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PARADISE REGAIN'D.

PARADISE

BOOK

IV.

Perplexa

Erplex'd and troubled at his bad success

The Tempter stood, nor had what to reply,
Discover'd in his fraud, thrown from his hope
So oft, and the persuasive rhetoric
That seek’d his tongue, and won so much on Eve, 5
So little here, nay loft; but Eve was Eve,
This far his over-match, who felf-deceiv'd
And rah, before-hand had no better weigh'd
The strength he was to cope with, or his own :
But as a man who had been matchless held

IQ
In

7. This für his over-match, who He had made some trials of his

self-deceiv'd &c.] An usual strength, but had not sufficiently construction in Milton, This far an consider'd it before-hand; he had over-match for him, who felf-deceiv'd weigh'd it, but thould have weigh'd and rash, before hand had no better it better; if he had been fully apweigh'd &c. Neither is this incon- pris'd whom he was contending fiftent, as Mr. Thyer conceives it with, he would have ceased from to be, with what Satan had de- the contention, clared in book II. 131.

10. But as a man &c] It is the

method of Homer to illustrate and Have found him, view'd him, adorn the same subject with fevetasted him, but find

ral fimilitudes, as the reader may Far other labor to be undergone see particularly in the second book @c

of the Iliad before the catalogue of L 2

fhips

In cunning over-reach'd where least he thought,
To falve his credit, and for

very spite,
Still will be tempting him who foils him still,
And never cease, though to his shame the more ;
Or as'a swarm of flies in vintage time,
About the wine-press where sweet must is pour’d,
Beat off, returns as oft with humming sound;
Or surging waves against a solid rock,

Though

15

οτε μυϊαι

ships and warriors: and our author image which not only fills and here follows his example, and pre- satisfies the imagination, but also sents us, as I may say, with a string perfectly expresses both the unof fimilitudes together. This fe- mov'd itedfaltness of our Saviour, cundity and variety of the two and the frustrated baffled attempts poets can never be sufficiently ad- of Satan. mired : but Milton, I think, has 15. Or as a fwarm of flies in the advantage in this respect, that vintage time, &c] The comin Homer the lowest comparison is parison is very just, and also in the sometimes the last, whereas here in manner of Homer. Iliad. XVI.641. Milton they rise in my opinion, and improve one upon another.

Οι δ' αιει σερι νεκρον όμιλεον, ως The firit has too much famneness with the subject it would illustrate,

Σταθμω ενα βρομεωσι περιγλαγεας

κατα πελλας and gives us no new ideas. The second is low, but it is the lowness

Ωρη εν εναρινη, οτε τε γλαγος αλγεα

δευει. of Homer, and at the same time is

The third is free Illi vero affidue circa mortuum from the defects of the other two, versabantur, ut quum muscæ and rises up to Milton's usual dig In caula susurrant lacte plenas nity and majetty. Mr. Thyer, who ad mulētras has partly made the same observa Tempore in verno, quando lac tions with me, says that Milton,

vala rigat. as if conscious of the defects of the two foregoing comparisons, rises up here to his usual sublimity, and Και οι μυιης θαρσφι ενα σηθεσσιν presents to the reader's mind an

EyniKiY,

very natural.

Iliad. XVII. 570.

“ 'HTS

20

Though all to shivers dash'd, th' assault renew,
Vain batt’ry, and in froth or bubbles end;
So Satan, whom repulse upon repulse
Met ever, and to shameful silence brought,
Yet gives not o'er though desp'rate of success,
And his vain importunity pursues.
He brought our Saviour to the western side

25 Of that high mountain, whence he might behold

Another

“Ητε και εργομενη μαλα σερ χροζ of the fixth book of his Paradife ανδρομεοιο,

Loft, where the rebel Angels thunΙσχαναα δακεειν. .

der-struck by the Messiah are comEt ei muscæ audaciam pectori- pared to a herd of goats or timorous bus immisit,

flock together throng’d. The obser

vation is juít, but very far in my Quæ licet abacla crebro à corpore

opinion from being verified by the humano,

Jortin.

