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Whose life is healthful, and whose conscience clear,
Because he wants a thousand pounds a year.
Honour and shame from no Condition rise;
Act well your part, there all the honour lies.
Fortune in Men has some small diff'rence made,
One flaunts in rags, oné futters in brocade ;
The cobler apron'd, and the parson gown'd,
The frier hooded, and the monarch crown'd.
What differ more (you cry) than crown and cow!?"
friend! a wise man and a Fool. 200
You'll find, if once the monarch acts the monk,
Or, cobler-like, the parson will be drunk,
Worth makes the man, and want of it, the fellow;
The rest is all but leather or prunella.
Stuck o'er with titles and hung round with strings,
That thou may'st be by Kings, or whores of kings,
Boast the pure blood of an illustrious race,
In quiet flow from Lucrece to Lucrece :
Ver. 207. Boast the pure blood, &c.] in the MS. thus,
The richest blood, right-honourably old,
Down from Lucretia to Lucretia roll’d,
May (well thy heart and gallop in thy breast,
Without one dash of usher or of priest:
Thy pride as much despise all other pride
As Chrift-Church once all colleges beside.
But by your father's worth if your's you rate,
Count me those only who were good and great, 210
Go! if your ancient, but ignoble blood
Has crept thro' scroundels ever since the flood,
Go! and pretend your family is young ;
Nor own, your fathers have been fools so long.
What can ennoble sots, or flaves, or cowards? 215
Alas! not all the blood of all the HOWARDS.
Look next on Greatness; say where Greatness lies? & Where, but among the Heroes and the Wife?" Heroes are much the same, the point's agreed, From Macedonia's madman to the Swede; 220
NOTES. Ver. 219. Heroes are force ; and deserved the much the fame, &c.] This poet's care. But Milton character might have been supplies what is here wantdrawn with much more | ing.
They err who count it glorious to subdue
By conquest far and wide, to over-run
Large Countries, and in field great Battles win,
Great Cities by asault. What do these worthies,
But rob and spoil, burn, slaughter, and enslave
Peaceable Nations, neighb'ring or remote,
Made captive, yet deserving Freedom more
Than those their Conqu'rors; who leave behind
Nothing but ruin wherefoe'er they rove,
And all the flourishing works of peace destroy ?
Then swell with pride, and must be titled Gods;
'Till Conqu’ror Death discovers them scarce Men,
Rolling in brutish Vices, and deform’d,
Violent or shameful death their due reward.
Par. Reg. B. ii.
The whole strange purpose of their lives, to find
Or make, an enemy of all mankind!
Not one looks backward, onward still he goes,
Yet ne'er looks forward farther than his nose.
No less alike the Politic and Wife;
225 All fly flow things, with circumspective eyes : Men in their loose unguarded hours they take, Not that themselves are wise, but others weak. But grant that those can conquer,
these can cheat; 'Tis phrase absurd to call a Villain Great:
230 Who wickedly is wise, or madly brave, Is but the more a fool, the more a knave. Who noble ends by noble means obtains, Or failing, smiles in exile or in chains, Like good Aurelius let him reign, or bleed 235 Like Socrates, that Man is great indeed.
What's Fame? a fancy'd life in others breath, A thing beyond us, ev'n before our death. Just what you hear, you have, and what's unknown The same (my Lord) if Tully's, or your own. All that we feel of it begins and ends
241 In the small circle of our foes or friends ; To all beside as much an empty
shade An Eugene living, as a Cæsar dead; Alike or when, or where, they shone, or shine, 245 Or on the Rubicon, or on the Rhine.
A Wit's a feather, and a Chief a rod;
An honest Man's the noble work of God.
Fame but from death a villain's name can save,
As Justice tears his body from the grave; 250
When what t'oblivion better were resign’d,
Is hung on high, to poison half mankind.
All fame is foreign, but of true desert;
Plays round the head, but comes not to the heart:
One felf-approving hour whole years out-weighs
Of ftupid ftarers, and of loud huzzas ;
And more true joy Marcellus exild feels,
Than Cæfar with a senate at his heels.
In Parts superior what advantage lies ?
Tell (for You can) what is it to be wise ? 260
'Tis but to know how little can be known;
To see all others faults, and feel our own:
Condemn’d in bus’ness or in arts to drudge,
Without a second, or without a judge:
Truths would you teach, or save a sinking land?
All fear, none aid you, and few understand. 266
Painful preheminence! yourself to view
Above life's weakness, and its comforts too.
Bring then these blessings to a strict account;
Make fair deductions ; see to what they mount:
How much of other each is fure to cost;
277 How each for other oft is wholly lost;
How inconsistent greater goods with these;
How sometimes life is risqu’d, and always ease :
Think, and if still the things thy envy call, 275
Say, would'st thou be the Man to whom they fall ?
To figh for ribbands if thou art fo filly,
Mark how they grace Lord Umbra, or Sir Billy:
Is yellow dirt the passion of thy life?
Look but on Gripus, or on Gripus' wife : 280
If Parts allure thee, think how Bacon shin'd,
The wisest, brightest, meanest of mankind :
Or rayish'd with the whistling of a Name,
See Cromwell, damn’d to everlasting fame !
NOTES. Ver. 281, 283. If Parts bribery and corruption in allure thee, Or ravish'd the administration of Justice, with the whistling of a while he presided in the suName,] These two instances preme Court of Equity, he enare chosen with great judg- deavoured to repair his ruinment ; the world, perhaps, ed fortunes by the most
prodoth not afford two other fligate flattery to the Court : such. Bacon discovered and Which, from his very first laid down those principles, entrance into it, he had acby the assistance of which customed himself to practise Newton was enabled to un with a prostitution that disfold the whole law of Na- graceth the very profession ture. He was no less eminent of letters. for the creative power of his Cromwell seemeth to be imagination, the brightness distinguished in the most of his thoughts, and the force eminent manner, with reof his expression : Yet being gard to his abilities, from çonvicted and punished for all other great and wicked