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'Tis Use alone that sanctifies Expence, And Splendor borrows all her rays from Sense. 180
His Father's Acres who enjoys in peace, Or makes his Neighbours glad, if he encrease: Whose chearful Tenants bless their yearly toil, Yet to their Lord owe more than to the soil Whose ample Lawns are not asham'd to feed 185 The milky heifer and deserving steed; Whose rising Forests, not for pride or show, But future Buildings, future Navies, grow: Let his plantations stretch from down to down, First shade a Country, and then raise a Town. 190
Ver. 179, 180. 'Tis Use art of this can never be sufalone that sanctifies Expence, ficiently admired. But the And Splendor borrows all her Expression is equal to the rays from fenfe. Here the Thought. This fanctifying poet, to make the examples of expence gives us the idea of good Taste the better un- of something consecrated derstood, introduces them and set apart for sacred with a summary of his Pre- uses; and indeed, it is the cepts in these two sublime idea under which it may be lines: for, the consulting properly considered : For Use is beginning with Sense; wealth employed according and the making Splendor or to the intention of Provi. Taste borrow all its rays dence, is its true consecrafrom thence, is going on tion; and the real uses of with Sense, after the has humanity were certainly for led
up to Tafte. The in its intention.
You too proceed! make falling Arts your care, Erect new wonders, and the old repair ; Jones and Palladio to themselves restore, And be whate'er Vitruvius was before : 'Till Kings call forth th’ Ideas of your mind, 195 (Proud to accomplish what such hands design'd,) Bid Harbours open, public Ways extend, Bid Temples, worthier of the God, ascend;
VER. 195, 197, &c., was published in the year 'Till Kings - Bid Harbours 1732, when some of the open, &c.] The poet after new built churches, by the having touched upon the act of Queen Anne, were proper objects of Magnifi- ready to fall, being founded cence and Expence, in the in boggy land (which is faprivate works of great men, tirically alluded to in our comes to those great and author's imitation of Har. publick works which be- Lib. ii. Sat. 2. come a prince. This Poem
Shall half the new-built Churches round thee fall) others were vilely executed, ed by Turnpikes were made thro' fraudulent cabals be- jobbs for private lucre, and tween undertakers, officers, infamously executed, &c. Dagenham breach had to the entrances of Londone very great mischiefs ; don itself: The proposal of many of the Highways building a Bridge at Weftthroughout England were minster had been petition'd hardly paffable, and most against and rejected; but in of those which were repair- I two years after the publica
Bid the broad Arch the dang'rous Flood contain,
tion of this poem, an Ad (left to the carpenter abovefor building a Bridge pass’d mentioned, who would have thro' both houses. After made it a wooden one ; to many debates in the com- which our author alludes in mittee, the execution was these lines,
Who builds a Bridge that never drove a pile?
Should Ripley venture, all the world would smile. See the notes on that place. P.
EE the wild Waste of all-devouring years!
How Rome her own fd Sepulchre appears, With nodding arches, broken temples spread ! The very Tombs now vanish'd like their dead !
THIS was originally | till Mr Tickell's Edition of written in the year 1715, his works ; at which time when Mr Addison intended the verses on Mr Craggs, to publish his book of me- which conclude the poem, dals ; it was some time be- were added, viz. in 1720. P. fore he was Secretary of Epist. V.) As the third State ; but not published | Epistle treated of the ex
Imperial wonders rais’d on Nations spoild,
5 Where mix'd with Slaves the groaning Martyr
tremes of Avarice and Pro. | is, therefore, a corollary to fufion ; and the fourth took the fourth. up one particular branch of Ver. 6. Where mix'd the latter, namely, the va- with faves the groaning nity of expence in people of Martyr toild The inattenwealth and quality, and was tive reader might wonder therefore a corollary to the how this circumstance came third ; so this treats of one to find a placo here. But circumftance of that Vanity, let him compare it with x as it appears in the common 13, 14, and he will see the collectors of old coins ; and Reason,
Barbarian blindness, Christian zeal confpire,
For the Slaves mentioned ruin what those were so inabove were of the fame na- juriously employed in reartion with the Barbarians ing : for the poet never here : and the Chriftians loteth fight of his great prinhere, the Successors of the ciple. Martyrs there: Providence Ver. 9. Fanes, which ordaining, that these should admiring Gods with pride