passage produc'd. No image of Appetit mordere.

terror or consternation could be too This fimile is very much in the low for that exhausted spiritless same tafte with one in the second condition, in which those vanIliad of Homer, where he com- quilh'd Angels muit at that instant pares the Greek army to (warms be supposed to be, and that abject of flies buzzing about the shepherds timorousness imputed to them, inmilk pail in the spring, and seems stead of lessening the dignity of liable to the same objection which the description rather adds to it, is made to that, of being too low by exciting in the reader's mind for the grandeur of the subject. a greater idea of the tremendous must however be allow'd, that no- majesty of the Son of God. This thing could better express the teaz- comparison of the flies now before ing ceaseless importunity of the

us would have answer'd his purTempter than this does. Mr. Pope pose much better.

Thyer. in his note on this passage of Ho-I cannot entirely agree with

iny mer observes that Milton, who was ingenious friend; for Mr. Pope is a clofe imitator of him, has often co- discoursing there of low images, pied him in these humble comparisons, which are preceded by others of a and instances those lines in the end lofty strain, and on that account

L3

this

Another plain, long but in breadth not wide,
Walh'd by the southern sea, and on the north
To equal length back'd with a ridge of hills,

29
That screen'd the fruits of th'earth and feats of men
From cold Septentrion blasts, thence in the midst
Divided by a river, of whose banks
On each fide an imperial city stood,
With tow'rs and temples proudly elevate
On fev’n small hills, with palaces adorn’d,

35 Porches and theatres, baths, aqueducts, Statues and trophies, and triumphal arcs, Gardens and groves presented to his eyes, Above the highth of mountains interpos’d : By what strange parallax or optic skill Of vision multiply'd through air, or glass

Of

40

this comparison, however suitable 35. On fev'n fmall hills,] Virgil in other respects, would not have Georg. II. 535. been so proper for his purpose.

Septemque una fibi muro cire 27. Another plain, &c] The

cumdedit. arces. learned reader need not be in= form’d, that the country here 40. By what ftrange parallax or meant, is Italy, which indeed is

optic kill &c] The learned long but not broad, and is walh'd have been very idly busy, in conby the Mediterranean on the south, triving the manner in which Satan and screen'd by the Alps on the showed to our Saviour all the kingnorth, and divided in the midst by doms of the world. the river Tiber.

pose it was done by vision ; others

by

Some sup

46

Of telescope, were curious to inquire :
And now the Tempter thus his silence broke.

The city which thou seest no other deem
Than great and glorious Rome, queen of the earth
So far renown'd, and with the spoils enrich'd
Of nations; there the capitol thou seest
Above the rest lifting his stately head
On the Tarpeian rock, her citadel
Impregnable, and there mount Palatine,
Th’imperial palace, compass huge, and high
The structure, skill of noblest architects,
With gilded battlements, conspicuous far,
Turrets and terrases, and glitt'ring spires.
Many a fair edifice besides, more like

55 Houses of God (so well I have dispos’d

My

50

by Satan's creating phantasms or objecta fpecies regnorum ex uno species of different kingdoms, and speculo in aliud et aliud continuò presenting them to our Saviour's reflexerit, idque fecerit usque ad fight, &c. &c. But what Milton oculos Chrifti. In locum Matthæi. here alludes to is a fanciful notion For want of a proper index I could which I find imputed to our fa. not find the place in Broughton's mous countryman Hugh Brough- works. But Wolfius in his Curæ ton. Cornelius a Lapide in fumming philologicæ in ss. Evangelia faup the various opinions upon this thers this whim upon him : Alii subject gives it in these words : Alii cum Hugone Broughtono ad insubtiliter imaginantur, quod Dæ- ftrumenta artis opticæ se recipiunt: mon per multa specula fibi invicem Vid. Wolf. in Matt. IV. 8. Thyer.

L. 4

57. My

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