquette, 85
New-market-fame, and judgment at a Bett.

What made (say Montagne, or more sage Charron!) Otho a warrior, Cromwell a buffoon?

VARIATIONS.

After y 86. in the former Editions,

Triumphant leaders, at an army's head,
Hemm'd round with glories, pilfer cloth or bread >
As meanly plunder as they bravely fought,
Now save a People, and now save a groat,

NOTES.

Ver. 81. Patritio) Lord | nite number of his thoughts G-n.

into his famous book De la VER.87.- Jay Montagne, Sagesse; but his moderating or more fage Charron! ] every where the extravaCharron was an admirer of gant Pyrrhonism of his Montagne ; had contracted friend, is the reason why a ftrict friendship with him; the poet calls him more fage and has transferred an infi. Charron.

H

A perjur'd Prince a leaden Saint revere,
A godless Regent tremble at a Star?

90
The throne a Bigot keep, a Genius quit,
Faithless thro’ Piety, and dup'd thro' Wit?
Europe a Woman, Child, or Dotard rule,
And just her wifest monarch made a fool?

Know, God and NATURE only are the same : In Man, the judgment shoots at flying game,

96

NOTES.

VER 89. A perjur'd fume it, was imprisoned till Prince] Louis XI. of France, his death. P wore in his Hat a leaden Ver. 93. Europe a Woimage of the Virgin Mary, man, Child, or Dotard rule, which when he swore by, he “And just her wifeft mofeared to break his oath. P. narch made a fool?] The

Ver. 90. A godless Re-Czarina, the King of France, gent tremble at a Star?] the Pope, and the abovePhilip Duke of Orleans, Re- mentioned King of Sardinia. gent of France in the mi.

Ver. 95. Know, God and nority of Louis XV. super- Nature, &c.] By Nature is ftitious in judicial astrology, not here meant any imagitho' an unbeliever in all nary substitute of God, call'd religion. P.

a Plastic nature ; but his Ver. 91. The throne a moral laws : And this obBigot keep, a Genius quit,] servation was inserted with Philip V. of Spain, who, great propriety and difcreafter renouncing the throne tion, in the conclusion of a for Religion, resumed it to long detail of the various gratify his Queen ; and Vic-characters of men: For, from tor Amadeus II. King of this circumstance, Montagne Sardinia, who refigrea che and others have been bold crown, and trying to real- enough to infinuate, that

A bird of passage! gone as soon as found,
Now in the Moon perhaps, now under ground.

In vain the Sage, with retrospective eye,
Would from th'apparent What conclude the Why,
Infer the Motive from the Deed, and shew, jot
That what we chanc'd was what we meant to do.
Behold! If Fortune or a Mistress frowns,
Some plunge in busʼness, others shave their crowns :
To ease the Soul of one oppressive weight, 105
This quits an Empire, that embroils a State ;
The same adult complexion has impelld
Charles to the Convent, Philip to the Field.

NOTES.

morality is founded more in derived it from his father custom and fashion than in Charles V. whose health the the nature of things. The historians of his life tell us, speaking therefore of a mo was frequently disorder'd by ral law of God, as having bilious fevers. But what all the constancy and dura the author meant principalbility of his Essence, had ly to observe here was, that an high expediency in this this humour made both these place.

princes act contrary to their Ver. 107. The same aduft Character'; Charles, who complexion has impell’d was an active man, when Charles to the Convent, he retired into a Convent ; Philip to the Field.) The Philip, who was a

was a man atrabilaire complexion of of the Closet, when he Philip II. is well known, gave the battle of St Quinbut not so well that he Itin.

Not always actions thew the man: We find Who does a kindness, is not therefore kind; 110 Perhaps Prosperity becalm’d his breast, Perhaps the Wind just shifted from the east: Not therefore humble he who seeks retreat, Pride guides his steps, and bids him shun the great: Who combats bravely is not therefore brave, 115 He dreads a death-bed like the meanest Nave: Who reasons wisely is not therefore wise, His pride in Reas’ning, not in Acting lies. But grant

that Actions best discover man ; Take the most strong, and fort them as you can. 122 The few that glare each character must mark, You balance not the many in the dark. What will you do with such as disagree? Suppress them, or miscall them Policy? Must then at once (the character to save) · 125 The plain rough Hero turn a crafty Knave ? Alas! in truth the man but chang'd his mind, Perhaps was sick, in love, or had not din’d.

NOTES.

VER. 117. Who reafons resolving in public counwisely, &c.] By reasoning fels; for this instance is is not here meant specula- given as one, of a variety ting ; but deliberating and of actions.

Ask why from Britain Cæsar would retreat ?
Cæsar himself might whisper he was beat. 130
Why risk the world's great empire for a Punk?
Cæfar perhaps might answer he was drunk.

VARIATIONS.
Ver. 129. in the former Editions,

Ask why from Britain Cæsar made retreat ?
Cæsar himself would tell

you

he was beat.
The mighty Czar what mov'd to wed a Punk ?

The mighty Czar would tell you he was drunk. Alter'd as above, because Cæsar wrote his Commentaries of this war, and does not tell you he was beat. As Cæsar too afforded an inftance of both cases, it was thought better to make him the single Example.

NOTES. Ver. 130. Cæfar bimself | world's great empire for a might wbifper he was beat.] Punk?] After the battle of Cæsar wrote his Commenta- Pharsalia, Cæsar pursued his ries, in imitation of the enemy to Alexandria, where Greek Generals, for the en being infatuated with the tertainment of the world : charms of Cleopatra, instead But had his friend asked him, of pushing his advantages, in his ear, the reason of his and dispersing the relicks of sudden retreat from Britain, the Pharsalian quarrel, hav. after so many signal victo- ing narrowly escaped the ries, we have cause to suf- violence of an enraged peopect, even from his own ple, he brought upon himpublic relation of that mat-self an unnecessary war, at ter, that he would have a time his arms were most whisper'd he was beat. wanted elsewhere.

VER. 131. Why risque the

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