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5710 3 PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION.

In the Preface to the First Edition of the following work, I apologised for the irregularity of its structure, and the admixture of temporary and accidental matter with the general statement of principles. These defects I had hoped to remedy, as far as my ability extends, in a second edition. In particular, I had hoped to omit all allusion to Mr. Palmer and the British Critic (as belonging to an ephemeral controversy,

the interest of which had passed away); to extend the eighth chapter into a more substantive form; and, above all, to enlarge the last chapter to at least double its present size, in order that the statement might be more clear and intelligible of principles, which appear to me of all the most important, in the present circumstances, not of our own Church only, but of the Holy Church throughout all the world.'

These intentions, however, I have been compelled for the present to abandon; because the recent proceedings at Oxford necessitate the immediate appearance

of a Second Edition, and also make it desirable that the said Second Edition should be, as nearly as possible, a fac-simile of the first. No alteration whatever, then, has been made, except the correction of typographical errors.

Of course no apology is intended for the substance of the work, as distinct from its form. As to the sentiments contained in the propositions which have been officially called into question, I have only to say that my conviction of their truth, for a long time past, has grown deeper and more undoubting ; that they were expressed with the most perfect deliberation; and that with the same deliberation they are here distinctly re-asserted.

Balliol College, Oxford,

Dec, 10, 1844.

PRE FACE.

The following work has grown under my hands into dimensions which I had been very far from expecting. When I spoke at the outset of 'trespassing at greater length than I could wish on the public attention, an unusually long pamphlet was the utmost which I anticipated as likely to follow. The result of this mode of composition has necessarily been, to introduce an admixture of temporary and accidental matter with the general statement of principles ; an admixture, which in many respects may increase the reader's difficulty in following the course of the argument. On the other hand, without the justification which arises from having been made the subject of severe censure, I could not have brought myself to so bold a step, as publishing opinions which, however deeply and fixedly entertained, in many respects differ from those more generally held in our Church. This reason has made me feel it quite necessary to my own comfort, that I should retain the allusions to Mr. Palmer's Narrative;' whatever the incidental inconveniences which may be so entailed on

me.

To speak of more important matters than the form of the work. The one object which has been nearest

my heart throughout, has been the attempting to lay down a sufficient basis, on which all who profess what are called “high-church' sentiments might be able to cooperate, without compromise on any side : and I hope that the second chapter, the fifth chapter as far as p. 260, the sixth and the seventh chapters, may on the whole meet with their concurrence. The principles, which I have laboured there to establish, are such as these that careful and individual moral discipline is the only possible basis, on which Christian faith and practice can be reared—that our Church at present performs the duty with deplorable inadequacy, or rather makes no attempt to perform it ;-that, in consequence, our standard of holiness, and also our average of Christian attainment, are miserably low; and our belief even in such a truth as our Blessed Lord's Divinity, very far less firmly rooted than we are apt to think—that to remedy these defects is an object of so much magnitude, as to offer the fullest scope for all our energies — that to act heartily and unsuspiciously on our points of agreement, is the sure mode of arriving at agreement on matters which are now points of difference.

At the same time, for various reasons (some of which are expressed in the work) I have felt it a positive duty in no way to conceal my own deeply and deliberately entertained opinions, on the ultimate result which will ensue from all wisely-directed endeavours to reform and purify our Church. But so far from having felt it a duty to give reasons why I so think (though it cannot but happen that some of my reasons will incidently appear), the very object, to which I desire humbly to

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