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My aery microscope) thou may'st behold
Outfide and inside both, pillars and roofs,
Carv'd work, the hand of fam'd artificers
In cedar, marble, ivory or gold.

60
Thence to the gates cast round thine eye, and see
What conflux issuing forth, or entring in,
Pretors, proconsuls to their provinces
Hasting, or on return, in'robes of state;

Lictors

57. My aery microscope] He had Artificumque manus inter se opecalled it telescope before ver. 42.

rumque laborem here microscope, being altogether Miratur. uncertain what sort of glass it was, or how this vision was performed: 66. --turms of horse) Troops but microscope seems to be the more of horse.' A word coined from the proper

word here, as here our Sa- Latin turma. Virg. Æn. V. 560. viour is presented with a view of Equitum turmæ. minuter objects.

68. 58. Outside and inside both,] So

- on the Appian road,

Or th' Emilian,] The Appian Menippus, in Lucian's Icaro-Menippus, could see clearly and di- road from Rome led towards the ftinctly from the moon cities and wards the north; and the nations

south of Italy, and the Emilian tomen upon the earth, and what they were doing, both without doors,

on the Appian road are included in and within where they thought in ver. 77–79.

ver, 69--76 those on the Emilian themselves most secret. 'raluxulas γεν εις την γην, έωρων (αφως τας πολεις, 69. - fome from farthest fauth, τες ανθρωπες, τα γινομενα, και και τα Syene, and where the shadow both εν υπαιθρα μονον, αλλα και αποσα οικοι

way falls, επρατιον, οιoμενοι λανθανειν. . Luciani

Meroe Nilotic ile,] Syene, fartheft Op. Vol. 2. p. 197. Ed. Græv.

fouth. How can that be? Calton. when Meroe mention'd in the next

line (to say nothing of other places) 59.--the hand of fam'd artificers] was farther fouth. Milton knew it, The banily work, as in Virg. Æn. and thought of it too, as appears

from his Jaying,

wbare

1. 455

Lictors and rods, the enfigns of their pow'r,

65 Legions and cohorts, turms of horse and wings: Or embassies from regions far remote In various habits on the Appian road, Or on th’Emilian, some from farthest south, Syene', and where the shadow both way falls, 70 Meroe Nilotic ile, and more to west, The realm of Bocchus to the Black-moor sea ;

From

-where the shadow both way remoteft, to any people that lived a falls,

great way off, and that possibly Meroe Niloric ile

Milton intended that fartbef fouth

should be so applied both to Syene Syene being situate under the tropic and to Meroe.

Jortin. of Cancer, the shadow falls there He first mentions places in Africa; always one way, except at the Syene, a city of Egypt on the con. summer solstice, when the sun is fines of Ethiopia ; Ditionis Ægypvertical, and then at noon the fa. ti effe incipit a fine Æthiopiæ Sydow falls no way :

ene; Plin. Lib. 5. Sect. 1o. Meroe,

an iland and city of Ethiopia in the umbras nusquam flectente

river Nile, therefore called Nilotic Syene. Lucan II. 587.

ile, where the shadow both way But in Meroe the shadow falls both falls ; Rursus in Meroe (insula hæc ways, at different times of the caputque gentis Æthiopu'm-min year, and therefore Meroe must be amne Nilo habitatur) bis anno abfarther south than Syene, and fumi umbras ; Plin. Lib. 2. Sect. nearer the equator. To this I say 75. The realm of Bocchus, Maurichat Milton had in view what he tania. Then Asian nations, among had read in Pliny and other au these the golden Chersonese, Malacca thors, that Syene was the limit of the most southern promontory of the Roman empire, and the re the East Indies, see Paradise Lost motest place to the south that XI. 392. and utmost Indian ile Tabelonged to it; and to that he probane, and therefore Pliny says alludes. Or it may be said, that it is extra orbem a natura relegata; poets have not scrupled to give the Lib. 6. Sect. 24. Then the Euroepithets extremi, ultimi, farthest, pean nations as far as to the Tauris

pool

From th’ Asian kings and Parthian among these,
From India and the golden Chersonese,
And utmost Indian ile Taprobane,

