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For what is glory but the blaze of fame,
The people's praise, if always praise unmix'd ?

And

WoT Ques, xoevee flere Det äv, zdeva sfuzdos, tain, that our name and labors δεν περι εαυτο λεγει,-καν τις αυτον shall be immortal, and it tells us επαινη, καταγελα το επαιναν. αυθG

as elegantly as truly what we have ταρ εαυτω καν ψεγη εκ απολογειται. to expect. Profunda supra nos alSigna proficientis funt: neminem titudo temporis veniet, pauca invituperat, neminem laudat, de genia caput exserent, et in idem nemine queritur, neminem incu- quandoque filentium abitura oblifat, nihil de feipfo dicit,-- -et vioni resistent, ac fe diu vindicafi quis ipsum laudet, ridet lau- bunt. Epift. XXI. We expect that dantem ipfe fecum ; et fi vitupe. Time should take the charge of ret, non se purgat. Idem apud our writings, and deliver them Stobaum: Ουδεις φιλοχρηματG-, και safe to the latest posterity : but çandoro, xao Qiaoooto, xan Qindre he is as surly and whimsical as GfW7 Go αλλα μονο και φιλοκαλG-. Charon Nemo pecuniæ amans, et voluptatis, et gloriæ fimul homines

Stabant orantes primi transmit

tére cursum, amat; fed folus honesti amans. So Plato De Repub. I. fays, that

Tendebantque manus ripä ul

terioris amore. a fondness of glory is as mean a vice as a fondness of money.

Navita sed triftis nunc hos, nunc Many such like passages might

accipit illas, be added, particularly from Mar

Aft alios longe summotos arcet cus Aurelius, and other stoical writers. The Stoics, tho' they If we have the mortification to see refused to give fame and glory a our works die before us, we may place amongst good things, yet 1 comfort ourselves with the conithink did not flight the etleem of deration, which Seneca suggelts co good men : they distinguish be-' us, that a time will come when the tween gloria and claritas. Gloria most excellent and admired conmultorum judiciis conftat, claritas positions shall perish. Nor is the bonorum. (Sed claritas] poteft confolation much smaller, which unius boni viri judicio efle conten offers itself to us, when we look ta, Seneca, Epift. CII. I cannot back and consider how many good forbear inserting here a passage authors there muit needs have been, from Seneca, which I believe will of whom no memorial is left, and please the reader as much as it how many of whom nothing but does me : it relates to that fond the bare name survives, and how hope which we writers, good, bad, many books are extant indeed, but and indifferent, are apt to enter

never read.

Aufer

arena.

And what the people but a herd confus'd, 49 A miscellaneous rabble, who extol

(praise ?
Things vulgar, and well weigh’d, scarce worth the
They praise, and they admire they know not what,
And know not whom, but as one leads the other ;
And what delight to be by such extoll’d,
To live

upon
their
tongues and be their talk,

55
Of whom to be disprais'd were no small praise ?
His lot who dares be singularly good.
Th' intelligent ainong them and the wife

Are

as

Aufer abhinc lacrimas, Barathro, the character and behaviour of the & compesce querelas;

Seraph Abdiel in the Paradise Lumina fis oculis etiam bonus Loft. And perhaps the poet might Ancus reliquit,

think it likewise his own case, Qui melior multis, quam tu, fuit, and at this time was not without improbe, rebus.

a pleasing reflection upon himself, To these motives of contentment

who dar'd to be as singular in his under such circumstances, I need opinions and in his conduct, not add what every neglected au

any man whatever. thor says to himself, that the age

59. and glory scarce of few is

rais’d.] Seneca would prove he lives in has no tafte.

Fortin. in his 1028 Epistle, that the judg56. Of whom to be disprais'd were ment of one good man is fufficient

no small praise?] So it is in to conftitute this glory or clarity, as Milton's own edition, disprais’d; he calls it : for glory according to it most of the others it is despis’d, him is the judgment of the many, Of whom to be despis’d were no

clarity of the good. If one good small praise :

man, says he, thinks well of me,

it is the same as if all good men but we have restor’d the first read- thought well of me, because if

very

obvious reasons. they all knew me, they would all 57. His lot who dares be fingularly think as he doth ; so that the judg

good.] A glorious example of ment of all is really included in this fingular goodness is exhibited in that of one. Quia fi de me bene

ing for

Are few, and glory scarce of few is rais’d.
This is true glory and renown, when God 60
Looking on th' earth, with approbation marks
The just man, and divulges him through Heaven
To all his Angels, who with true applause
Recount his praises : thus he did to Job,

64
When to extend his fame through Heav'n and Earth,
As thou to thy reproach may'st well remember,
He ask'd thee, Halt thou seen my servant Job ?
Famous he was in Heav'n, on Earth less known;

