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Reflection, Reason, still the ties improve,
The same his table, and the same his bed ;
Instinct then was Reason's part; 170
NOTES. in use was common to man ages, Men used inarticulate and beasts. Moral philoso. sounds like beasts to express phers took this in the po- their wants and sensations ; pular sense, and so invented and that it was by flow dethofe fables which give grees they came to the use speech to the whole brute- of speech. This opinion creation. The Naturalists was afterwards held by Lu. understood the tradition to cretius, Diodorus Sic. and fignify, that, in the first Gregory of Nyff.
Thus then to Man the voice of Nature spake
Go, from the Creatures thy instructions take : “ Learn from the birds what food the thickets yield; “ Learn from the beasts the physic of the field ;
Thy arts of building from the bee receive; 175 « Learn of the mole to plow, the worm to weave; " Learn of the little Nautilus to fail,
Spread the thin oar, and catch the driving gale. “ Here too all forms of social union find, “ And hence let Reason, late, instruct Mankind:
Ver. 173. Learn from of healing, by their own the birds, &c.] It is a com- practice. mon practice amongst Na VER. 177. Learn of the vigators, when thrown upon little Nautilus ) Oppian. a desert coast,--and in want Halieut. lib. i. describes this of refreshments, to observe fish in the following manner: what fruits have been touch- “ They swim on the sured by the Birds : and to “ face of the sea, on the venture on these without " back of their shells, further hesitation.
“ which exactly resemble VER. 174. Learn from “ the hulk of a ship; they the beasts, &c.] See Pliny's “ raise two feet like mafts, Nat. Hift. 1. viii. c. 27. " and extend a membrane where several instances are “ between, which serves as given of Animals discover: a fail; the other two ing the medicinal efficacy of “ feet they employ as oars herbs, by their own use of • at the side. They are them ; and pointing out to usually seen in the Medisome operations in the art terranean.” P.
“ Here subterranean works and cities fee; 181 “ There towns aerial on the waving tree. “ Learn each small People's genius, policies, “ The Ant's republic, and the realm of Bees; “ How those in common all their wealth bestow, “ And Anarchy without confusion know; 186 “ And these for ever, tho' a Monarch reign, " Their sep’rate cells and properties maintain. “ Mark what unvary'd laws preserve each state, “ Laws wise as Nature, and as fix'd as Fate. 190 “In vain thy Reason finer webs shall draw, “ Entangle Justice in her net of Law, “ And right, too rigid, harden into wrong; “ Still for the strong too weak, the weak too strong. “ Yet go! and thus o'er all the creatures sway, 195 “ Thus let the wiser make the rest obey ; " And for those Arts mere Instinct could afford, “ Be crown'd as Monarchs, or as Gods ador'd.”
V. Great Nature spoke ; observant Men obey'd ; Cities were built, Societies were made :
Who for those Arts they learn'd of Brutes before,
NOTES. Ver. 199. observant Men | tiful, as signifying both obeobey'd;] The epithet is beau- dience to the voice of Na
Here rose one little state ; another near
VER. 201. Here rose one little flate, &c.] In the MS.
ture, and attention to the their native liberty from lessons of the animal crea- their governors by civil tion.
pactions ; the love which VER. 208. When Love each master of a family had was Liberty,] i. e. When for those under his care men had no need to guard | being their best security,