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But, fage historians ! 'tis your task to prove
One action Conduct ; one, heroic Love.

'Tis from high Life high Characters are drawn; A Saint in Crape is twice a Saint in Lawn ;

136 A Judge is just, a Chanc’lor juster still ; A Gownman, learn'd; a Bishop, what you will; Wise, if a Minister ; but, if a King, More wise, more learn'd, more just, more ev'ry thing. Court-virtues bear, like Gems, the highest ratę, 141 Born where Heav'n's influence scarce can penetrate : In life's low vale, the soil the Virtues like, They please as beauties, here as wonders strike. Tho' the fame Sun with all-diffusive rays 145 Blush in the Rose, and in the Di'mond blaze, We prize the stronger effort of his pow'r, And justly set the Gem above the Flow'r.

'Tis Education forms the common mind, Just as the Twig is bent, the Tree's inclin’d. 150 Boastful and rough, your first son is a 'Squire; The next a Tradesman, meek, and much a lyar; Tom struts a Soldier, open, bold, and brave; Will sneaks a Scriv'ner, an exceeding knave: 154 Is he a Churchman ? then he's fond of pow'r : A Quaker ? Ny: A Presbyterian ? sow'r: A smart Free-thinker? all things in an hour.

Ask men's Opinions : Scoto now shall tell How Trade increases, and the World goes well; Strike off his Pension, by the setting fun,

160 And Britain, if not Europe, is undone.

That gay Free-thinker, a fine talker once, What turns him now a stupid silent dunce? Some God, or Spirit he has lately found ; Or chanc'd to meet a Minister that frown'd. 165

Judge we by Nature ? Habit can efface,
Int'reft o'ercome, or Policy take place :
By Actions ? those Uncertainty divides :
By Passions? these Diffimulation hides ;
Opinions ? they still take a wider range: 170
Find, if you can, in what you cannot change.
Manners with Fortunes, Humours turn with

Climes,
Tenets with Books, and Principles with Times,

NOTES.

Ver. 172, 173. Manners describes the complicated with Fortunes, Humours turn causes. Humours bear the with Climes, Tenets with fame relation to Manners, Books, and Principles with that Principles do to Tenets; Times ]

The

poet had hi-that is, the former are modes therto reckoned up the fe- of the latter ; our Manners veral fimple causes that hin- are warped from nature by der our knowledge of the our' Fortunes or Stations ; natural characters of men our Tenets, by our Books or In these two fine lines he | Professions ; and then each

Search then the Ruling PASSION , There, alone,
The Wild are constant, and the Cunning known;
The Fool consistent, and the False sincere;

176
Priests, Princes, Women, no diffemblers here.
This clue once f und, unravels all the rest,
The prospect clears, and Wharton stands confest.
Wharton, the scorn and wonder of our days, 180
Whose ruling Passion was the Luft of Praise :
Born with whate'er could win it from the Wise,
Women and Fools must like him or he dies;
Tho' wond'ring Senates hung on all he spoke,
The Club must hail him master of the joke..
Shall parts so various aim at nothing new?
He'll shine a Tully and a Wilmot too.
Then turns repentant, and his God adores
With the same spirit that he drinks and whores;

185

NOTES.

drawn ftill more oblique, in- appetite for it; where the
to humour and political prin- Arength of the Passion had
ciples, by the temperature of destroyed all the delicacy of
the climate, and the consti- the Sensation.
tution of the

government. Ver. 187. John Wilmot, Ver. 174. Search then E. of Rochester, famous for the Ruling Pasion :) See his Wit and Extravagancies Essay on Man, Ep. ii. 3133, in the time of Charles the

Second. P.
VER. 181. the Luft of Ver. 189. With the same
Praise.] This very well ex- fpirit] Spirit, for principle,
presses the gro/ness of his not passion.

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& seq.

Enough if all around him but admire, 190
And now the Punk applaud, and now the Fryer.
Thus with each gift of nature and of art,
And wanting nothing but an honest heart ;
Grown all to all, from no one vice exempt ;
And most contemptible, to shun contempt; 195
His Passion still, to covet gen’ral praise,
His Life, to forfeit it a thousand ways;
A constant Bounty which no friend has made ;
An angel Tongue, which no Man can persuade ;
A Fool, with more of Wit than half mankind, 209
Too rash for Thought, for Action too refin'd:
A Tyrant to the wife his heart approves ;
A Rebel to the very king he loves ;
He dies, fad out-cast of each church and state,
And, harder ftill! Aagitious, yet not great. 205

1

NOTES.

VER. 200. A Fool, with call Abfurdity; and this Abmore of Wit] Folly, joined surdity the poet has here with much Wit, produces admirably described in the that behaviour which we words,

Too rash for Thought, for Action too refin'd: by which we are made to and pursued his Speculations understand, that the person when he should have trusted described gave a loose to to his Experience. his Fancy when he should Ver. 205. And, harder have used his Judgment; I fill, fagitious, yet nad

Ask you why Wharton broke thro' ev'ry rule ? 'Twas all for fear the Knaves should call him Fool,

Nature well known, no prodigies remain, Comets are regular, and Wharton plain.

Yet, in this fearch, the wiseft may mistake, 210 If second qualities for first they take.

VARIATIONS,

In the former Editions, x 208.

Naturę well known, no Miracles remain. Alter'd, as above, for very obvious reasons.

NOTES.

great ) To arrive at what fear, &c.] To understand the world calls Greatness, a 'this, we must observe, that man must either hide and the Luft of general praise conceal his vices, or he must made the person, whose openly and fteddily practise Character is here so admithem, in the pursuit and rable drawn, both extraattainment of one impor- vagant and flagitious ; his tant end.

This unhappy Madness was to pleafe the Nobleman did neither. Fools, VER. 207. 'Twas all for

Women and Fools must like him, or he dies. And his Crimes to avoid the censure of the Knaves,

'Twas all for fear the Knaves should call him Fool. Prudence and Honefly being terested, and consequently the two qualities that Fools most industrious, to misreand Knaves are most in- | present.

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