Where

vir bonus sentit, eodem loco fum, tione requirimus. Deus folus intiquo, fi omnes boni idem sentirent; mos hominum fenfus perspectos omnes enim, fi me cognoverint, habet. Si laudantis conftantiam idem fentient. Par illis idemque attendimus, divina mens nullam judicium est. Calton,

in omni æternitate potest habere 60. This is true glory and renown, mutationem. Si lucem et cele

when God &c.] Here is a glo- britatem consideres tunc clarorum ry

that is folid and substantial, ex hominum laudes coram omnibus pressa (as Tully. says) non adum- angelis et hominibus illuftrabun. brata ; and that will indure, when tur. Si ad diuturnitatem animum all the records and memorials of advertas, [in my edition it is anihuman pride are perished. There madvertas) nullum finem sunt ullis is a pretty passage near the end of unquam fæculis , habituræ. Quid the last book of Hieronymus Ofo. igitur illa gloria divinus, quam rius's treatise De Gloria, where the mentes caftæ in illa cælefti regione author is considering that honor, consequenter ? Eft enim dignitate which consists in the approbation laudatoris immensa, spectatorum and applause of God and Angels, celebritate clarissima, diuturnitate as a reward of virtue in the life to temporis infinita. Calton. come. Nam fi laudatoris ampli. 67. He ask'd thee, Hast thou seen tudo ad dignitatis amplificationem my servant yob?] Job I. 8. pertinet, quid effe poteft Christi And the Lord said unto Satan, Hajt majeftate magnificentius ? Si ve thou considered my fervant job, that Tum judicium in certa gloriæ sa there is none like him in the earth,

a perfe&t

T

Where glory is false glory, attributed
To things not glorious, men not worthy' of fame.
They err who count it glorious to subdue 71
By conquest far and wide, to over-run
Large countries, and in field great battles win,
Great cities by assault: what do these worthies,
But rob and spoil, burn, slaughter, and inslave 75

Peaceable

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a perfect and an upright man, one runt suas civitates, alii ipsi occidethat feareth God, and escheweth evil. runt. Tusc. Disp. III. 2. When See too II, 3.

Tully wrote his Tusculan Disputa

tions, Julius Cæsar had overturned 69. Where glory is falfe glory, at- the conftitution of his country, and tributed

was then in the heighth of his To things not glorious, men not power ; and Pompey had loit his

worthy of fame.] True glory life in the same pursuit of glory. (Tully fays) is the praise of good Of him the alii ipli occideruntmen, the echo of virtue : but that may very well be understood, ape of glory, the random injudi

Calton. cious applause of the multitude, is 71. They err who count it glorious often bestowed upon the worst of &c ] From hence to ver. 88. we actions. Et enim gloria solida have a just and complete character quædam res et expressa, non ad- of the great conquerors of the umbrata : ea eft consentiens laus world, who instead of being, as bonorum, incorrupta vox bene they have too often been, the idols judicantium de excellente virtute: of mankind, ought rather to be ea virtuti resonat tanquam imago : the principal objects of their utLilla autem, quæ fe ejus imitatri- most aversation. The character is cem esse volt, temeraria atque in- general, but yet not without particonsiderata et plerumque peccato- cular allufions; as when it is said rum vitiorumque laudatrix, fama

- must be titled Gods, popularis, fimulatione honeftatis formam ejus pulchritudinemque

Great Benefactors of mankind,

Deliverers, corrumpit. Qua cæcitate homines, cum quædam etiam præclara cupe- it is in allusion to the titles of Theus, rent, eaque nescirent nec ubi nec Euergetes and Soter, which have qualia essent, funditus alii everte- often been ascrib’d by their fyco,

phants

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Peaceable nations, neighb'ring, or remote,
Made captive, yet deserving freedom more
Than those their conquerors, who leave behind
Nothing but ruin wherefoe'er they rove,
And all the florishing works of peace destroy,

80 Then swell with pride, and must be titled Gods, Great Benefactors of mankind, Deliverers,

Worshipt

phants and flatterers to the worst a word directly of the exploits of of tyrants; and when it is said those heroes, who in pursuit of One is the son of Jove, of Mars did. He was unwilling perhaps to

false glory had done what Cæfar the other,

give his readers occasion to reflect, Alexander is particularly intended that there was a Cæsar in his own by the one, and Romulus by the time and country, whom he had other, who tho' better than Alex- prais’d, admir'd, and servid. ander, yet it must be said founded

Calton. his empire in the blood of his brother, and for his overgrown ty 81. Then fwell with pride, and ranny was at last destroy'd by his must be titled God's, &c.] The own senate.

And certainly the second Antiochus king of Syria method that Milton has here was called Antiochus ©G or the taken, is the best method that can God : and the learned author De be taken of drawing general cha- Epoch. Syro-Macedonum, p. 151. racters, by selecting the particulars speaks of a coin of Epiphanes inhere and there, and then adjusting scribed Oi8 E7iPaves. The Atheand incorporating them together; nians gave Demetrius Poliorcetes, as Apelles from the different beau- and his father Antigonus the titles ties of several nymphs of Greece of Evepyetar Benefa&tors, and Ewdrew his portrait of Venus, the Impas Deliverers. The last was a Goddess of beauty.

divine title ; [See Suidas in voce

Ewtop] and they finish'd the com74. what do these worthies pliment by calling their Head-maBut rob and spoil, burn, flaughter, gistrate, instead of Arcbon lepaus and inslave

Ewinfwv, Priest of the Deliverers. Peaceable nations, neighb'ring, or

Plut. in vita Demetrii. Calten, remote, &c.] Milton faith not

96. Poor

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