75
Dusk faces with white filken turbants wreath'd ;
From Gallia, Gades, and the British west,
Germans and Scythians, and Sarmatians north
Beyond Danubius to the Tauric pool.
All nations now to Rome obedience

pay,

80 To Rome's great emperor, whose wide domain In ample territory, wealth and

power, Civility of manners, arts and arms, And long renown, thou justly may'st prefer Before the Parthian; these two thrones except, 85 The rest are barb'rous, and scarce worth the sight, Shar'd among petty kings too far remov'd;

These

pool, that is the palus Mæotis; La- but this shuffing and inconsistency cus ipse Mæotis, Tanain amnem is very natural and agreeable to the ex Riphæis montibus defluentem father of lies, and by these touches accipiens, novissimum inter Euro- his character is set in

a proper pam Afiamque finem, &c. Plin. light. Lib. 4. Sect. 24. 84. -- thou juftly may'/ prefer

90. This emp'ror &c] This acBefore the Parthion; j The

count of the emperor Tiberius Tempter had before advised our

retiring from Rome to the iland Saviour to prefer the Parthian, horrid lufts in private, and in the

Capreæ, and there enjoying his

mean while committing the gothe Parthian first

vernment to his wicked favorite By my advice:

and minifter Sejanus, together with

the

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90

These having shown thee, I have shown thee all
The kingdoms of the world, and all their glory.
This emp’ror hath no fon, and now is old,
Old and lascivious, and from Rome retir’d
To Capræa an iland small but strong
On the Campanian shore, with purpose there
His horrid lusts in private to enjoy,
Committing to a wicked favorite

95
All public cares, and yet of him suspicious,
Hated of all, and hating; with what ease,
Indued with regal virtues as thou art,
Appearing, and beginning noble deeds,

99 Might'st thou expel this monster from his throne Now made a stye, and in his place ascending A victor people free from servile yoke?

And

the character of this emperor, is editors have preferved the first perfectly agreeable to the Roman mistaken pointing, histories, and particularly those of

- and in his place ascending Suetonius and Tacitus, who have

A victor, people free from ferpainted this monster (as our author

vile yoke? calls him) in such colors as he deferved to be described in to pofte- For the meaning is not that our rity.

Saviour ascending a victor might free

&c. but afcending might free a vic- and in his place ascending tor people, as the Romans are afterA victor people free &c] There wards called ver. 132. should be no comma after vietor according to the author's own cor That people victor once &c. rection ; but yet I think all the

101.

113. On

1

And with my help thou may'st; to me the power
Is giv'n, and by that right I give it thee.
Aim therefore at no less than all the world, 105
Aim at the high’est, without the high’est attain'd
Will be for thee no fitting, or not long,
On David's throne, be prophecy'd what will.

To whoin the Son of God unmov'd reply'd.
Nor doth this grandeur and majestic show
Of luxury, though call’d magnificence,
More than of arms before, allure mine eye,
Much less

my mind; though thou should'st add to tell Their sumptuous gluttonies, and gorgeous feasts On citron tables or Atlantic stone,

115 (For I have also heard, perhaps have read)

Their

IIO

115. On citron tables or Atlantic ter were Greek wines, much ad.

ftone,] Tables made of citron mired and commended by the Anwood were in such request among cients. the Romans, that Pliny calls it 119. Crystal and myrrhine cups menfarum insania. They were beau imbolid with gems tifully vein'd and spotted. See his And ftuds of pearl,] Crystal and account of them Lib. 13. Seet. 29. myrrhine cups are often join'd toI do not find that the Atlantic stone gether by ancient authors. Muror marble was so celebrated : the rhina et cryftallina ex eadem terra Numidicus lapis and Numidicum mar- effodimus, quibus pretium faceret mor are often mentioned in Roman ipsa fragilitas. Hoc argumentum Authors.

opum, hæc vera luxuriæ gloria 117. Their wines of Setia, Cales, existimata eft, habere quod poffet and Falerne,

ftatim totum perire. Plin. Lib. 33. Chios and Crete,] The three for- Sect. 2. We see that Pliny reckons mer were Italian, and the two lat. myrrhine cups among fossils; Sca

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