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Instruct the planets in what orbs to run,
Correct old Time, and regulate the Sun;
Go, soar with Plato to th' empyreal sphere,
To the first good, first perfect, and first fair;
Or tread the mazy round his follow'rs trod,
And quitting sense call imitating God;
As Eastern priests in giddy circles run,
And turn their heads to imitate the Sun.
Go, teach Eternal Wisdom how to rule
Then drop into thyself, and be a fool !

30

VARIATIONS.

VER. 21. Ed. 4th and 5th.

Show by what rules the wand'ring planets stray,
Correct old time, and teach the Sun his Way.

NOTES.

ans, to measure a degree at. Chronology, which he rethe equator and the polar formed on those two subcircle, in order to deter- lime conceptions, the diffemine the true figure of the rence between the reigns of earth; of great importance kings, and the generations to Astronomy and Naviga- of men ; and the position tion.

of the colures of the equiVER. 22.

Correct old noxes and solstices at the Time,] This alludes to Sir time of the Argonautic exIsaac Newton's Grecian pedition.

Superior beings, when of late they saw
A mortal Man unfold all Nature's law,
Admir’d such wisdom in an earthly shape,
And shew'd a Newton as we fhew an Ape.

Could he, whose rules the rapid Comet bind, 35
Describe or fix one movement of his Mind?
Who saw it's fires here rife, and there descend,
Explain his own beginning, or his end?
Alas what wonder! Man's fuperior part
Uncheck'd may rise, and climb from art to art; 40

VARIATIONS.
Ver. 35. Ed. ift.

Could he, who taught each Planet where to roll,
Describe or fix one movement of the Soul
Who mark'd their points to rise or to descend,
Explain his own beginning or his end?

NOTES.

Ver. 37. Who saw it's 'round the Sun, in ellipfes fires here rife, &c.] Sir Isaac vastly eccentrical, and very Newton, in calculating the nearly approaching to paravelocity of a Comer's moti- bolas. In which he was on, and the course it de- greatly confirmed, in obscribes, when it becomes vi- ferving between two Cofible in it's descent to, and mets a coincidence in their ascent from, the Sun, con- perihelions, and a perfect jectured, with the highest agreement in their veloci appearance of truth, that ties, Comets revolve perpetually

But when his own great work is but begun,
What Reason weaves, by Passion is undone.

Trace Science then, with Modesty thy guide;
First strip off all her equipage of Pride;
Deduct what is but Vanity, or Dress,

45 Or Learning's Luxury, or Idleness;

Notes.

VER. 45.-Vanity, or Spear touches upon this latdress,] These are the first ter advantage with great parts of what the Poet, in force and humour. The the preceding line, calls the Flatterer says to Timon in Scholar's equipage of Pride. distress,

" I cannot cover By vanity, is meant that " the monstrous bulk of luxuriancy of thought and their ingratitude, with expression in which a writer any size of words." The indulges himfelf, to hew the other replies, “Let it go fruitfulness of his fancy or naked, men may see't the invention. By dress, is to

“ better." be understood a lower de VER. 46. Or Learning's gree of that practice, in Luxury, or Idleness ;] The amplification of thought and Luxury of Learning consists ornamented expression, to in dressing up and disguising give force to what the wri- old notions in a new way, ter would convey: but even so as to make them more this, the Poet, in a severe fashionable and palateable ; search after trach, con- instead of examining and demns ; and with great scrutinizing their truth. As judgment. Conciseness of this is often done for pomp thought and simplicity of and shew, it is called luxitexpreslion, being as well the ry; as it is often done too best instruments, as the best to save pains and labour, it vehicles of Truth. Shake-I is called idleness.

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50

Or tricks to thew the stretch of human brain,
Mere curious pleasure, or ingenious pain ;
Expunge the whole, or lop th’excrescent parts
Of all our Vices have created Arts ;
Then fee how little the remaining sum,
Which serv'd the past, and must the times to come!

II. Two Principles in human nature reign;
Self-love, to urge, and Reason, to restrain;
Nor this a good, nor that a bad we call, 55
Each works it's end, to inove or govern all :
And to their proper operation still,
Ascribe all Good; to their improper, Ill.

Self-love, the spring of motion, acts the soul;
Reason's comparing balance rules the whole. 60
Man, but for that, no action could attend,
And, but for this, were active to no end :

NOTES.

VER. 49, 50:

Ver. 47. Or tricks to fnew the stretch of human Expunge the whole, or lop brain,] Such as the mathe

th' excrescent parts matical demonstrations con- of all our Vices have crecernivg the small quantity ated Arts ;] of matter ; the endless divi- i.e. Those parts of natural fibility of it, &C.

Philosophy, Logic, RhetoVer. 48. Mere curious ric, Poetry, &c. that admipleasure, or ingenious pain;] nister to luxury, deceit, amThat is, when Admiration bition, effeminacy, &c. fets the mind on the rack.

Fix'd like a plant on his peculiar spot,
To draw nutrition, propagate, and rot ;
Or, meteor-like, Aame lawless thro' the void, 65
Destroying others; by himself destroy’d.

Most strength the moving principle requires ;
Active its task, it prompts, impels, inspires.
Sedate and quiet the comparing lies,
Form'd but to check, delib'rate, and advise. 70
Self-love ftill stronger, as its objects nigh;
Reason’s ‘at distance, and in prospect lie:
That sees immediate good by present sense ;
Reason, the future and the consequence.
Thicker than arguments, temptations throng, 73
At best more watchful this, but that more strong.
The action of the stronger to fufpend
Reason still use, to Reason ftill attend.
Attention, habit and experience gains ;

79 Each strengthens Reason, and Self-love restrains.

Let subtle schoolmen teach these friends to fight, More ftudious to divide than to unite; And Grace and Virtue, Sense and Reason split, With all the rash dexterity of wit.

NOTES. Ver. 74. Reafon, the fu- | the future; and by argumenture and the consequence.]i.e. tation, the consequence. By experience Reason collects

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