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But, fage historians ! 'tis your task to prove
'Tis from high Life high Characters are drawn; A Saint in Crape is twice a Saint in Lawn ;
136 A Judge is just, a Chanc’lor juster still ; A Gownman, learn'd; a Bishop, what you will; Wise, if a Minister ; but, if a King, More wise, more learn'd, more just, more ev'ry thing. Court-virtues bear, like Gems, the highest ratę, 141 Born where Heav'n's influence scarce can penetrate : In life's low vale, the soil the Virtues like, They please as beauties, here as wonders strike. Tho' the fame Sun with all-diffusive rays 145 Blush in the Rose, and in the Di'mond blaze, We prize the stronger effort of his pow'r, And justly set the Gem above the Flow'r.
'Tis Education forms the common mind, Just as the Twig is bent, the Tree's inclin’d. 150 Boastful and rough, your first son is a 'Squire; The next a Tradesman, meek, and much a lyar; Tom struts a Soldier, open, bold, and brave; Will sneaks a Scriv'ner, an exceeding knave: 154 Is he a Churchman ? then he's fond of pow'r : A Quaker ? Ny: A Presbyterian ? sow'r: A smart Free-thinker? all things in an hour.
Ask men's Opinions : Scoto now shall tell How Trade increases, and the World goes well; Strike off his Pension, by the setting fun,
160 And Britain, if not Europe, is undone.
That gay Free-thinker, a fine talker once, What turns him now a stupid silent dunce? Some God, or Spirit he has lately found ; Or chanc'd to meet a Minister that frown'd. 165
Judge we by Nature ? Habit can efface,
Ver. 172, 173. Manners describes the complicated with Fortunes, Humours turn causes. Humours bear the with Climes, Tenets with fame relation to Manners, Books, and Principles with that Principles do to Tenets; Times ]
poet had hi-that is, the former are modes therto reckoned up the fe- of the latter ; our Manners veral fimple causes that hin- are warped from nature by der our knowledge of the our' Fortunes or Stations ; natural characters of men our Tenets, by our Books or In these two fine lines he | Professions ; and then each
Search then the Ruling PASSION , There, alone,
drawn ftill more oblique, in- appetite for it; where the
government. Ver. 187. John Wilmot, Ver. 174. Search then E. of Rochester, famous for the Ruling Pasion :) See his Wit and Extravagancies Essay on Man, Ep. ii. 3133, in the time of Charles the
Enough if all around him but admire, 190
VER. 200. A Fool, with call Abfurdity; and this Abmore of Wit] Folly, joined surdity the poet has here with much Wit, produces admirably described in the that behaviour which we words,
Too rash for Thought, for Action too refin'd: by which we are made to and pursued his Speculations understand, that the person when he should have trusted described gave a loose to to his Experience. his Fancy when he should Ver. 205. And, harder have used his Judgment; I fill, fagitious, yet nad
Ask you why Wharton broke thro' ev'ry rule ? 'Twas all for fear the Knaves should call him Fool,
Nature well known, no prodigies remain, Comets are regular, and Wharton plain.
Yet, in this fearch, the wiseft may mistake, 210 If second qualities for first they take.
In the former Editions, x 208.
Naturę well known, no Miracles remain. Alter'd, as above, for very obvious reasons.
great ) To arrive at what fear, &c.] To understand the world calls Greatness, a 'this, we must observe, that man must either hide and the Luft of general praise conceal his vices, or he must made the person, whose openly and fteddily practise Character is here so admithem, in the pursuit and rable drawn, both extraattainment of one impor- vagant and flagitious ; his tant end.
This unhappy Madness was to pleafe the Nobleman did neither. Fools, VER. 207. 'Twas all for
Women and Fools must like him, or he dies. And his Crimes to avoid the censure of the Knaves,
'Twas all for fear the Knaves should call him Fool. Prudence and Honefly being terested, and consequently the two qualities that Fools most industrious, to misreand Knaves are most in- | present.