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In all his lineaments, though in his face
The glimpses of his father's glory shine.
Ye see our danger on the utmost edge
Of hazard, which admits no long debate,

But must with something sudden be oppos’d,
Not force, but well couch'd fraud, well woven snares,
Ere in the head of nations he

Their king, their leader, and supreme on earth.
I, when no other durft, sole undertook

The dismal expedition to find out
And ruin Adam, and th'exploit perform’d
Successfully; a calmer voyage now
Will waft me; and the way found prosp'rous once
Induces best to hope of like success.


He Thenceforth I thought thee We'll strive to bear it for

your worth my nearer view,

worthy fake, And narrower scrutiny, that I To th' extreme edge of hazard.

might learn In what degree or meaning thou Milton applies this title very pro

113. To him their great di&tator, ] art call'd The Son of God, which bears perly to Satan in his present situa

tion, as the authority he is now no single sense; &c.

vested with is quite dictatorial, 94. Ye see our danger on the utmojt and the expedition on which he is edge

going of the utmost consequence Of hazard,] An expression bor to the fallen Angels. Thyer. rowed from Shakespeare. All's well that ends well. Act III. Sc. 5.

119. So to the coast of Jordan he

directs Sir, it is

His easy steps, girded with snaky A charge too heavy for my wiles,] For as Lightfoot obItrength ; but yet

serves Vol. II. p. 299. the wilder



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He ended, and his words impression left
Of much amazement to th' infernal crew,
Distracted and surpris’d with deep dismay
At these sad tidings; but no time was then
For long indulgence to their fears or grief;
Unanimous they all commit the care
And management of this main enterprize
To him their great dictator, whose attempt
At first against mankind so well had thriv’d
In Adam's overthrow, and led their march
From Hell's deep vaulted den to dwell in light,
Regents and potentates, and kings, yea Gods

many a pleasant realm and province wide, So to the coast of Jordan he directs



ness, where our Saviour underwent And ruin Adamhis forty days temptation, was on

-a calmer voyage now the same bank of Jordan where the Will waft me c. baptism of John was, St. Luke witnessing it, that Jesus being now Girded with snaky wiles, alluding to baptized υπεςρεψεν απο τα Ιορδανε, the habit of forcerers and necroreturned from Jordan, namely from mancers, who are represented in the same tract, whereby he came some prints as girded about the thither. His easy steps, for here middle with the skins of snakes was not that danger and difficulty and serpents; a cincture totally as in his first expedition to ruin opposite to that recommended by mankind. It is said in reference the Apostle Eph. VI. 14. having to what he had spoken before, your loins girt about with truth; and

worn by our Saviour Isa. XI. 5. I, when no other durft, fole un And righteousness fall be the girdle dertook

of his loins, and faithfulness the girThe dismalexpedition to find out dle of his reins,


His easy steps, girded with snaky wiles, 120
Where he might likeliest find this new-declar'd,
This man of men, attested Son of God,
Temptation and all guile on him to try;
So to subvert whom he suspected rais'd
To end his reign on earth so long enjoy'd : 125
But contrary unweeting he fulfill’d
The purpos’d counsel pre-ordain’d and fix’d
Of the most High, who in full frequence bright
Of Angels, thus to Gabriel smiling spake.

Gabriel, this day by proof thou shalt behold, 130
Thou and all Angels conversant on earth
With man or mens affairs, how I begin


120.--girded with snaky wiles, ] and Heaven of Heavens are truly The imagery very fine, and the cir- grand expreffions : but then there cumstance extremely proper. Satan is an idea of greatness in the words is here figured engaging on a great themselves to support the dignity expedition, succinct, and his habit of the phrase ; which is wanting girt about him with a girdle of in Milton's man of men. Calton. Inakes ; which puts us in mind of the instrument of the fall.

129. -- thus to Gabriel smiling Warburton, spake,] This speech is proper

ly address’d to Gabriel particularly 122. This man of men, attested among the Angels, as he seems to

Son of God,] The phrase is low have been the Angel particularly and idiotic; and I wish the poet employed in the embassies and had rather written

transactions relating to the Gospel,

Gabriel was sent to inform Daniel This man, of Heav'n attested Son of God,

of the famous prophecy of the se

venty weeks ; Gabriel notified the In the holy Scriptures God of Gods, conception of John the Baptist to

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To verify that solemn message late,
On which I sent thee to the Virgin pure
In Galilee, that she should bear a fon

Great in renown, and call'd the Son of God;
Then toldft her doubting how these things could be
To her a virgin, that on her should come
The Holy Ghost, and the pow'r of the Highest
O'er-shadow her ; this man born and now up-grown,
To show him worthy of his birth divine

141 And high prediction, henceforth I expose To Satan ; let him tempt and now assay His utmost subtlety, because he boasts And vaunts of his great cunning to the throng 145


his father Zacharias, and of our but by the authority of Scripture blessed Saviour to his virgin mo itself.' See Paradise Loft, V.718. ther. And the Jewish Rabbi's say,

131. Thou and all Angels converthat Michael was the minister of

Sant on earth severity, but Gabriel of mercy : and accordingly our poet makes seems to be taken from the verses

With man or mens affairs,] This Gabriel the guardian angel of

attributed to Orpheus. Paradise, and employs Michael to expel our first parents out of Para Αβγελοι, οισι μεμηλε βρoτους ως dife: and for the same reason this φανία τελευται. speech is directed to Gabriel in

144. - because he boafts particular. And God's being represented as smiling may be justified what Satan had just before said to

And vaunts &c.] This alludes to not only by the Heathen poets, as his companions, ver. 100. Virg. Án. 1. 254.

. •

I, when no other duft, sole un Olli fubridens hominum fator at

dertook c. Thyer. que deorum;

163. That

Of his apostasy; he might have learnt
Less overweening, since he fail'd in Job,
Whose constant perseverance overcame
Whate'er his cruel malice could invent.
He now shall know I can produce a man 150
Of female seed, far abler to refift
All his solicitations, and at length
All his vast force, and drive him back to Hell,
Winning by conquest what the first man loft
By fallacy surpris'd. But first I mean

155 To exercise him in the wilderness,


163. That all the Angels and ethe- ture, for the present, out of fight,

real Powers, &c.] Not a word without denying or excluding it. is said here of the Son of God, but It is likewise very truly said of this ? what a Socinian would allow. His perfeet man, that he is by merit call’d divine nature, is artfully concealed the Son of God. Justin Martyr obunder a partial and ambiguous re ferves in his second Apology (p. 67 presentation ; and the Angels are Ed. Col.] that Christ, considered first to learn the mystery of the in- only as man, deserved for his fupecarnation from that important con rior wisdom to be called the Son of flict, which is the subject of this God. 'Tia de Os ó 19085 08poem. They are seemingly invited youevo, και κοινως μονον ανθρωπος, to behold the triumphs of the man δια σοφιαν αξιω. ι6Θε8 λεγεσθαι.

Christ Jesus over the enemy of man- In either capacity of God or Man · kind; and these surprise them with he had a clame of merit to the the glorious discovery of the God. title. The Father, speaking to his inshrin'd

eternal Word in Paradise Lost, III. In fleshly tabernacle, and human 308. on his generous undertakings

for mankind, faith form. That Christ was perfeüt man is a

and haft been found partial truth, and serves to keep the By merit more than birthright higher perfection of his divine na Son of God.


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